US 1328901 A
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APPLICATION FILED OCT. l0. Hm. RENEWED MAY 21.1919.
'1 ,328,9Q1 Patented Jan. 27, 1920.
3 SHEETSSHEET I.
a MMO M;W
APPLICATION FILED on. no, 1912. RENEWED MAY 21.19l9.
1,328,901 Patented Jan. 27, 1920.
3 SHEETS-SHEEI 2- A. RYDER.
APPLICATION FILED 0cT.10. 19w. RENEWED MAY 21.1919.
1,328,901 Patented Jan. 27, 1920.
3 SHEETSSHEET 3 l vzxforx fim raze xi-y UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
AMBROSE RYDER, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
Application filed October 10, 1917, Serial No. 195,686.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, AMBROSE RYDER, a citizen of the United States, residing at New York city, in the county of New York and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Umbrellas, of which the following is a; specification.
This invention relates to umbrellas. The term umbrella is to be understood as inclusive of parasols and sunshades.
The ordinary umbrella. with the stick in the middle, gives the user the benefit of hardly more than one-half of the protective covering. The object of this invention is; therefore, to provide an umbrella in which the user has the benefit of substantiallv all of the protective covering. and it consists of the improvements which I will now describe. referring to the annexed drawings in which;-
Figure 1 is a vertical. central section of the umbrella in the raised Dosition.the sectiming of the covering in this and the following" figures being omitted for elearness.
Fig. 2 is a similar view showinq another and analogous fo m of construction.
Fig. 3 is a similar view showinganother and analo ous form of construction.
Fin. 4 is an enlarged detail of the stick portions. sho ing my joint mechanism in the closed position.
Fig. 5 is a iew similar to Fig. 4. showing th parts in the open position.
Bv open position is meant the position o t e pa ts wh n the u b ella is raised and th -h n e ad ted to t e carr'vinn position.
Referring first to Fiq. 1. the ribs are shown at 1. I, and the trus es for the ribs at 3. 3; The ribs are pivoted to a crownpiece 2 int'he usual manner. and this crownpiece 2 is mounted on a stud 5. which occupies the position of the stick in an ordinary umbre la. Slidin'r on this stud 5 is a sleeve 4. and to a pivot-fl nge on this sleeve 4 the trusses 3 are pivoted. The covering is indi cated at 15.
The sticlr or handle 7 has a pivot end 16 bv which it is pivoted to the crownpiece 2. This mav be done bar a lugextension on the crownpiece 2. as shown. or bv having the end 16 forked to ennrage over the crownpiece'. or it mav occupv one of t e ordinary rib'slot's in the crownpieoe" in like manner asa rib is pivoted.
Specification of Letters Patent.
I Patented Jan. 27, 1920.
Renewed May 27, 1919. Serial No. 300,182.
To :1 lug 17 on the handle 7 is pivoted a truss l8, and the other end of the truss 18 is pivoted to a lug 19 on the sleeve 4. A latch 16 holds the sleeve 4 in the open position.
The pivotal positioning of the several trusses to the ribs and to the sleeve 4 and the pivotal positioning of the truss 18 to the stick 7 and to said sleeve are such that, when opened, the parts occupy the position substantially as shown. and when closed, the parts will lie compactly togetherthe stick 7 lving parallel with and adjacent to the stud 5.
Tt will now be seen that, by this construction. the stick is brou rht to one side of the umbrella and awav from the main axis. so that the user has the benefit of substautiallv the entire covering. The annle which the stick 7 forms with the stud 5 when in the raised position mav be anv desired an rle p to the limit of contact with the covering. For example. Fig. 3 shows the stick at the maximum angle with the st d. and as replacing one of the ribs. The truss 18 is shown here as one of the tr sses 3. 3. Fi 3 also shows the special joint in the stick as ex lained hereinafter.
Referring next to Figs. 2. 4 and 5. the ribs 1. 1. are pivoted to t e crownoiece 2 in the usual manne and the trusses 3. 3. are pivoted to the ribs 1. 1. and to a s e ve 4-. But the sleeve 4 does not slide on the stick ol the umbrella. At its upper end it is slio'htlv bell-shaped. and when the umbrella is in the open prisitio-n. engages o er a st d 5 on the underside of the crownnieoe 2. The lower end of the sleeve 4 is provided with a lrnob bv which it mav be grasped to open and close the umbrella. O er the sleeve 4 is a pivot-flange t to which are pivoted the inner ends of the trusses 3. 3. This flano'e' is so positioned that. in opening the umbrella. the trusses 3. 3. will be on a dead center soon after the sleeve 4 en ages the stud 5. so that when the sleeve goes to final position on said stud. the thrust of the trusses will be upward and will hold said sleeve firmlv over the stud 5. and thus hold the umbrella in the open position.
In place of one of the series of ribs as shown in Fins. 2 and 3. is the stick 7" with handle 7', which is pivoted at its upper end to the crownpiece 2 in substantially the same manner astharilns; and to tlw'parh 7 the covering 15 is secured by any desirable means, as to an eye a on said part.
The handle portion 7 of the stick is connected to the part 7 in the following manner: A bar or lever 9 is rigidly secured to the part 7" and at its upper end is pivoted to the part 7", as at 10. Pivoted to a lug on the bar 9 is a second bar 11, which at its upper end is pivoted to a sleeve 12 which slides on the part 7".
To hold the two parts 7 and 7' in axial alinement when in the closed position, a sliding ferrule S on the part 7 engages over the part 7", forming a ferrule joint. When the handle portion 7' is released from the closed position of the handle, shown in Figs. 2 and 4, by slipping the ferrule S downwardly to the position shown in Figs. 3 and 5, the handle 7 may be swung to the carrying position shown in Fig. 3. This brings the handle 7 to a vertical position and away from the edge of the covering 15, so that drip from the covering will not run down the handle.
To hold the parts just described in the open position, the stick 7" has a latch 13, normally spring-forced outwardly, and a stop 14, positioned to limit the upward movement of the sleeve 12 when the handle is brought to the carrying position.
The operation for the construction shown in Fig. 2 is as follows: Assuming the umbrella to be closed, it is partially opened by merely holding the handle and pushing up on the knob-end of the sleeve 4 until the same reaches, say, the position shown in Fig. 3. At this point the spring action of the ribs and the tension of the covering puts thrust upon the sleeve 4 through the trusses 3, 3, and more pressure is applied, much the same as with an ordinary umbrella. With this further pressure, the sleeve 4 and the trusses 3, 3, pass the dead center, and then the thrust of the trusses tends to force the sleeve 4 upwardlyfand the sleeve then goes home over the stud 5, and the thrust will continue to hold the umbrella in the open position. The ferrule 8 is then slipped down to release the handle 7 from the stick 7", and permits the lever 9 to push the bar 11 upwardly and with it the sleeve 12. By bringing the handle to the vertical position shown in Fig. 3, the stop 14 will limit the movement of the sleeve 12 and the latch 13 will hold the handle in the raised position. The operation of closing is substantially a reversal of the operation described.
It is now evident that, when in the open position described, the handle portion 7 is in a vertical position well to one side of the center of the umbrella, but free from the drip edge of the covering.
In Figs. 1 and 3 the covering is spread open by pushing up on the knob-end of sleeve 4 until the sleeve engages over the stud 5. More pressure is applied until the covering is fully opened and the latch 16' snaps to place against the knob-end of the sleeve.
It will now be seen that Fig. 1 shows the umbrella with the stick at an angle to the customary central position of umbrella handles; Fig. 3 shows a similar construction with the stick at the maximum angle with this custonmry central position and replacing one of the ribs; Fig. 2 shows a modification of the sleeve and stud; and Figs. 2, 3, 4:, and 5 show a modification of the stick.
This construction gives the user the benefit of practically all the covering and the ll'l'llJI'OVBl'IlBfli) is efi'ected without wide departure from standard construction and standard parts. This construction also presents special sunshades and parasols and is particularly advantageous in a crowd or against a wind.
Having thus described my invention, I claim:
1. In an umbrella, the combination of a crownpiece, ribs and a stick pivoted to said crownpiece, with a sleeve pivotally secured to the inner ends of the trusses, ribs pivoted to said trusses and to said crownpiece, a stud rigid with said crownpiece adapted to engage said sleeve, and the pivotal positioning of said trusses to said sleeve and on said ribs being such that said sleeve is held against said crownpiece when the umbrella is in the open position by the thrust of said trusses.
2. In combination with the parts set forth in claim 1, said stick occupying the position of a rib and adapt d to being secured to the covering, covering, a handle and means between said handle and said stick positioned to act as a rib to adjust said handle to a vertical position when the umbrella is open.
3. In combination with the parts set forth in claim 1, covering for the umbrella, a handle, a ferrule coupling for holding said handle in line with said stick in the closed position, a bar pivoted to said stick and rigidly secured to said handle, a bar pivotally connecting said first-mentioned bar to a sleeve adapted to slide on said stick, a sleeve on said stick and a stop and latch on said stick to hold said sleeve in the open position.
4. In an umbrella of the type described and in combination with ribs, trusses, a crown piece and covering, means cooperating with the ribs and trusses to hold the covering in open position, a stick pivoted to said crown piece and adapted to act as a rib and a handle for said stick, and adjustable means between said stick and said handle, whereby the two are held axially in line in closed position and whereby said handle is moved to an angular position with advantages in connection with respect to the stick when the umbrella is opened and said handle adjusted.
5. In an umbrella, the combination of ribs, trusses, a crown piece and covering, means cooperating with the ribs and trusses -to hold the covering in open position, and
a straight stick pivoted to said crown piece and acting as a rib for the covering, one of said trusses connecting the stick and said means and being of such limited length that when the covering is open the axis of the crown piece forms a relatively acute angle with the stick, whereby the covering is held in tilted position with respect to the stick.
6. In an umbrella, the combination of ribs, trusses, a crown piece and covering, means cooperating with the ribs and trusses to hold the covering in open position, and a straight stick pivoted to said crown piece and acting as a rib for the covering, one of said trusses connecting the stick and said means and being of such limited length that when the covering is open the axis of the crown piece forms a relatively acute angle with the stick, whereby the covering is held in tilted position with respect to the stick, and the length of the ribs and covering on the side opposite the stick being greater than on the side toward the stick.