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Publication numberUS1337320 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 20, 1920
Filing dateMay 17, 1919
Priority dateMay 17, 1919
Publication numberUS 1337320 A, US 1337320A, US-A-1337320, US1337320 A, US1337320A
InventorsKarr Francis
Original AssigneeKarr Francis
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1337320 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



1,337,320. Patented Apr. 20, 1920.


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AP FILED MAY 17. 1919. 1,337,320; Patented Apr. 20 20.

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Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Apr. 20, 1920.

Application filed May 1'7,v 1919. Serial'No. 297,862.

T 0 all whom it may concern: Be it known that I, FRANCIS KARR, a cit1- zen of the United States, and resident of Holland, county of Ottawa, State of Michigan, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Spring Mattresses, -of which the following is a specification, and which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, forming a part thereof.

The invention relates to mattresses formed of a plurality of vertical helical springs.

Its object is to provide a mattress simple and inexpensive of manufacture, durable, convenient of transportation, comfortable to the user, and substantially noiseless.

The invention consists of a structure such as hereinafter described and as illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a detail plan view of the mattress;

Fig. 2 is a detail side elevation;

Fig. 3 is a detail section on the line 33 of Fig. 2;

Figs. 4 and 5 are views in perspective of two slightly differing forms of helicals;

tress showing a modified form of construction' Fig. 7 is a view in perspective of one of the helicals of a modified form; and

.Fig. 8 is an elevation of the helical of Fi 7 v 4 The mattress is formed of a plurality of helicals each having its terminal convolutions wrought into polygonal form, or at least into the form of a portion of polygon and having a pair of straight and parallel portions. The helicals are arranged in rows, with straight portions of contiguous helicals of adjacent rows in alinement and inclosed in a spiral binding coil. Inasmuch as the portions of the helicals inclosed within the binder coil are alined, as distinguished from the known practice of placing them side by side, a small coil may be used and ridges in the mattress surface avoided. The ends of the Wire of which the coils are formed are inclosed within the binder coil, thereby avoiding the presence of objectionable prongs or spurs incident to the usual practice of looping these ends over an adj acent coil of the helical.

In the preferred form of construction illustrated in Figs. 5, the terminal convolutions of the helicals, as 10, are formed as-portions of a square figure having two parallel sides 11, 12, which are approximately but one-half the length of the side of the figure, and a third portion 13 uniting such short sides.

The helicals, in the preferred form of construction, are arranged in straight longitudinal and transverse rows with their shorter sides lengthwise of the mattress. The helicals, as 10, 14, of adjacent longitudinal rows nest together, with their shorter sides 11, 12, in alinement. The coils 14 are coils 10 turned about the axis of the helical, one-half of one revolution. A spiral binding coil 15, which preferably extends throughout the entire length of the mattress, incloses the alined sides, and adjacent coils may be prolonged and continued across the member 13 of end helicals and intertwined, as indicated at 16, for the purpose of avoiding loose and protruding ends.

The helicals thus far described are employed in the intermediate longitudinal rows of the mattress. The helicals, as 17 of the marginal rows differ slightly from the helicals 10 in that their terminal convolu- Fig. 6 is a detail plan view of the mat- 4 be looped over the adjacent convolution, as

shown at 22.

By the construction described several advantages are secured. The helicals may be placed close together, leaving comparatively small open spaces, and hence giving a substantially continuous support for the entire face of the upper mattress. This close spacing ofthe various helicals is made possible in part by the interfitting of their adjacent sides, due to the alining of the short side sections which are secured together, and by the open side of the geometrical figure into which the terminal convolutions are formed.

The placing of side members of adjacent helicals side by side and in close contactis avoided, thereby eliminating much of the noise due to such parts striking or rubbing together as the mattress is flexed in service. The uniting of the adjacent helicals by means of a small spiral coil inclosing straight parallel portions thereof not only contributes to simplicity of manufacture and compactness of structure, but it provides for a pivotal action of the helicals, in effect adjacent helicals being hinged together on a common center. This pivotal relation not only contributes to the flexibility of the mattress in service, but permits it to be rolled to cylindrical form for transportation, either in shipment or about the house.

In the construction thus far described the helicals of adjacent longitudinal rows are reversely coiled. action in a loosely coiled helical, such as are used in mattresses, results in its distortion in that there is a tendency of the helical to compress unequally at different sides, in consequence of which its axis is thrown out of the vertical. By the coiling of the helicals of adjacent rows oppositely this tendency is obviated, that of the helicals of one row counteracting that of the helicals of the adj acent row.

In the modified form of construction illus- .trated in Fig. 7 this tendency to lateral distortion is provided against in each helical, the two end portions being reversely coiled from the middle portion 23. This form of helical, coupled with the arrangement by which the various helicals are united as described, produces a most satisfactory mattress.

While the reverse coiling of helicals of adjacent rows, or of the two end portions of each helical, is greatly to be preferred, the construction of the terminal convolutions and the manner of assembling and binding the helicals together, as described, are of advantage even though this expedient of preventing lateral distortion may not be associated therewith.

The square configuration of the final convolutions of the "arious helicals and the arrangement of the helicals in straight longitudinal and transverse rows," perpendicular each to the other, are, so far as I- am now advised, the most desirable form and ar rangement, but other forms and arrange ments may be employed without departing from the scope of the invention.

For example, in Fig. 6 I have shown the helicals 24: as having their terminal convolutions wrought to the form; of portions of octagons, adjacent helicals. of transverse rows being somewhat offset from the axis of the row.' The contiguous sides 25, 26, of adjacent helicals of the transverse rows are,

nevertheless, alined and inclosed by a spiral In practice compressive binding coil, thus securing the pivotal action hereinbefore referred to and avoiding the close contact of parallel sides while securing a substantially continuous surface and the avoidance of open areas of any substantial size between the helicals.

lVhile preferably the extreme end .of the terminal convolution of each helical is inclosed within the binder coil, as shown, it may be desirable, in some instances, to extend it beyond the inclosed portion, bending it inwardly and backwardly upon itself and terminating it below the body portion of this convolution. By this arrangement such loop will serve as a support for the upper mattress.

I claim as my invention- 1. In a mattress, in combination, a plurality of vertical helical springs arranged in transverse rows, each helical having an enlarged convolution made up of straight portions and included angles, adjacent helicals in each row having straight portions of contiguous enlarged convolutions in alinement, and binding spirals fitting on such alined straight portions.

2. In a mattress, in combination, a plurality of vertical helical springs arranged 4. In a mattress, in combination, a plu-' rality of vertical helical springs arranged in longitudinal rows, the terminal convolutions of contiguous helicals of adjacent rows being intersected by a common transverse vertical plane and having alined straight portions, and binding spirals inclosing such alined portions of helicals of adjacent rows.

5. In a mattress, in combination, a plu rality of vertical helical springs, such springs having their terminal convolutions expanded and given the form of portions of a polygon having parallel sides, two of such parallel sides being shorter than the side of the figure, such springs beingassembled in juxtaposition with short sides of adjacent springs mating in alinement, and a spiral binding coil inclosing such mating sides.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3355746 *Mar 29, 1966Dec 5, 1967Gottlob Gussmann Suddeutsche BSpring core for innerspring mattresses and the like
US4095297 *May 11, 1977Jun 20, 1978Holland Wire Products, Inc.Coil spring assembly
US4726572 *May 16, 1986Feb 23, 1988Sealy, IncorporatedSpring coil and spring assembly
US5713088 *Apr 8, 1997Feb 3, 1998Ohio Mattress Company Licensing And Components GroupInnerspring construction with springs having free terminal convolutions
US7404223Feb 20, 2007Jul 29, 2008Sealy Technology LlcInnerspring coils and innersprings with non-helical segments
US8893388Apr 25, 2012Nov 25, 2014L&P Property Management CompanyMethod of making spring core for a bedding or seating product
US20070169275 *Feb 20, 2007Jul 26, 2007Sealy Technology LlcInnerspring coils and innersprings with non-helical segments
EP2422654A2 *Jun 5, 2006Feb 29, 2012L&P Property Management CompanyBedding or seating product made with coil springs having unknotted end turns
EP2422655A2 *Jun 5, 2006Feb 29, 2012L&P Property Management CompanyBedding Or Seating Product Made With Coil Springs Having Unknotted End Turns
U.S. Classification5/269, 5/256
International ClassificationA47C23/043
Cooperative ClassificationA47C23/0438
European ClassificationA47C23/043F