US 1329611 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
APPLICATION FILED Au'e.6. 1.917.
Patented Feb. 3, 1920.
2 SHEETS-SHEET l.
APPLICATloN FILED AUG.6. :917.
Patented Feb. 3, 1920.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
which are oscillatable.
UNITEI STATES IATENT QFFICE.
FRANK KOENIGKRAMER, 0F CINCINNATI, OHIO, ASSIGNOR TO .IOIIN V. MCMANIS, OF
. KIRKSVILLE, IWIISSOURI.
Application filed. August 6, 1917.
To all whom, t may concern.'
Be it known that I, FRANK Kennisirnaamn, a citizen of the United States, residing at Cincinnati, in the county of Hamilton and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Treatment-Tables, of which the following is a specification.
Mv invention relates to improvements in treatment tables for use by Osteopaths, and for similar purposes.l `One of its objects is to provide 'an improved type of resiliently supported table, one or more sections of Another object is to provide a table inv which two sections are rotatably supported near opposite ends of the table and either or both of said sections oscillatahle. Another obj ect is to provide such a table in which the respective sections are adjustable to and from eachother.` Another ob'ect is to orovide for oscillatingk one of said sections relative to the other upon an axis longitudinally of the table. Another object is to provide for the introduction and removal of an intermediate table top section. Another object is to provide for lockingeither or both oscillatable sections upon one er more axes of oscillation independently. lMy invention also comprises certain details of form combination and arrangement, all of which will be fully set forth in the description ofthe accompanying drawings, in which;
Figure l isa plan view of a treatment table embodying my improvements.`
Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the same. f
Fig. 3 a plan view of the supporting mechanism for one .of the top sections with the top section removed.
Fig. A is a `bottom plan view of a divided top section and its adjusting and supporting mechanism.
Fig. 5 is a` detail of mechanism to adjustably support an intermediate top section with the top section detached.
Fig. G is a detail of a portion of one of the top sections and an attached and adjustable leg hook to assist in oscillatingthe top section.
Fig. 7 is a side elevation of the saine, being for attachment to the right hand or lower sidoof `the table.
Fig. 8 is a view similar to Fig. 7 illustrating a hook suitable for attachment to the opposite or left hand side of thetop section.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Feb. 3, 1920.
serial No. 184.746.
Fig. 9 is a sectional detail of one of the detachable h arness attaching clips, and its supporting means.
Fig. l0 is a vertical section on line o o of Fig. 2.
The accompanying drawings illustrate the preferred embodiment of my invention, in which the main table topsection is composed of two segments A and A B represents the auxiliary table top section and C the intermediate table top section.
The main table top section is preferably divided longitudinally into the two segments A and A in order that when said segments are separated or spaced apart, a patient` may be positioned face downward, with the face resting in the gap against the edges of said segments, and be able to breathe conveniently through the gap. Also when the gap is closed the two segments form practically a single top section.
In order to adj ustably support the segments A and A I provide a rectangular frame 2 which is perforated for therods 3 and 4 which slide endwise relative to frame 2. Rods 3 and 4 are rigidly attached by brackets 5 to the respective sections A and A. Brackets 6 also perforated to receive rods 3 and 4, are rigidly attached to sections A and A. The brackets 5 by contacting with the frame 2 limit the sliding movement of rods 3 and 4 in one direction and stop blocks 7 attached to sections A and A limit said movement in the opposite direction. A crank shaft 8 having a one hundred `and eighty degree movement is journaled to frame 2 and provided with a hand lever 8 to actuate said shaft. Links 9 and 10 are pivotally connected at one end to separate crank pins on said shaft 8, and `at their opposite ends are connected respectively to segments A and A to pull them together or force them apart. At each extremity of the movement of the crank `'shaft its crank pins are on dead center and serve with stops 5 and 7 to lock the segments A and A to their adjusted positions, so that they will not become displaced by the oscillatory movement of thetopvsection. i
4Threebrackets 14, 15` and 16 rigidly attached to frame 2 form journalsforan axle 17 and feed screw 17. A rectangular frame composed'of guide rods 18 and cross bars 19, `20 .and 21 is hinged to frame 2 by means of the axle 17 and fed longitudinally along CFK lever Y tached at one end to carriage -l-.l and at the the guide rods 18 by sliding the cross bars 19 and 2O thereon, vvhile cross bar 21 is rigid on rods 18 and threaded to feed screw 17 A sleeve 22 sliding endwise on aXle 17 and actuated by a hand lever 24 interposes its arms between the stop lugs 2G on the frame 2 and stop lugs 27 on cross bar 19 to loclr the 'frame 2 and segments A A against oscillation on the axle 17. Springs 28 attached at one end to a projection 29 :from member 15 and at the opposite ends to projections 80 'carried by member 2O serve to resiliently hold and return the trame 2 and main top section to a predetermined position when oscillated upon axle 17. j 'i The rectangular frame 18, 19, 20, 21 is rotatably mounted and supported upon a transverse horizontal aXle 82 Which axle is Y cai 1ied by a head 83 rigidly attached to a vertical axle 84; which journals in a sleeve mounted upon a vertically adjustable pedestal or hydraulic plunger The plunger seats in `a Vertical cy inder 87 termed .in the base section 88. A pump handle 89 serves to actuate a pump Within the plunger 36 to pump a liquid from a chamber in` plunger 86 to the cylinder 37 below thev plunger to elevate the plunger and main top section and at another position of handle 39 to return. the liquid to its storage, chamber in plunger 8G and lower the plunger. A locking collar 3G serves to lock the plunger 8G rigidly to the base 88.
Attached to the lower end ot axle 34; is a rigid collar to Which is pivotally attached a slotted trame 40. A carriage 41 is ad justable longitudinally on trame l0 by means of a feed screw actuated by the hand @ne or more springs t3 are atopposite end are looped over axle 32. A tubular member lfl 1s pivotally attached at one end to frame flO, and at its. opposite end l is telescoped over the threaded shank of an eye-bolt 4GV which is pivotally attached to a cross vbar l5 carried bythe rods 18. A nut L7 on the eye-bolt el@ rests upon the end of the tubular member all, and enables the tensional strain oit thesprings 43' to be transmitted to the rods 18 to resiliently andv adjustably support traine 2 and the main top section.. The movement et carriage l1 and adjustment of nut e7 enable the resilient support tor the main top ction to. be varied through a Wide range-to supportthe. Weightof-ditferent patients. A locliuo or link -l-8 pivotally attached to a p1' ject-lou 48 from the cross-bar Vt5 is slotted'and may beloclred to traine by a bolt and crank actuated nut. llllien so locked the man top section isv limited against movement upuardly` but vWill stillv yield to a limit-ed extent. to. pressure. downwardly due to thel downward thrust transmitted through thev link i8 causing the nut 47 to separate from the end of tubular member 44.
rlhe head 38 rests uponY a platen 50 formed at the upper end of pedestal 36 and is rotatable relative thereto, being resiliently held ina lpredetermined position by means of springs 51 each attached at one end to a projection 52 from head 88, and at the opposite end to an eye-bolt adjustable by means ot a nut 53 relative to a projection ll from the platen 50. A segment ot a disk carried by the head 83 is engaged `by brakeshoes 5G and 57 to lock thehead 33 to any desired position. The shoes 5G and 57 bear at their rear against a ledge 58 on the platen L and are separated or drawn together by means of a right and lett hand :teed screw 59 which is journaled to bracket 60 on the platen 50 and actuated by hand.
ltdesired the auiliary top section may .be longitudinally divided into two segments adjustable to and from eachl other as described fer the main top section, and in that event the auxiliary top section and its sup-Y porting mechanism would be an exact counterpart or duplicate of that illustrated and describedfor the main top section, and open able separately or in conjunction with the main top section in the same manner as the main top section and like Yreference numerals designate like partsy in the mechanism ot both main and auxiliary actuating mechanism. Ordinarily however, only one of these sections is required to be longitudinally eivided and l have therefore illustratedas a modifica-tion the auxiliary top section in one piecerattached directly to the members lll', 15 and 16, corresj'ionding to the members 14, 15 and 16 employed to support the trame 2 andindirectly thereby the main top section.
Theintermediate. top section is supported upon a trame G2 which may be detachably connected to the` rods 18 of either the-main or auxiliary top section, by slipping the encs of ro ls 18 into sockets G3 and clan'iping them therein. by set screws 64. A shaittvGS is journaled in ears 6G on V'frame G2 and is provided with a hand actuating lever 67, cams 68 rigidly mounted thereon-and links 69 pivotally mounted thereon. A shaft 7 O` is journaled in ears 71 attached to the under face et section C and provided with a hand actuating lever 72, cams 73 rigidly mounted thereon and the linlis 69 pivotally mounted thereon. The cams G8 engage shoes Tf-l on the under 'faceot section C to raise or lower sectionV C at one end While the cams 78 'enthe :frame 82 to raise or lower section (l at its opposite end, thus enabling section C to. be inclined either toward the main or to ward` the auxiliary top section, andalsoto be.
elevated and loweredhorizontally. j
lNhen the sectionV Cf isdetached, the Vmain and umiliaryV top. sections may` be. adjusted.- longitudmally by means of the feed screws l OO iro
l?" of the respectivesections to secure any desired amount of gap between the main and auxiliary top sections. Also the pedestals 36 or the main and auxiliary top sections may be independently adjusted verticallya and the several. locking means employed in-v dependently on the main and auxiliary top sections toV secure a great variety of both rigid and oscillatable positions and combinations suited to a great variety of treatments required, and changes from. one adjustment to another quickly effected;
ln'Figs. l and 2 I have illustrated a detachable ln'acket or support 7 to which a liexible harness secured about the neck or chestoi a patient may be scoured and detachable supports 7 6 to which flexible ankle cuffs may be attached,v and through the feed screws 17 strain may be applied longitudinally to the spine. j In order toprevent the members 7Gjbecon1ing); detached through the oscillatory movement ot the top section I j )reterably provide as illustrated in Fig. 1,' sockets 77 to receive the Shanks of members 76, and spring actuated studs 78 with limited movement to yieldingly bear upon said Shanks, thus providing for their convenient insertion and removal Without liability of their dropping out when the top section is oscillated.
As illustrated in Figs. 6, 7 and 8 I preferably employ leg-hooks 8O pivotally attached to theV main and auxiliary top sections atopposite'sides thereof andwhich in operative position extend out from the sections so as to engage and partially encircle the leg` of the operator to enable the operator to oscillate one of the top sections using' his len' `tor the` purpose andivith his handsfree for other purposes. `l/.Vhen not in usethe leg hooks are shifted tol an idle position4 under the table, and there held in place against movement due to oscillation or the top section preferably by threading' the hub 8l of the leghook'upona stud bolt 82 carried by a bracket 83 secured tothe top section so that when in operative position the hub 81 out of contact vviththe bracket 83, and when in idleposition the face or hub 81 is in contact with bracket r 3 and serves to loc-k the leg hook asfainstdis-L placen'ient, while at the saine time the leg hook is in condition to be pulled forward. into operative position. As these hooks are to be employed as right and lett hand hooks, in one set, say the right handbooks, the hub Sl is arranged to contact with the face of the bracket 83, as illustrated in Fig; 7. While in the other, say the lett hand set of hooks, I provide a nut or pair of nuts 84.- on the bolt 82 against which one face of hub 81 may engage to lock the hook in idle position as illustrated in Fig.. 8.
The respective base members 38 are preferably spaced a predetermined distance apart by means o't one or more spacing bars 86.
The `i'nechanism herein illustrated is capable of considerable modification Without departing from the principle of invention.
Having described my invention, what I claim is:
l; A. ytreatment table comprising a main table top section and an auxiliary table top section each resilicntly and oscillatably sup porteih and each top section with its resilient supporting means independently vertically adjustable.
A.. treatment table comprising' amain table top section and an auxiliary table top section each ig'esilieutly and oscillatably `supported, and each top section together With its resilient supporting` means independently vertically adjustable. and means to independently lock said respective top sections against oscillatory motion.
3. A treatment table comprising a main table 'top section and an auxiliary table top section arranged end to end and each oscillatably supported with theregion of maximum oscillatory motion at the meeting ends or said sections. n
4. A treatment table comprisingfa main table top section and an auxiliary table top section arranged end to end, said top sections beino; oscillatably supported near their distal ends. and adapted to serve jointly as a support forl a patient. j j y AV treatment table comprising' a main tabletop section and au auxiliary table top section arranged endto end said top sections being. indenendentlv oscillatablv supported near their distal ends and adjustable .to` and fronieach other to vary the gap between tlieirarljaceut ends. j j
6. A treatment table comprisiue a main table ton section and an auxiliary table top section `af-rrano'ed end to end. said top sections beinsr oscillatablv supported near their distal ends each upon a substantiallv vertical axle vand upon a transverse substantially horizontal axle independent locking imeans to lockeither top section against.oscillatory movement upon either ofsaid axles.
7. A treatment table comprising a main table top section, and an oscillatory auxiliary table too section. detachable harness brackets having' their shunks inseited into sockets cai ried bv said oscillatable tou section. and yieldingmeans to eueaee said Shanks to retain them against displacement due to the oscillatory movement ot said top section.
8. A, treatu'ient table comprising a main table top section.y an oscillatorv auxiliarv table top section and alec; hook rotatably mounted upon a threaded stud carried bv said oscillatable top section. the hub of said lee hook when in idle position ennfafrinq a stationary face adjacent to said stud bolt to lock said leg hook against displacement due ioo to theV oscillatory movement of said top sectionf i 9. A treatment table comprising a, base, independent verticallyA adjustable pedestals near` opposite ends, of said base, a main table top section oscillatably and resiliently supported relative vto one of said pedestalsand extending` toward the opposite pedestal, and an oscillatable. andresiliently supported table top section supported relative to the opposite pedestal.
.10. A treatment table comprising a base independent vertically adjustable, pedestals near opposite, endsoif said base, a main table top section oscillatably and resiliently sup portediupon a plurality of transversely arranged axles, means to .selectively lock said main topV section against oscillatory movement uponV either of said axles independently, an auxiliary tabletop section oscillatably and resiliently supported rela-tive to the opposite pedestal upon a pluralityof transversely arranged axles, and means to selectively lock said auxiliary top section against oscillatory movement upon either of its axles.
l1. A treatment table comprising abase independent vvertically adjustable pedestals near oppositeends of said base, a main table top section oscillatably and., resiliently supported upon a plurality of transversely arranged axles, means to vselectively lock said main top section against oscillatory movement upon either of said axles independently, an auxiliary tabletopsection, oscillatably and resiliently supported relative to the opposite .pedestal upon al plurality of transversely arranged axles, and means to selectively lock said auxiliary tcp section against oscillatory movement upon veither of its axles, and means to adjust said main and auxiliary sections toward and `from each other. Y
l2, A treatment table comprising abase independent. vertically adjustable pedestals mounted upon said base near opposite ends, a main tabletop section oscillatably and'. resilientlypsupported Vrelative to one of' said pedestals upona substantially vertical axle,
a transverse substantially horizontal axle y and a, substantial-ly parallelV longitudinal axle, independent locking means to lock said main top section against oscillatory movement upon either of said axles, an'auxiliary tabley topl section oscillatably and resiliently supported relative to the opposite pedestal upon a` substantially vertical axle, a substantially horizontal transverse axle, and a substantially parallel longitudinal axle, independent loclring means to locl said. auxiliary top section against oscillatory movement upon. either of said axles, and means to adjust said top sections to and from each other.
13. A treatment table comprising a main table top section,lan auxiliary table top section and an intermedia-te table top section, said main and auxiliary top sections being independently oscillatably and resilientlyV supported, and said interniediatev top section being adjustably and detachably supported relative to said main or auxiliary topV section.
14. A treatment table comprising abase independent vertically adjustable pedestals' mounted upon said base near opposite ends, a` main table top section` oscillatably and resiliently supported relative to one of said pedestals upon a substantially vertical axle and a substantially horizontal transverse axle, independent locking meansV to lock said main top section against oscillatory movement uponI eitherV ot said axles, an auxiliary table top section oscillatory and resiliently supported relative to Vthe opposite pedestal upon a substan .ially vertical axle and a sub stantially horizontal transverse axle, independent loclring means to lock said auxiliary top section against oscillatory movement upon .either of its axles, and a table top sec tion adjustably supported intermediate of said main and auxiliary top sections.
In 4testimony whereof I have aliixed my signature in the presence of tivo Witnesses.
FRANK KOENIGKRAMER. Witnessesz- C, W. Minus,l
W7.. THORNTON Boeren',