US 1326400 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
W. H. HALVERSON, F. WILCOCK AND H. TREICHEL. METHOD OF cowsmucrma CONCRETE BUILDINGS.
APPLICATION FILED JUNE I7. I9I9.
1,326,400. Patented Dec. 30,1919.
mmvroxs all arson 3 2 Harber rez'chel/ WTTORNEY UNITED, STATES PATENT OFFICE.
WILLIAM H. HALVERSON, FINCH k WILCOCK, AND HERBERT TREICHEL, 0F MEBCED,
METHOD OF CONSTRUCTING CONCRETE BUILDINGS.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that we, VILLIA'M H. HAL- ,YERSON, FIN on WILCUOK, and HERBERT TREI- 0111a,, citizens of the United States, residing at Merced, county of Merced, State of California, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Methods of Constructing Concrete Buildings; and we do declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings and to the characters of reference marked thereon. which form a part of this application. a
This invention relates to improvements in a method of constructing concrete buildings and is particularly adaptable for buildings using reinforced concrete. I
The principal object of our invention is to devise a method of constructing the walls of such buildings in a quick and inexpensive manner, and without the need of setting up vertical wooden forms in which to pour the concrete. By using our improved method, the outside of the walls may be smoothed or finished in any desired manner just as soon as the concrete is poured, while the interior surfaces of the walls will naturally be fairly smooth and without the ridges and other proturberances so common to walls poured into a rough-lumber form or mold. The advantages over the present form of construction. we gain by utilizing the floor of the building-which is laid prior to the walls being formed, this being common practice-as a base or bottom of a mold on which to pour the concrete for the walls. The only form thus necessary is an edging of boards laid on the floor, having a height the desired thickness of the wall.
When firmly set, the wall sections are merely hoisted into place on their foundation, the abutting edges and corners filled with cement, and if the building is to be more than one story in height, the floor above may then be laid, and the 'wallsfor that.
story poured thereon.
The foregoing and other objects, we accomplish in a simple and easily applied manner, as will be evident from a perusal of the following specification' On the drawings which illustrate our improved method, similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in the sev eral views. i
Figure 1 is a fragmentary perspective Specification of Letters Patent. 4 Patented Dec, 30, 1919', Application filed June 17, 1919. Serial No. 304,892.
View showing a wall poured on the floor before being raised to position.
Fig. 2 1s a similar View showing end-Wall sections poured on top of the side Walls.
Fig. 3 1s a fragmentary perspective endview showing a side and end'wall section raised to a vertical position.
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary cross section through the floor and foundation of the building, showing a wall section being raised to a vertical position, and showing the same hinged to the floor along one edge.
Referring now more particularly to the numerals of reference on the draw1ngs,'the
numeral 1 denotes the foundation of the building, 2 denoting one side and 3 one end thereof. To this foundation are secured the usual floor beams or stringers 4 on which is laid the flooring 5 which is level with the top of the side foundation portion 2. On the floor We preferably stretch a layer of building paper 6 and then temporarily secure thereto an edging of boards 7 to outline the size of the wall 8, these boards having a height equal to the desired thickness of the wall.
In doing this, two methods may be fol lowed: The space intended for the windows may be outlined by a form, or the window tween the sections and overlap as at 10 only in that portion of the height of the wall where it is known the window will not be placed. When the boards 7 and the ramforcing irons are laid in place, the concrete 11 is poured thus forming the side Wall sections 12. One edge of each such section lies immediately adjacent the cor-responding foundation 2 and is hinged to the floor by suitable hinges 13. l/Vhen the concrete is firmly set, some wet cement 14 is placed on the foundation, the edging is removed, and
each section then raised into place thereon by any suitable device, such as a block and-tackle, etc. Directly after the concrete is poured, the upper surface of the same may be smoothed or otherwise finished off in poured into rough wooden molds, on ac any desired manner, so that when raised, the outer surface of the wall will need no further work done thereon. The inner surface, which is that next to the building paper laid on the floor, will also be free from the roughness and defects common with concrete count of the smooth surface of the paper, and this surface when raised will therefore s need only one coat of plaster to place the same in a finished condition. When these side or lower wall sectlons are somewhat set, a layer of'building paper may be laid thereon, and the shape and size of the end walls 15 outlined 'thereon by molding 16 and the concrete therefor poured in the same manner as previously described for the side them to the level of the top of the side walls when the same are lying on the floor The reinforcing irons in both the side and end walls preferably project somewhat at the ends of the walls as shown at 17 in Fig. 3 so that when raised into position, and a small form erected at the corners, and concrete poured thereinto, a bonding means will be had forthis concrete. Also when the walls are raised, forms are erected :bove and below the'space for the windows if the walls are built by the sectional method, and concrete is poured therein to fill in the space between the sections.
From the foregoing description it will be readily seen that we have produced such a device as substantially fulfils the object of the invention as set forth herein.
While this specification sets fortln in detail the present and preferred construction of the device, still in practice such deviations from such detail may be resorted to as do not form a departure from the spirit forming the walls on the floor of the buildmg, and when set, raising them into posi tion, one edge of each wall being in alinement with the foundation of the building on which the wall is to rest.
2. The method of constructing the walls of reinforced concrete buildings consisting of forming the walls on the floor of vthe building by using the floor as one side of the mold and by then limiting the size of each wall by an edging of planking temporarily secured to the fioor, the height of such edging being the thickness of the Wall.
3. The method of constructing the walls of concrete buildings consisting of forming the side walls in vertical sections in a horizontal position on the floor of thebuilding, placing a layer of building paper on such wall sections, and forming the end wall sections thereon, whereby when set the .end walls may first be raised to position on their respective foundations, and the side walls then similarly raised, the foundations for the end walls being correspondingly higher than those for the sidewalls.
4. The method of constructing the walls of concrete buildings consisting of utilizing the floor of the building as one side of the mold for the walls and pouring the concrete thereon to a predetermined size and thickness, there being a layer of waterproof paper between the concrete and the floor whereby the concrete may not adhere thereto. y In testimony whereof we aflix our slgnatures.,
WILLIAM H. HALVERSON. FINCH WILCOGK. v