US 1323398 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
s. 0. LELAND. WASHBOWL CONSTRUCTION. APPLICATION FILED FEB. 15. 19l9- 1,323,398. Patented Dec. 2,1919.
2 SHEETS-SHEET I.
S. D. LELAND.
APPLICATION mu) FEB. 15. 1919.
Patented Dec. 2,1919.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
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SANFORD D. LELAND, OF 'WELLESLEY HILLS, MASSACHUSETTS, ASSIGNOR T0 MANU- FACTURING EQUIPMENT 8: ENGINEERING COMPANY, OF FRAMINGHAM, MASSACHU- SETTS, A CORPORATION OF MASSACHUSETTS. I
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Dec. 2, 1919.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, SANFORD D. LELAND, a citizen of the United States, residing at lVellesley Hills, county of Norfolk, State of Massachusetts, have invented an Improvement in lVashbowl Construction, of which the following description, in connection with the accompanying drawing, 1s a specification, like characters on the drawing representing like parts.
This invention relates to wash-bowl construction such as is adapted for use in factories, shops, schools, etc., where it is desired to use a number of individual wash-bowls, and one object of the invention is to provide a novel wash-bowl construction which includes a plurality of individual wash-bowls and which has the following features: a common waste pipe to which the waste connection of each wash-bowl leads, a vented trap in the waste connection for each washbowl, a common vent pipe for all of the vented traps, said waste pipe, vent pipe and traps all being connected in such a way as to constitute a self-sustaining structure which supports itself and means for supporting all of the wash-bowls from the vent 1 e. P Another object of the invention is to provide a novel structure which isrsanitary in every respect and in which the supporting means for the wash-bowls are so constructed that a clear space will be provided around the periphery of each wash-bowl.
Other objects of the invention are to provide a novel self-sustaining structure including a trap for each wash-bowl and proper waste and vent connection, wh ch structure is portable sothat it can be readily moved from one place to another without disassembling the constituent elements thereof, and otherwise to improve washbowl construction, all as will be more fully hereinafter set forth.
In order to give an understanding of my invention, I have illustrated in the drawing a selected embodiment thereof which will now be described, after which the novel features will be pointed out in the appended claims. r I r In the drawings, Figure 1 is a plan view of a wash-bowl construction embodying my invention;
Fig. 2 is a side view thereof;
Fig. 3 is a section on the line 33, Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is a section on the line 4-4, Fig. 1;
Fig, 5 is a view showing one ofthe double battery supporting brackets for supporting the bowls;
Fig. 6 is a detail sectional view through the edge portion of the wash-bowl showing the supporting bracket and the adjustable supporting screws upon which the bowl rests. I
The individual Wash-bowls are. indicated at 1 and these may be arranged in a single or double row as desired and according to the number which it is necessary to use. In the drawings I have shown two rows of wash-bowls arranged back to back. Each wash-bowl is provided with its own waste connection 2 which includes a trap 3, and the traps 8 all lead into a common Waste pipe 4. The waste connection for each wash-bowl is provided with a vent pipeconnection 5 back of the trap and thevent pipe connections 5 all lead into a common vent pipe 6. The common vent pipe 6, the common waste pipe 4:, the traps 3 for each individual wash-bowl, and the vent connec tions 5 are all connected so as to make a self-sustained structure capable of supporting itselfjwithout the aid of exterior stands or supports. This self-sustained structure is also portable in character so that it can be shifted from one position to another without disconnecting the traps from the waste pipe or from the vent pipe. v
In the preferred embodiment of my in vention I propose to make the trap 3 and vent connection 5 for each bowl as integral parts of a special fitting 10, said fitting also having as a part thereof a pipe extension 11 leading into the common waste pipe, the lower end of each extension. 11 being formed as a T 8. The common'waste pipe is made in sections 4 which-are screwed into the. T portions 8 of the fittings 10,'and hence the complete waste pipe comprises the sections a and the lower ends 8. of the fittings 10. Where two, rows of wash-bowls are provided, then each fitting 10 maybe made with two oppositely-disposed traps 3 so as to accommodate two'wash-bowls- In this case, the vent connection 5 of each fitting will form the vent for two wash-bowls and the discharge connection 11 will also accommodate the; two wash-bowls;
T he common vent pipe is also made in separate sections 6 which screw into the upper end of the fittings 10. The construction of the vent pipe, the waste pipe and the fittings 10 is such that the waste and vent pipe sections serve to hold the fittings 10 in proper relation to each other and the fittings 10 serve to hold the vent and waste pipes in position. Hence the common vent, the common waste, and the fittings 10, together constitute a selfsustained structure. This structure has associated therewith the feet or stands 7 which are preferably detachably secured thereto. The number of feet 7 which is employed will depend upon the number of wash-bowls used. here the whole row contains only four or five washbowls, then a foot 7 at each end will be suificient, but if there are a considerable number of fittings 10, then it may be advisable to employ one or more feet intermediate oi the ends. Each foot 7 is detachably secured to the lower end of one of the fittings l0 and one convenient way of providing for this detachable connection is illustrated in the drawings. Each foot is shown as hollow and the upper end thereof fits over a boss 1st formed on the underside of one of the T connections 8. Each foot is also provided with a bridge 63 through which a clamping bolt 15 extends, said bolt being screwed into the boss ll, thus detachably securing the foot to the fitting. Each of the fittings 10 will preferably be provided. with a boss '14: on its lower end so that a foot or stand 7 may be employed beneath any one of the fittings. Since it is necessary to give the waste pipe a slight pitch to permit water to readily flow therethrough, it willbe necessary to make the foot at the discharge end of the structure of less height than that at the opposite end. In order to readily provide for making feet of different heights, I propose to cast each foot originally with the bridge 63 a considerable distance below the upper edge so that the portion 13 of the stand above the bridge will have considerable vertical dimension. To reduce the vertical dimension of the foot it is simply necessaryto cut ofi apart of the upper portion 13 of each stand as it is originally made. With this construction, therefore, it will be possible to make all the feet originally of the same pattern and then to provide the feet of the desired different heights by simply cutting ed the correct part of the upper portion 13.
As stated above, the wash-bowls 1 are supported from the vent pipe 6, and I propose to accomplish this herein by providing a plurality of supporting brackets 16, each of which is provided with arms 17 on which the edges oi the bowls 1 may rest. The br a'ckets16 are secured to collars 18 which encircle the pipe 6. Each bracket, except those at the ends of the battery, is provided with a pair of arms 17 arranged so that the arms of each pair will support the edges of two adjacent wash-bowls. These arms 17 are shaped so that they occupy the space between the body of the wash-bowl and rim or flange 65, and each arm is provided with two adjustable supporting screws 6% on which the bowl rests. These screws serve as a means for leveling up each bowl. Where the bowls are arranged in two rows, as shown, each bracket 16 will be provided with two pairs of oppositely-directed arms 17.
This manner of supporting the bowls has the advantage that a clear space is provided around each bowl. and hence there are no shelves or ledges to catch any water or soap suds which may slop over the edge of the bowl. The arms 17' of each bracket 16 are situated beneath the edges of the bowl and hence a free, unobstructed space exists between the adjacent edges of adjacent bowls.
The brackets 17 are preferably detachably secured to the collars 18, one advantage of which construction is that the over-all dimension of the structure is reduced for shipping purposes. When the structure is to be shipped the bowls and brackets may be removed, thus reducing the over-all Width. N
19 indicates a hot water pipe and 20 a cold water pipe. These pipes extend horizontally beneath the supporting brackets and are provided with faucet connections 21. 22 that lead up throughthe openings in the top of the bowl and to which the faucets 23 and Eli are secured in usual manner. The supply pipes 19 and 20 are thus supported by the bowls and the latter are supported from the vent pipe 6. The rent pipe 6 in turn is carried by the fittings 10 and the latter are supported on the stands 7 so that the complete structure is aself-supporting one and no separate stands or supports are needed to retain the various elements in place.
The construction has the further advantage that any desired number of units may be employed. The device 'is also sanitary in every respect and has the further advantage that each Wa-sh-bowl is provided with its individual trap which is vented at the rear.
The connection between the wastepipe sections a and the portions 8 of the fittings 10 is such as to provide a waste passage having smooth walls which are free from shoulders or obstructions.
1. In wash bowl construction. the combination with a plurality of combined vent and waste fittings, each-comprising a trap, a vent pipe portion and awaste pipeportion, of a waste pipe "element connected to the waste pipe portions of said fittings, a vent pipe element connected to the vent pipe portions of said fittings, said fittings, Waste pipe element and vent pipe element comprising a self-supporting structure, a plurality of wash bowls connected to the traps of the fittings, and wash-bowl-supporting means sustained entirely by the vent pipe element.
2. In wash bowl construction, the combination with a plurality of combined Vent and waste fittings, each comprising a trap, a vent pipe portion and a waste pipe portion, of a waste pipe element connected to the waste pipe portions of said fittings, a vent pipe element connected to the vent pipe portions of said fittings, said fittings and connected waste pipe element and vent pipe element comprising a self-supporting structure, a plurality of brackets sustained by the vent pipe element, and wash bowls supported on said brackets and connected to the traps.
3. In wash bowl construction, the combination with a plurality of combined vent and waste fittings, each comprising a trap, a vent pipe portion and a waste pipe por tion, of a waste pipe element connected to the waste pipe portions of said fittings, a vent pipe element connected to the vent pipe portions of said fittings, said fittings and connected waste pipe element and vent pipe element all comprising a self-sustaining structure, a plurality of Wash bowls connected to the traps of the fittings, and a plurality of brackets sustained by the vent pipe element and supporting the wash bowls, each bracket being situated between two adjacent wash bowls and having a pair of arms, one for supporting each of said adjacent wash bowls.
4. In wash-bowl construction, the combination with a plurality of combined vent and waste fittings, each comprising a trap, a vent pipe portion and a waste pipe portion, of a waste pipe element connected to the waste pipe portions of said fittings, a
vent pipe element connected to the vent pipe portions of said fittings, said fittings and connected waste pipe element and vent pipe element comprising a self-supporting structure, a plurality of foot elementson which said self-supporting structure rests, a plurality of wash bowls connected to the traps of the fittings, and means carried by the vent pipe element for supporting the wash bowls.
5. In wash-bowl construction, the combination with a plurality of integral fittings, each comprising a trap, a vent pipe portion and a waste pipe portion, the waste pipe portions of the several fittings being of different length, of a waste pipe element connected to all. the waste pipe portions, a vent pipe element connected'to the vent pipe portions of all said fittings, said fittings and connected waste'pipe and vent pipe elements comprising a self-supporting structure, a plurality of foot elements of different heights on which the fittings are supported, wash-bowls connected to the traps of the fittings, and means carried by the vent pipe element for supporting said 'washbowls.
6. In a wash-bowl construction, the com bination with a plurality of combined vent and waste fittings, each comprising a trap, a vent pipe portion and a waste pipe portion, of a vent pipe element common to all the vent pipe portions, a waste pipe element common to all the waste pipe portions, a plurality of brackets secured to the vent pipe element, each bracket having two arms, and a plurality of wash-bowls connected to the traps of the fittings and supported on said arms, the two arms of each bracket being received under and supporting the two adjacent edges of two adjacent bowls whereby a clear space is provided between each two adjacent bowls.
In testimony whereof, I have signed my name to this specification.
S. D. LELAND.