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Publication numberUS1346320 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 13, 1920
Filing dateNov 24, 1917
Priority dateNov 24, 1917
Publication numberUS 1346320 A, US 1346320A, US-A-1346320, US1346320 A, US1346320A
InventorsMcivor Law E
Original AssigneeMcivor Law E
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Convertible protective covering
US 1346320 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

E Mcl. LAW.



Patented July 13, 1920.




APPLICATION FILED NOV.24, 1911. 1,346,820..

Patented July 13, 1.9%.


E Mol. LAW.



,Patented July 13, 1920.

gnou/Hoz Unirse staresY E MCI'VOR LAW, OF ARCADIA, FLORIDA.


Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented July 13, 1920.

Application le November 24. 1917. Serial No. 203.823.

/ all whom 'it may concern:

Be it known that l, E Molvon LAW, a citizen of the United-States, residing at Arcadia, in the county of De Soto and State of Florida7 have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Convertible Protective Coverings, of which the following is a specification.

This invention has as its object to provide an article which may be employed to take the place of various outer garments and which also may be put to various other f uses particularly adapting it for army use,

and for use by farmers, fishermen, auto mobilists, etc., as well as by the general public. One of the aims ofthe invention is to provide an article of this class which may be manufactured at a low cost and which may be employed, for example, as an overcoat7 raincoat, cape, slicker; sleeping bag or tent or cover, wagon cover, automobile cover or soldiers pack cover as well as being adapted for use for` various other purposes too :numerous to mention.

The invention aims further to so construct the article that the saine may be readily and quickly adapted to serve its various uses.

In the accompanying drawings:

Figure l is a plan view of the article spread open and viewing the inner side or obverse face thereof;

Fig. 2 is a similar view looking at the outer side or reverse face;

Fig. 3 is a view illustrating the article employed as a rain or overcoat with an ordi nary collar;

Fig. 4L is a similar view illustrating the article employed as an overcoat or raincoat with a hood;

Fig. 5 is a similar view illustrating the manner in which the article is to be applied and adjusted for either of the uses shown in Figs. 3 and 4; Y

Fig. 6 is a perspective view illustrating the article partly folded to form a sleeping bag;

Fig. 7 is asimilar view of the completely folded article when employed in this manner.

Fig. 8 is a vertical longitudinal sectional view through the article, the view being taken substantially Qn the line 8-8 of Fig. l;

Fig. 9 is a view illustrating the article employed as a shelter tent;

T he article embodying the present invention is preferably formed from a single sheet of canvas, khaki cloth, or any other suitable fabric depeniiling upon the general use or uses to which it is contemplated that the article shall be put. This sheet of material is indicated in the drawings by the numeral l and the edge portionsthereof at all four sides are folded in and stitched to form hems, the hein along what will be the upper end of the article being indicated by the numeral. 2, the one along the lower end by the numeral 3,. one of the side edge hems being indicated by the numeral 4, and the other by the numeral 5. These lieins all lie at the inner or obverse face of the article as clearly shown in Fig. l of the drawings and for a purpose to be presently explained; the hem 2 is left open at its ends and, in fact, is open throughout its entire length, or; in other words, of a tubular nature. The opposite hem 3 may be left open in a like manner or may he permanently closed as desired as also the side hems el and 5. Secured upon the inner or obverse face of the hem 4 is a series of pairs of the stud members 6 of snap fastenings and secured upon the outer or reverse face of the sheet behind the side hem 5 is a series of pairs of the socket members 7 of the said snap fastenings; the pairs of members 6 and 7 being correspondingly located so as to match when the right-hand edge portion a of the article in Fig. 'l is carried over beyond and folded around behind the left-hand edge portion Z) of the article in Fig. 2. TNhile the-members 6 and 7 constitute the elements of snap fastenings; it will be understood that straps and buckles or any other suitable fastenings may be employed instead thereof so long as each member thereof is wholly on one face of the material as hereinbefore specified. In like manner there is secured upon the inner or obverse face of the upper end hem 2 a series of pairs of socket members 8 these members being located on portion c to the right of the middle of the article and along the right half of the hem as shown in Fig. l, and secured upon the outer or reverse face of the sheet behind the left half of said hem 2 is a series of pairs of stud members 9 which are designed for engagement in the socket menibers 8, these members 9 being located to the left of the middle of the article of Fig. l, and therefore is shown on portion Z at the right in Fig. 2. Secured to the article at each corner thereof, is a ring 11 of any suitable size and material, and similar rings 12 are secured to the side hems 4 and 5 substantially midway between the upper and lower ends of the article. A tape or tapes 10 are secured to the obverse of the upper hem 2 near its left Vend, as shown in Fig. 1. ln order that a belt may be assembled with `the article, a number of belt loops 13 are secured to the inner face of the body portion ofthe article and `extend in a horizontal series from one side to the other about half' way between .the top .and bottom hems, as clearly shown in Fig. 1. Each of these belt loops is preferably formed from a suitable strip of materialisecured at suitable intervals to the body portion of the article so that each provides a series of vertically .spaced loops indicated by the numeral 14. A belt 1 5 is `adapted to be threaded through the corresponding loops 14and inasmuch as each ofthe `members 13 provides a plurality of the loops 14, 'the position of the belt upon the article may be varied at will. The foregoing completesthe description of the article as it islpl'aced upon the market and there will now be described some of the more important uses to which it may be put.

In employing the article as a rain coat, slicker, or .the like, the sheet is held with the-obverse or inner face next the wearer and thrown about the body in the manner shown in Fig. 5, the `belt 15 being drawn around the waist rand its ends connected in front. The lower halves of the side edges are brought together .in `front and the portion a lapped over the portion and the fasteners 6r and 7 connected to each other up to about .the waistline, above `which line the ,remainder of'. `the sheet is vcapable of dispositionabout the body `as .shown in either Figs. 3cr 4, but in any vcase the reverse face of the sheet is outermost and no fasteners. areV exposed. If adjusted as seen in Fig. 3, the midlength ofthe hem 2 and the `upper end of the sheet are rolled back to ,produce a collar effect indicatedat C, whereas if adjusted as seen in Fig. 4 the hem will not be rolled back but the midlength of the upper end of the sheet looped around the `face to produce a hood effect ldesignated at H. In either case the fasteners along the upper `halves ofthe portions a and o are Vnot to be connected, and openings are thereby left for the passage of the hands; but when the upper portion of the sheet is drawn ,around `the shoulders and body to form the caps, the outermost fasteners 8 and 9 on the portions c and d are connected with each other to close the garment downthe front of such cape.

In employing the article as .a `sleeping bag or the llike, it is desirable that it be closed excepting at oneendfand also `'that the disposition of parts be such as will 1ex- 6 and 7 connected except perhaps those near the upper end of the sheet. The first fold above mentioned brought half of the upoer edge over onto the remaining half so that the portion c overlaid the portion d. The overlying portion is nowy slipped back a little as .seen in Fig. 6, making a fold along kthe line e, ythe hem 2 being distorted at to permit; and, withrthe extreme upper y,end g of the portion b laid aside, the parts `,now stand as seenfin Fig. 6. The next4 step is to, fold the Aportion Z (which is about 4half 'the upper end) over onto the portion c and connect the Vfasteners 8 and 9. This .closes most of the article being formed and brings the parts to the condition seen* in Fig. 7V where the tapes are exposed, and `when the, distorted upperend g of the portion Z). is laid over into its proper pl-ace, its corner ring l1 may be engaged with the tapes .and the bag `is finished. Now in order to prevent the entrance of rain, the yentire fbag is turned over so that what appears asthe upper side inFi'gs. 6 and 7 will lie upon the earth, and therefore rain striking the otherside will run off as there are no. openings for it lto enter.

lnemploying the article as a shelter tent, as shown in Fig. 9, front and rear end posts or stakes lfaredriven intotheiground and the rings y12 are `engaged over vthe upper ends of these posts or stakes, the opposite side portions or, in other words, the upper and lower thalves ,of the article in Fig. 1

being draped to extend downwardly in opposite directions as* shown in the said Fig. 9. ylhe lower yedges vof these .portions are secured by means of stakes 17 which `are driven throughl the rings 1l and into` the ground.V

Having thus described the invention, ,what is claimed asnew is:

An .article ofthe class described includ# ing a `substantially rectangular sheet of flexible material having front and rear faces, La longitudinal series of fasteners secured to the front face of saidvsheetalong one longitudinal edge portion thereof a second .series of' fasteners secured to the rear face of the sheet along the opposite longitudinal edge portion thereof, said first named longitudinal edge ,portion being adapted Jto overlap thesecond namedl longitudinal edge portion whereby .said first .and second named fasteners may be connected, a transversely extendingseries .of fasteners secured to theifrontface Iof said sheet along the lower end portion of the same and extending only half Way across said sheet; and a second series of transversely extending' fasteners secured to the rear face of said sheet at the same end portion of the sheet and extending across the other half of the sheet only, the first named half of the lower end portion of said sheet being adapted to be folded upon said second half of the saine whereby the first and second 10 named series of transversely extending :tasteners may be connected.

In testimony whereof I affix my signature.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2794186 *Jan 13, 1951Jun 4, 1957Elizabeth Butters MelissaWearable protective body-covering structure
US3837006 *Sep 4, 1973Sep 24, 1974B LasemanSportsman{40 s tent
US5016284 *Jun 8, 1990May 21, 1991Brown Jack ELockable clothing
US5924132 *Nov 10, 1997Jul 20, 1999Wigutow; Jerald N.Portable shelter/garment
US6003328 *Jun 16, 1999Dec 21, 1999O.R. Solutions, Inc.Surgical drape having securing device for attachment to thermal treatment systems
US6421834Jan 9, 2001Jul 23, 2002Robert J. KesterSurvival jacket
U.S. Classification2/89
International ClassificationA45F4/00, A45F4/14
Cooperative ClassificationA45F4/14
European ClassificationA45F4/14