US 1323942 A
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APPLICATION FILED JUNE 5.1919.
1,323,942. Patented De. 2,1919.
w/r/vfssfs I m@ By Arron/vers @ai f cierran sra'rns rarnnr ortica.
' MORRIS WIENER, or NEW YORK, N. Y.
To all whom 'it may concern:
Be it known that I, MORRIS WIENER, a
citizen of Russia, and a resident of the city 'Among the objects of the invention is to.
produce a composite button of a superior character or quality with respect to rigidity, strength, durability, and appearance, and most particularly the construction of a button having all of the foregoing and other features of advantage that may be made at a much lower cost than similar buttons of inferior character heretofore made.
With the foregoing and other objects in view the invention consists in the arrangement and combination of 'parts hereinafter described and claimed, and while the invention is not restricted to the exact details of construction disclosed or suggested herein, still for the purpose of illustrating a practical embodiment thereof reference is had to the accompanying drawings, in which like reference characters designate the same parts in thefseveral views, and in which-- Figure 1 is a vertical transverse sectional view on the line 1-1 of Fig. 2.
Fig. 2'l is a plan view.
Fig. 3 is a vertical transverse sectional view on the line 3-'3 of Fig. 4; and Y Fig. 4 is a bottom plan view of the part shown in Fig. 3. Y
Referring now more specifically to thel drawings I show a button comprising a back' 10 made ordinarily of sheet-metal the same being cut and stamped into proper size, shape, and surface configuration according to the design of the button demanded.
The face of the button is likewise formed from a disk of plate-A or sheet material usually of Celluloid of a suitable tint or color,
they same serving as a neat' and even ornamental finishing material for that portion of the button normally and naturally eX- posed to view. Between these parts is a packing 12 of one or more plies of cardboard or its equivalen@ the character of the material of the filler beingsuch as to add Specication of Letters Patent.
strength and rigidity to the structure-with slight addition to its weight and cost.
In the practice of this invention the back tin or equivalent sheet-metal is stamped be- Patented'ec. 2, 1919. l
Application led Jme 5, 1913. Serial No. 301,925.
10, made Aordinarily from a circular'disk of l tween male and female dies so as to produce or establish two characteristics,ffrst, the dished formation as at 10a within which is fitted the filler 12 Aat the time the parts are being assembled, and secondly, the marginal rim 10b which is th'e rim or edge portion of the disk bentin an opposite direction from that: portion of the rim bounding the dish 10 or which may be described as being directed rearward or downward in the finished button. This rim is so bent as to lie substantially perpendicular to the diameter ofv die which serves to bend the margin 11a of the facing disk entirely around the upstanding flange 10b of the back and down into the groove 13, the margin of the facing disk thus thoroughly embracing the flange 10b and terminating in the finished button substantially in or at the bottom of the groove 13 where it is well out of the way of any engagement-that would tend to separate it from the margin of the back and cause the separation of the parts to take place. This construction may readily be appreciated from Fig. 1 in which it is plainly to be seen that the only portion of the facing material 11 exposed or likely to be engaged by any rough object or surface is rounded and remote from any raw edge. After the parts are assembled as just described the holes 14 are punched or otherwise formed directly A through the central portion of the entire structure by any means well known in the that byl virtue of the means for interlocking the marginal "portions of the'back and'face.
disks together the facing -disk may consist of stock of muchless caliber or thickness than is ordinarily used -for such purposes.
Even though the sheet of Celluloid that I employ in this'practice-may be only .0075 inch in'thickness a strong button of a more' efficient and durable nature is produced than in the use of celluloid stock of .015 inch in thickness under the Aold system. Thus it Will be seen how the method of making buttonsf in .accordance with this specification assures the production of superior buttons at a materially lower cost than under -the old practice. I
I claim: i I
In a composite, button; the combinationof a disk With a U-shaped bead formed 1 around'` its periphery so vas to form @disk :shaped structure; a covering disk formed zol turned inwardly so as to hold the two disks f rigidly together, a filler between the disks Y of a hard and tou h composition, and a plurality of thread oles substantially in the center of the disks punched inwardly through each disk and the composition so that all rough edges of the' punch holes will extend inwardly into the composition.