andress and c
US 1321800 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
W. ANDRESS AND C. F. NEUMANN.
APPLICATION FILED NOV. 2. 1918. 1,321,800, Patented N0v.18,1919.
2 SHEETSSHEET I. 1 5' 1 27\ INVENTORS RES 5 F. NEUMAN WM- AND (I HAS.
AITORNEYS' WITNESSES W. ANDRESS AND C. F. NEUMANN.
APPLICATION FILED NOV. 2, 191B.
Patented Nov. 18, 1919..
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
specification of Letters Eatent.
Patented New. 18, 1919.
application filed November 2, 1901i]; Elerial No. 260,855. i
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that we, WILLIAM Annelise and CHARLES E. llnniuann, both citizens of the United States, and residents of the city of New York, (Corona, borough of Queens), in the county of Queens and tltate of l lew York, have invented a new and Improved Curtainl-langer, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
Among the principal objects which the present invention has in viewers: 'lo dispose the window shades known in the trade cloud shades in. parallel elevated positions without changing the initial arrange ments or folds thereof; to perfectly arrange the folds of an article of the character men'- tioned by distribut ng the supporting strain of the folded portions; and to simplify the construction and facilitate the handling of shades of the character mentioned.
Figure 1 is an elevation showing he inner side of a Window shade construe ed and arranged in accordance with the present invention, the shade being extended. at full length and the figure being parted and cone tracted.
Fig. 2 is a similar View showing the shade in a partlally raised condition;
Fig. 3 is a detail View showing in vertical section and onanenlarged scale, a fragment of a shade full extended and asuspension bar and header with which it is provided;
Fig. 4,- is a similar view showing the shade as partially raised; p
lfig. 5 is a face View on a n'iiniature scale showing a shade constructed and arranged in accordance with. the present invention, full extended;
Fig. 6 is a detail view showing in vertical section a weighted spreader rod with which the shade is provided and means for attaching the same;
Fig. 7 is a detail View of one of the supporting devices with which the shade is provided, said deyices being constructed and arranged in accordance with the present in Vention. 1
A favored type of window covering for shops and dwelllngs has been of the style known in the trade as cloud shades owing to the fact that between slurred or gatlr cred lines or sections, the material of which the shade is composed, has been draped or permitted to fall in open folds through which the light in passing produces a cloud like effect. When constructed as heretofore, the effect has been perfect when. the curtain or shade has been fully extended. When, however, for any reason it has been desired to partially lift the shade, the shade has been folded or gathered at thebottoni edge, which has a clumsy, awkward and undesirable effect.
it is to overcome the above-noted objection that the present invention employs a series of supporting buttons which lift all sections of the shade uniformly and simultaneously to release the elevating devices when and as each of the buttons reaches the top of the shade area or limit of movement of the button. This results in gathering the buttons and shade area supported thereby adjacent the same. i
its seen in the drawings, the shades 12 have slurred or gathered seams 13, which are spaced apart to form draped or sagging ai r iherebetween. The seanis -3 are provided at intervals with supporting reefing buttons 11. The reeling buttons 14:, as shown best in 7 of the drawings, l1ZtV0-llHlP- ginal extensions 15, which terminate in attaching bars 16. As seen best in Figs. 3 and 1- of the drawings, the buttons are attached by means of threads 1'? to the seams 18 in such a way as to be lifted or held in normally inclined position. The buttons 14 are provided at the center thereof with a circular opening 18. Radiating from the opening 18 are inclined grooves 19, the sides whereof are parallel each to the other, the object being to increase the passagefor the pull cords 20 when the buttons are in their lowered position, thus avoiding the sticking or jamming of said pull cords in said buttons. i i
The pull cords 2O correspond in number with the seams 13. At the lower end each pull cord is made fast by a hook 21, to a spreader bar 22, as best shown in Fig. 6 of the drawings. llhe spreader bar 22 has a series of small indents toreceive the inturned end 23 of the hook 21. llhe cord 20 is made fast to an eyelet 24k of the hook 21.
By securing the bar 22 in service as above described and shown in Fig. 6, it is evident that the said bars may be quickly removed or installed, this being accomplished turned ends 23 opposite said inturned ends and' by rolling the spreader bar into service relation. i
The shade 12 and header 24L are secured in service to a hanger bar 25, by suitable fasteners, such as indicated in the drawings by the numeral 26. The bar 25 is provided with a series of righting blocks 27. The
blocks 27 are'pierced horizontally to form passages 28, through which extend grouped cords 20. Each of the blocks has a clownwardly opening perforation 29, through which is upwardly extended the particular cord 20 assigned to each block and one of the several series of buttons 14. As shown best in Figs. 1 and 2 of the drawings, the blocks 27 are disposed in line with the seams l3. Each'series of buttons 14 has a cord 20. Each cord 20 is connected-with one of the hooks 21 at the bottom of a seam 13. All of the cords 20 are grouped at one side of the window opening, each cord passing through as many. of the blocks 27 as intervene between the said side of the window opening and the block in line with the seam 1.3 to which the particular cord is assigned. Thecords20 are secured in grouped relation by a binding ring 30. Attached to the binding ring 30, is a manipulating cord 31.
When provided with a shade constructed I and arranged in accordance with the prrsent invention, the operator first lowers the same to its full extent as shown in Figs. 1 and 3 of the drawings. To shorten the shade, he then pulls on the cord 31 and the various cords 20 are drawn upward through the blocks 27 As the cords 20 move upward, 40
the various buttons 14 bind or crimp on the said cords and move upward therewith, carrying each the part of the shade 12 to'which it is connected. As each of the buttons ll comes in contactwith one of the blocks 27 the body of the said button is elevated or transferred to a horizontal position. In the horizontal position, the opening 18 is disposed perpendicular to the cord 20 and per- ,mits the same to freely. pass therethrough.
As each button 14 is elevated in contact with the preceding button, it in turn is righted or disposed in substantially horizontal position to permit the free passage of the cord 20 therebetween. The result of this arrangement is that shown in Fig. 1 of the drawings, where the shade 12 is gatheredin folds at the upper edge of the said shade and behind the header 2%. The lower portion of the shade is shown in Fig. 2, is relatively smooth or remains folded or draped in its initial manner. From the foregoing it will be seen that the shade may be adjusted to any desired height preserving'its initial or design characteristie.
While we have described the invention as applied to window shades, it should be evident that the invention is also applicable to theater curtains, side-drawn window hangings, or lambrequins, all of which are thought within the meaning of the general term curtain, and comprehended within the scope of the claims.
1. An apparatus as characterized comprising a curtain, aplurality of vertically disposed series of reefing members, said members being disposed in spaced relation, a plurality of gathering cords, said cords extending through said reeling members transversely to move freely therethrough when spreading said curtain and to be engaged thereby when gathering said curtain for releasing said reefing members from said cords, and means extending laterally from said reefing members and connecting the same with the curtain, said means being adapted to dispose said reeling members in substantially perpendicular relation to said cords when the curtain is gathered.
2. An apparatus as characterized comprising a curtain, a plurality of reeling buttons mounted on said curtain, said buttons having each a lateral extension secured to said curtain, and hoisting cords extending through said buttons transversely in sliding relation thereto when said buttons are substantially perpendicular to said cords.
3. An apparatus as characterized comprising a curtain, a plurality of reefing buttons mounted on said curtain, said buttons having each a lateral extension for being mounted in service relation to said curtain, and hoisting cords extending through said buttons in sliding relation thereto when said buttons are substantially perpendicular to said cords; and a righting block for disposing said buttons in substantially perpendicular relation to said cords.
4. In an apparatus as characterized, a plurality of reefing buttons, each of said buttons having a central opening adapted to bind on a line running therethrough when said button is angularly disposed in relation to said line, each of said buttons being further provided with a laterally extending fastening member for attachment to an article to be lifted, said lateral extension being an integral part of said button and having at the exterior a cross member adapted for holding the button in operative position.
5. An apparatus of the class described including a curtain, a reefing cord, a plurality of reefing buttons each having a transverse hole through which said cord passes and having inclined groovesat opposite sides of the button and communicating with said hole, and an attaching element extending from a side of each button to secure the same to the curtain.
6. A device of the class described including a curtain, a plurality of reeling buttons 5 each having a transverse hole, a gathering cord for the curtain, and passing through said holes in the buttons, and an attaching element extending from each button and securing the same to the curtain, said attachingarm being at an angle to the plane of 10 the button.
WILLIAM ANDRESS. CHARLES F. NEUMANN.