|Publication number||US1347012 A|
|Publication date||Jul 20, 1920|
|Filing date||Jul 15, 1919|
|Priority date||Jul 15, 1919|
|Publication number||US 1347012 A, US 1347012A, US-A-1347012, US1347012 A, US1347012A|
|Inventors||Colony Pearl C|
|Original Assignee||Colony Pearl C|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (11), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
P. C. COLONY. ADVERTISING CAR CONSTRUCTION.
APPLICATION FILED JULY I5, 1919- Patented July 20, 1920.
I Pea/'1 6100/01: w J
PEARL G. COLONY, OF LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA.
Application filed July 15,
Constructions, of which the following is a specification.
The object of the'present invention is to provide a novel and effective means whereby the exterior of. a piece of railway rolling stock or other vehicle can be utilized for advertising purposes, thereby increasing the revenues of the operating company and also opening up a new field of advertising.
A further object of the invention is to provide an advertising device of this character which'can be embodied directly in the construction of a car or vehicle, which will effectively display advertising matter during the day and also during the night, which enables the advertising matter to be quickly changed as may become necessary, and which will not detract from the appearance of the car or result in any unsightly projecting portions or attachments.
With these and'other objects in view the invention consists in certain arrangements and combinations of the parts, as will more fully appear as the description proceeds, the novel features thereof being pointed out in the appended claims.
For a full understanding of the invention reference is to be had to the following description and accompanying drawing, in which:
Figure l is a side elevation of a portion of a street railway car which is provided with advertising means constructed in accordance with the invention;
Fig. 2 is a transverse vertical sectional view through one of the side walls of the closed portion of the car, taken on the line 2 2 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is horizontal sectional view on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is a vertical sectional view through one side of the open portion of the car, taken on the line 44, Fig. 1;
Corresponding and like parts are referred to in the following description and indicated in all the views of the drawing by like reference characters.
For the purpose of illustration the invention has been shown as embodied in a street railway car A which may be of the conven.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented July 20, 1920.
Serial No. 310,997.
tional construction, said car having a closed portion 1 and an open portion 2. The side walls of the closed portion 1 are provided with open spaces 3 which are preferably positioned just below the window sills l, and which have transparencies 5 fitted across the open outer sides thereof. These open spaces 3 are arranged between the uprights 6 of the car frame and extend longitudinally of the car in a continuous series or row. The open portion 2 of the car has the usual grating 7 arranged between the uprights 6 and the sills 8, said grating being carried by the frames 9, and being cut away to receive the boxes or casings 10. As in the previous instance transparencies 5 are fitted across the open outer sides of these casings.
As indicated by Fig. 2, the back of the open space is closed by'a sheathing 11 which constitutes the inner wall of the closed portion 1 of the car, while the outer side of the open space is closed by a glass plate 12 which is fitted within a frame 13. In the construction which has been illustrated these frames 13 are arranged between the upper and lower longitudinally extending beads 14 which project outwardly from the side of the car, the upper head or rim being ust below the window sills 4, while the lower head is disposed at an intermediate point between the window sills and the bottom 15 of the car. Each frame 13 is shown as hinged at its upper edge to the upper bead 14, as indicated at 16, thereby enabling it to be swung outwardly when it is necessary to clean the glass plate 12 or obtain access to the interior of the space or chamber 3. \Vhen the frame 13 1s swung downwardly the space or chamber 3 is closed, and the glass plate is flush with the outer sides of the car so that there are no exterior projections such as would detract from the appearance of the car or cause trouble by coming into engagement with exterior objects. These transparent doors, as they may be termed, may be fastened in a closed position in any suitable manner. In the present instance a retaining strip 17 is shown as arranged between each pair of the frames 13, the lower end of the retaining strip being hinged at 1'8 to the lower bead 14, while the upper end thereof is-formed with a latch 19 which is adapted to engage the upper head 14. Each retaining strip may have a T-shaped cross section and be formed with a flange 17 which is received between the adjacent frames 13, as indicated more clearly by Fig. 3. This will tend to hold the parts securely in proper position and prevent loosenesscr play. The transparent panels or doors are thus locked securely in a closed position when the car is in operation, although they can be readily unlocked and swung outwardly at any time when it may be necessary to clean the glass plate or replace a broken one.
The transparency 5, which may have any suitable characters or advertising matter, such as that indicated at 20, provided thereon, is arranged within the chamber 3 just back of the glass plate 12. In the preferred construction this transparency 5 is slidably received within channeled guides provided at the sides of the open space, and is removable through the top thereof, thereby enabling the transparencies to be removed and changed as often as may be desired and without an difficulty. For this purpose a swinging c osure 22 is provided at the top of the chamber 3, said closure constituting the forward edge of the window sill at, and being hingedly connected. thereto at 23. When this closure is swung upwardly, as indicated by Fig. 2, the transparency can be readily lifted out of position. A. suitable source of light, such as the incandescent lamps 24,-is provided within each chamber 3, so that the transparencies can be illuminated at night, although during the day the transparencies will be visible without the necessity of using artificial light. l or the purpose of difiusing the light from the lamps 24; a bright sheet or reflecting surface 25 may be applied to the rear wall of each of the chambers This will be of assistance in obtaining a uniform illumination of the transparencies.
. The open outer sides of the casings 10 are closedby glass plates'lQ which are fitted within. the frames 13 and mounted upon the car exactly as in the previous instance. All of the glass plates 12 throughout the entire length of the car, including both the closed portion 1 thereof and the open portion 2 thereof, are uniforn'i in size and position, so that a contirnious series of advertising trans parencies can be displayed at the side of the car. As previously explained, the casings 10 are fitted within the frames which carry the gratings 7, and the transparencies 5 are slidably received within channeled guidosQl which are applied to the end portions of the casings at the front thereof. The transparencies 5 are thus positioned back of the glass plates 12, and hinged closures at the top of the casings l0 enable the transparencies to be removed and changed with out difficulty. in the present instance these hinged closures 2G=are shown as applied to the outer edge'portions of the sills 8. A reflecting sheet 27 may be applied to the back of each of the casings 10 for the" purpose of diffusing the light from the incandescent lamps 2d and obtaining an even illumination of the transparencies. A mosteil'ective means of advertising is provided by this invention, and the building of railway rolling stoclr'in this manner will provide for an increase in the revenues of any railway compan of advertising will looked.
llavi thus disclosed my invention, I claim an desire to secure by Letters Patent:
1. A car formed with the usual side wall including spaced uprights, windows being provided between. the upper portions'of the uprights and outer and inner sheathing being applied to the lower portions of the uprights, the wall being formed with a longituc inally extending series of outwardly facing hollow chambers arranged under the windows and between the uprights, transparencies at the outer sides of the chainbers, and means within the chambers for illuminating. the transparencies.
2. A car formed with the usual side frame including spaced uprights having windows between. the upper portions thereof, outer and inner sheathing being applied to the lower portions of the uprights and a longitudinally extending series of out wardly opening chambers being built in the side wall between the uprights and under the windows, said hollow chambers being uniform in size and shape and arranged in longitudinal alinement, removable transparenciesarranged interchangeably at the outer sides of the chambers, and means within the chambers for illuminating the transparencies.
A car formed with the usual side frame including spaced uprights having windows between the upper portions thereof, outer ich has hitherto been overand inner sheathing being applied to the lower portion oi the uprights and outwardly facing hollow chambers being built into the sidewall between the uprights and below the windows, removable transparencies arranged at the outer sides of the hollow chambers, said transparencies being interchangeable and being movable vertically into and out of operative position from the window openings, and means within the chambers for illuminating the transparencics.
l. A car provided with the usual windows and window sills and also with spaced longitiulinally extending beads projecting from the exterior thereof below the window sills, said car being provided with outwardly facing hollow chambers which are built in the side walls thereof at points below the window sills and between the beads, removable and interchan eable transparencies at the outer sides of the hollow chambers, and means within the hollow and also open up a field chambers for illuminating the transparencies.
5. A car having an outwardly facing chamber built in the side walls thereof, a
glass door arranged substantially flush with the outer face of the car and closing the chamber, said glass door being hingedly connected to the car at one side of the chamber, retaining strips applied to the car and engaging opposite ends of the glass door to lock the door in a closed position, a transparency fitted in the chamber back of the glass door, and a source of light arranged within the chamber for illuminatring the transparency.
GIA car having an outwardly facing chamber built in the side walls thereof, a
glass door arranged substantially flush with the exterior of the car and hingedly con- .nected to the car at one side of the chamber, retaining strips hingedly connected to the car at the opposite side of the chamber and adapted to be swung into position over the ends of the door to lock the door in a closed position, a transparency arranged within the chamber back of the glass door, and a source of light arranged within the chamber to lluminate the transparency.
7. A car provided with the usual windows and window sills and also with spaced longitudinally extending beads projecting from the exterior thereof below the window sills, said car being provided with outwardly facing hollow chambers which are built in 3 5 the side walls thereof at points below the window sills and between the beads, movable closures associated with the window sills and arranged at the top of the chambers, glass doors closing the outer sides of the chambers and arranged between the longitudinally extending beads of the car and substantially flush with the outer face of the car, guide channels at the ends of the chambers, removable transparencies fitted slidably within the guide channels and adapted to be inserted in position or removed through the openings at the top of" the chambers controlled by the closures, and a source of light within each chamber for illuminating the respective transparency.
ing, a transparency fitted slidably within the guidechannelsofeach*casing and removable through the opening controlled by the closure at the top of the casing, and a source of light within'each casing for illuminating the respective transparency.
In testimony whereof, I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
PEARL G. COLONY, Witnesses HUGH S. HILL, MILDRED LEAOH.
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|U.S. Classification||40/574, 40/589|
|International Classification||G09F21/00, G09F21/04|