|Publication number||US1345168 A|
|Publication date||Jun 29, 1920|
|Filing date||Jan 18, 1919|
|Publication number||US 1345168 A, US 1345168A, US-A-1345168, US1345168 A, US1345168A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (2), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
M. H. GREENEWALT.
ILLUMINATING MEANS. APPLICATION FILED JAN. H3. 1919.
1,345, 1 68, Patented June 29, 1920.
3 SHEETS-SHEET l.
M. H. GREENEWALT.
APPLJEAHSH FILED me. as, 2919.
1,345, 1 68, Patented June 29, 1920.
3 SHEETS-SHET 2.
M. H. GREENEWALT.
ILLUMINAHNG MEANS. APPLICATION FILED JAN.
I919. 1 ,34 O, 1 68. Patented June 29, 1920.
3 SHEETS-SHEET 3. g -"6f v wm MARY HALLOCK GBEENEEALT, SF
AT .1 @FFICE.
ILEUHZEIAIING MEANS 1 345 11 3 Specification of Letters Patent Application filer: January 13, was.
To all whom it may r'wu'nrn Be it known that I, ll lilfi' liar Gmnwnnzuxr, n ('itim-n of tho i nited I u s residing in lhihulv'aphin, lvmzg have invented nertnin improved ilim: mm? ins: Mean o? whirl] line following i.- ii specification.
The ()llifil. of my invention to provnlo a gri zphoplmmor plmnogrngzl' or other similar, sownih-sl. tiillillif: nmrhino, nilaplml to ploy removals of the illSli or other i rps. with means Where-lay illuminntioz I" the instrument or certain of its ar'ness ries mill he atmosphvro.rlireczly nrljarent Slll'l'flilililing the some can be proelured, anti in vanous tints or colors or gradations iherrofi if desired. r
A further object of my invenixirm IS the provision of means for inoressing or clecrensing the amount of illumination, with or without coloration. The changes efl'erterl in the color of the illumination, more or less nrhitrurily. may be coordinated changes in brightness or darkness or color with an ill solutely arbitrary relation or reference to the musical notes whereby an desired notes or series of notes'mny have t eir expression accentuated or their efioot nicled to by an accompanimentof color or light intensity, or they may be changes wherein iihe light and color scheme has no coniplemeninl ref :arern'o whatever to the musical roznposition. Either arrangement. is entirely within the scope oi my invention.
In carrying my invent-ion into eile-ct, I- make use of a structure in whirh I preferalily employ electric lumps with tinted. or untinterl globes, striped or otherwise, of a rhnrneter l'ontaining means. usually in file form of resistanve, that wiil permit of the amount of lighl emitted living mi down or invrmsml as by the use of a greater or loss numhrr of lamps, or by cutting a alul out, as. l the instrument is EI'UVlilPtl with means for nutomutimlly vontrolling suitable switrhes or other moans so as to effect this result. For this purpose. suitable rams, notnntml hy :nevhnnism harried hy the rotating member of lhe instrument. so that changes in the amount or intens' y oi the illumination, and the color thereof, may he eflected entirely autonmtimllly, IIHlY he employeel.
In order that the color scheme can ho x1e \elopeil. the rotating table whirh carries ihe Icuorrl rlisk (when such foam of instrument Pnioniml Jum- 29. 1920.
Serial No. $371,844.
is uolnhineil wlth my improved illuminatin; means} may he pr-qwirleil with overhang:- ing loaves of tz'nnsliis-mil'. ('olozeil or partii-olorwl nmi rizal. owriving l'hv .sourro of illii tilfmlion and through whivh the hills! may slur: lint ii who may luh-ssi-nml r iniom or alimwi in Qini. uin! ic'lonlly Wiila 'iiw increasing: or llwia'nsing of he amount nan? kind of illnminnfirm, and the ."illlilltfl out, or in of flie resislnnve imitroh ling fhi :immml of illuminntion iill ill' lfi l by the elertrir lamps or other soon-e of illu- :ninarion. The color leaves may he arranged in different. lengths of soc-lions so as to inrrsase or llQPIl'HHn the amount ma l iiinil of color prminreel; they may ho wnrinuons or llisz-nniinnous. and they may yartially rwrrliror overlap each other at. toe edges so as to produce an additional Slllltlfi or color, nnri their orrnngsnwnt may follow any order or snhezne. K
These and other features of my invention are more i'nily described lwroinsfim, rofer- (1W9 heing llflll to the armnnynnying'drawings. in which:
Figure 1, is an ele ation, on a reduced scale. of one form or arrangerneni of illu rninating means for a graphophonm phonograph, or talking machine structure. within the SLOFQ of my invention.
Fig. 2, is a plan View partly in section. showing the improved illuminating means, one? one form of controlling means therefor. within the scope of my invention.
3, is a sectional elevation on the line Ill-J11, Fig. 2.
l ig. 4. is e sectional elevation on the line lV-lV, Fig. 5E, and
Figs. 5, f3 and 7. are views illustrating (letniis of my invention.
Mr improved illuminating means may he esnp oyerl with a: phonograph structure haw ing a liiiia? oi snpporting portion 1, which may srry within or as part of the some a spherivnl body *2. part of which is trans parent or iranshn'tent, with or Without coloration or tinting, or, if desired. the whole may he transparent or h'ansluront. with or without coloration or tinting. The upper portion of the spherical boily, whir-h have in-rlicated at Q,- is substantially in iii-3 form of A hemispherical shade or glolm,'
iransl cent. in rharnetor. which may he at iswhen in n. rim .l, preferably hinged to the hamas at 4'. uni'l this rim may he proviilell with :1 suitable handle 5 whereby said upper portion may be raised and lowered as desired for the urpose of placing records 1n position, or oi changing the co ored leaves, or for any desired purpose. It will be understood, of course, that the top portion 2 ma be in sections, and it ma be arranged to swing o eh instead 0 liftin The base portiono the structure is pre erably aperturecl as indicated at 6.
Within the structure a supporting table 7 may be mounted, carrying a suitable housing or inclosure 8 for the'usual spring or motor-controlled mechanism employed for driving the record supporting table 9, and such driving mechanism maybe of any usual character; the same forming no part of my present invention.
Arranged around the rotating table 9 and set at any suitable points desired, are a series of electric lamps 10, (four beinglshown in the present instance,) suitably mounted in supporting sockets or other means whereby their position may be permanently mamtamed, and these lamps may be disposed in reflectors 11 so that the illumination produeed by the same may be ropcrly dift fused throu h the tinted or co ored films or other li ht filtering media with the fullness or brig tness desired. In some instances, the lobes of the lamps may be colored, and in 1g. 4-, I have shown such arrangement,
in which the lamp at the left of the figure is indicated as having a lobe colored rod, while the lam at the rig t of the figureis indicated as a'vinga globe colored blue. The lamps are connected by suitable conductors of an tisual type with controlling switches, whic may be in the form of socket switches 12, or any suitable form of switch capable of performing the desired function. mounted in a frame or carrier 13 supported by the table 7, and these switches (or any switches-uscd) are of a type or character providing resistance which may be cut in and out 50 as to regulate the amount of current passing to the lam and the conseuent illumination all'ordzd by the latter. 0 effect the operation of these switches, mechanism of the following character may be employed: Mounted on the table 7 is a casing or housing 15, containing a series of cams 16, which may be arranged to move as a unit and may be driven from a train of gears 17 in operative engagement with a pinion 18 on the driven shaft 1!) of the record driving mocha nism which carries the record suppm'ting table 9. The com unit may be toothed at the edge as at 16 for engag ment by the member 17 of the gear train. These cams, which in the present instancc arc shown as arranged to slide, may be shaped in any arbitrary fashion; one being provided for each lamp, or group of lamps, as may be desired, and in the construction shown they are prefererative engagement with each cam bar is a lever 21, pivotally mounted on a pin 22 carried by the housing for said cam bars,
and connected to the opposite end of eachbar is a cord 23 operatively connected to one of the switches 12 so that any one of the lamps may be turned on or oil, or the resistance therein may be cut in and out as the movement of the lever controlled by the cam may dictate, to increase or decrease the amount of light afforded by the lamp.
The cam unitis removable and replace able at will, and the dimensions of the structure are such that fresh ones may he slipped into place when the upper part of the casing is opened. Preferably, 'mcans should be employed to hold the train of gearing which moves the cam out of action until. the record commences to play, and for permitting the cam unit to be set in place after any operation thereof withbut affecting the driving position o the cam relatively to the record mechanism, and for insuring the so that the illuminating scheme maybe.
properly coordinated with the sound.
Single lamps 10 are illustrated in the drawing. It will be understood, of course, that a plurality of lamps may be employed at the points where I have shown single lamps, and that such lamps may be operatively connected to switches similar to the switches controlling the single lamps and arranged to cut the same in and out of action in any sequence. The opposite ends of" said cords 23 are preferably attached to suit-- able springs 24, so that said cords and the levers are under tension at all times; insuring that the switches controllin the ilumination or the intensity thereof a orded by the lamps will respond to instantaneous application of the oierating cords as dictated by the cams. if desired, spring con nections may be attached to the opposite sides of the levers. By such means of operating the switches, or equivalent controlling means, gradations in the amount or inten sity of the light produced may be automatically and instantaneously elicited by means of said cams.
lhe train of gears may time the pro ress of the cam or cams to the progress 0 the rotating sound record, and the projections and depressions on the active surface of the l :lIH or cams may be so arranged or timed in their effect, to the convolutionsiof the sound record in their effect, that the lamps which they control may make a sequence in the vibrations of light as the record makes a sequence in the vibrations of sound, similar in the effect upon theindividual. In su h manner a cam or cams may be employcd as a master record for duplicating in quantity :1 means for an expressive light sequence as the disk is anuaster record for duplicating in quantity a means for an exressive souml scqumme; hoth wnnplrJm-ntmg each other and forming in uii'wt HMS-- ter record of two parts; inwpamhiv ir m each other where thvy air to :sfiwt rho wnszvs of the individual through thv rye: and i-nrs simultaneously.
S milarly, the rum may horwmu A mas-m r re or l of an agreeable and rxprrssivr light play, entirrly independent and iil'ispe-rLihl of tho sonnii prodm-ing elemi-nl, or tho sounds thereof.
It is desirable that the iihmiinution 3 provided may he (-olorml. illlti t. e-i'fwt this i propose the :ippIir-ution of rioiormi F-III'\"(E}F or films or iiittYH of any suiiahhiruni hH-vm or tnnspnrent material ixhirrh ow-riiv t n lamps and which arr.- intun lmi to lhtiit! mm tho record-rmrrying" table or in won-v m w therewith or in xomv, relation ihvi'i'tu. i in films may carry sing-Iv ('oh2!'-- or a h mlitr of (ohms rs ilrsirvri,
Those films are rhmrtv shown m m own \'i(,'\\' Ht "253 it? mu] 3?. :nri tho? mm M of the three primary rroioiw -2 i. yriion. I;Im or of any proportioned puma mi or any other ('oiors or 1mm :h'siro! may he of surh size or limrnsnon time! portion of Park may he suprrposiual upon a portion of an acijarpnt one whereby othrr shades or tones may he r-fivr trdi or any :n rnngemvnt that may ]K' iwzirwl to mmlm'" the color PfFl'f'i' iTitQTNiif i. sn w -wL wE n-i simultanrousifn to morgr or foiiow ii are prei'rnhly prm'idmi with inv'arlli respectivety. nhivh n'mj; he i%j)!"!t"Eli i '121' to slip owr tho post of [hi I'ntLliliF-f iv: upon \vhirh thr (5M: rw-or l is 3 who}. under the iattm'. i
In Fig. Thaw: Fl'n'nvn n yw'i igm ytid view of 21mm unit: thisumo hoing inxmtwi to show tho rztm grrnm'w m! 3mmr'ikr 515 $41 e-ligo whervln' it may h mom}, in Fig 1". I haw shown :1 diagrzmnnutie' Viv o I re t2n1rv switrh under thr ronrroi o lever. whirh in turn 13 zuinatwl My on: the (1mm.
Although I haw shown thr- US! of inliu pendent and inelmuenrimitiy mini-Hm! switches for the four lamps PIHPiU VPtL it is obvious that a single switrh may he run nected to ronirol a plurality of Eights :nni he operatiwly ronneotrii to a singflr h. with a ginghi-"iun r-ontrol ths-re'for: Hi of which is within thisvopo of my invrmn-n.
1. The combination, with U1-Ii)5l!9i 'zsi sound producing means. of a transiui-ent ncloning casing therefor, means; for prof; i ing or diffusing light within said inriosmg; casing, and means for coordirmtingz difiemnt intensities 01" said lighting effect with the sound produced by the mechanical mgans.
'n= 1m ior unionmlimi a vhnngiug Ih intvnmy oi" tho Hhm nmfion :rfforrlmi by said map.
7. Tim w minnntion of ii r tutnhh' rvr-or i- "Hz-i in; mvmimn :a wriw of :"UifHiKl arrow: writ n-nil [unit-(ting w 1 mums for riinminatfor mntroihng tho sing through said i-wmroiiing sai awitrhrw :ami imam rip-- m'zifiwiy ronnw N with thv 11 mm?-vizrrying irirznher for ri'riilng said cum-1. 1
Hi The ron'ihimtion of a rotaiiuhir rvroz-J- mrrvingg mm'nher. a series of colnrml ism-rem or Him rarried thereby a phualit of lamp; for iliuminatin said screens, resistmwe switches control ing said lamps, cams for automaticall cutting in and out such resistance, am means operatively connected with the record-carrying member for driving said cams.
12. The combination of a rotatable recordcarrying member, an electric lam a switch therefor, a cord connected to sai switch, a lever connected to said cord, and a cam operatively connected to said record-carrying member for actuatin I said lever.
13. The combination oi a rotatable recordcarrying member, a colored 'film carried thereby, an electric lamp, a switch therefor, a cord connected to said switch, means for keeping said cord in tension, a lever connected to said cord, and a cam for actuating said lever.
14. The combination of a rotatable recordcarrying member, a plurality of electric lamps surrounding the same, colored globes therefor, and means operatively connected with the rotatable record-carrying member for automatically controlling the illumination from said lamps which is diffused through said colored globes.
15. The combination of a rotatable recordrarrying member, a series of colored films carried thereby and projectiglg beyond the edge thereof, a plurality of ectric lamps, and means for automatically controlling the illumination from said lamps which is diffused through said colored films.
Hi. The combination of a rotatable recordcarrying member, a series of colored films carried around the edge thereof, a plurality of electric lamps, and means for automatically controlling the illumination from said lamps, including resistance switches, and means for controlling the amount of resistance.
17. The combination of a rotatable recordcarrying member, a series of colored films carried around the edge thereof, a plurality of electriclam s, and means for automatically controlling the illumination from said lamps, including switches, a plurality of levers, cords connecting the switches and the ' levers, and earns for, controlling the move- I inclosure, and means for controlling the 1 character and intensity of such illumination.
19. The combination of a rotatable recordcarrying member, a translucent inelosure for same, :asource of illumination, and 'n1eans operatively connected with the rotatable record-carrying member for conftrglin the intensity of such illumination.
ing instrument, a translucent inclosure for the same, a source of illumination, means for colormgthe same, and means for controllin r the intensity of such illumination.
21. he combination of a rotatable recordcarrying .member,.a translucent inclosure for the same, a source. of illumination, means operatively connected 'with the rotatable record-ca rying member for coloring'the same, an
sit; of such illumination.
The combination with mechanical sound producing means, of a translucent in-- closure for the same, a source of illumination, and means coordinated with the char acter of the sound for controlling the intensity of such illumination.
23. The combination with mechanical sound producing means, of a translucent inclosure for the same, colored films supported by thesound-producing means, a source of he combination of. a sound producmeans for controlling the intenillumination, and means for controlling the intensit of such illumination.
24. T e combination of a rotatable recordcarrying member,a translucent inclosure for the same, colored films supported b the record-carrying member, a source of i lumination and means operatively connected with the rotatable record-car ing member for contrdling the intensity 0 suchillurnination.
m1 rumour aneurysm.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3767903 *||Jul 17, 1972||Oct 23, 1973||Raymond Lee Organization Inc||Decorative lights|
|US4054286 *||Aug 3, 1976||Oct 18, 1977||Dressler Sr Richard J||Crystal ball|
|U.S. Classification||362/87, 362/811, 362/249.1, 312/8.1|
|Cooperative Classification||G11B33/02, Y10S362/811|