|Publication number||US1331257 A|
|Publication date||Feb 17, 1920|
|Filing date||Aug 26, 1918|
|Priority date||Aug 26, 1918|
|Publication number||US 1331257 A, US 1331257A, US-A-1331257, US1331257 A, US1331257A|
|Inventors||Edgar Newbery, William Heap|
|Original Assignee||Edgar Newbery, William Heap|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (8), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE. I
WILLIAM HEAP, o'r' s'rocxron'r, AND EDGAR NEWBE'RY, or MANCHESTER, ENGLAND.
' MANUFACTURE OF METALLIC CHLORIDS.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that we, WILLIAM'HEAP and EDGAR NEWBERY', subjects of tile King of Great Britain, residing at Stockport, in the county of Chester, and Manchester, in the county of Lancaster, both in the Kingdom of England, respectively, have invented certam new and useful Improvements in the Manufacture of MetallicChlorids, of which the following is a specification.
The present invention relates to improve;
"ments in the manufacture of metallic chlorids especially such as are difficult to obtain in the anhydrous form, such as those of aluminium, magnesium, cerium and other rare earth metals.
We treat the oxid, the carbonate, the oxalates or other salts of the metal containin very weak organic acids with a mixtureo producer gas and chlorin, the producer gas being obtained without the use of water in the furnace. The temperature required varies with each salt and each oxid more or less-and therefore it is-difiicult to give it except by example as hereinafter set forth.
The reatadvantage of this method hes in the c eapness of producer gas as a source of carbon monoxid, and we have found that" I contrary to expectation, the dilution of this exerts no deleterious effect upon the process. An advantage of this method is, that whereas many chlorids such as ma neslum carbon monoxid with the nitrogen of the air or aluminium chlorid are very di cult to prepare in the anhydrous form, the products obtained according to the present invention are completely anhydrous and alsofree from carbon. a
.mation of basic compounds is completel prevented. These reactions are genera. They have beenfound particularly useful for magnesium, aluminium, calcium, and iron'chlorids and the chlorlds of the cerium group of rare-earth metals and itisbelieved that hardly any'mtallic oxid can withstand the action of the gases described if the req--' uisite temperature can be attained without previous decomposition of the oxld.
As an illustration of Working our invenf Specification of Letters Patent.
, Witnesses I atented Feb. 17, 1920.
Application filed August 26, 1918. Serial No. 251,549.
tion, the followin is the description for making the mixe anhydrous chlorids of the cerium group of rare earth metals.
The crude oxid or the hydrated chlorid is placed in a thin layer in a tube or any other convenient apparatus and heated to a temperature of 650 C. A mixture of dry producer gas (preferably made without steam) and chlorin is then passed over until the whole is changed in color from brown to white. This white substance is the anhydrous chlorid. The relative proportions of producer gas and chlorin are adjusted so that the volume of the chlorin is equal to the volume of the carbon monoxid in the producer gas. Other chlorids maybe produced in the same manner but different temperatures are required for otheroxids. If the temperature be allowed to rise too high, fusion of the partly formed chlorids occurs which prevents the further action of the gases. In most cases where a mixture of gases is used the employment of a catalyst such as animal carbon for the production of phosgene is useful, but the catalyst should be placed in a vessel or other position over which the gases pass before they strike the oxid or hydrated salt in order to prevent the catalyst being mixed with the finished product. v
' We declare-that what We claim is .1. The process of manufacturing anhydrous metallic chlorids which includes the step of heating a metallic compound in presence of a mixture of chlorin and producer gas substantially free from hydrogen.
2. The process of manufacturing anhydrous metallic chlorids which comprises heating an oxid or hydrate of a metal in presence of a mixture of chlorin and prov ducer as substantially free from hydrogen.
3. T e process of manufacturing anhydrous chlorids of rare metals of the cerium group which comprises heating a compound of such metal in presence of a mixture of chlorin and producer gas substantially free from hydrogen.
In witness whereof, we have hereunto signed our names this 23d day ofJuly, 1918,
' in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
WILLIAM HEAP. EDGAR NEWBERY.
W. H. BEESTON J. MCLACHLAN.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4264569 *||Sep 26, 1979||Apr 28, 1981||Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organization||Production of anhydrous aluminium chloride|
|US4269816 *||Jul 27, 1979||May 26, 1981||Mineral Process Licensing Corp. Bv||Preparation of anhydrous magnesium chloride|
|US5178664 *||Jun 22, 1990||Jan 12, 1993||Rhone-Poulenc Chimie||Essentially anhydrous admixtures of dehydrated rare earth halides and alkali/alkaline earth metal halides|
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|US20050147547 *||Mar 7, 2005||Jul 7, 2005||Pvs Technologies, Inc.||System and method of making ferric chloride with reduced amounts of hydrochloric acid for water treatment|
|U.S. Classification||423/263, 423/497, 423/498, 423/491, 423/495, 423/493, 423/496|