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Publication numberUS1333268 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 9, 1920
Filing dateOct 15, 1919
Priority dateOct 15, 1919
Publication numberUS 1333268 A, US 1333268A, US-A-1333268, US1333268 A, US1333268A
InventorsMasaites Charles A
Original AssigneeJonas Miller
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Rifle attachment for throwing liquid
US 1333268 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)




Patented Mar. 9,1920.







Application filed October 1919` To all whom t may concern.'

Be it known that I, CHARLES A. MAsArrEs, a citizen of Russia, residing at Greenville, county of Piscataquis and ,State of Maine, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Rifle Attachments for Throwing Liquid, of which the following is a specification.

This invention has as its special object the provision of means combined with an ordinary rifle whereby a stream of liquid may be expelled in line with the barrel.

, A further object is in ythe combination with such device of means for lilling, discharging and operating, whereby the liquid throwing is kaccomplished in a convenient )an ino* drawin s and easily operated manner.

These objects are attained by the novel construction and combination of parts hereinafter described, and shown in the accomforming a material part of this disclosure, and in which- Figure 1 is a side elevational view showing a conventional type of army ri e. and indicating the application of the invention.

igt 2 is a longitudinal sectional view taken substantially on line 2 2 of Fig. 6.

Figs. 3, 4 and 5 are transverse sectional .views taken on corresponding lines as shown in Fig. 2.

Fig. 6 is a longitudinal sectional View taken in a vertical plane through the rifle, and

nig. 7 is a similar longitudinal sectional View taken in a plane farther out. and parallel to that of F ig. 6.

Referring to the'A drawings in detail, the numeral 10 indicates a conventional type of gun stock, having a barrel l1, and ring means generally designated by the numeral 12, operated by the trigger 13.

Surrounding the barrel is a wooden guard 14, generally of elliptic cross section, as shown in Figs. 3 to 5 inclusive, this guard being formed in upper and lower sections K clamped at the front by a specially shaped bandor ferruvle 15, Ahaving a projection 16, to which may be attached a bayonet 17, the same partially supported by a clip 18, carrying a sight 19 engaged with the front end of the barrel 11 while inclosed in the band 15 is an end piece 15 through which the barrel 11 projects. Another band 20, encircles the rear portions of the guard sec- Specication of Letters Patent.

Patented Mar. 9, 1920. serial No.' 330,703.

tions, to which is secured a strap 21 for use in carrying the gun.

Set in the lower section of the guard 14 is aI cylindrical barrel 22, having a cap 23 at its rear end and a head 24 in the front end, the same engaging within recesses formed in the band 15 fso as to be held se- 'curely thereto.

A pluralityof semi-circular lconcave lugs 25 are formed with the barrel 22 by which attachment is made to the gun barrel 11, the barrel having an elongated recess 26 formed in one side into which extends a stem 27, formed'with the knob 28, the stem passing through a plate 29, covering an opening 30, formed through the sides of the guard, the extending knob 28 acting as a release by which fluid is discharged as will be hereafter more fully described.

Movable within the barrel 22 is a plunger 3l connected by rearwardly extending arms 32 to a head 33,l against which abuts the outer end of a coiled compression spring 34, in the rear end of the barrel 22 adapted to normally press the plunger outward.

The stem 27 abuts against one end of the lever 35, pivoted upon a pin 36, passing transversely through the recess 26, the opposite end 37 of the lever making contact with the outer end of another lever 38, pivoted on a pin 39, said lever 38 in turn engaging with a lever 40, pivoted upon a pin 41, having an angular detent 42, engageable in any of the several openings 43, formed in one of the arms 32, so that as the plunger 31 is, moved inwardly it may be held in any desired position.

The outer end of the lever 40 engages with another lever 44, pivoted upon a pin 45,l lwhile the opposite end of the lever 44 contacts with another lever 46, pivoted upon a pin 47 the lever 46 actuating a shutter valve 48 which controls the opening 49, through the liquid discharge tube 50, formed with the end piece l5', and is further engaged to the rifie barrel 11 by the clip 18. All of these several levers by spring clips 25, xed upon the lugs 25, and pressing upon ative position.

Engaged with the head 33, is a pivoted trigger 51, extending through a cover 62 normally engaged with the lower side of the are .held in engagement y the train of levers in such ,manner as to hold them normally in loperbarrel guard, the latter having an opening 53 in which the trigger 5l operates, the cover being h'eld by a spring 54: when in position. Engaged with the barrel 22, near its front end, is a plug having a sinuous channel 56, normally covered by a rotatable ycap 57, which when rotated exposes the channel 5G, through an opening 58 so that the front end or the apparatus may be insertedin a container holding the liquid to be ejected and upon drawing the trigger 51 back, obviously the liquid is sucked into the barrel, whereupon the cap 57 is turned so that the small opening' 58 therein is out of register with the channel 5G, preventing the outflow of liquid from the barrel, andwhen the trigger 51 is operated the shutter plate i8 is moved so Yas to aline the opening 58 with the opening 49 in the barrel 50 so that the liquid may be discharged bythe force ot the expansionL spring 34.

In order to prevent a vacuum occurring in the rear of the barrel 22, the same is formed with an elongated slot G0, this slot also extending through the guard 14k and is normally covered by a spring actuated cover plate 62, provided with an actuatinglmob 63, which is released vby pressing the plunger 64, extending v oppositely from. the

stem 27.

In operation, the cap 57 having been turned so that the opening 58 coincides with the passage 56, the trigger 51 is moved toward vthe rear of the gun, causing suction oi". liquid into the barrel 22, while the openings 43 may engage with the' detent 42 according to the amount of liquid it is desired to Vhave enter the barrel. When the liquid is to be discharged, it is accomplished by merely depressing the extending knob 28.v

From the foregoing it will be seen that an effective device has been combined with an.

, ordinary gun, whereby liquid may be ejected with considerable force in a plane parallel to the barrel o t' the gun, and without conflicting with the. ordinary use of the gun, forming an additional feature of warfare particularly desirable at short range and without complicating the structure of the gun.

Having thus described my invention what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is 1. In a device of the class described, the combination with a gun, including the lock,

stock and barrel, of a wooden casing sur--A rounding the barrel, a metal cylinder arranged parallel to said gun barrel in said casing, a discharge tube for liquids spaced from said barrel, a plunger movable in said cylinder, a spring for projecting said plunger. arms on said plunger extending toward the spring and having a plurality of openingsV formed in one side thereof, a trigger for i'etra-cting said plunger, a detent engageable in the mentioned openings whereby said plunger may be held in adjustment, a gate valve controlling the opening between said cyliiidei' and said discharge tube, a plurality of levers contained in a longitudinal recess formed in said cylinder, and means to release said levers, retract the detent and remove said gate valve simultaneously whereby said spring may eject the liquid through said discharge. tube.

In a. device ot the class described, the combination with a gun including the stock and barrel, of a wooden guard surrounding said barrel, a cylinder carried in said guard adjacent to said 'barrel parallel therewith, a

liquid discharge tube secured in spaced relation to said barrel in register withv said cylinder, a plunger movable in said cylinder,

said plunger having a pair of rearwardly.V

extending arms, a head formed at the inner end of said arms, aspring adapted to press said head outwardly, means said head whereby said moved rearwardly, means plunger when in plunger mayjbe for holding said a partially or wholly retracted position, av plug having a sinuous passage engaged in said cylinder near the front end thereof, a ca-p having a single opening registerable with the mentioned passage, said .cap being rotatably engaged with said plug, alever operated valve for closing the opening liquid discharge tube, a pluralityl of levers arranged in a longitudinal recess formed in said cylindeig, an operating means therefor, a vent formed through the walls vof said cylinder, and a cover disposed over the vent.

3. In a device ot' the class described, the combination with a rifle having a barrel and stock, ot a. wooden guard gageable m the mentioned opening whereby said plunger may be held in an adjusted position. and means for releasing said detent and opening the end of said cylinder whereb v liquid therein may be ejected.

In testimony whereof- I have atlixed my signature.

CHARLES A. Mas'arriis.

engaged withv leading fromv said cylinder to said disposed longitudi" nally around said barrel, said guard being of iureA llf

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2432791 *Dec 12, 1945Dec 16, 1947Jacob OssesDefense weapon
US2573954 *Jul 29, 1950Nov 6, 1951Wesley C CassonWater pistol with mechanism which discharges a succession of water shots
US2585526 *Aug 10, 1949Feb 12, 1952Carl Zautner RichardClamp type screw driver for cans
US2652949 *Oct 27, 1949Sep 22, 1953Fred W FosterDispenser with spring pressed follower
US3413666 *Nov 14, 1966Dec 3, 1968Arthur G. Johnson Jr.Combat weapon
US5671559 *Jun 8, 1995Sep 30, 1997Ludaesher; Edward C.Non lethal firearm device
US5983548 *Feb 13, 1998Nov 16, 1999Option Safety, LlcNon-lethal firearm device
US6050454 *Mar 25, 1999Apr 18, 2000Option Safety, LlcNon-lethal fluid delivery device
US6209250 *Dec 21, 1998Apr 3, 2001William B. MillsSidearm convertible between knife and firearm
US6658779 *May 17, 2002Dec 9, 2003Eran Nicodemus BauerWeapon system comprising a firearm and a non-lethal means for selectively ejecting a stream of fluid
US6922931 *Dec 8, 2003Aug 2, 2005Eran Nicodemus BauerWeapon system comprising a firearm and a non-lethal means for selectively ejecting a stream of fluid
US20040118028 *Dec 8, 2003Jun 24, 2004Bauer Eran NicodemusWeapon system comprising a firearm and a non-lethal means for selectively ejecting a stream of fluid
WO1997040332A1 *Apr 21, 1997Oct 30, 1997Bauer Gerard MietWeapon system comprising a firearm and a non-lethal means for selectively ejecting a stream of fluid
U.S. Classification222/192, 222/340, 42/106, 222/79, 89/1.11
International ClassificationF41H9/10, F41H9/00, F41C27/00
Cooperative ClassificationF41H9/10, F41C27/00
European ClassificationF41H9/10, F41C27/00