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Publication numberUS134724 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 14, 1873
Publication numberUS 134724 A, US 134724A, US-A-134724, US134724 A, US134724A
InventorsGeorge W. Billow
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Improvement in paper-files
US 134724 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



Speeication forming part of Letters Patent No. 134,724, dated January 14, 1873.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, GEORGE W. BILLow,

residingin Shelby, in the county of Richland and State of Ohio, have invented an Improved Combined Paper-File, of which the following is a specification:

This invention relates to an instrument combining in a compact form a paper-file, wallhook, desk-stand, and clasp 5 and the nature thereof consists of a plate or support, with a spring affixed toits rear side, and hooks supplied to its opposite one in such a manner as to be acted upon by the said spring either when at rest or while being brought together and thrown apart, substantially as hereinafter more fully set forth.

In the annexed drawing, Figure I illustrates a plan view, and Fig. 2 a longitudinal vertical section, of my instrument.

Corresponding parts in both of the gures are illustrated by similar letters.

A refers to a plate or support-,bf any desired contour and configuration to suit the taste and give beautyof appearance to it. To the rear or back side of this support, and fastened by any known means at the ends and center, or thereabout, are arranged springs B, made preferablyiiat. In lieu o f the springs may be substituted a single one. C C refer to two hooks or'braekets the free ends of which are beveled and flattened so as to overlap each other, enabling them to occupy a space no greater than that iilled by any one of the said hooks in a cross-section. rlhe opposite ends of the said hooks are setinto or formed with angular shoulders or shanks. To receive the said ends slots are cut in the plate A, one at each end, the axles or pivots of the former entering the walls of the said slots. The angular shoulders or shanks of the hook C, which protrude through the plate A by reason of its slots, rest against Vthe spring B, so as that the latter may act to hold them rigidly in place when brought together or thrown apart. Each of these hooks or brackets consists of a bar bent in such a manner as that one arm thereof shall be at a right angle with the other one, substantially `as shown in the drawing.

Through this construction a twofold use of the instrument is effectedzvThat of a paper or letter file, as shown in Fig. 1, the free ends thereof-the hooks-' bein g brought together; and that of a desk-stand, as shown in Fig. 2, the ends of the saine being thrown apart or standing upright. When the free ends of the said hooks stand in the position just ascribed to them the arms of the opposite ends thereof, which occupy a horizontal position, enter and rest in concavities or grooves a a made in the plate A. Under the form of a paper-le it also acts as a clasp, which is too obvious for further elucidation. By this construction and arrangement a double paper or letter le is also obtained, by which certain letters, when desired, may be kept separate from others.

Great convenience is experienced, and the removal of any oneA or more of the lettersfrom the iile to und any certain one is avoided in the use of my device, as it will be observed that when any required letter or letters is to be removed, all above that letter, instead of being taken off the hook upon which they are strung, can be slid over upon the other hook, and the said letter be separately removed,the hook upon which it is tiled being slightly separated from its fellow, leaving or creating a space for its disengagement from the tile.

To use this device as a wall-hook, construct it with an opening or openings, a a', so as that it may be suspended from a nail or other projection in the wall and extend its upper hook, leaving the lower one ready to receive any article it may be desired to suspend therefrom.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is.

The letter or paper file composed of the support A, hooks G, and springs B, substantially as specified.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto signed my name this lst day of November, A. D. 1872, in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.`




Referenced by
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US4919557 *Oct 14, 1988Apr 24, 1990Dennison Manufacturing CompanyLooseleaf binder with sliding lock mechanism
US7717638Feb 17, 2006May 18, 2010Meadwestvaco CorporationRefillable notebook
US8876423Oct 18, 2011Nov 4, 2014ACCO Brands CorporationRefillable notebook with release mechanism
US9290035Jul 1, 2011Mar 22, 2016ACCO Brands CorporationRefillable notebook with release mechanism
US20060202465 *Feb 17, 2006Sep 14, 2006Harris Richard HRefillable notebook
US20070196101 *Feb 21, 2007Aug 23, 2007Pentax CorporationImaging apparatus control unit and digital camera
Cooperative ClassificationB42F13/26