US 1344688 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
R. N. GRINER. POURING VESSEL.
APPLICATION FILED DEC.2I, l9l9.
1,344,688. Patented June 29, 1920.
awumtom wanna ROBERT NOAH GRINER, OF KOKOMO, INDIANA.
Specification of Letters Patent. Patented J 11119 29, 1920,
Application filed December 27, 1919. Serial No. 347,706.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, ROBERT NoAHGRINnR, a citizen of the United States, residing at Kokomo, in the county of Howard and State of Indiana, have invented a new and useful Pouring Vessel, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to new and useful improvements in metal founders ladles, and it is the primary object of the invention to provide a device of this character wherein the molten metal will be taken from the bot tom of the ladle, and discharged from the spout, located adjacent the upper edge thereof.
A further object of the invention is to provide a device of this character having a channel-way formed in the refractory lining thereof, the channel-way being formed in the bottom of the ladle to insure against the slag passing through the spout of the ladle when the metal is being poured therefrom.
With the foregoing and other objects in view which will appear as the description proceeds, the invention resides in the combination and arrangement of parts and in the details of construction hereinafter described and claimed, it being understood that changes in the precise embodiment of the invention herein disclosed, may be made within the scope of what is claimed, without departing from the spirit of the invention.
Referring to the drawing Figure 1 illustrates a longitudinal sectional view through a ladle constructed in accordance with the present invention; and
Fig. 2 illustrates a top plan view of the same.
Referring to the drawing in detail, the device is shown as including a metallic body portion 5, which is preferably circular in cross section, and having the forward and rear portions thereof offset as at 6, to provide spouts for directing the metal from the ladle.
A relatively thick lining 7 of a refractory material forms a part of the ladle, the same being formed into an enlargement 8 formed adjacent one of the spouts 6, the enlargement 8 having a relatively straight wall 9 for dividing the interior of the ladle into a containing compartment and a pouring compartment, the pouring compartment being indicated at 10 and has its forward wall inclined as at 11 to conform to the contour of the spout 6, to which the lining is secured. I
Disposed in the bottom of the lining 7 and arranged intermediate the width thereof, is a channel-way 12, which extends from a point in close proximity to the rear inner wall of the ladle, under the straight wall 9 of the enlargement, where the same has communication with the pouring compartment 10.
From the foregoing it is obvious that when molten metal is poured from the ladle, the clear metal passes through the passageway 12, from the containing compartment, to the pouring compartment 10, the metal finding its way from the ladle over the spout 11.
Due to the fact that the straight wall 9 of the enlargement terminates at a point in the same plane with the bottom of the containing compartment, no metal may pass into the pouring compartment 10 unless the same passes through the channel-way 12.
I The operator, in using a ladle as constructed in accordance with the present invention, watches the quantity of metal within the ladle and when the slag, which forms on the top of the metal, reaches the bottom of the ladle the ladle is moved to an upright position, and the slag poured from the spout formed at the rear of the ladle, the passageway 12 eliminating any possibility of the slag passing into the chamber 10.
Having thus described the invention, what I claim as new is l. A metal founders ladle including a metallic body portion, a lining of refractory material positioned within the body portion, said lining. having an enlargement forming a part thereof, a relatively straight wall forming a part of the enlargement, said relatively straight wall dividing the interior of the ladle into a retaining compartment and a pouring compartment, said lining having a channel'way formed in the bottom thereof, said channel-way being in communication with the pouring chamber, and said straight wall of the enlargement terminating in the same plane as the upper surface of the bottom.
2. A metal founders ladle including a metallic body portion having offset ortions providing spouts, a lining of refi'actory material provided in the body portion, meansbeingdisposed below the upper suran enlargement forming a part of the linface of the bottom of the ladle.
ing and having a relatively straight Wall In testimony that I claim the foregoing as dividing the interior of the ladle into a remy own, I have hereto afiixed my signature 5 taining chamber and-a pouring chamber, the in the presence oif two Witnesses.
upper Wall of said pourin chamber c0n 1118 a forming to the offset porti n of the ladle, ROBERT NOAH (IRINER' and said retaining chamber having means to Wit provide communication between the retain- V J. O. DRINKWATER,
10 ing chamber and pouring chamber, said JOSEPHINE '1. STAHL.