US 1327723 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Z. M. MIDYETT.
APPLICATION FILED APR.25, 1918.
1,327,723, Patented Jan. 13, 1920.
2 SHEETS-SHEET l- 1 Swuzmioz l. W 66 W v aiwm,
Z. M. MIDYETT.
APPLICATION FILED APB.25,1918.
1,327,723. Patented Ja1i.13,l920.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
Z M. Mtdyett UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
ZACARIAI-I M. MIDYETT, OF JACKSON, TENNESSEE.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, ZACAKIAII M. MIDYETT, a citizen of the United States, residing at Jackson, in the county of Madison and State of Tennessee, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Toy Popguns, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to new and useful improvements in toy pop guns and has for its principal object to make the gun less dangerous, render its operation automatic and at the same time retain all of the qualities of the old gun.
lVith the foregoing and other objects in View that will appear as the nature of the invention is better understood, the same consists in the novel features 'of construction, combination and arrangement of parts illustrated in the drawings and more particularly pointed out in the appended claims.
I11 the accompanying drawings Figure 1 is a perspective view, illustrating the application of my invention.
Fig. 2 is a vertical transverse sectional view, taken on the plane indicated by the dotted lines 22 of Fig. 4.
Fig. 3 is a detail perspective view of the cork and recoil spring.
Fig. l is a central longitudinal sectional view taken through the outer end of the barrel and associates parts and also the attachment or improvements applied, with the parts represented on an enlarged scale.
Fig. 5 is a detail perspective view of the muzzle, partly broken away and Fig. 6 is a similar view of the cork.
Referring to the drawings for a more particular description of the invention and whichdrawiugs are for illustrative purposes only and are therefore not drawn to scale, the numeral 1 indicates the ordinary lever action pop gun and 2 the attachment or improvements, Ls a whole, applied thereto in carrying out the present invention.
As shown, this attachment comprises a hollow tubular or cylindrical guard 3 which slips over and receives the muzzle 4 of the gun and which may be made of brass or other suitable material. In carrying out the invention, the cork 5 or other missile fired or discharged by the gun, is preferably provided at its outer end with a slightly reduced portion or stem 6 which is encompassed by a plurality of contiguous coils or convolutions of a helical recoil spring 8 which fits and works in the hollow cylindrical guard 3 Specification of Letters Patent. Patented Jan, 13, 192() Application filed April 25, 1918.
Serial No. 230,717.
before described, with its outer end, as 9, bearing against the outer closed end, as 10, of the latter.
In practice, the body portion 11 of the cork is inserted in the muzzle. of the gun barrel and the guard 3 slipped over the muzzle. In this connection it is pointed out that the inner end and inner surface of the guard is provided with a longitudinal recess 12 which receives the usual ridge 13 formed on the under side of the gun barrel, which recess is of gradually decreasing depth from its outer to its inner end whereby a secure clamping or frictional engagement is effected between the gun-barrel and the guard when the latter is slipped in place, as will be readily appreciated, thus insuring against accidental disengagement or displacement of the guard when the gun is fired.
When the guard is thus applied, the recoil spring 8 is under partial compression which holds the cork in place in the muzzle of the gun barrel under normal conditions. When the cork or other missile is discharged from the muzzle of the gun by releasing the trigger 13, the same is received by the guard 3 but the movement of the cork is restricted within the guard, as is apparent, and is returned to its initial or normal position for re-firing, automatically, by the recoil action of the spring 8.
The guard 3 is preferably provided with a central aperture or opening 14 in its outer end wall 10 and is also provided throughout its circumference and for the greater portion of its length, as at 15, both for the purpose of ornamentation and to facilitate the unretardecl action of the cork or other missile fired or discharged by the action of the gun.
Through the use of my invention the ele ment of danger to the operator or others nearby, is entirely removed, while the reloading of the gun is rendered automatic. Further, it is not necessary to change or modify the construction or form of the original gun in any particular, which therefor retainsall of its usual qualities.
From the foregoing description taken in connection with the drawings, it is thought that the construction, operation and advantages of my invention will be readily understood without requiring a more extended explanation.
Various changes in the form, proportions and minor details of construction may be resorted to without departing from the principles or sacrificing any of the advantages of this invention as defined in the appended claims.
Having described my invention, What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. In combination with a pop gun, a cork or other missile adapted to fit in the muzzle thereof, a hollow guard member adapted to slip over the muzzle of the gun and the cork and receive the latter when the gun is fired and a coil or helical spring working in the guard member and connected at one end with the cork, said spring adapted to automatically return the cork into normal or firing position by its recoil action after the same is fired or discharged.
2. In combination with a top pop gun, a cork or other missile adapted to fit in the muzzle thereof, a hollow perforated cylindrical guard member adapted to slip over the muzzle of the gun and the cork and receive the latter when'the gun is fired and a coil or helical spring working in the guard member and connected at its inner end with the cork, said spring adapted to automatically return the cork into normal or firing position by its recoil action after the same is fired or discharged.
In testimony whereof I aifix my signature.
ZACK. M. MIDYETT.