|Publication number||US1327531 A|
|Publication date||Jan 6, 1920|
|Filing date||Dec 6, 1918|
|Priority date||Dec 6, 1918|
|Publication number||US 1327531 A, US 1327531A, US-A-1327531, US1327531 A, US1327531A|
|Original Assignee||Charles Durham|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (8), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
C. DURHAM. PROJECTILE.
APPLICATION FILED DEC-6,1918.
Patented Jan. 6,1920.
v 2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
avwwvboz Gian '2 es Durham,
APPLICATION FILED DEC-6. 1918.
. 327,531. Patented Jan. 6,1920.
2 SHEETSSHEET 2- snow Wot diam '26s flurham/ CHARLES DURHAM, OF CI-IICAGO, ILLINOIS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed December 6, 1918. Serial No. 265,615.
To all whom it may concern: 1
Be it known that I, CHARLES DURHAM, a citizen of the United States, residing at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented new and useful Improvements in Projectiles, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to improvements in projectiles.
In carrying out the present invention it is my purpose to provide a projectile which, when discharged from the gun or rifle, will penetrate the water as well as the air, and which will not ricochet when striking the water.
It is also my purpose to provide a projectile wherein the body will be-formed with a longitudinally extending bore formed with ribs so arranged as to revolve the projectile in. flight, incident to the action of the fluid through which the projectil is traveling on the ribs, thereby enabling the projectile to maintain a relatively high speed of rotation in order to pierce the object at which the projectile is discharged.
It'is also my purpose to provide a projectile wherein the nose will be formed in such manner as to increase the penetrating or piercing qualities of the projectile and wherein the bore through the body of the projectile will be so formed as to insure the projectile traveling in a straight path when it is traveling through a liquid or gas.- eous substance.
A further object of the invention is the provision of a projectile which will be constructed insuch a manner as to carry a quantity of high explosive, so that when the projectile has reached its destination the explo ive may be ignited to destroy the object.
li ith the above recited objects in view and others of a similar nature the invention consists in the construction, combination and arrangement of parts set forth in and falling within the scope of the appended claims.
In the accompanying drawings Figure 1 is a view in side elevation of a projectile constructed in accordance with my present invention, the same being shown as mounted in a shell carrying the propelling charge for the projectile.
Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view thrpugh the projectile removed from the she I.
Fig. 3 is an end view of the" projectile.
Fig. 4 is a similar view of the other end of the projectile.
Fig. 5 is a perspectiveview of the cap that receives the impact from the explosion of the propelling charge.
Fig. 6 is a similar View of the ring or annulus which closes the outer end of the-explosive carrying chamber formed in the body of the projectile.
Referringnow t0 the drawings in detail, 1 designates the body of my improved projectile. In the present instance the outer surface of the body 1 is shaped after the fashion of the ordinary projectile, while formeddn the body 1 and extending longitudinally therethrough is a bore 2 which opens onto the respective ends of the body. At the forward or nose end of the body 1, the bore 2 increases in diameter gradually from a point a short distance from'the forward extremity to such extremity as at 3 so as to provide a relatively large entrance mouth for the fluid through which the projectile is traveling and effect a compression of such fluid when the same enters the major portion of the bore thereby enabling the projectile to hold to a true course in its flight.
In accordance with the present invention the wall of the bore 2 is formed with longitudinal ribs 4:. In this instance, thes ribs 4 have a helical pitch with respect to the axis Patented Jan. 6, 1920.
of the bore 2 so that the fluid traversing the bore may act upon the ribs to revolve the.
projectile at a relatively high speed.
The forward end of the projectile is formed with a circular row of cutting teeth 5 whichact to assist the projectile in penetrating th object at which the projectile is discharged.
Formed in the body 1 of the projectile behind the head thereof and opening onto the rear end is an annular chamber 6 adapted to contain a charge of high explosive. This chamber 6, in the present instance, is arranged concentrically of the bore 2 and threaded into the rear end of the chamber 6 is an annulus or ring 7 which forms a closure for the explosive chamber. The rear freeing the projectile to the action of the air or other fluid in its flight.
From the foregoing description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing,
it willbe seen that I have provided a projectile which possesses'relatlvely high pene-- trating power and which will not ricochet when discharged into the Water.
While I have herein shown and described one particular form of my invention by way I of illustration, I wish it to be understood that I do not limit or confine myself to the precise details of construction herein described and delineated, as modification and variation may be made within the scope of the claims and without departing from the spirit of my invention.
I claim I 1. .A projectile comprising a bodv formed with a longitudinal bore flared at one end, longitudinally disposed ribs extending from the flared end ofsaid bore and terminating short of the opposite end'defining a shoulder,isaid ribs having a helical pitch, and a cap loosely fitted in said bore and bearing against said shoulder, said cap including a I plate arranged against the bottom of said projectile.
2. A projectile comprising a body formed with a longitudinal bore flared at one end, longitudinally disposed ribs extending from the flared 'end ofthe'bore to a point adjacent the opposite end thereof, said ribs defining a shoulder, a chamber formed in the body of the projectile between the bore andthe outer circumference thereof, and adapted 'to contain a charge of explosive mixture, a
cap loosely. fitted in said bore and bearing against said shoulder, andan annular plate formed on said cap and arranged to engage the lower end of the projectile. v
In testimony whereof Iaifixmy signature.
I CHARLES DURHAM.
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|US4777883 *||Jan 19, 1988||Oct 18, 1988||Chovich Milija M||Bullet|
|US4936218 *||Oct 10, 1989||Jun 26, 1990||Wosenitz William B||Projectile|
|US5688515 *||Dec 21, 1994||Nov 18, 1997||Occidental Chemical Corporation||Hypochlorite donor/bromide ion donor tablets which are stable in water|
|US5929370 *||Dec 18, 1997||Jul 27, 1999||Raytheon Company||Aerodynamically stabilized projectile system for use against underwater objects|
|US7905043||Feb 29, 2008||Mar 15, 2011||Hopkins David K||Boresight laser aiming system for firearms|
|U.S. Classification||102/398, 102/399, 102/503|
|International Classification||F42B10/34, F42B10/26, F42B10/00|
|Cooperative Classification||F42B10/34, F42B10/26|
|European Classification||F42B10/34, F42B10/26|