|Publication number||US1334672 A|
|Publication date||Mar 23, 1920|
|Filing date||Aug 6, 1917|
|Priority date||Aug 6, 1917|
|Publication number||US 1334672 A, US 1334672A, US-A-1334672, US1334672 A, US1334672A|
|Inventors||Noullet Frank A|
|Original Assignee||Noullet Frank A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (5), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
F. A. NOULLET. BUILDING STRUCTURE. APPuAnu mso nume, 1911.
2 SHEETS-SHEET l.
FRANK A. NOULLET, F NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA.
Specification of Letters Patent.
rat-@need Mar. es, ieac.
Application filed August e, 1917. serial No. 184.713.
To all whom t may concern:
Be it known that I, FRANK A. NOULLET, a citizen of the United States, residing at New Orleans, in the parish of Orleans and State of Louisiana, have invented new and useful Improvements in lBuilding Structures, of which the following is a speci tication.
My present invention has to do with structures of plastic material; and it has for its general obj ect to provide a structure, in the 'form of a wall or other embodiment, having such characteristics that it is adapted to be expeditiously and easily built, at minimum cost of material and without the employmentl of material that does not enter permanently into the structure, and: one which when completed is tree vtrom hidden detects, and has its elements so interlocked and tied together that it is well adapted to withstand the weights and strains to which walls and the like are ordinarily subjected.
The invention also contemplates the provision of blocks adapted to beincorporated in the wall or other structure alluded to; the said blocks being 'formed so as to interlock with the filling employed, being provided with anchors to tie them to the said filling, and being so constructed and combined with the said anchors that before being` put into use the blocks may be stored and shipped quite as compactly as ordinary bricks, and may be `handled and laid with the same tacility, the anchors being nested in recesses of the blocks at the time of manufacture, and being susceptible ot being readily .manipulated into position for use.
The invention further contemplates providing the faces of different blocks with different colors so that the face of a wall embodyingthe blocks may be ornamented as to coloring at smallexpense. lt is to be understood in this connection that the 'faces only oi' the blocks are to be colored, and inasmuch as the blocks are formed of plastic material the said coloring may be .effected at trilling cost.
Other objects and advantageous characteristics of the invention will be fully understood from the following` description and claims when the same are read in connection with the drawings, accompanying and torminnr part ot this specification, in which:
Figure 1 isan elevation of a wall struc- M ture constructed in accordance with my invention.
Fig. 2 is a transverse section of the same,
`cess 3, and is taken in the plane indicated by the line @M2 of Fig. l.
Fig 3 is a horizontal section, on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2, with the anchors in plan. Fig. 1l is a horizontal section, taken through one of the blocks that enter into the structure, in the plane indicated by the line i-a ci Fig. 5 and showing the anchors in plan.
Fig. 5 is an interior elevation ol? said block.
Fig. 6 is a vertical section, showing),f one or` the blocks with one ot its complementary anchors extended for use.
Figs. 7 and 8 are sections taken in the planes indicated by the lines 7--7 and 8MS, respectively, or Fing. 6, the anchors in 7 being shown in plan.
Figs. 9 and l() are exterior perspectives illustrative ci the manner in which the 'faces of ditferent blocks may be differently colored in accordance with my invention.
Similar numerals oit reference designate corresponding parts in all ol. the views of the drawings.
The plastic filling; l ot my novel structure is preferably, though not necessarily, ot concrete, and the blocks 2 are also, by preference, molded or otherwise formed ot con crete, though they may be made ot any other plastic material in any approvedv manner, `without involving departure trom my appended claims. The said blocks 9, obviously may be made in different sizes and shapes without atectinn' my invention Otherwise they are identical, and therefore a detailed description oi the bloclr shown in Figs. l to 10 will suffice to impart a definite 'linden standing; cit all. The block referred to is provided in its inner side with a large re equipped with anchors Il. of metal, which in use are designed to extend inwardly at approximate right angles to the block, Fins. 2 and 3. When deemed eX- pedientthe said anchors may be coated with a suitable rustprooi coating. but this is not essential to the successful practice oi my invention. In the present and preferred embodiment of my invention the anchors 4 are in the tormof arms or' `ductile or bend able metal-ordinary wire, for instance. They are embedded in the end portions of the block, extend from the inner side thereof, and are integral with and connected by an intermediate longitudinal portion 5 which-extends longitudinally ci the block and practically throughout the length there? of. Thus the anchors and the connection between the same are cheaply affixed in the block and are utilized to reinforce and materially strengthen the same. At their ends the anchors 4 are provided with angularlydisposed terminals 6. These serve when the anchors are in use to increase the anchoring capacity thereof, and when the anchors are nested in the recess 3 for the compact storage and shipment of the blocks after the manner of ordinary bricks, see Figs. 4: and 5, said terminals 6 are each adapted to be positioned behind the arm of the other, Fig. 5, so as to retain the anchors in the recess 3 and within the outline of the block so that the block may be handled with the ,same facility as an ordinary brick and so that the block will take up no more room in storage and shipment than an ordina-ry brick of corresponding size.
In practice, the blocks 2 are molded or otherwise formed with the anchors in them, and then the anchors are bent into the recesses 3 and are interlocked in the manner and for the purpose before described, as shown in Fig. 4f.
When the blocks arrive at the place of use and before they are incorporated in the structure to be erected, the anchors of each are disengaged and are bent into positions at approximate right angles to the blocks, as shown in Figs. 6 and 7.
In forming the structure illustrated-vz1 e., a Wall, an outer first course 8 of blocks is laid as is also an inner first course 9, Figs. 2 and 3. Concrete filling 1 is then tamped in the space between said courses 8 and 9 until said filling is flush with the upper sides of the blocks in the said courses. The next upper courses of blocks are then laid and the concrete filling is tamped between the same and upI to the upper sides thereof, and so on until the wall is completed to the height desired. The blocks are joined by mortar. as indicated by 10, in the sain@ manner as bricks and with the same facility, and the placing of the concrete filling thickness after thickness in the manner described may be conveniently carried on, and is further materially advantageous because the operation is just as expeditious as ordinary brick wor Moreover the concrete filling by occupying the recesses 3 of the blocks serves to bond or connect all of the blocks together so that the structure as a whole is practically an homogeneous mass. The placing of the filling concrete layer by laver or course by course, as described, is further of advantage because no pockets are formed and no faults can be covered up. and also because the concrete filling courses are placed one on top of the other so promptly that one course does Y not set until another course is upon it, with the result that the concrete filling 1 is practically an homogeneous mass.
A highly important feature of my invention resides in the fact that no apparatus is necessary for the laying of my novel structure or in other words no element is employed that does not enter into the permanent structure. This materially lessens the cost of labor and the cost of material involved in the production of the structure.
Being formed of plastic material my novel blocks are susceptible of being easily and cheaply colored on their faces. This will bc readily understood by reference to Fig. 9 in which the face of the block is represented as colored red, and Fig. l() in which the block face is shown as colored brown.
I prefer to make each of the anchors in one piece as illustrated. I do not desire, however, to be understood as confining myself to making the anchors in one piece.
Having described my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:
l. A building block formed of plastic material and having a recess in its inner side to receive plastic filling, combined with a. metallic bar embedded in the block, back of the recess, and anchor arms integral with the bar and having inner portions extending at right angles from the ends of the bar and embedded in the block and also having outer portions constructed and arranged when not in use to be interlocked and nested in the recess and also constructed and arranged to be bent into positions at approximate right angles to the inner side of the block.
2. A building' block formed of plastic material and having a recess in its inner side to receive plastic filling. combined with bendable anchors connected with the block. at opposite sides of the recess, and constructed and arranged to be bent each behind the other in the recess and to thereby retain. themselves in the recess and also constructed and arranged to be extended laterally from the inner side of the blocl 3. A building block formed of plastic material and having a recess in its inner side to receive plastic filling. combined with anchors connected with the block. at opposite sides of the recess: the said anchors being formed of bendable metal and constructed and arranged to be bent to a position each behind the other in the recess and to thereby retainy themselves in the recess and also constructed and arranged so that they are adapted when extended laterally from the block to secure themselves in material.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand in presence of two subscribing witnesses.
FRANK A. .NOULLE'I
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3216167 *||May 22, 1961||Nov 9, 1965||United States Gypsum Co||Prefabricated panel|
|US3486280 *||Dec 29, 1966||Dec 30, 1969||Boiardi Mario J||Facing unit with embedded fastening means capable of being unwound therefrom|
|US4700523 *||Dec 26, 1985||Oct 20, 1987||Fujikigyo Co., Ltd.||Reinforcing frame work for constructing reinforced concrete structure|
|US4741140 *||Jun 29, 1987||May 3, 1988||Moritoshi Nakamura||Masonry wall structure|
|US4930677 *||May 16, 1988||Jun 5, 1990||Jolliffee Michael J A H||Concrete connector|
|U.S. Classification||52/565, 52/425|
|International Classification||E04B2/28, E04B2/40|