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Publication numberUS1327129 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 6, 1920
Filing dateAug 23, 1918
Priority dateAug 23, 1918
Publication numberUS 1327129 A, US 1327129A, US-A-1327129, US1327129 A, US1327129A
InventorsWolff Fay M
Original AssigneeWolff Fay M
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1327129 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Jan. 6, 1920.

Application filed August 23, 1918. Serial No. 251,108.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known. that I, FAY M. VVoLrr, a citizen of the United States, residing at Louisville, in the county of Jefierson and State'of Kentucky, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Drive-Gearing, of

which thefollowing is a specification.

The gearing which is the subject matter of the present application for patent has been designed more particularly for use in connection with self-propelled chairs, and'its object is to enable the occupant of the chair to readily control the propulsion means thereof.

The invention also has for its object to provide a driving gear and controlling means which are very simple in construction.

With the objects stated in view, the invention consists in a novel combination and arrangement of parts to be hereinafter described and claimed, and in order that the same may be better understood, reference is had to the accompanying drawing forming a art of this specification.

he preferred embodiment of the invention has been illustrated, but it will be understood that various changes and modifications may be made without a departure from the spirit and scope of the invention as claimed hereinafter.

In the drawing, Figure 1 isan elevation of the gearing with arts in section, and other parts shown diagrammatically, and Fig. 2 is a section on the line 22 of Fig. 1.

Referring s ecifically to the drawing, 10 denotes the W eels of a self-propelled chair such as disclosed in my Patent No. 1,259,064, dated March 12, 1918. The drive-gearing and the motor are inclosed in a housing 11 suitably supported bythe axles of the wheels 1 10. One of these axles is a drive axle, the

same being denoted by the reference character 12. This axle extends into the housing 11, and is provided with a worm wheel 13 which is in mesh with a worm 14 on the shaft 15 of an electric motor 16 obtaining current from a storage battery 17 located in the housing 11. The inner end of the drive axle 12 is supported by a suitable bearing stand 18. I

The motor 16 is pivotally supported from the top of the housing 11, the motor base having a lu 19 which is connected to a bracket member 20 by a pivot bolt 21, said bracket member being secured to the top of the housing.

I This adjustable By pivotally supporting the motor 16, it may be swung bodi y to mesh and unmesh the worm 14.

The following means swinging the motor 16 stated: 7

The outer end of the motor shaft 15 is journaled in a bearing carried by a slide 22 supported by a guide bracket 23 carried by the top of the housing 11. This slide is en- 'are provided for for the purpose gaged by one of the arms 24,0f a bell-crank lever having its other arm 25 extending through a slot 26 in the top of the housing, and fashioned into a hand grip 27. It will therefore be seen that when the lever end V2': is swung over to the right in Fig. 1, the slide 22 is elevated to take the worm 14 out of mesh with the worm wheel 13, and when the lever end is moved in the opposite direction, the-slide lowers and again brings the worm into mesh with the worm wheel.

The worm wheel runs in a trough 28 containing a lubricant, and the worm 14 is partly surrounded by a shield 29 to catch any oil' splashing off the same. This oil shield is shown in section in Figs. 1 and 2.

In the slot 26 is a fixed stop 30 for limiting the swing of the lever end 2'1 in a direction to unmesh the worm 14, and on the other side of the lever arm is an adjustable stop to limit its movement in a direction to mesh the'worm. The purpose of the adjustable stop is to allow the worm to gear deeper into the worm wheel after it wears from; use. stop may be a screw 31 threaded through a nut 32 seating in the slot 26.

The bell-crank lever is also employed for controlling the energizing circuit of the motor 16, said lever controlling an auxiliary switch composed of a fixed contact 34 and a:

movable contact 35 in the arm 24, so that when the lever is swung to place the worm 14 in mesh, the contact 35 is engaged with the contact 34 to close the motor circuit. These two contacts are interposed in one side of the motor circuit, and said circuit therefore remains broken until path of the lever the contacts come together, even though the.

main switch 36 is closed.

The object of the auxiliary switch is to prevent starting of the motor 16 if the worm 14 is not properly in mesh with the worm wheel 13, since, if the lever arm 24 is not advanced far enough to fully mesh the worm, the circuit remains broken at the consimple closed at the contacts 34 and 35, the closing r of the switch 36 will start the motor; or,

the switch 36 may be closed first, In either case, the motor will not start until the worm properly meshes, and the circuit is closed at the contacts 3% and 35. It will be understood that the motor circuit is alsobroken when the lever is operated to'unmesh the worm 14. I

The chair can be easily controlled by the occupant thereof, and as the mechanism is there are no parts liable to get out of order.

I claim: g v

1. The combination of a pair of gear mem bers, a housing inclosing said members, a motor pivotally carrying one of the gear members and driving the same, said member belng movable bodily with the motor, a guide in the housing, a slide engageable with the guide and supporting the aforesaid gear member", a

at 36. After the circuit has been for swinglng mounted in the housing and Zthereof in a direction to mesh lever operatively connected to the slide for swinging the motor to bring said member into and out of mesh with the other gear member, the wall of thehousing having a from which it projects, stop in the slot in the path of said end of the lever for regulating the movement thereof in a direction to mesh the gear member.

2. The combination of a pair of gear members, a supporting frame, a motor said frame and carrying one of said members and driving the same, said member being movable bodily with the motor, a lever the motor to bring the lastmentioned gear member into and out of mesh with the other gear member, said lever being pivoted to the frame, and the latter having a slot in which one end of the lever Works, and an adjustable stop in the slot inthe path of the lever for regulating the movement the gear member.

'1' ln testlmony whereof I affix my signature.-


pivoted to 30 slot in which one end of the lever works and and an adjustable

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2716351 *Feb 14, 1951Aug 30, 1955Ampro CorpMotion picture camera gear mesh adjustment
US2748617 *Jan 19, 1951Jun 5, 1956Trico Products CorpWindshield cleaner drive
US2811304 *Oct 30, 1953Oct 29, 1957Gen ElectricOscillating electric fan
US2989874 *Mar 23, 1960Jun 27, 1961Bridgeport MachinesRotary work table with dirt excluding gear mesh controls
US3139844 *Jun 13, 1962Jul 7, 1964Harvey S LandersQuick change roller die assembly
US3241386 *Oct 7, 1963Mar 22, 1966Wallace & Tiernan IncArrangement for positioning a rotatable driving element relative to a driven gear
US4621405 *Aug 29, 1983Nov 11, 1986The 600 Group Public Limited CompanyDrive mechanism for the main spindle of a rotating tool turret machine
US4784346 *Jul 6, 1987Nov 15, 1988Steffan Walter JMotorized fishing reel
US4796479 *Jun 30, 1987Jan 10, 1989Wisecarver Martin LClutch mechanism
US5497844 *Apr 17, 1995Mar 12, 1996Mattel, Inc.Crawler gear assembly
US5699869 *May 25, 1995Dec 23, 1997Mattel, Inc.Automatically engaging and disengaging gear box assembly
US6016716 *Jun 9, 1997Jan 25, 2000Mauro; GeorgeAnti-backlash mechanism for a rotary stage
US6874587 *May 13, 2002Apr 5, 2005Jar Chen WangElectric vehicle with electric-free driving system
WO1996033077A1 *Sep 14, 1995Oct 24, 1996Mattel IncCrawler gear assembly
WO1996037376A1 *May 24, 1996Nov 28, 1996Mattel IncAutomatically engaging and disengaging gear box assembly
U.S. Classification74/405, 310/75.00R, 477/17, 74/396
International ClassificationB60K17/04
Cooperative ClassificationB60K17/04
European ClassificationB60K17/04