US 1337362 A
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Mama. KENNERLY. -CHURN SUPPORT. APPLLCA-TION FILED LAN.24-, L920.
Patented Apr. 20, 1920.
gnve'nfoz I 'IIIIIIIII MILTON C. KENBTERLY, OF STUART, OKLAHOMA.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Apr. 20, 1920.
Application fiIed. January 24., 1920. Serial No. 353,745.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, MILTON C. KENNERLY, a citizen of the United States, residing at Stuart, in the county of Hughes and State of Oklahoma, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Churn-Supports, of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompany-- ing drawings.
This invention relates to an improved support for churns and an object of the invention is to provide a support of this kind which is simple, efiicient and practical in construction and is capable of being manufactured for a relatively low cost and sold at a reasonable profit.
T here are certain churns manufactured and placed on the market by the Dazey Churn and Manufacturing Company of St. Louis, li lissouri, and of such a size as to be supported upon the lap or upon the legs of the operator while in a sitting posture. These churns include a rectangular shaped glass or body adapted to hold two, three or four quarts of cream and they are usually operated by supporting them uponthe lap or the legs of the operator.
The present invention aims to provide an improved support for churns of this char: acter in orcer to more eificiently support the churn on the legs of the operator and to render the task of churning, which usually requires from thirty to forty minutes, less tiresome.
To these ends it is the aim to provide a support comprising a rectangular body-or receptacle for the reception of the lower end of the churn body, in combination with means projecting from opposite sides of the receptacle to engage upon the legs of the operator to hold the receptacle firm and rigid, while operating the churn.
The invention further aims to provide certain of said means which projectv from opposite sides of the receptacle, with extensions, against which the sides oi the legs, particularly acent the knees, may bear, in order to insure holding the receptacle firm.
A still further object of the invention is to provide certain of the supporting means of opposite sides of the receptacle with adustable elements, whereby the legs of the operator may be positioned close together or considerably spread apart, as the operator may require, in order to insure holding the receptacle in its proper position.
The invention further aims to construct the receptacle so that a slight pressure will be necessary to cause the churn body to enter the receptacle and be supported firmly by friction with relation. to the receptacle.
While the design and construction at present illustrated and set forth is deemed preferable, it is obvious that as a result of a reduction of the invention to a more practical form for commercial purposes, the invention may be susceptible to changes, and the right to these changes is claimed, provided they are comprehended within the scope of what is claimed.
The invention comprises further features and combination of parts, as will be hereinafter set forth, shown in the drawings and claimed.
In the drawings Figure 1 is a plan View of the improved support constructed in accordance with the invention,
Fig. 2 is a sectional view on line 22 of Fig. 1, and
Fig. 3 is a sectional view on line of Fig. 1, and also showing the churn mounted in the receptacle and illustrated in section.
Referring more especially to the drawings, 1 designates a receptacle which may be any suitable size and any depth, and constructed of any suitable metal, preferably sheet metal or any kind. The bottom of the receptacle adjacent the marginal flange thereof h as secureo thereto as at 2, cleats These cleats are designed to he engaged by the bottom or lower end 01' the churn body 4 so as to hold the churn body spaced upwardly from the bottom of the receptacle. its previously stated. the receptacle is de signed. to be made of such a size as to require a slight pressure in order to cause the churn body to enter the receptacle with sufficient friction to hold the churn body in firm relation to the support.
l Vhile it is true that any form of concomprises a rectangular shaped glass jar or a body 5 )rovided i. -=.h an upper r duced threaded extension 6 to which a cover 7 is threaded. A bracket 8 is mourned upon the upper face of the cover and in bearings thereof a crank shaft is mounted. A beveled gear 10 is carried by and movabl with the crank shaft 9 and it meshes with a bev-- eled pinion 11, which is carried by the upper end of the churn dasher shaft 12. The
shaft 12 is provided with churn n elements A D 7 l3, and its lower end engages a thrust bear- 111 14 while its never end en a es oearin 's a 7 i 1. l J :1 a p 15 of the cover '2' of the bracket 8. it will .be noted that by imparting movements to the crank shaft motion may be imparted to the shaft 12 through the medium of the beveled gears 10 and 11.
In order to facilitate the churning operation and to render it less tiresome and tedious, the receptacle has riveted to the un der part and certain opposite sides thereof at the front and rear of the receptacle metallic straps l6 and 17. These straps are secured by rivets or the like 18 to the receptacle. The straps l6 and 17 have substantially their central portions made (.l-slnrped, as shown, to conform to the contour of the receptacle. The extended parts of the strap 17 constitute supporting arms 19, which are designed to engage the legs of the operator near the body thereof, to assist in holding the receptacle firm and in its proper position on the legs of the operator. The strap 16 beyond its rectangular shape (which conforms to the shape of the receptacle) is provided with lateral arms 20. Engaging upon the upper faces of these arms 20 are plates 21, which are provided with elongated slots 22. Screws 23 engage through the slots 22 of the plates 21 and are threaded into the arms 20, and the extremities of their threaded portions are swaged or sllghtly headed as at 24 to prevent the removal of the screws. T ireaded screws 25 extend upwardly through the arms 20 and through the slots 22 of the plates 21., and have threaded on their ends thumb nuts 26. The outer end portions of the plates 21 are curved downwardly as indicated at 2'? to conform to and engage the side portions of the legs adjacent the knees of the legs of the operator, in order to firmly hold the receptacle in position.
In using the support for the churn, it is arranged on the legs of the operator so that the arms 19 will rest on the legs at points close to the body of the operator, while the arms 20 will rest upon the legs of the operator near the knees. while the curved parts 2? will engage the sides of the legs adjacent the knees. The operator then adjusts the plates 21 according to the distance it is desired to spread the legs so that the outer sides of the legs will bear against the curved portions 27 firm enough, to hold the receptacle rigid. Before applying the support to the legs in his manner, the churn body is first forced or wedged frictionally in place in the receptacle; After the support has been so disposed, the operator may very readily operate the handle of the churn without any inconvenience of the churn moving during the rotary movements of the crank shaft and the churnin element.
\"Vhen the churning operations are com pleted the support and the churnvmay be easily removed, after which the churn body may be detached from the receptacle of the support.
' The invention having been set forth, what is claimed as new and useful is:-
1. In a support for a churn, the combination with a receptacle conforming to and adapted to receive the churn body, said receptacle having oppositely arranged later ally extending arms, certain of the arms engaging the legs of theoperator adjacent the body of the operator, certain other of said arms resting upon the legs adjacent the knees, and means carried by the last mentioned arms to engage the sides of the legs of the operator adjacent the knees when the legs are spread apart so as to hold the receptacle and the churn body in an upright rigid position.
2. In a support for churn, the combination with a receptacle conforming to and adapted to receive the churn body, said receptacle having oppositelv arranged laterally extending arms, certain of the arms engaging the legs of the operator adiacent bodv of the operator. certain other of said arms resting upon the le s adiacent the knees. and means adiustably carried b the last mentioned armsto enga e the sides of the legs of the operator adjacent the knees when the lens are spread apart so as'to hold the rece t cle and the churn hodv n an upri h rigid position.
3. In a support for a churn. the combination wi h a recept cle conforming to and adap ed to receive the churn body. said recentacle having oppositely arran ed laterallv ext nding arms. certa n of the arms enea ng he legs of the operator adiacent the body of the operator. cer ain other of said arms rest ng upon the legs adjacent the knees. and means carried bv the last mentioned arms to eng e the sides of the legs of the operator adjacent the knees when the. legsare spread apart so as to hold the receptacle and the churn body in an upright rigid position, and plates having elongated slots engaging upon the last mentioned arms, means carried by the last mentioned arms and engaging through the slots of said plates for guiding the same when adjusted,
means passing through the last mentioned flll'IlS and also through the slots and provided with devices for holding the plates in different adjusted positions, according to the spread of the legs of the operator, said plates having outer curved portions adapted to engage the sides of the legs of the operathe receptacle in position firmly.
In testimony whereof I hereunto aflix my signature.
MILTON G. KENNERLY.