US 1345425 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
F. 0. WELLS.
APPLICATION FILED JUNE 30.1919.
Patented July 6, 1920.
INVENTOR FR'A/YK ORE/V WELLS I BY W WM ATTORNEY UNITE-D PATENT" OFFICE- FRANK oimiv WELLSQoF' REE EIE D, MASSACHUSETTS, nssreivon To GBEELiFIELD TA]? AND DIE CORPORATION, OF"GREENFIELD,.MIASSACHUSETTS, A CORPORATIONQ or MASSACHUSETTS. y
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I,
- a citizen of the United States of America,
residing at 9 Grrinnell street, Greenfield, Massachusetts,-U. S. A.,-ha've invented new and useful Improvements in Taps, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relatesto taps for screwthreadingholes, and-has forits particular object to provide a tap capable of performroughing and finishing operations so as to complete the threading of the Work by a single use of the one tool, and yet to perform the different grades of cutting each at a maximum speed, thus making it possible to thread work in less time and with less effort than by the use of the heretofore known types of vtaps.
With the foregoing object in mind and such others as appear from the specification, my invention consists in the construction, combination, and arrangement of parts herein illustrated, described and claimed.
In the accompanying drawings, I have shown a preferred embodiment of my invention. In these drawings, in which similar reference characters designate corre-" sponding parts in all views,
Figure 1 is an elevation of a tap embodying the invention; and,
Fig. 2 is a section taken-approximately on i the line 2-2 of Fig. 1. p I Referring to these drawlngs, a tap made in accordance with my invention comprises i a shank 1, having formed at the rear end a portion 2 adapted to receive a wrench, which may conveniently be square. Toward the forward end of the tap there are provided several flutes or grooves 3 extending longitudinally of the tap, and at their forwardv ends having angularly extendingportions 4'.
On the shank between these flutes, that is, on the lands, are formed finishing teeth 5 adjacent the longitudinal portions of the grooves, and roughing teeth 6 adjacent the angular portions. By reason of the angular disposition of the flutes adjacent the roughing teeth 6, these teeth are given a shearing action; These" roughing teeth 6 are preferably chamfered, so that each tooth takes a substantially uniform and comparatively large cut, and by the time all of the-' teeth have entered the work, the work is FRANK OREN WELLS,
I Specificationof Letters Patent: H July 6, 1920. Application filed mn 'ao, ieismse'rialno; 307,701. roughl ;threaded, 'but is not uite to size. The. nlshing teeth 5 are ormed 0f a slightly larger diameter than the roughing teeth 6," and have the forward teeth-chamfered; and are numerous, so that by the time the complete s'et'of finishing teethhave passed through the work, the work is threaded to size. a r
The shearing roughing ency to form a continuous chip which is ejected from the forward end of the work. The finishing cutting teeth being of somewhat larger diameter, a chamfer is desirable for entering, and in order that this may be suitably cut, a circumferential groove 7 is preferably provided between the roughing and finishing teeth.
It is also advantageous, and helps the speed of the operation, to provide a pilot or entering portion 8, of nearly the size of the hole about to be threaded, so as to serve as a steady guide to the teeth as they enter, anld Enable a positive thread to be estab- The flutes, and particularly the angularly advantage that the roughing operations are rapidly performed by the shearing teeth on the forward ortion, and the finishing operations are e ciently done by the usual form of finishing teeth, the circumferential groove 7 insuring that the work shall be teeth have a tend- I and finishing operations, and has the cleared of chips before the finishing teeth enter the roughed out work, as well as providing for the chamfer for the entering 'teeth of'the finishing portion, so that no special precautions are required on the part of the operator.
Having now described my invention I claim as new and desire to secure by United States Letters Patent: 7
1. A combination roughing and finishing tap provided with longitudinal flutes parallel to the axis for a portion of its length, said'flutes'having at their forward end an ,gularly disposed portions, finishing teeth being formed along the longitudinal pottheir forward ends angularly disposed ortions, cutting teeth formed along the ges of said flutes, and a circumferential groove at the 'junctionof the longitudinal portions with the angular portions of said moves,
3. In a combination roughing an finishing tap, finishing cutting teeth formed thereon, an angularly faced shearing roughing teeth formed thereon .in advance of said finishing teeth, the sets of teeth being separated by a circumferential groove.
4. A combination rou hing and finishing ta provided with longitudinal flutes paral el to the axis for a portion of its length,
said flutes having at their .forward ends angularly portions, finishing cutting'teeth fornied on the lands adjacent the lODgItHdiIIaIQPOItiOIIS of said flutes, and
undercut, shearing, roughing teeth formed on the lands adjacent the angular portions of said flutes. I
5. A combination roughing and finishing tap provided with longitudinal flutes parallel to the axis for a portion of its length, said flutes having at their forward ends angularly disposed portions, finishing cutting teeth formed on the lands adjacent the longitudinal portions of said flutes, the forward finishing teeth being chamfered, and
shearing roughing teeth formed on the land's adjacent the angular portions of said flutes, and of smaller diameter than the finishing teeth. 1 1
In testimony whereof I have signed my nameto this specification.
FRANK OREN WELLS,