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Publication numberUS1346029 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 6, 1920
Filing dateSep 2, 1919
Priority dateSep 2, 1919
Publication numberUS 1346029 A, US 1346029A, US-A-1346029, US1346029 A, US1346029A
InventorsRichard W Hubbard
Original AssigneeRichard W Hubbard
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hinge
US 1346029 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

H. W. HUBBARD.

HINGE.

APPLICATION FILED SEPLZ. 1919.

1,346,029; Patented July 6, 1920.

wibo/www f f l l l l f z a r f 5 l l Partnr gorifice.,

RICHARD W. HUBBARD, OF ASHTABULA, OHIO.

HINGE.

Application filed September 2, 1919.

To all whom t may concern:

Be it known that I, RICHARD W. HUBBARD, a citizen of the United States, residing at Ashtabula, in the county of Ashtabula and State of Ohio, have invented new and useful Improvements in Hinges, of which the following is a specification.

My present invention pertains to hinges, and more particularly to hinges for screen doors, window screens and the like.

The object ot the invention is to provide a hinge constructed with a view to being quickly and accurately hung without the employment of skilled labor, and one that is calculated to be cheaply made and is at once light in weight and stift' and strong.

@ther advantageouscharacteristics of the invention will be fully understood from the following description and claims when the same are read in connection with the drawings, accompanying and forming part of this specification, in which: y

Figure 1 is an elevation illustrating a hinge constructed in accordance with my present invention as the same appears when applied to a door casing and door.

Fig. 2 is an elevation of the hinge unapplied, and showing the opposite side of the hinge to that shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is an enlarged horizontal section of the hinge.

Fig. 4l is a vertical section taken through one of the hinge members and showing the same properly arranged relative to its complementary base plate.

Fig. 5 is a detail perspective of one oi the base plates employed in combination with the hinge members.

Similar numerals ci? reference designate corresponding parts in all of the views of the drawings.

As hereinbeiore intimated my novel hinge is designed more especially foruse in connection with screen doors, and in Fig. l, 1 indicates a door casing, and 2 the frame of a door. It is to be understood, however, that my novel hinge is capable ot use in any connection to which it is applicable.

As will be readily understood by comparison oit the several figures oit' the drawings, my novel hinge comprises base plates 3, swinging members 1l, and a pintle 5. When desired, the pintle may be surrounded by a coiled spring 6, as shown in Fig. 1, but the Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented July 6, 1920.

Serial No. 321,201.

said spring G and any appurtenance, such as a tubular cover inclosing the same, are not of the essence of my invention, and may therefore be omitted when desired, without aiecting my invention. lilith the exception of the pintle 5, all of the elements comprised in my novel hinge may be and preferably are made of sheet-metal- The base plates 3 are identical in construction, and therefore a detailed. description oli the one shown in Fig. 5 and Fig. Ll will suffice to impart a definite understanding of both. The plate referred to is provided with a longitudinal-central channel portion l having' barbs 3 which are preferably, though not necessarily, struck therefrom, and also having by preference a screw-hole 9, and flanges 10 extending from said channel portion and arranged in parallel relation to the back oit said channel portion. From this it follows that when the back of the channel portion is secured against the face of a door casing or a door, as the case may be, the {ianges 10 will be separated by intervening spaces from the face of the door casing or door. It will also be noted by comparison of Figs. l and 5, that the lower end of the channel portion of the plate is provided with an outwardly extending ledge 11, for an important purpose hereinafter set forth.

Either one of the members 4l may be the swinging member of the hinge. The said members respectively comprise a body por tion 12, arms 13 disposed at right angles to said body portion, and side flanges 1.4L on the body portion and extending' in opposite directions therefrom, with reference to the arms 13. The arms 13 are connected in hinged manner with the pintle 5, and the body 12 of each member t is designed to bear at its lower end on the ledge 11 of its complementary base plate 3, while the flanges 14 are designed to embrace the side edges or flanges 10 of the base plate, all as clearly shown in Fig. 3.

.The practical advantages of' my novel hinge will be best understood Jfrom a description ot the manner of putting the hinge into use, and in this Vconnection I would say that l prefer to pack and ship the hinges with he parts relatively arranged or assembled as shown, Fig. 3. I also prefer to use the base plates after the manner of templets, that is to say, I take the hingeas shown in Fig. 3, and place and vhold it with one hand in the position it is to occupy, and then with a hammer' held in the other hand I tap the hinge so as to drive the barbs slightly into the wood and form marking holes. I then slip the base plates out of the ,hinge members, and first position the barbs of the plates in the marking holes previously made, and then drive the barbs of the base plates homevz'. e., until the backs of the channel portions 7 bring up against the faces ofthe door casing and door. I then drive a screwV through the aperture 94 of each base plate, and it will bemanifest that the base plates so secured cannot be otherwise than in the proper positions. It will also be appreciated in this connection that the barbs 8 are calculated to hold the base plates securely and are equal to screws in withstanding,weight and strain placed on the hinge. After the base plates have been correctly placed and secured on a door casing and door, the hinge is completed vand connection of the door with the casing is effected by slipping the connected members 4 over the base plate so that the member i'ianges 14 embrace the Iianges lO ofthe base plates, and so that the bodies of the members bear at their lower ends on the ledges 11 of the base plates. lli/Ianifestly this isa very simple and easy operation, and from the same it follows that when it is desired to disconnect the door from the casing the same can be readily accomplished by merely Vlifting the connected members 4 off of the base plate. Then the door and the connected members 4 can be stored away, with the result that only the base plate complementaryto-'the door casing is left exposed to the inclement weather of winter. In this connection I would say that when deemed expedient the base plates and screws usedin connection therewith may be treated. in any manner Lthat will prevent rusting thereof. I would also have it understood that thehingeV members snugly receive and tightly fit the base plates, and hence there is no liability of a light door moving downwardly relative to the door casing when the ledges 1l are Varranged at the lower ends of the base plates, as Y illustrated in the drawings.` I would have it distinctly understood, however, in this connection, that when desired the ledges ll of the base plates may be arranged at the upper ends thereof instead of at the lower ends, without affecting my invention.

It will be gathered from the foregoing that my novel hinge obviates the diiiiculties experienced in removing screen doors for the winter and in rehanging screen doors, and that thehinge may be depended. on to prevent sagging ofthe door. vIt will also be appreciated that the hinge is light in weight, and at the same time is stiff and strong. It will further be noted that the hinge is susceptible of being quickly and cheaply made, and that the broad bearings of the arms of the hinge members against the ledges ll contribute materially to the strength and durability of the hinge. l

' Because of the fact that my novel hinge may be employed in connection with the well-known house door and the further fact that when so used it will be necessary during the handling and detaching operation to hold the hinge about half open or a little more, I place small registering holes through both halves of the hinge near the upper end thereof at the point indicated by the numeral 20 and as near the edge of said halves as possible to clear the spring 6. Such holes when placed in the hinge halves, will simply necessitate the dropping of a pin therein and thus hold the halves open during detaching and hanging of the door. This, however is a merematter of discretion on the part of those practising the invention.

von the lower ends of the channel, arms 'formed integral on the ends of the body portions and disposed at right angles thereto,

side langesrformed in the body portions,

and extending throughout the lengths of the body Yportions and in opposite directions with respect tothe arms of the body p01'- tions, a .pintle'.for'connecting the arms in hinged manner, whereby the body members will rest on the ledge of the channel of the base plates'and the flanges of the body members will embrace the parallel flanges of the channel portion. V V

2. In a hinge they combinationV of a baseVV lengths of the body member and having a my hand in presence of two subscribing Witgroove formed on each slde of the body messes. member m Whleh the flanges of the base plate rest; said body membell being so con- RICHARD W HUBBARD' strueted and arranged so as to abut against Vtnesses: the end Walls of the base plate. M. C. HUBBARD,

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set F. E. HENRY.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6634059 *Aug 15, 2001Oct 21, 2003Innovative Product Solutions, Inc.Reinforcement hardware for a doorjamb bracket
US6694568Apr 21, 2003Feb 24, 2004Austin R. BaerHinge mounting system
US6732409Sep 19, 2001May 11, 2004Austin R. BaerHinge mounting system
US6928713Dec 8, 2003Aug 16, 2005Austin R. BaerHinge mounting system
US7650670Jun 10, 2005Jan 26, 2010Austin R. BaerHinge attachment system and method
US20040134034 *Dec 8, 2003Jul 15, 2004Baer Austin R.Hinge mounting system
US20070261201 *Jun 10, 2005Nov 15, 2007Baer Austin AHinge Attachment System and Method
WO2002025044A2 *Sep 19, 2001Mar 28, 2002Baer Austin RHinge mounting system
WO2002025044A3 *Sep 19, 2001Jun 20, 2002Austin R BaerHinge mounting system
Classifications
U.S. Classification16/271
International ClassificationE05F1/12
Cooperative ClassificationE05F1/1215, E05Y2900/146
European ClassificationE05F1/12B2