|Publication number||US1342859 A|
|Publication date||Jun 8, 1920|
|Filing date||May 17, 1917|
|Priority date||May 17, 1917|
|Publication number||US 1342859 A, US 1342859A, US-A-1342859, US1342859 A, US1342859A|
|Original Assignee||George Moore|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (4), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
LIQUID DISTRIBUTING APPARATUS. APPLICATION FILED MAY 17, I917.
1,342,859. Patented June 8, 1920.
UNITED STATES GEORGE llrIOORE, OF JOPLIN, MISSOURI.
Application filed May 17, 1917.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, GEORGE Moore, a citizen of the United States, residing at Joplin, in the county of Jasper and State of Missouri, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Liquid-Distributing Apparatus; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
This invention relates to improvements in liquid distributing apparatus, and more particularly to such as is essentially adapted -for the automatic control of the filling of containers.
The object in view is the efficient control of the distribution of liquid relative to quantities of liquid in containers being filled by means susceptible of being produced and operated at a minimum expense.
W ith this and further objects in view, as will in part hereinafter become apparent and in part be stated, the invention comprises certain novel constructions, combinations and arrangements of parts as subsequently specified and claimed.
In the accompanying drawing, the figure is a view partly in side elevation and partly in vertical section of an apparatus embodyingqthe features of the present invention.
eferring to the drawings by numerals, 1 indicates a table or other support on which is mounted the tubular upright 2 whose lower end is closed and whose upper end may be open. This upright 2 may be considered the main delivery pipe or receptacle. since, as will become apparent, it is the re ceiving and distributing container. Within the pipe 2 is arranged a tube 3 which terminates at a point below the upper end of. the pipe 2 and extends downward through the bottom of the pipe and preferably through the support 1, and has its lower end open so that liquid within the pipe 2 rising above the level of the upper end of the tube 3 may readily flow therefrom.
- A supply pipe 4: communicates with the pipe 2 at a point in pipe 2 below the plane of the upper end of tube 3. The pipe 1 is adapted to supply liquid to the pipe 2 and to this end is provided with an upright portion terminating at its upper end in a hous- Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented June 8, 1920.
Serial No. 169,369.
ing 5 preferably of funnel shape. A supply PIPE 6 leads from any appropriate source of supply, not illustrated, and discharges through a nozzle 7 into the housing 5. The opening of the nozzle 7 forms a valve seat for a valve 8 which is preferably ofthe needle type, but may be any appro priate valve. The valve 8 is carried by a lever 9 pivoted at 10 to the housing 5. A spring 11 engages the lever 9 and presses the same in a dlrection for holding the valve 8 away from its seat. The outer portion of the lever 9 overhangs the upper end of the pipe 2 and tube 3, and a cable 12 engages the said outer portion of lever 9 and depends through said pipe and tube. The lower end of the cable 12 is provided with a hook 13 on which is removably suspended a bucket or other container 14. It will be obvious, of course, that these parts may be otherwise arranged with respect to each other while the same results may be obtained, but the arrangement stated insures compactness and enables the use of simple and comparatively inexpensive parts.
The pipe 2 is provided with a number of discharge outlets 15, 15, arranged at different elevations along the length of'the pipe, the uppermost outlet being below the level of the upper end of tube 3. The lowermost outlet is also preferably above the point of communication of pipe 4; with pipe 2, but this is not essential. Each discharge outlet 15 communicates with a movable tube 16. Each tube 16 may be rendered movable either by its manner of connection with the outlet or by being formed of flexible material, as shown in the drawing. The upper portion of pipe 2 is preferably provided with hooks or other like hangers 17 above the horizontal plane of the upper end of the pipe 3, and when any one of the tubes 16 is not in use it may be placed over one of the hooks 17 in a position with its free end above the level of the upper end of pipe 3, and discharge of liquid from the particular pipe 15 will thus be prevented.
In operation, bottles or other containers agreeing in number to the number of tubes 16 are placed on the table 1 and the free ends of the tubes 16 are placed in the respective bottles.
A stopper or other closure 18 for the hot- 'is of suflicient length and sufficiently rigid to stand upright when the stopper 18 is applied to a particular bottle so that the up per end of the respective tube 19 extends above the. plane of the upper end of tube 3. Assunaing that as many bottles are to be applied as there are tubes 16, and that the several stoppers 18 have been applied to the respective bottles, the supply is turned on through pipe 6 as by the opening of a valve 20, liquid flowing through pipe d first filling the lower portion of pipe 2' and rising to the level of the first discharge outlet 15. The liquid then flows through the tube 16 connected with this outlet until it has filled the particular bottle with which the given tubee16 is in communication and has risen in pipe 19 of that bottle to a level with the next higher discharge outlet .15. The liquld in pipe 2 rises above the first discharge outlet 15 proportionally to the rise in the said pipe 19 until it reaches the second discharge.
outlet 15. The liquid then discharges through the second discharge outlet 15 until the second bottle is filled and so on throughout the successive bottles until the bottle communicating with the uppermost discharge outlet 15 has been filled. Obviously, the liquid level in all of the pipes l9 rises uniformly to the uppermost limit, which isthe horizontal plane of the upper end of the tube 3. As soon as this limit is reached, the liquid begins to discharge through the tube 3 and falls into the receptacle 14:. As soon as the receptacle 14 is sufliciently nearly filled for enabling the weight of the water therein to overcome the tension of spring 11, the lever 9 will have its outer portion drawn downward and the valve 8 will gradually be moved upward and positioned on its valve seat in nozzle 7. The supply of liquid will thus be cut off. The
' operation thus stated would be carried out so long the flow through nozzle 7 is not greater than the capacity for discharge at any one of the tubes 16 and its connections. It will be apparent, of course, that if the flow from nozzle 7 is increased to an extent equal to the capacity for discharge of all of the tubes l6,'allthe bottles will be filling at one time, but the present invention is especially adapted for the distribution of filtered water delivered directly from filtering apparatus and in oractical use the flow from nozzle 7 will seldom, if ever, exceed the discharge capacity of any one tube 16.
This invention is particularly valuable in the filling of receptacles with filtered liquid which usually flows comparatively slowly. The, apparatus is completely automatic in its operation and does not require the attenone ofthe bottles for any reason during the operation, it isonly necessary to lift the stopper or closure 18 from the bottle or other receptacle and place the free end of the respective tube 16 over one of the hooks 17 in a position with the free end of the pipe 16 above the level of the upper end of tube 3. In this position the respective tube 16. cannot discharge and the apparatus can be left operating withrespect to all of the other containers being filled. Obviously, all of the tubes 16 may be hung over the hooks 17 with the exception of one in the event that a single container is to be filled.
It is frequently desirable to fill bottles or other containers consecutively rather than simultaneously, so that a bottle may be filled and taken away without waiting for the filling of any other bottle. Hence the several discharge outlets 15 have been shown at different elevations, but it is apparent, of course, that the diil'erence of elevation may not be. used where the filling of bottles in multiples is the only requirement of the apparatus. It is also. apparent that numerous other changes in the detail arrangement of the parts may be made entirely within the scope and spirit of the invention.
That I claim is V 1. In liquid distributing apparatus, the combination of a main delivery pipe having a maximum elevation of contained liquid for delivery, supply means for the main de livery ipe, means for cutting oil" the supply when t e maximum elevation is reached, and discharge tubes connected with the delivery pipe at different elevations and having their free ends movable from points below to points above the maximum elevation.
2. In liquid distributing apparatus, the combination with liquid supply means, of a distributing container communicating therewith, a tube extending upwardly from beneath the container through the bottom or the container to a point in the container above the highest point of elevation of delivery of liquid from the container, avalve for controlling the supply of liquid to the container, a lever carrying said valve, a spring pressing the valve from its seat, a cable engaging the free end portion of the lever, and a receptacle disposed to receive the discharge from the lower end of the tube, the receptacle being connected to the cable for exerting a downward pull thereon proportional to the weight of liquid in the re- 136 'ceptztcle, and the receptacle bein adapted to In testimony whereof I afiix my signature contain a quentit :f 0; liquid possefssillilg in presence of two Witnesses.
wei ht in excess 0 t e resistance 0 t e spriilg, whereby the valve is adapted to be GEORGE MOORE seated by the action resulting from the Witnesses: Weight of liquid discharging through the C. H. FEsLER, tube into the receptacle. EDGAR M. KITGHIN.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4349437 *||Jul 24, 1980||Sep 14, 1982||Rickett David A||Automatic and continuous chemical feed system|
|US4412918 *||Mar 5, 1982||Nov 1, 1983||Rickett David A||Automatic and continuous chemical feed system|
|US20100071800 *||Mar 25, 2010||Susan Kohler||Apparatus, system, and method for dispensing fluid into plant protection devices|
|EP2647578A1 *||Apr 2, 2012||Oct 9, 2013||Boato Pack S.r.L. a Socio Unico||Packeting machine comprising a distribution device|
|U.S. Classification||141/198, 137/408, 141/234|
|International Classification||B67C3/02, B67C3/04|