US 1346137 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
F. H. SILVERTHORNE. BOTTLE VALVE MOUNTING.
APPLl-CATION FILED NOV. 4, 1919.
Patented a m mam m GEM NIT /STATES 'PATE'NT OFFICE.
FRANK H. SILVERTHORNE, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.-
BOTTLE-VALVE MOUNTING. 7
pourout closure of a type which serves not' only as means for sealing the bottle when not in use but also serves to constitute a means for delivering a stream of liquid, such as ink, from the bottle while permitting a free flow. of air into the bottle to take the place of the displaced liquid and the present disclosure constitutes an improvement in devices of the character disclosed 111 my Patent No. 1,314,489, patented August 26, 1919.
In the patented device there was disclosed a valve seat and a nozzle valve rotatably mounted thereonand the parts of which were formed of a composition'capable of being readily molded. In this disclosure the nozzle was held in rotatable relation to its seat by means of a retaining ring having the same composition as the nozzle. A h gh degree of care has to be exercised in capping the bottles with this device to insure against a binding action between the retaining'composition ring-and the composition nozzle.
It is understood that in devices of the character disclosed, it is necessary to insure not only against leakage between the movable parts of the valve but at the same time, to permit a freedom of .nlovement of the movretaining ferrule is positioned on the comable parts. Itis further understood that the commercial forms -of bott1es possess slight variation in sizes and it is physically impossible to provide ,1 the cork washers of unlform size and compressibility. When the mer'cially imperfect-forms of the devices, such as is disclosed in my prior patent, above identified, the ferrule is very apt to exert an abnormallpressure on the nozzle with the result that the nozzle is either difiicultly movable or, on the contrary, it develops a looseness of play which is decidedly ob ectionable. Accordingly, the primary object of this invention is to'provlde a mounting for retaining the nozzle in engagement with its seat and which will permit of the preformation of a pressure between the movable parts which can be accurately controlled and Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented July 13, 19:40.
Application filed November 4, 1919. Serial No. 335,735.
which will be independent of any effect whichmight otherwise be imposed thereon by the mounting of the device on the bottle..
Incidental to the. desideratum of freedom 'of' rotary movement between the nozzle'and Its means for holding it to its valve seat, the invention contemplates the utilization of a metallic retaining means in distinction from the composition retaining means disclosed in the above identified patent, so as-to insure a sliding contacting surface of metal on composition, rather than the relatively high coefficient of friction provided by the interengagement of composition on composition. There is a market requirement in connection with devices of this character that they must be cheaply constructed; a small fraction of a cent saved inmanufacturing cost is vital from a commercial standpoint, and accordingly the present invention features a metallic retaining clip or ring construction which can be cheaply manufactured by a stamping operation and in which the valve nozzle and its seat can be quickly and accurately fastened together to provide a com plete article of'manufacture. It is the intention that this article be stored and sent to the bottle capping machine without any necessity on the part of the capping opera tor to see that the valve parts are in correct my invention shown attached to the upper portion of a bottle neck;
F ig, 2 is aplan view of. the valve seat shown-in Fig. l detached from the bottle and with the nozzle element removed;
Figs. 3-and4 are detailed-views of the re taining clip prior to being bent into posi. tion, shown in Fig. 1;
. Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig.1 showing a slightly modified form of retaining means: Fig. 6 is a plan view of theringjshowp' Fig. 7 is a vertical sectionalvicw of the ring shown in Fig. 6., taken on the line -?-7 01" this figure and looking in the direction indicated by thd arrow; and
8 is a similar View looking in the op posite direction.
The closure constituting the subject-inatter of this in ention is designed of an article of manufacture for attachment to any kind of a bottle or other receptacle of suit-- able size, and it is arranged to he placed on top of the bottle and fastened thereto by any conventlonal ferrule fastening device.
The upper portion. of such a bottle is shown at 10 in Fig. 1, positioned on top of which is a cork ring Washer 11, constituting a cushioning devic. ment and the bottle to prevent breakage when the bottles are assembled is a capping machine. The Washer is designed to heplaced under sufficient pressure to form a tight seal between the attachment and the bottle. A flat relatively thin disk 12 hereinafter indentiiied as a nozzle seat is fitted Within the ring washer 1.1 and is provided with an upstanding rim 13 positioned on top of the Washer to form an angle joint with the Washer. The nozzle seat is outlined by a free peripheral edge 13 adapted'to he engaged by the ferrule for securing the device to the bottle as hereinafter described. T he top of the nozzle seat Within the inelosing rim is fiat so as to provide a smooth bearing surface 14. The nozliquid passageway 21 designed in one posi-- tionof the nozzle to 'aline' with the opening 15, to provide a liquid conduit from the interior to the exterior of the loot tie. The nozzle is also provided with a straight, air inlet passageway 24- designed, when the passageivay 21! is alined with the opening 15, to aline with the air inlet ope ing '16. In this Way when the nozzle is in position permitting the discharge of the. J
opening conduit; an open. air intuke' is pr'ovided by the'passageway 24 alining ivi'th the opening 1 The lower ends of the passageways 21 and 24; are contained in lugs 25 and/2G ivhich pro ectheloiv tl'ie hot are of the; l oive'r enlarged hodf port on are snugly gasket 20, ll e go shot to the openings in the motion holds the that the gasket 7 con: i'mzzle so Between the attachportion 27.
Figs. 5 to 8, the clips are clips either in the separate form show-n lugs. 1 3 and g rm thering forin shownf forfholdihg the nozzle in or the nozzle and, ln'the process ofundrl with iace oz";
The rim opposite points wit l long recesses or the slot is of 7 v 28 (as shoivninfiig.n) so a possibility oi? erroneously a, parts in maniiiifacturing 'tl e or slots are spaced in"-,vardly from the slightly outward from the body pc The nozzle is held to its by metal clips 30 and 31 ii'teo res the slots 28 and 1i shapedas shown in Figs. I shank portion 32% litted in theirv respective slots and. a broad head flange 8 53 designe to fit on e shoulder 34iiior on the ho In orderto facilitate inns"- tion of clips in place especially W ere the ring-form of 5 is used, the slots have a greater extent of opening at the top then at the bottom and this is provided 0v sloping the outer wall 35 of the slots iznvarl; and downwardly. Hovveven Whene ei" =1; tight fit of the clips is desired the ere designed tolinininiize loose play of the @1115; When assembled. in position the lower ends 36 of the clips bent inwardly undei rim 13 thus securing the nozzle to the it is suggested that tead of these arate retaining clips hereniheiore describe in connection with the preferred. ifo-rin .i the invention it may he econoi i savein the cost oi assembling the noz 1 4h:-
its seat. to connect the two clips or rather connect the shoulder engaging of the two clips, so as to form a one-piet structure capable or being stamped to shap Accordinglyin the disclcsirc shown iiformed integrally with a ring 37 which has the edditional edvantage oi provi more extensive surface for engaging shouider on the nozzle than is provided hy the flanges of the retainin clips as shown in the preferred embodiment oi? invention. "ln the act. of stumping the ring thnsforrned there is provided an offset depressed 'porlion38 designed to engage in the arcuate slot 89"" formed in" the" shoulder B l for the purpose of limiting the extent of rotary movement 5 of val veiiozzle relative 'to the ltwill he understood asthus far dos the device constitutes a completely as bled ar-ticlejofmanufacture in which t in Figs. 6,1? aiidB, constitute the means" inteclin pos r rotary movement a pj'iing the end oi the on seat and fre clips under the seat, the gasket '20 lwtueen the seat and the nozzle i 3 compressed to that extent JYll'lijll is found in practice to he neces 1 3o sary to prevent any leakagepast the relatively movable parts of the valve'and which at the same time will not bind the bottle or impose any abnormal resistance to the desirable free rotationof the nozzle to or from its opened position. \Vhen the .units have been thus assembled it will retain its present resistance to rotary movement and will not be effected by any capping or other succeeding operation for positioning the article on the bottle.
The article of manufacture thus defined is fastened to the bottle by any suitable means, such for instance, as by means of the usual metal ferrule 40 which is in overlapping engagement with the seat rather than inoverlapping engagement with the retaining ring as shown in my patent, above identified. As the retaining ferrule is thus spaced from the means which holds the nozzle to the seat,
' it is appreciated that any abnormal pressure exerted by the capping machine will simply compress the washer 11 more or less and any such pressure, or, on the contrary, lack of pressure, will have no effect whatsoever upon the present compression of the gasket 20.
It is noted that in the disclosure in Fig. 1, the right hand clip is of less height than the left hand clip, so that in this instance the smaller clip with its upper flange positioned onthe groove 39 constitutes a means for limiting the rotary movement of the nozzle on its seat. This simple metal clip arrangement provides a cheap construction for' effecting this limitation to rotary movement of the nozzle and in the form of the retaining means disclosed in Fig. 5, this same effect is produced by the depression 38 in the ring. Another way of regarding this structure is to consider that the depressed portion 38 and the shank portion 32 immediately therebelow is the equivalent of the single clip shown in Fig. 4 and the rest of the ring is simply an enlargement of the left hand clip of Fig. 1.
VVhile- I have shown anddescribed, and
have pointed out in the annexed claims, certain novel features of my invention, it will be understood that various omissions, substitutions and changes in the form and details of the device illustrated and in its operation may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the invention.
Having thus described my invention, I claim:
1. A closure for a bottle including a ro tary valvular construction for controlling the flow from the bottle said construction including a nozzle seat provided with an opening extending therethrough, a pouring nozzle rotatably mounted on said seat and provided with an opening adapted to register with the opening in. the seat when the nozzle is rotated into its open position, a retaming ring encircling said nozzle and constituting the sole means for holding the same in rotatable relation to the seat, means con stituting an extension from the ring for securing the same to the seat and a ferrule distinct from'the retaining ring and engaging the seat to fasten the closure to the bottle, said ferrule 'a'tlaptedtobe spaced from the rotatable nozzle whereby the binding of the ferrule on the bottle will have no effect on the case of rotation, of the nozzle.
2. An article of manufacture adapted to be affixed to a bottle for controlling the flow therefrom, said article including a nozzle seat having a free peripheral outlining edge adapted to be engaged by the ferrule usually employed for fastening such articles to the bottle, a nozzle rotatably mounted on said seat, and having an annular shoulder spaced inwardly from the free periphery of the seat, and means fixed to the seat within its outlining edge and engaging said shoulder at a plurality of points to hold the nozzle to the seat and thus provide an -external bearing to mountthe nozzle in rotatable re lation to said seat. 3. A closure for a bottle including a nozzle seat provided with an opening therethrough and also provided with a clip retaining recess, a clip located in said recess to prevent relative rotary movement between the clip and seat, a nozzle rotatably mounted on said seat and provided with a passageway adapted to coact with the open- 100 ing in the nozzle seat to provide a conduit through the closure, said clip provided with means engaging the nozzle and provided with means engaging the nozzle seat for preventing movement of the nozzle off its seat pressed between the nozzle and its seat.
5. A closure for a bottle including a nozzle seat, a gasket of compressible material positioned on the seat, a nozzle positioned on the gasket and at all times spaced there by from the seat, said nozzle provided with an external peripheral shoulder, retaining means engaging said shoulder and seat to hold the nozzle mounted in rotatable relation to its meat and for holding the gasket com 'u'essed between the nozzle and its seat, and independent means for securing the closure to the bottle without aliecting the rotational freedom of the nozzle relative to its seat.
6. A closure for a bottle including a nozzle seat provided with a ferrule receiving edge and with a clip-retaining means, anozzle of molded composition rotatably mounted on said seat and having; av shoulder with a clip engaging face formed of the composition, a metallic clip coacting with said retaining means to prevent relative movement, said clip provided with a, flange engaging the face of said shoulder to prevent movement of the nozzle off its seat, said face and clip flange coacting to provide the sliding engagemeent of metal on composition during the rotary movement oi the nozzle.
7. An article of manufacture constituting a closure for a bottle including a nozzlerseat, a nozzle rotatably mounted on said seat and having a shoulder provided with an arcu- T meme? ate slot, means engaging the shoulder for securing the nozzle against movement ofi its seat while permitting relative rotary movement, said means including a part disposed in said slot for limiting the rotary movement of the nozzle on its seat. I l
8. The combination with an article of manufacture constituting a closure for a bottle and including a nozzle seat, a' nozzle rotatably mounted on said seat and provided with an arcuate slot means forsecuring the nozzle against movement off its seat while permitting: relative rotary movement, said' means including a part disposed in said slot for limiting the rotary movement of the nozzle on its seat of means distinct from said nozzle securing means for semiring the closure to the bottle.
Signed at New York city, in the county of New York and State of New York, this 1st day of November, A. l). 1919.
FRANK H. SlLVERTl'lURIQE.