US 1320413 A
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A. RE ZNICEK. CONSTRUCTION OF BELTS OR THE LIKE.
APPLICATION FILED MAR. II. 1918.
1,3QOA 1 3. Patented Nov. 4, 1919.
ATTORNE X UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
mom nnzurcnx, or renew our, NEW
Application filed March 11, 1918. Serial No. 221,873.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, ANTON REzNIoEK, a
citizen of the United States, and resident of Jersey City, in the county of Hudson, State of New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in the Construction of Belts or the like, of which the following is a specification.
The present invention relates to improvements in the construction of belts or the like, and particularly belts of the tubular or semi-tubular type.- An object of the invention-is to provide a belt or like structure which will be of great durability, im proved appearance, will retain its shape and will be of simple and economical construction.
Heretofore such tubular or semi-tubular belts have been constructed in such manner that the stitching was exposed to wear, and with very little use, the belt would become worn to such an extent as to break, thereby practically ruining the belt. Furthermore, this construction was of such a nature that the rear surface was usually rough and un attractive, and the same resented a quite unfinished appearance. l lso, these belts have been made from a single piece of leather, which prevented the use of thin strips, and necessitated using an equal grade and quality of leather for both the front and rear surfaces, so that it was not possible to provide a cheaper leather, or a leather more adapted to wear for the rear surface. The tapered ends of such belts, by reason of the construction employed, was uneven, being more inclined at one side than at the other.
I propose in the present embodiment of the invention therefore, by an improved method of assembling the parts, to so protect the stitching as to prevent wear thereon, and at the same time to provide a surface which is smooth, and in which the seams will be both attractive and wear resisting, being so formed as to provide a smooth contact surface, relieving wear upon the body portion of the belt, and enabling the belt to slide freely over the surface with which it is in contact. Another object is to provide an end construction by which the end ma be rounded and evenly tapered at each si e.
Specification in! Letters Patent.
.and the other for the Patented Nov. 4, 1919.
At the same time, I propose to enable the use of two relatively thin strips of leather, one for the front surface exposed to view, back or wearing surway a great saving of leather may be eflected, asthestrip of leather for the front may be chosen with a view to its quallty and attractiveness, while the.back strip will be such as to withstand wear. Also, the back strip may be of a relatively inexpensive leather, or it may be the waste or flank portions cut from the" front stri The advantages incident to the use of thin strips of leather will be readily apparent to anyone familiar with leather conditions. In this way a cheaper quality of leather may be used with a great deal of waste eliminated, and an economical and superior construction results. 1
With these and other objects in view, an embodiment of my invention is shown in the accompanying drawings, and this embodiment will be hereinafter more fullydescribed withreference thereto, and the invention will be finally pointed out in the claims.
In the drawings;
Figure 1 is a view of the inner side of the belt showing the strips secured by rows of stitching, and preliminary to finishing;
Fig. 2 is a transverse sectional view of the two strips of material employed, and before attaching together;
Fig. 2 is a transverse sectional view taken along the line 22* of Fig. 1;
Figs. 3, 4 and 5 are similar views showing the various steps toward the completion of the belt; and
Fig. 6 is a view of the inner side of the belt, completed, the section line 5-5 indicating the point at which the sectional view shown in Fig. 5. is taken.
Similar reference characters indicate corresponding parts throughout the several fi ures of the drawings.
eferring to the drawings,
face. In this and more particularly to Figs. 1 to 2 thereof, the beltaccording to the present embodimentof my invention, is formed from two pieces of material ,'10 and '11, the piece of material 10 being relatively wider than the piece 11, and folded inwardly as at 12 and 13, the
edges of the said folds extending within the edges of the piece 11, as clearly ind1cated m Fig. 2. The-strip forms the outersurface of the belt, and is preferably of a grade of leather'best suited for this purpose; The
piece of. material 11 may be formed from thewaste material cut from the strip 10, or
u it may be of imitation leather or any other 6 leather is in a moist condition.
:end maybe provided ,upon the beltas dis-' suitable material. 7 I
The tapered end of the belt ls formed by tapering theedges. of. the strip 11' as at 14,
and the edges of the portions 12 and 13 at 15 and 16, the portions 12 and 13 being foldedalong the. curved and tapered lines a 17 and 18, This may be done while the.
In thls manner a symmetrical, curved and tapered tinguished from the uneven ends which have been produced heretofore in tubular belts. v I
The strips 10 ingupthe edge portions 19 and 20 of the a strip 11,. and the'edge portions 21 and 22 of are bent over and hammered down as indicated at 26, 27, Fig. 3, inclosing the exposed edges of the stitching; At this stage, thebelt is pressed flat, either by placing the same between boards, or passing the same through rollers or other suitable means, flattening out the said turned over port1ons 26 and 27, and previous to the-pressmg operation, the belt is preferably provided with inner lining 28 of fabric or the like, and which is coated at each side with paste,
thereby giving the necessary body to the belt, and securing the outer and inner surfaces to each other. If desired, the lining may be dispensed with, and paste only inserted in the belt, or the paste also may be dispensed with. -It will be understood that the paste during the pressing operation is spread, any excess of paste is removed, and while under the pressure the same is dried. -The turned over portions 26 and vare thereupon shaped by means of a suitable.
tool having a groove therein, of such shape as to form the portions 26 and 27 into a bead or rim, this tool being preferably heated and applied with great pressure,
either by hand or machine, as is usual in the tooling of leather. In this manner the portions 26 and 27 are given a'permanent and solid structure, which is substantially homogeneous, the parts beingso compressed and welded together as to completely inclose the thread, and to provide upon the inner "iii and '11 are joined by as surface of the'belt a pair of smooth J tudinal ribs orbeads 29 and 80. As-these beads project beyond the surface. of the face, at the same time enable the; belt to slip freely .over the materialwith which it comes in contact. "I have illustrated and provide'an effective wearing 5111'? described e...
ferred and satisfactory embodiment of.my
. invention, but it is obvious that changes may be made therein within thespirit and scope 1 thereof, as defined in the appended 1. An improved belts orthe like, consisting of a 'pa'ir of seam construction-"for a members havingmarginal ortions bent wardly from the body portions into contact:
ingrelation with each other, the body pot tions extending in opposite directions'away "f 1' from said contacting marginal portions, "a
row of stitching joining the said contacting marginal portions adjacent said body' r-' t 1 2 over upon the respectivebody portions and tions,the said marginal-portions being structurally united to each other to inclose the exposed ends of the said 1 An improved construction for belts or the like, consisting of an outer member tapered at one end, and having gm side, portions'bent upon itself to formm'ner side portions, said inner side portions itsmar a1 tapered at one end, an inner m'ember .dis- Y posed intermediate saidside-portions, being tapered at one endand having its edgessecured with the edges of said side portions.
3. An improved method of forming tubulartbelts or the like, which consists in stitching the longitudinal edges of-the ma-- terial together, overturning the edges of the material upon said stitching to inclose. the stitching, applying pressure to said material, and applying heat and pressure ,to the seam formed said row of and forming a homogeneous said stitching.
- 4. An improved method of forming a seam which consists in stitching together the confrenting edges of the material an'd'then applying a compressing pressure'to said edges to structurally unite the same and thereby form a bead within which the stitching is wholly inclosed. v
5. An improved method of -formin%1ea -seam which consists in stitching'toget r the confronting edges of the material and then applying heat and a compressing pressure uniformly to said edges vtestrue- 1 turally unite the same and thereby form a continuous bead within which the stitching is wholly inclosed.
6. An improved -method' of formin seam which consists in angularly disposing Y confronting edges of the material in contact with each other, and then applying heat and a compress ng pressure uniformly to said edges to structurally unite the same and a compressing pressure uniformly to said thereby form a continuous bead. edges to structurally unite the same and 7. An improved method of forming a thereby form a continuous bead Within 10 seam which consists in angularly disposing which the stitching is Wholly inclosed. confronting edges of the material in contact In testimony that I claim the foregoing with each'other, stitching said confronting as my invention, I haversigned my name. edges together, and then applying heat and ANTON REZNICEK.