US 1335999 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFIQE.
GHABLEY STOVER, 0F COATS, KANSAS.
Application filed December 8. 191?.
To all whom it may concern.
is it known that l, CHARLEY S'rovER, a ritizen of the United States, residing at Coats, in the county of Pratt and State of Kansas, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Sash-Hinges; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
This invention relates to hinges and more particularly to hinges for window sashes, and the like and the primary object of the invention is to provide an improved hinge, which will support the sash in an open position, without the aid of sticks and springs and thereby allow articles to be easily brought through the window.
Another object of the invention is to provide an improved hinge, which will allow the window casing to be improved, so as to provide a tight weather proof closure.
A still further object of the invention is to provide a hinge for closures, which are pivoted at the top, which is durable and efiicient in use, one that is simple and easy to manufacture, and one that can be placed upon the market at a reasonable price.
lVith these and other objects in view the invention consists in the novel construction, arrangement and formation of parts, as will e hereinafter more specifically described,
claimed and illustrated in the accompanying drawings forming a part thereof in which:
Figure 1 is a front elevation of a window constructed in accordance with this invention.
Fig. 2 is the rear elevation of the window showing the improved hinge.
Fig. 3 is a central transverse section taken through the window.
Fig. 4 is a detail perspective view of one section of the improved hinge, and
Fig. 5 is a detail perspective view of the other section of the improved hinge.
Referring to the drawing in detail, wherein similar reference numerals designate corresponding parts throughout the several views. the numeral 1 generally indicates the window easing. which includes the inclined sill 2, the side bars 3, and thetop bar 4. Suitable guide or parting strips 5 are secured to the front edges of the side bars 3 and the upper bar 4. A window sash gen- Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Apr. 6, 1920.
Serial No. 208,220.
orally indicated by the numeral 6 is slidably mounted in the window casing between the two side bars 3 and the height of the sash 6 is less than the height of the window casing, so as to allow for a limited sliding movement of the sash. The sash 6 includes the side rails '7, the lower rail 8 and the upper rail 9. The stool 9' is secured to the upper surface of the sill 2 in rear of the window sash 6 and this stool forms a weather tight engagement with the sash and prevents rearward movement of the same. The upper portions of the side bars are recessed adjacent the forward portion thereof as at 10 and fitted in the recesses and extending flush with the outer surface of the side bars are the supporting plates 11 of the hinges 12. Each of the supporting plates 11 is provided with inverted L-shaped slots 13, the horizontal leg 14 of which is disposed above the vertical leg 15. The plates are provided with spaced apertures 16 which receive suitable fastening elements 18 which hold the plates in position. The L-shaped slots 13 receive the lugs or pintles 19 formed on the sides of the window sash plates 20. The plates 20 are provided with suitable openings 21 which receive fastening elements 22 by means of which the plates are held in position. Each of the plates is secured at the upper opposite corner of the window sash and the lugs or pintles 19 extend beyond the side edges of the sash. The upper and lower edges of the lugs are rounded as at 23 so as to prevent the lugs from binding in the slots. The upper wall of the horizontal leg 14 of the L-shaped slot 16 is cut away as at 24, so as to prevent the legs from binding in the slots and to allow the same to ride in the horizontal leg 14. The rear wall of this recess is inclined as at 25 to provide a guide for the lugs.
In operation, when it is desired to raise the window sash. the same is first slid upwardly until the lower rail 8 of the window sash rides past the stool 9' and the lugs 19 engage the upper walls of the L-shaped slots 18, then the window is swung upwardly until the same is positioned in a horizontal plane and then the same is pushed rearwardly until the lugs 19 engage the hori zontal legs 14 of the slots 13. The lugs 19 are formed relatively fiat so as to form a wide bearing surfa ce for engaging the walls of the upper legs of the L-shaped slots and these lugs hold the window sash in an opened horizontal position. hen the sash 1s in its closed position the relatively flat lugs engage the s1de walls of the vertical leg 15 of the L-shaped slot 13 and prevent lateral movement of the sash.
The lower surface of the lower rail 8 is beveled rearwardly as at 26 so as to tightly engage the up )er surface of the sill 2 and this arrangement allows the vsill to be inclined, which permits all moisture to drain off of the same. In the ordinary type of window sash in which the same is pivoted at the upper end, the ordinary window sills are level. as the swinging sashes will not permit the same to be inclined.
In practice, I have found that the form of my invention, illustrated in the accompanying drawings and referred to in the above description, as the preferred embodiment, is the most ellicient and practical; yet realizing the conditions concurrent with the adoption of my device will necessarily vary, I desire to emphasize the fact that various minor changes in details of con struction, proportion and arrangement of parts may be resorted to, when required, without sacrificing any of the advantages of my invention as set forth.
What is claimed is 1. In a device of the class described, the
combination with a window frame, a sash located within the frame, plates carried by the sash, laterally projecting flat lugs carried by the plates, supporting plates carried by the opposite sides of the frame, said plates having L-shaped slots formed therein for receiving said lugs, as and for the purpose specified.
2. In a device of the class described, the combination with a window frame having an inclined sill, parting strips, and a stool, of a sash mounted in the parting strips for limited sliding movement, the lower rear edge of the sash engaging the front face of the stool, when the sash is in its lowered position, plates carried by the upper opposite corners of the sash, relatively long flat ears formed on and projecting laterally from the plates, supporting plates carried by the opposite sides of the frame, said i plates having inverted L-shaped slots formed therein arranged to slidably and pivotally receive the relatively long fiat ears, as and for the purpose specified.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two Witnesses.
' CHARLEY STOVER. WVitnesses:
O. H. Boon, J. W. FILLOTSA'N.