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Publication numberUS1335273 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 30, 1920
Filing dateJul 26, 1919
Publication numberUS 1335273 A, US 1335273A, US-A-1335273, US1335273 A, US1335273A
InventorsAndrew M. Bruce
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Rubber shoe
US 1335273 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

A. M. BRUCE.

RUBBER SHOE.

APPLICATION flLED JULY 26,19l9.

' 1 ,335,273, Patented Mar.30,1920.

2 SHEETS-SHEET lawe saw A. M. BRUCE.

RUBBER-SHOE.

APPLICAHON FILED J'ULY 26.1919.

Patented Mar. 30, 1920.

2 SHEETSSHEET 2.

. 5 W W v///.,C/v 1 wm A E SE;

UNITED STATES PATENT. ()FFICE.

ANDREW M. BRUCE, OFIRA, MISSOURI.

RUBBER SHOE.

Specification of Letters Patent. Patented B131. 30, 1920. i

Application filed July 26, 1919'. Serial No. 313,517.

To all whom it may concern Be it known that 1, ANDREW M. BRUCE, a v, citizen of the United States, residing at Ira,

in the county of Laclede and State of Missouri, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Rubber Shoes, of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings.

Rubber shoes are indispensable articles of footwear for wet and snowy weather, owing to their waterproof qualities, but one of the great objections to such footwear is that they cause the feet to sweat considerably,

moreso with some persons, than with others,

particularly because their feet perspire more than those of others, especially when the feet are heavily clad.

Therefore, this invention aims to provide an article of footwear, which may be used as a rubber shoe, or as a lining for the old style shoe, and when employed as in the latter case, it is worn on the inside of the shoe and adapted to receive the foot. However, in the former use, namely as a rubber shoe proper, the sole of the shoe is designed to be more or less heavy, in order to provlde a firm tread surface. Furthermore, it is the aim to construct the shoe, whether used as such, or as a lining, with means, in order to thoroughly ventilate the feet, namely, to permit a thorough circulation of air between the feet and the interior of the shoe, in order to prevent excessive sweating or perspiring of the feet.

' The invention further aims to provide an improved, simple, efiicient and practical shoe or linlng, which may be manufactured for V a relatively low cost and sold at a reasonable profit.

The invention further aims to. afford a shoe of this character made up of an interior smooth portion around the foot, the ankle and a portion of the leg above the ankle, and an exterior corrugated piece hav ing its corrugations cemented and vulcanized to the interior piece, so arrangedthat the channels between the corrugations and the interior piece are communicatively connected with a hollow sole, the hollow of which communicatively connects with the interior of the shoe, thereby permitting of a thorough circulation of air through the channels, the hollow of the sole, and into the interior of the shoe around the foot,

7 shoe.

shoe of this character, which may be constructed to extend a trifle above the ankle in some cases, or may be constructed in the form of a shoe havinga legging extension, which also has corrugations forming channels communicatively connectingwith the hollow of the sole of the shoe.

The invention further aims to construct ashoe of any suitable rubberized fabric, preferably a composition of canvas and rubber or the like, and made up of sections of such material, the parts being rubber cemented and vulcanized, so as to hold the parts together.

The invention further aims to provide secure fastening means for the various joints between the pieces or parts of the shoe or the lining, such as strips of rubberized tape or the like, that is a material consisting of a composition of fabric such as canvas and rubber, said strips being rubber cemented andvulcanized on the seams between the pieces or parts of the shoe or lining.

.The invention further aims to afford a construction of shoe, which may be of the low quarter type, namely alittle belowthe ankle, and in this case, the shoe may be worn on the exterior of an ordinary leather However, in this case, the foot proper will not be in direct contact with the circulation of air, but instead the air will circulate under the sole of the leather shoe:

The invention further aims to afford a shoe of this kind, which, as before stated,

may be constructed with a legging extension,

and in this case, the front portion of the legging is provided with an opening to be laced in order to be closed, there being a suitable covering or tongue or intermediate piece (whichhas folds) between the laced edges ofthe openings and the leg of the wearer. By means of the folds in this?- tongue or intermediate piece, a thorough circulation of air may. travel down the tongue or inner piece and the leg, and thereby circulate through the hollow sole.

. The invention further aims to provide an opening at the rear of the shoe, particularly adapted for facilitating the pulling on and taking'oif of the sl ce, namely to permit of an easy insertion or extraction of the foot .10 into and from the shoe.

This opening also prevents the shoe from excessively rubbing the ankle,- that is allows the shoe to fit more or less loose around the ankle, therebyalso allowinga circulation of -airthrough the shoe andthe foot. 1

:Theinvention fu-rtlieraimsto provide a flap or-tongue at the rear of-the shoe, to .coverthe aforesaid opening atfthe rear, to -l eepout" the wet and dampness.

Theinvention further aims to provide a shoe of thischaracter, which comprises a vamp portion of corrugated material, and

-1a corrugated upper, which are adhesively united: across the instep of thefoot by rububer cement and a vulcanized rubberized strip, and to apply: this vulcanizedru bberized strip, it is caused'tobe formed into cor rugation's, owing to fitting into the exterior 3o corrugations of th'e'vam'p and the upper,

thereby communicativ ely connecting the inner channels of the corri'igated vamp and upper, allowinga circulation of air therethrough.

berized tape to be fastened to the adjacent edges of the vamp and the'upper, without 4 0 the tapes becoming corrugated to correspond with the corrugations ofthe vamp and the upper. I

VVhi le the design and construction at present illustrated and set forth is deemed rubber shoe, including a leggingextension,

and being constructed in accordance with the invention.

. Fig. .2 is a front elevation of a portion of the shoe, at a pointwhere thelegging extension extends from the upper of the shoe, vshowing the detail construction betweenthe .uppe 'of the shoe and the legging e-Xten-' :sion.

opening, between the inner surface of the construction of the shoeat If desired,- the united edges of: the vamp and the upper may preferably spread out, instead of corrugated, though; not necessarily, thereby permitting the rub pertorations o preferable, it is obvious that as a result of 7 ;Fig. 3 is horizontal fsectionalfview on I 'line 3+3 of Fig. 1', showing the seam 1n the front adjacent the instep portion of the shoe, and showing the opening at the rear, that is opposite the front seam, showing-the covering flap on the interior, and the tape of the seam at the lower portion of the heel oftheshoe. 7 I

Fig. a is a vertical. sectional View on line 4.lof- Fig. 1', more clearly showing the construction of the shoe and the legging extension, showing commun i'ca'tiveconnections betweenthte channels o'f the'corruga tions and the hollow sole. V Fig. 5 is -a vertical sectionalviewon line 55 ofFig-l, showing the maiii'iei':-of theght angles to bowing the comthat shown iii-Fig. it, also s inunicative connection between the channels ofthe corrugations andthe hollow ofthe s le o Fig. 6 a sectional view on'l in'e 6+6jof n j v V Fig. 7 is a view of a ri'i bber shoe with" the logging 7 extensionomitted, otherwise 1 the eonstri'iction-of this shoe is thefisameas-the lower part of the shoe in the other figures,

Referring to the drawings, 1 designates the sole of the shoe or lining as a whole, and

this sole comprises the upper and lower pieces 2 and 3,which may be constructed of.

. any suitable material, preferably rubberized fabric, such as a compos-ition ofanvas and i rubber; The pieces '2' and 3 may be any suitable shape, l3 f'elit llly :to conform to *the per" piece is pro-videdw-ith a plurzilityy'of and-lower pieces u'e heldspaced apart, to provide a hollow 5-," by means of the cushi'on :lllGIllb'GlS 6. Thesezcushion'members may-be constructed of any suitable material, preferabl'y rubberized fabric, such as a compo- I outline of the bottom of-thefoot. T he uppenings 4-, and the upper sition of canvas and rubber, or may be coni structed of rubb alone, and may be any suitablesh-ape, preferably cylindrical, though not necessarily. By means of these cylindric-al spacing members orcuslii'onso, the upper piece may move-'yield-ably toward the bottom or sole piece proper. Thesespacing or-t'cushi'oning members may be rubber 'ceinented or vulcanized and'interm'ediate the upperand lower pieces 2 and13. A'vamp is provided, and it consists of the inner.

and outerpieces 8 and 9. The inner piece "Sis smooth, or mother words plain, while the outerpiece 9 is corri igated, as shown at 10 in Fig. 1 These corrugations extend in the directions as shownp'and certain por tions of the corrugations are rubber cement cd or vulcanized 1 to the inner Plitll].P1606,

so to afford channels between certain of the corrugations and the plain p ece; The

inner plain piece *8 is .rubber cemented or vulcanizedor otherwise secured in any suitiio V inner piece let is plain and smooth, the same as the inner piece of the vamp, while the outer piece is corrugated or fluted as shown at 16, the same as the outer piece of the vamp. Portions of certain of the corrugations of the outer pieces 15 of the upper are rubber cemented or vulcanized as at17 to the inner piece of the upper. These inner and outer pieces leand 15 can be made of any suitable material, preferably rubberized fabric such as a composition of canvas and rubber or any other suitable fabric material.

.The inner side pieces 14 are connected as shown at 18, by means of a rubberized fabric tape or strip 19. This strip or tape 19 is rubber cemented and vulcanized in place, thereby providing a smooth seam on the interior of the shoe. However, this seam extends only but a short distance upwardly, for instance. it terminates approximately adjacent the ankle of the wearer. Also, the lower edges of the outer side pieces of the upper are connected to the lower piece of the sole, by means of a rubberized tape or strip 20, which is rubber cemented and vulcanized into place. In fact, the tape or strip 20 is a continuation of the strip or tape 12-. The rear opposite edges of the outer piece 15 of the upper are connected by means of a rubberized strip or tape of fabric or other material 21, which is rubber cemented and vulcanized in place. This strip 21 extends upwardly to the same dis .tance as the inner strip 19. It will be noted that the adjacent edges of the lnner and outer pieces 14 and 15 of the upper, that is the rear portion of the shoe, are adhesively connected as shown at 22 by means of rubber cementand vulcanizing. However, the adjacent edges at this point for a distance from b to 0 are disconnected, thereby causing an opening to be formed at the upper portion of the rear of the upper. By means of this opening, the pulling on and pulling off of the shoe is greatly facilitated. In

.fact, by means of this opening the foot can be easily inserted in the shoe. Furthermore, by means of this opening, the upper of the shoe is prevented from rubbing the ankle. In fact, the upper of the shoe loosely fits about the ankle and prevents rubbing. However, this opening is covered by 'a flap or piece 24, which is suitably connected, by means of rubber cement and vulcanizing,

nection with the interior of the shoe.

as shown at 25 to the inner portion of one of the inner pieces of the upper, while the other portion of the strip or flap overlies the rear part of the opposite side of the upper, that is on its inner face.

The inner and outer pieces 8 and 9 of the vamp, and the inner and outer side pieces of the upper are connected, by means of the tapes or strips 26 and 27. The inner tape or strip 26 is rubber cemented and vulcanized as at 28 to the inner pieces of the vamp and the upper, thereby providing a smooth seam. It is obvious that where the tape or strip 27 is rubber cemented or vulcanized to the outer pieces of the vamp and the upper, as shown at 29, the corrugations of the outer pieces of the vamp and the upper are flattened out, so that the strip or tape 27 may be secured in place. It is further obvious that the corrugations of the outer pieces of the vamp and upper are arranged to register, so that the channels of the registered corrugations communioatively connect, and since the corrugations of the vamp communicatively connect with the hollow. of the sole, then a thorough circulation. of air is allowed to pass through the corrugations of the vamp and the upper and into the hollow of the sole. It is also obvious that as the weight of the wearer depresses the upper pieces of the sole, air is drawn in and allowed to escape, at each step of the wearer. The air alternately acts in this manner, thereby allowing thorough circulation of air about the foot, since the hollow of the sole is in communicative con- It is also to be remembered that Where the con tinuous tape of strip 12 or 20 connects to the outer pieces of the vamp aud the upper, the corrugations are also flattened out, in order that the strip or tape may be pro pcrly connected or secured in place. The forward adjacent edges of the outer pieces of the upper are united by means of the rubberized strip or tape 31, which is rubber cemented and vulcanized in place. The corrugations at this point, that is where the rubberized or composition of canvas and rubber strip 81 is secured, the corrugations of the outer pieces of the upper are flattened, so as to facilitate the connection of the strip or tape in place. The forward adjacent edges of the inner pieces of the opposite sides of the'upper are connected in a similar manner, as by means of a strip or tape 32, which is also rubber cemented and vulcanized in place.

It will be observed that the inner side pieces 14L of the upper as shown in Fig. 7 terminates a short distance above the ankle of the wearer, thereby providing a lower shoe than that shown in the other figures of the drawing. However, in the other figures, a legging extension is provided, and this legging extension 33 comprises an inner piece 34 of rubberized. fabric, suchas acomposilated.

nately occurs, incident to each Step. of the I :tion of canvas and rubber. This inner piece 584 :eixtendsabouh the. log off the wearer, and

itsloweriedge joints the upperwedges of the imier sidepieces ofathenpper, as-shown at 35, there being a strip or tape36 covcrlng thejoint-35. This strip-or tape'36 is rubber I cemented or vulcanized in place, thereby providing a very secure smooth seam be tween the parts. This legging extension also includes'outer side pieces37, which .have

their rear adjacent edges abutting, as shown at 38, there being a vertical strip or tape 39 rubber cemented, as shown at LO to connect theopposite outer side pieces of the legging extension. The lower portions of the outer .oppositeside pieces of the legging GXtGIlSlOIl are connected-to the upper portions ofthe upper corrugated pieces of the upper of the shoe, as by means of the strip or tape 4&1 of rubberized fabric, for instance a composition of canvas and rubber, or any other suitable materialadapted to exclude water ormoisture. This strip or tape i1 is rubber cemented and vulcanized to the ad acent parts.

This tape or strip extends: about the upper portion of the upper or" the'shoe as shown clearly in*Fig.-1. The lower end of the strip or tape 39xabuts'the upper rear portion of the tape or strip 4111s shown clearly in'Figs. 1 and 5. Interposed between the inner and 'OlltGI'l-PlQCQS 34 and 37 of. the logging extenslon is a corrugated or'fluted'piece 42, the corrugations of whlch are rubber cemented and vulcanized at ail-and 44 to the {K112106111} faces of the inner and outer pieces of the legging extension. The corrugations of time in 0 terinefdiate piece form channels,which registerwith, and therefore communicatively connect with certain ofthe corrugations of the outer side pieces of the uppeig'tliereby permitting a thorough circulation OI air from a point exteriorly of the upperportion of the leggmgextensmn and through the upper, through the vamp, and also through the-upper and through the hollow of the sole, therefore it is obvious that the foot of the wearer nay be thoroughly venti- An intake and escape of air alterwearer, that is as pressure is applie dcon the upper piece of the sole, yleldably crushing the cushions betweenthe upper and lower pieces of thesole, thereby causing intakes and ejections of the air.

I'lh'e forward edges 45 of the inner and outer pieces of the logging extension are rubber-cemented and vulcanized at =16, so as tosecure the edge portions of such pieces securely together. Additional tapes. or strips 47 are similarly connected to theouter vfaces of the outer pieces 87 of the leggingextension near the'edge portions 45, there being suitable perforations .48, (for instance, which are formed through the strips 47 and the edge portions 115-), for the 1 reception of a :suitab'ledacing, whereby the legging extension may be drawn'tightly about the leg. "A tongue or cover piece 49 spans the opening 1 between the. edge portionsto, andthis tongue is also constructed of-any suitable' rubberize'd. fabric, or a composition of canvas aand rubber or the like, and-is'providedqwith a 2 plurality OfZfOliClS, so :as' to' permit of a "circulation of air downwardly between'the leg- :igingeXtension-and the leg of-the wearer.

:The edge portionsaof this tongue are rubber Icemented in any suitable manner, as shown :at 50 totheinner'face ofzthe anner-p1e'ce84: :of the legging extension. T-helower' part of the tongue is ifastened under the strip or tape '36, as bymeans of rubber cementing and vn'leanizing.

The invention having been set' forth, what isclainied as new and useful is:

Y '1. In -a shoe or lining, the combination: with a hollowv cushionsole,:the inner wall :of whichhaving perforations of-communication with theinterior-of theshoe, of an uppernnd a vamp for-said sole, having channels-of communication with the hollow of thersole, the channels of' the upper being 'open to the atmosphere, and extendingthere- Y from upwardly of the "vamp and the upper of theshoe therebyzpermitting acirculation of'air frointthe exterior through thesoleand into the interior of :the shoe, the upper ot the shoe having an opening at therear through zwhich airimay passinto the shoe'to insure a circulation of air throughithesole.

2. In -a shoe or lining, the combination :with a hollow cushionsole, the innerwall of which 5 having perforations of communi- =cation with the interior'of theshoe,ofan

upper'anda vamp for said sole, having channels of'communication withthe hollow of the sole and extending therefrom upwardly of" the vamp and the upper of the shoe, thereby: permitting a' circulation 0 fair from the exterior through the sole and into theinterior of the :shoe, and a'leggingrextension rising upwardly from the upper of theishoe and provided with channels of com- "muni'cation with thefehannels of the upper upper and a vamp "for said "sole, having "channels of communication with the 'hollow of the sole and extending "therefrom upwardlyof the'yamp andthe'upper of the shoe, thereby permitting a circulation of air from 'the'exterior through the sole andinto the interiorofthe shoe, and-a legging extension rising upwardly from the upper of :the: shoe andprovided' with: channels 'of mmmunication with the channels of the upper of the shoe, the channels of the legging extension being open to the atmosphere, said legging extension being closed at the rear and having a laced opening at the front, said laced opening having a, covering tongue provided with a plurality of folds.

43. In a shoe of the kind set forth, the combination with a sole comprising upper and lower pieces having spacing cushion members therebetween, the-upper piece having perforations, thereby communicatively connecting the interior of the shoe and the space between the upper and lower pieces of the sole, of a vamp having channels communicatively connected to the space in the sole, said vamp having connecting means with the sole, an upper having channels communicatively connecting with the channels of the vamp, the channels of the upper being open to the atmosphere, and the space of the sole, means connecting the upper to the sole, and means for connecting the upper to the vamp.

5. In a shoe of the kind set forth, the combination with a sole comprising upper and lower pieces having spacing cushion members therebetween, the upper piece having perforations, thereby communicatively connecting the interior of the shoe and the space between the upper and lower pieces of the sole, of a vamp having channels comnnmicatively connected to the space in the sole, said vamp having connecting means with the sole, an upper having channels communicatively connecting with the channels of the vamp, the channels of the upper being open to the atmosphere, and the space I of the sole, means connecting the upper to the sole, and means for connecting the upper to the vamp, the rear part of the upper having at its rear portion an opening, thereby permitting air to pass into the shoe to insure a circulation of air through the hollow of the sole.

6. In a shoe of the kind set forth, the combination with a sole comprising upper and lower pieces having spacing cushion members therebetween, the upper piece having perforations, thereby communicatively connecting the interior of the shoe and the space between the upper and lower pieces of the sole, of a vamp having channels communicatively connected to the space in the sole, said vamp having connecting means with the sole, an upper having channels communicatively connecting with the channels of the vamp, and the space of the sole, means connecting the upper to the sole, and means for connecting the upper to the vamp, a legging extension rising upwardly from the upper of the shoe, said legging extension having channels communicatively connecting with the channels of the upper, the channels of the legging extension having their upper ends open to the atmosphere.

7. I11 a shoe of the kind set forth, the combination with a sole comprising upper and lower pieces having spacing cushion members therebetween, the upper piece having perforations, thereby communicatively connecting the interior of the shoe and the space between the upper and lower pieces of the sole, of a vamp having channels communi-' catively connected'to the space in the sole, said vamp having connecting means with the sole, an upper having channels communicatively connecting with the channels of the vamp, and the space of the sole, means connecting the upper to the sole, and means for connecting the upper to the vamp, a legging extension rising upwardly from the upper of the shoe, said legging extension having channels communicatively connecting with the channels of the upper, the channels of the legging extension having their upper ends open to the atmosphere, said legging extension having a laced opening at its forward portion, and a folded tongue covering said laced opening.

In testimony whereof I hereunto afiix my signature in the presence of two witnesses.

' ANDREW M. BRUCE.

Witnesses W. M. GOTT, W. A. NEWTON.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2480035 *Aug 1, 1947Aug 23, 1949Lindstrem Arnold OVentilated boot
US2552711 *Sep 22, 1949May 15, 1951Dunker MarthaSole to permit circulation of air in rubber footwear
US4598484 *Aug 29, 1984Jul 8, 1986Ma Sung SFootwear
US4845338 *Apr 4, 1988Jul 4, 1989Nikola LakicInflatable boot liner with electrical generator and heater
US4953309 *Aug 1, 1988Sep 4, 1990Alpina Tovarna Obutve N.Sol.O.Warming footwear
US7392601 *Jun 2, 2005Jul 1, 2008The Timberland CompanyChimney structures for apparel
US7793426 *Nov 30, 2006Sep 14, 2010C. & J. Clark America, Inc.Vented shoe assembly
US8127465Jul 12, 2010Mar 6, 2012C. & J. Clark America, Inc.Vented shoe assembly
US8146266Jun 2, 2005Apr 3, 2012The Timberland CompanyChimney structures for footwear and foot coverings
US8359769Jun 2, 2005Jan 29, 2013The Timberland CompanyChimney structures for footwear
US8919011Mar 6, 2012Dec 30, 2014C. & J. Clark International LimitedFootwear with air circulation system
DE1108108B *Nov 8, 1954May 31, 1961Dr Med Hermann BruenerKlimatisiertes Schuhwerk
WO1986001381A1 *Aug 28, 1985Mar 13, 1986Sung Sup MaFootwear
WO1989009552A1 *Nov 1, 1988Oct 19, 1989Nikola LakicHeated and cooled boot and suit with forced air circulation