US 1329910 A
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G. A. LAMBERT. SUPPORTING MEANS FOR LOOSE LEAF JOURNALS AND LEI )GERS COMBINED.
APPLICATION .FILED MAY 31, I918.
1,329,910, I V Patented Feb. 3,1920.
2 SHEETS-SHEET l- PIE 1 G, A. LAMBERT. SUPPORTING MEANS FOR LOOSE LEAF JOURNALS AND LEDGERS COMBINED. APPLICATION llLED MAYSI, 1918. 1,329,910. Patented Feb. 3,1920.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2- GEORGE A. LAMBERT, OF ANDERSON, INDIANA.
SUPPORTING MEANS FOR LOOSE-LEAF JOURNALS AND LEDGERS COMBINED.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Feb. 3, 1920.
Application filed May 31, 1918. Serial No. 237,471.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, GEORGE A. LAMBnRr, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Anderson, county of, Madison, and State of Indiana, have invented a certam new and useful Supporting Means for Loose-Leaf Journals and Ledgers Combined; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accom panying drawings, in which like numerals refer to like parts.
This invention relates to supporting means for a:. loose leaf journal and ledger combined, and the prime feature of the invention is to provide a cover in book formation to which are removably attached sheets, ruled to represent journal pages and ledger 1% further feature of the invention is in so attaching the journal sheets and the ledger sheets to the cover that there will 'be ready access from one to the other and .so arranged as to require a minimum amount of space as well as the use of paper.
A further feature of the invention is to provide separating partitions for the ledger sheets which partitions are indexed whereby ready access may be had to any particular sheet or account thereon. A further feature of the invention is the provision of means for readily positioning the ledger sheets whereby they will open at any particular place,
A further feature of the invention is the construction of means for supporting the ledger structure above the cover when in open position so that the fin ers can be readily introduced below the s 'eets when it is desired to turn the same, and a further feature of the invention is the provision of means for holding the cover leaves in closed position whereby they will protect the sheets therebetween and reduce the length of the cover to such an extent that it can be readily stored away in a safe or other convenient place.
The full nature of the invention will be understood from the accompanying drawings and the following description and claims Figure 1 is a top plan view of the device in open position. Fig. 2 is an edge eleva tion thereof. Fig. 3-is a perspective view of the device in closed formation. Fig. 4
is an enlarged detail elevation showing the ledger sheet support and turning means. Fig. 5 is a top plan View of a modified form of device in open position. Fig. 6 is an edge elevation thereof. F ig.'7 is an end elevation in closed position. Fig. 8 is an enlarged end view of a modified sheet turning means.
Referring to the drawings 1 and 2 indicate the front and rear leaves of the cover which are provided at their adjacent ends with a hinge section 3 so that the leaves 1 and 2 may be folded together in book form or opened outwardly and rested fiat upon a table or other support, the leaves'l and 2 being of uniform length and when in closed position being locked together by a hasp 1, or in any suitable manner.
The prime object of this invention is to provide a loose leaf journal and a loose leaf ledger used in bookkeeping so that any number of different accounts may be kept in a minimum amount of space, and so arrange the journal sheets and ledger sheets that the transposing from one to the other may be very quickly accomplished and require but a minimum amount of energy to properly transfer the same.
It is customary in transposing a great number of accounts from a journal to a ledger to have an elongated journal sheet so as to accommodate many different entries, thus entailing a great deal of time in selecting the proper column in which to place the account as well as requiring an unusually large book, making the same I cumbersome and unwieldy. In this instance,
however, these objectionable features are overcome, as the employment of the loose .sheets permit one to be placed upon the other and thus combining the journal and ledger accounts in compact form and requiring far less space than would be required otherwise, likewise making a saving in the amount of paper used, as each sheet can be used until the entire page is filled. In carrying out the invention, a loose leaf binder 5 is attached to the inner face of the leaf 1 adjacent its free edge and to the signed to receive loose sheets 8, and partitions 9, there being partitions between the sheets representing each account or any number of partitions may be provided as desired. The partitions 9 are provided along one edge with indexed tabs 10 so that any particular' account may be readily selected, and the partitions opened at this point.
The loose sheets 8' and the partitions 9 are adapted to swing laterally from side to side as when said sheets and partitions are separated and opened to a particular account. In order to readily grasp the partitions so as to turn the same, platforms 11 and 12 are built up respectively from the leaves 1 and 2, said platforms being of sufficient height that the fingers may be readily introduced below the partitions to elevate the same. In turning the partitions and sheets from side to side, unless they are properly uided, they will bind upon the rings of t e binder, thus causing trouble in properly opening the partitions to gain access to theproperaccount and to overcome this objectionable feature the binder 7 is provided with a curved plate 13 with which is adapted to engage the projecting end .14 of a turnin plate 15, said turning plate having openlngs 16 therethrough, through which the rings of the binder 7 extend, and
as the turning plate 15 is preferably formed of metal, such as aluminum or the like, and
- has the projecting end 14 so arranged that it will keep the partitions and sheets in radial alinement with the axial center of the rings of the binder 7, said partitions and sheets will readily slide over the rings and not bind thereon.
The partitions 9 and sheets 8 are furthermore held in proper relation with the rings of the binder 7 by forming a ledge 17 at the inner end of the turning plate 15 against which the ends of the partitions and sheets rest. The outer edge of the turning plate 15 is preferably rolled to form a bead 18 so that the plate can be readily grasped without injury to the fingers and also to provide a more pleasing effect.
In operation, a plurality of journal sheets 6 are attached to the binder 5, and the items thereon are transferred to the ledger sheets 8. When a new account is noted on the journal, the tabs 10 are consulted until the ledger page containing the previous account of the same party 1s ascertained and the partitions turned until the sheet 8 containing such account rests in open position over the platform 11; this account is then placed upon the sheet 8, and another account selected and found in the same manner. As soon as one side of either the journal or ledger sheets become filled they can be reversed and the other side used, and when both sides have become filled they are removed from the binders carried by the cover and placed in permanent binders for future reference.
When the days work is done or'when it is not desired to further use the combined journal and ledger, the leaf 2 is folded over the leaf 1, the same action resulting'as when a book is closed, and the hasp is then brought into use to lock the leaves together, this disposing the entire structure in book form so that it can be readily stored away in a safe or other convenient place.
In Figs. 5 to 8 inclusive a slightly modified form of structure is shown as in this instance the cover 20 is divided into a central section 21 and end sections 22 and 23, the end sections being attached to the opposite sides of the central section 21 by hinging sections 24 and 25 respectively.
The journal sheets 26 are attached to the section 23 by any suitable form of binder 27, While the ledger sheets 28 are attached adjacent one edge of the central section 21 by means of spring actuated binder rings 29. The ledger sheets may be turned from side to side on the rings 29 and rested either upon the central section 21 or the end section 22. or part upon one and part upon the other. The sheets 28 are also separated by indexed partitions 30 so that any given account can be readily found when desired. The central section 21 is provided with a built up ledge 31 to form a support for such of the sheets 28 as may be positioned over the central section 21, while a removable support 32 is preferably attached to the section 22 for elevating the sheets 28 a sufficient height to readily insert the fingers to turn the sheets, this device being removed when the cover is folded together. The turning plate 33 in this instance is made of heavy cardboard,
although it will be understood that it can be made ofmetal or any other suitable subhaving a metal terminal 34 attached thereto which is provided with openings-35 for engagement with the rings 29, the inner end of the terminal 34 being preferably disposed at an angle so as to engage and slide upon the curved plate 36, said plate being fixed in position and forming a guide for the end of the terminal so as to maintain the ledger sheets 28 in radial alinement with the central axis of-the rings while being turned from one side of the rings to the other.
When closing the cover, in order toistore same in a safe or other convenient place, the
turning plate 33 and sheets cooperating therewith are first turned over the central section 21 after which the section 23 containing the journal sheets 26 is folded over and rested upon the turning plate 33. The section 22 is then folded over the section 23 and is secured thereover in any suitable manner, as by means of a tab 37 attached to the hinging section 25 which has a socket 38 for engagement with the projection 39 on the section 22.
The invention claimed is 1. A supporting means for a loose leaf journal and ledger combined, including a central cover leaf and a similar cover leaf at the opposite edges thereof, means to hinge said cover leaves together, a binder attached along the outer edge of one of the side covers, a plurality of loose sheets attached to said binder, a second binder attached to the central cover leaf and adjacent one edge thereof, a plurality of loose sheets attached to the second binder, said latter leaves when turned from side to side being adapted to rest on either the central cover or one of the side cover sheets and means for causing said last named leaves to turn from side to side of their binder. I
2. The combination with a cover construction comprising leaves hingedly secured to-' gether, of a plurality of journal sheets, a binder on one of the leaves for temporarily retaining said sheets, a binder on another a of said leaves, a plurality of ledger sheets attached to the latter binder, a plurality of partitions also attached tosaid latter binder, means to support the sheets and partitions above the leaves, and means to cause said sheets and partitions to swing from side to side of the latter binder.
3. The combination with a cover structure having hinge sections, of a binder, a plurality of sheets attached to said binder, adapted to be turned from side to side thereof, a turning plate attached to the binder, a curved plate against which the inner end of the turning plate bears and over which it travels for causing the leaves to travel in radial alinement from the axial center of the binder when the leaves are turned from one side to the other of the binder.
4. The combination with a plurality of loose sheets, and a snap ring binder carrying the same, of a turning plate engaged with the rings of the binder upon which said sheets are adapted to rest, an inwardly projecting downwardly inclined end on the turning plate, and means on the binder cooperating with and guiding said end for regulating the movement of the turning plate whereby the sheets will be held in radial alinement with the axis of the binder when being turned from one side of the binder to the other.
In witness whereof, I have hereunto affixed my signature in the presence of the witnesses herein named.
W. B. SULLIVAN, C. W. MILLER.