|Publication number||US1324587 A|
|Publication date||Dec 9, 1919|
|Filing date||Apr 27, 1918|
|Publication number||US 1324587 A, US 1324587A, US-A-1324587, US1324587 A, US1324587A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (15)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
SLIOING DOOR OPERATING DEVICE.
APPLICATION FILED APR. 27 1918.
SLIDING DOR OPERATING DEVICE.
APPLICATION FILED APR. 27.11918.
Patented De. 9,1919.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2 L irrr/ STERLING ELLIOTT, OF NEWTON, MASSACHUSETTS.
- Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Dec. 9, 1919.
Application filed April 27, 1918. Serial N0. 231,286.
To all rwhom t may concern:
Be it known that I, STERLING ELLIOTT, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Newton, county of Middlesex, and
State of Massachusetts', have invented an Improvement in Sliding Door Operating Devices, of which the following is a specification. b
-My invention relates to a motor driven means for operatingdoors, and has particular reference to motor driven means for operating sliding doors.
An object of my invention is the provision of motor y, driven mechanism that may be remotely controlled tomove a sliding door from closed position to fully opened position, and to move the door from open position into comlpletely closed position and stogp the door .in either of said ositions.
- nother object of my invention'rs in the provlslon of means whereby, once the motor driven mechanism has been set in opoperate to move the door into either fully' eration by the remote controlling -means to either open or close the door, the said remote controlling means will be rendered inoperative to subsequently control the movement of the door, and the mechanism will opened or closed condition, and automatically stop with the door in such condition, whereupon the remote controlling means will be again effective to control the motor driven mechanism.
The means whereby I accomplish the above named objects of my invention, is in the provision of two electric switches controlling the motorcircuit and connected in parallel, on@ of which, controlled by the motor mechanism, is normally biased to closed circuit condition, and the other of which, adapted to be placed in apositionremote from the motor mechanism to initially set said mechanism in operation, is normally biased to open position. In the fully opened or closed position of the door, the motor mechanism operates to open the normally closed switch to thereby break the motor circuit and stop the motor with the door in either fully opened or closed position. The normally opened and remotely positioned switch is arranged in parallel with the normally closed switch, and when operated ,serves to complete the motor circuitl around the opened mechanism controlled switch to thereby cause the motor to operate. By the operation of the mechanism, the motor mechanism controlledswitch is adjusted to complete the motor circuit and the motor con- 4tinues to operate until the door is moved into either completely opened or closed position, whereupon the motor controlled switch is again operated to open the motor circuit and the motor consequently stops with the door in either fully vopenedor closed position.
Another object of my invention is ,the
provision of means whereby the remote `motor controller or controlling switch, when initially operated, causes the doorv to be moved its entire length of travel in one direction, and when again operated, causes the door to move its entire ilength oftravel in the opposite direction.
The means whereby this object of my invention is attained is in the provision of motor mechanismcontrolled switches adapted to be opened by the motor 'mechanism to break the .motor circuit and thereby stop the motor when the door is in either fully opened or closed position, but to be closed tocomplete the motor circuit to cause the motor to operate when the door is. inv any intermediate position, and thereby to move the doorinto either fully opened or closedA position.
Another object of my invention is in the provision of a door operating mechanism,
whereby the door is caused to be reciprocated between openand closed positions,
upon the operation of a motor adapted for rotation in but one direction.
I accomplish this object of my invention i by the provision of an endless belt or chain,
-arranged over pulleys or sprockets in the tion, and correspondingly to move the door in one direction; and'that when that part of the belt or chain to which the connecting rod is pivoted passes around the pulley or sprocket and moves inwardly toward the motor, tlie direction of movement of the connecting rod is reversed and it and the d oor consequently move in an inward direction.
lA further object of my invention is in the provision of means whereby the door may be disconnected from the operating mechalnism at will, and the door manually opened by Imeans of the connecting rod, to the traveling belt or chain. The crosshead has an extension in which ,a bolt, secured to the sliding'door, is adapted to be movably arranged. The operation of the motor mechanism serves to reciprocate the cross head upon its guide rod, and when the door is connected through its bolt with the cross head, to also reciprocate-the door. When, however, the bolt is removed from the cross head, the door may be operated independently of the motor, and the position of the relative parts of the motor driven mechanism is not disarranged by the removal of the bolt, and the door may be at anytime instantly reconnected with the motor mechanism.l
Another object of my invention is in the vprovision of a brake associated with the .A
motor, and adapted to be moved into engagement with a moving part of the Vdoor operating mechanism when the door has been moved into a fully7 opened or closed position, to stop the mechanism with the door in said posltion.
The means whereby I accomplish this object of my invention is in the provision of a brake adapted to bear upon a disk connected with the motor shaft, which brake is controlled by the means connected with the traveling belt or chain arranged -t'o control the motor circuit, and' the brake is arranged adjacent the motor mechanism controlled switch and adapted to be applied eoincidently with the opening of the motor circuit.
Many of the features described in this application, but not claimed, are described and' claimed in my 'a plication, Serial No. 113,555, filed August I7th, 1916, for electrically operated doors.
Figure 1 is a view in'elevation of a motor mechanism for operati a sliding door, embodying the features o my invention.
Fig. 2 is a sectional view along lines 2-2 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a partial plan view of the motor end of the door operating mechanism.
Fig. 4e is a fragmental sectional view of thcl bolt detachably connecting the door operating mechanism with the door.
l2, into a closed position indicated by the full lines, Fig. 1, and to the right into an open position. A partially open position of the door is shown in the dotted lines.
The door operating mechanism includes an electric motor 13 connected through a shaft 14 to a worm 15, partially inclosed by and immersed in the oil contained in the casing 16, which forms a part of the motor sup` orting bracket 17 The motor supporting racket 17 is or may beI attached to or suspended from the ceiling ofthe building.
The' worm 15 is in engagement with a worm gear 18, which is connected through friction disks to the sprocket shaft 19. rIl`he friction connection between the gear 18 and the shaft 19 is hereinafter to be more fully described.
The shaft 19 is rotatably disposed in an extension or bearing 20 of the motor supporting frame 17, and has secured at its end, adjacent the sliding door, the sprocket 21. A chain 22 passes over the sprocket 21 and extends above and in the direction of movement of the sliding door and passes over a similar sprocket 23, arranged ad'acent the other end of travel of the door. he length between the two sprockets is, or may be, substantially equal to the distance that the door moves between fully opened and fully closed positions.
Sprocket 23 is rotatably mounted' upon an arm 24, whichis pivoted at 25 to a supporting` bracket 26 and depends therefrom -between two adjustable stops or set screws 27 arranged in extended lugs of the bracket 26. Said supporting bracket 26 may be secured -to the ceiling of the building, as is the motor supportlng bracket or frame. Such disposition of pivoted arm and adjustable stop provides means whereby the distance between sprockets may be varied to compensate for wear in the chain.
Two sets of motor controlled switches, comprising fingers 28 and 29, normally arranged to be in contact, are disposed adjacent the sprockets 23 and 21 respectively,
and the contacting portiorts of the switches are arranged in the plane of the sprockets. Said switches, as here shown, are supported upon the bracket 26 and the motor supporting bracket 17 respectively! The switches are adapted to be connected in series with the motor circuit and are arranged to be opened by a component part of the door operating mechanism to thereby open the motor circuit to cause the motor to stop when the door is approximately in either fully opened or fullyl closed position; one of the switches 29 being arranged to stop the motor when the door is in closed position and the other switch 28 being arrangedto stop the motor when the door is in open position.
The means whereby the switches may be opened to thereby open the motor circuit when the door is moved into one of its two positions comprises an insulating block or wedge 30secured to a U-shaped member 31 fastened to the chain 22. One link 32 of the chain 22 is pivotally connected with the member 31 carrying the insulated strip, and another pin 33 is arranged in the slot in said member`31.
The chain 22 is arranged to be within the arms of the member 31. The length of said member 31, along the chain, is such that one or more links are included in the length of chain between the pin 32 and thepin 33, arranged in the slot 34 of said member. By this arrangement the insulating block 30 is securely disposed upon the chain` 22 and a suiciently iexible coupling between the member 31 and the chain 22 is provided to permit the chain to be flexed around the sprockets.
rll`he means whereby the motion of the chain is transmittedv to the sliding door includes the connecting rod 35 pivotally connected at one end, by means of pin 32, to
- the chain 22. The other end of said connectingrod is pivoted at 36 to a cross head 37, slidably varranged along the guide rod 38, which extends above the sliding door, and has its extremities secured against movement'in supports 39. l
The guide rod 38, as here shown, is made rectangulargin cross section, and the cross yhead 37 is" formed with a correspondingly rectangular opening therethrough, in which the guide shaft is disposed. With this arrangement the cross head is restricted from any but a movement along the shaft.
The =means whereby the door may be disconnected from the operating mechanism includes the bolt or rod 40 which is carried by the sliding door 10 and passes at the top of the"door through the bearing 41, and is adapted to enter a recess 42 in the extension 43 of the cross head 37. rlhe lower end of said rod 40 passes through a casing 44, and '1s formed within said casing with a plurality of rack teeth 45. A spur gear 46 is arranged to be in mesh with the teeth of said rack, and is secured to a shaft 47, which passes through and is rotatably arranged within. the sliding door 10 and terminates in a knob 48, which is adapted to be rotated to disengage the bolt or rod 40 from the cross head to permit operation of the door independently of the operating mechanism.
The specic arrangement of bolt or rod 40 and knob 48, and the specific construction of the knob 48 and whereby it maybe locked to prevent undesirable rotation of the shaft 47, is illustrated in the above named patent application.
When rod 40 is connected with the cross head 43, the movement of said cross head will correspondingly move the door, and when the rod 40 is withdrawn from connection with the cross head by the proper operation of the knob 48, the door may be operated independently of the door operating mechanism. As the cross head is maintained in position upon the guide rod, the' door may be easily and quickly reconnected with the door operating mechanism, by merely. moving the door along its track until the opening 42 within the extension 43 of the cross head registers with the rod 40 connected with the door, whereupon the rod 40 may be moved intov the extension, and the door and door operating mechanism are connected for simultaneous operation.
The brake mechanism, adapted to be applied to the motor shaft to retard and arrest its motion when,the motor circuit is interrupted, includes 'the' arm 49 fixed to the pin 50 journaled in a bracket 51, secured to the motor supporting frame 17.
Another arm 52 is fixedl to said pin 50 upon the other end of said supporting bracket 51, and has secured to its end a disk 53 of suitable friction material adapted to be moved into contact with a disk 54 iiXedto and rotating with the motor shaft 14. The arm 52, with its disk 53, is normally maintained away from Contact with the disk 54 by means of the spring 55. The arm 49 is arranged adjacent the sprocket 21, and is adapted to be engaged by the end of the insulating wedge 30 secured to the chain- 22, when said wedge approaches the center line between the two sprockets 21 and 23, to therebyenga'ge the contacts 29 in the motor circuit to move the arm 52 carrying the disk of friction material 53 into engagement with the disk 54 secured to themotor shaft 14, to consequently retard and finally st op the motion of said motor.
It is desirable that yielding means be interposed between the motor and the sliding door, whereby, if the sliding door is prevented from movement into fully opened or closed position, as for instance, because of the nterposition of an obstruction in the path of movement of the door, that the motor may continue to operate without causinggthe breaking of a part of the door operating mechanism, or in causi-ng a disturbance in the motor circuit, as may happen if such a yielding connection is not inserted at some point in the door operating mechanism. The yielding mechanism, as here shown, is applied between the worm gear 18 and ythe sprocket shaft 19.
The worm lgear 18 is formed with two parallel radial faces 56, which are adapted to be engaged by frictional surfaces 57 secured to disks 58 connected to the sprocket shaft 19 for rotation therewith, and also arranged for axial movement along said shaft. A thrust bearing 59 is interposed between one of said disks 58, and the extension 20 lof the motor supporting frame 17. Said disks 58 are arranged to be pressed into yielding engagement with the worm gear 18 by means of a spring-60 disposed over the end of'the srocket shaft 19, and maintained .in adjusta leengagement with one of said disks 58 by means of the nut 61 threaded upon the end of said sprocket shaft 19.
The adjustment of the spring 60 maintaining the disks 58 in frictional engagement with the worm gear 18 may be such that when vthe resistance to rotation of said sprocket shaft 19 is above a predetermined amount, the worm gear 18 will slip between its driven disks 58 without transmitting any rotation thereto, and therefore the motor may continue to operate without causing the breaking of a Ipart of the door operating mechanism.
It is desirable that the motor circuit be interrupted and the motor cease to rotate when the-connecting rod is approximately in line with the axis of the two sprocket wheels 21 and 23. In said position, the'door operating mechanism offers but small resistance to starting, and therefore, the motor draws but a small current from the line, which is very desirable.
As here shown, the insulating wedge member 30 and the connecting rod `35 are secured to the same part of the chain 22 and the switches 28 and 29 are arranged adjacent the sprockets 21 and 23, to be operated by the wedge member 30 when said member passes around saidpsprockets to athereby stop the operating mechanism with the connect- Amg rod on the center line between the sprockets, yet it is obvious that the motor controlled switches 28 and 29 may be arranged in other positions adjacent the traveling chain and the wedge shaped member, and theconnecting rod be connected to separate points of the chain to cause the motor to be stopped when the door is in its fully opened or closed position.
But'one wedge shaped member 30 is here shown, which, with the provision of vtwo motor 'switches 28 and 29, is sufficient to completely control the movements of the motor between the open and closed positions of the door, and the motor brake is designed to be operated by the wedge member only in the closed position of the door and not to be operated when the door vis moved into its opened position, although it is conceivable thatthe brake maybe operated to also retard and stop the door operating mechanism with the door in fully opened position.
The remote motor controlling means includes the -normally opened switch having contacts 62 and 63, which areso connected controlled switches 28 and 29 when the contacts thereof are pressed into engagement. In the position of the motor operating mechanism corresponding tothe fully closed position of the door and as here shownby the full lines, Fig. 1, the wedge member 30 is interposed between the contacts 29, to thereby separate the contacts and open the motor circuit. When it is desired to cause the door to be moved into open position, the contacts of the remote motor controlling switch are pressed into engagement. This operation serves to shunt the open switch 29 to thereby complete the motor circuit and cause the motor to operate and to move the chain 22.v Such movement of chain 22 causes the wedge member 30 to be moved from engagement with the switch 29, and the contact members of said switch are thereby .permitted to,move into engagement to thereby close the motor circuit independently of the remote controlling switch and the motor consequently operates to open.
the door. l
When the door 'approaches its fully opened position, the wedge shaped member forces apart the contacts of the switch 28 and thereby opensv the motor circuit and the door operating mechanism stops with the door in fully opened position. Any operation of the remote motor controlling switch while 'the door is being moved from 'he said closed to open position, is ineffective in controlling the door operating mechanism because the motor circuit is maintained closed by the contacts 28 and 29. When, however, the door operating mechanism is in its fully opened position and the switch 28 is opened',
i and the moto-r circuit is thereby opened, then "i n n includmga `motor arranged for uni-directional rotation, an endless lchain operated by the motor extended in the direction of movement of the sliding door, and means connecting the chain with the door to cause a movement of said door between open and closed positions upon a uni-directional movement of said chain.
2. Operating mechanism for sliding doors l0 including a motor arranged for uni-directional rotation, anendless chain adapted to be uni-directionally driven by the motor extended in the direction of movement of the sliding door and means connected with said 15 chain adapted to be reciprocated by said chain during uni-directional movements thereof to 'correspondingly reciprocate the Sliding door.
3. Operating mechanism for sliding doors including a motor arranged for uni-directional rotation, an endless chain extended in the direction of rovement of the sliding door and adapted to be uni-directionally 'driven by the motor, means connecting said chain and the door for simultaneous movement and means controlled by-the chain to stop the mechanism with the door in a predetermined position.
4. Operating mechanism for slidin doors including a motor'arranged for uni-directional rotation, an endless chain extended in the direction of movement of the sliding door and adapted to be uni-directionally driven by thelmotor, means connecting said chain and door for movement of the door be- -tween open and closed positions, and dual means to stop the mechanism with the door in opened or closed position.
5. Operating mechanism for sliding doors e0 including a motor arranged for uni-directional rotation, 'an endless chain extended in Athe direction of movement of the sliding door and adapted to be uni-directionallyl driven by the motor, means connecting said chain and door for movement ofthe door between 'open and' closed positions, a motor con- 'trol circuitand means connected with the chain operable to vcontrol the motor circuit from two independent points to cause the 5o door to be -stopped in opened or closed position.
6. Operating mechanism for sliding doors including ya motor arranged for uni-directional rotation, an endless chain extended in the direction of movement ofi tl ie sliding door adapted to be-uni-directinallydriven by said motor, andi` connecting rod extend- .ing from said chain to the door whereby the movement of said chain is transmitted to the e0 door. 'Y
7. lOperating mechanism for sliding doors H ,ginclding'a motor arranged for ,uni-directional rotation, an vendless chain extended l between pulleys in the direction of move- 55 ment of the sliding door uni-directionall57 driven by said motor, and a connecting rod connected between a point of said chain and the door, said mechanism operable to move said connecting rod from one to the other side of said pulleys to reciprocate said door from one to the other position and back again in a complete uni-directional movement of said chain.
8. Operating mechanism for sliding doors A including a motor arranged for uni-directional rotation, an endless chain extended in the direction of movement of the door and adapted to be uni-directionally driven by the motor, and means connecting the chain and the door whereby the chain, during part of its uni-directional travel, causes the door to move in one direction and whereby the chain during the other part of its uni-directional travel causes the door to move in the extended between sprockets in the direction of movement of the door, means op'erably connecting the motor with one of said sprockets, a guide shaft extended in the direction of movement of the door, a crosshead slidably arranged thereon, a connecting rod extended between said crosshead and said chain and means detachably connecting said cross-head with the door.
l1. Operating mechanism for sliding doors including a motor, an endless chain extended between pulleys in the direction ofl the movement of the door, means operably connecting the motor with one of said pulleys, a guide shaft extended in the direction ofy movement of the door, a cross-head slid-A ably arranged thereon, a connecting rode..-
connected between said cross-head and a point on said chain operable upon a unidirectional rotation of the motor to move said cross-head in two directionsand means aconnecting said cross-head with said 'door for corresponding movement.
12. Operating mechanism. for sliding doors includingl a motor, an endless chain extended between sprockets in the direction of movement of the door arranged to be driven by the motor, means connecting said chain with the door wherebythe travel of said chain causes a movement of the doorY between open and closed positions, two motor circuit controllers arranged adjacent said chain, and means connected with said chain arranged to control one of sald controllers to stop the door in open position and y.
to control the other of said controllers to stop the door in closed position.
13. Operating mechanism for 'sliding doors including. a motor, an .endless chain extended between pulleys in the direction of movement of the-door arranged to be driven by the motor, means connecting said chain with the door whereby the travel of' said chain causes a movement of the -door between open and closed positions, brake mechanism for the door operating ymecha msm, a motor circuit'I controle` arranged 15 adJacent said cham, and means connected .with said chain to control said controller STERLING ELLIOTT. Witnesses:
l T. T. GREENWOOD,
H. B. DAVIS.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2500072 *||May 4, 1948||Mar 7, 1950||Harmon Clarence O||Elevator door or gate operating mechanism|
|US2544239 *||Aug 27, 1945||Mar 6, 1951||Nat Pneumatic Co Inc||Garage door operating device|
|US2686577 *||Feb 1, 1952||Aug 17, 1954||Bernard J Hoppenjans||Door operating and locking mechanism|
|US2835193 *||Jul 1, 1953||May 20, 1958||Mc Graw Edison Co||Power drive for automatic toaster|
|US3172651 *||Oct 1, 1962||Mar 9, 1965||Merlin C Wilson||Door operating mechanism|
|US3344556 *||Nov 18, 1965||Oct 3, 1967||Edwards Power Door Co Inc||Door operating device|
|US3468061 *||Oct 23, 1967||Sep 23, 1969||Kazuyoshi Ozaki||Electric actuator for automatic doors|
|US3762524 *||Feb 4, 1972||Oct 2, 1973||Dbt Manufacturing Ltd||Gate operator|
|US4452014 *||Nov 30, 1982||Jun 5, 1984||Markus Hermetische Deuren B.V.||Device for operating a sliding door|
|US4791757 *||Jul 9, 1987||Dec 20, 1988||Orlando Paul F||Roller gate opener|
|US5325628 *||Apr 2, 1993||Jul 5, 1994||Yingling Dan C||Automatic door operator|
|US7134242||Sep 24, 2003||Nov 14, 2006||Innovative Product Achievements, Inc.||Automated sliding user doors and door mechanisms for a dispenser|
|US7792602||Sep 7, 2010||Precision Automation, Inc.||Material processing system and a material processing method including a saw station and an interface with touch screen|
|US20050060938 *||Sep 24, 2003||Mar 24, 2005||Innovative Product Achievements, Inc.||Automated sliding user doors and door mechanisms for a dispenser|
|WO1993005259A1 *||Sep 5, 1992||Mar 18, 1993||Yingling Dan C||Automatic door operator|