|Publication number||US1348629 A|
|Publication date||Aug 3, 1920|
|Filing date||Jan 15, 1920|
|Priority date||Jan 15, 1920|
|Publication number||US 1348629 A, US 1348629A, US-A-1348629, US1348629 A, US1348629A|
|Inventors||Cushman Sarah W|
|Original Assignee||Cushman Sarah W|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (4), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
S. W. CUSHMAN.
APPLICATION FILED JAN. I5, I920.
1 3%8,6%9 Patented Aug. 3 192% memtoz STATES SARAH W. CUSHMAN, 0F NORWICH, NEW YORK.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Aug. 3, 1920.
Application filed January 15,1920. Serial No. 351,575.
To all 'eclz-om- 2'25 may concern Be it known that I, SARAH W. CnsnMAN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Norwich, in the county of Chenango and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Garment-Buttons; and I do declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
This invention relates to garment buttons, and more specifically to certain improvements on the button shown and claimed in my Patent No. 1,298,016, issued March 25, 1919, also in Patent 1,325,003, issued December 16, 1919.
One object of this invention is to provide an improved connecting'element, for connecting the separable parts of the button, this connecting element being exceedingly strong and durable. and can be manufactured at low cost from a single blank of sheet metal.
Another object is to provide improved connecting elements having spring action, so that the separable parts will snap into their normal position relative to one another and retain this normal position against ordinary tendencies to disconnect them, but which will yield to manual force properly applied for disconnecting the parts.
Other objects and advantages are hereinafter specifically pointed out or implied in connection with the accompanying drawings in which:
Figure 1 is a perspective view of the outer portion of the button, this portion being separated from the permanently attached portion.
Fig. 2 is a perspective view illustrating the permanently attached portion of the separable button secured to a portion of a gar ment.
Fig. 3 is a sectional view of the part of the button shown in Fig. 1, the section extendin only through the attaching element of this removable portion.
Fig. 4-is a sectional view illustrating the member shown in Fig. 2 in its normal position within the attaching portion shownin Figs. 1 and 3, the section being taken along the line 44 of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is a plan view of a slightly modified form of the garment-attaching member or separable part of the button.
Fig. 10 is a modified form of the removable part of the button shown in Fig. 1.
Referrin to these drawings in detail, in which similar reference characters correspond with similar parts throughout the several views, and in which the fragment 1 of a garment is illustrated merely for the purpose of showing how the button is applied, the outer member or button head 2 being of any preferred size, configuration, material, color and ornamentality; the invention consists in the construction of the separable parts of the button, as will now be described in detail as follows:
Referring to Figs. 1 and 3, it will be seen that the connecting element 3 comprises a circular plate or disk 4, a hollow cylindrical portion or annulus 5 and internal flanges 6, each of these flanges being arcuate in central cross section, as indicated at 7 in Fig. 3, and also extending arcuately along the circumferential inner surface of the cylindrical portion. Each of the flanges 6 has its longitudinal edge formed with a cam 8 which extends helically from one of the spaces 9, between the ends of the flanges, to a depression 10. Each of the depressions 10 is formed in the longitudinal or helical edge of one of the flanges 6 and terminates in a shoulder 11, the latterbeing spaced but slightly from the circular portion 4. The member 3 is preferably formed from a single blank of sheet metal or other appropriate material, and the first step, in forming this member from the blank, consists in pressing the blank into the shape of a cup, so that the cylindrical portion 5-is formed about the periphery of the circular plate or disk 4. The flanges 6 may then be turned inward by means of any appropriate pressing die or dies, it being understood that the cam edges 8, depressions 1O and abutments 11, as well as the notches 9 were formed when the blank was stamped from the sheet of metal or other material. By thus forming the member 3, the arcuate margin 7 provides the necessary strength lindrical portion 3, however, being formed with radial depressions which provide entrance openings 9 and cam surfaces or cams 8*. Each of these 'cam surfaces is preferably provided with a series of notches or depressions 8". This construction is similar to that shown in Fig. 3 in that it comprises a circular plate 4, a hollow cylindrical flange formed on the margin of this plate, inlet openings 9 which correspond with the inlets or notches or passages 9, and helical cams 8 having one or more depressions 8 the latter corres onding with the depression 10 of Fig. 3. owever, it is not essential to provide notches 8 and 10 in every modification of this invention, for other means may be provided for securing the tongues 12 (see Figs; 1 and 4.8) of the permanently attached members. For instance, the tongues 12 may be. so securely wedged into the narrow terminals 13 of the depressions or grooves. of the member 3*, that they are held against accidental displacement by friction, although any appropriate auxiliary securing means (not shown) may be employed where the depressions 8 or 10 are omitted.
'In the forms of the garment attaching members shown in Figs. 2, 5, 6 and 7, the main body or disk may be apertured at 14 to receive stitching, a wire staple or other securing element indicated at 15; but the modification shown in Figs. 8 and 9 is provided with a central aperture 14: which is sufficiently large to have a portion of the cloth pushed therethrough asindicated at 1*. Through this portion of the cloth 1*, a staple 15 is passed, and humps or abutments 16 may be provided to prevent the attaching.
member from turning with relationto the cloth or garment.
In order that the tongues 12 may have a spring action so as to clip or snap into the depressions 8 and 10, the body of the garment-attaching members may have grooves 17 cut therein, as indicated in Figs. 5 and 6, or grooves 1"? may be pressed or stamped in the body of-the attaching memberas indicated in Fig. 7. The grooves 17 and 17 extend entirely across the garment-attaching members between the radial attaching tongues and the central garment-attaching portions.
. Referring again to Figs. 8 and 9,.it will be seen that this form of attaching member provides upstanding flanges 18 which surround and protect the portion 1* of the garment, spaces or notches 19 and 20 being provided between the flanges 18, so that the tongues 12 may yield with relation to the arment-attaching portion of this member. t is to be understood that each modification of the garment-attaching portion employs springy material, and that the form shown in Fig. 2 may be somewhat thinner than the other forms, so that its tongue 12 may also yield with relation to the garment-attaching central portion 14.
From the foregoing description, it will be seen that liy lowering the removable member shown in ig. 1 onto the garment-attaching member shown in Fig. 2, the tongues 12 may be caused to pass through the openings or passages 9, and then by turning the removable member contra-clockwise the tongues 12 ride along the cam surfaces until they reach the depressions 10. Before reaching the depressions, however, the attaching element 15 begins to press against the plate 4 and resist movement of the tongues along the cams; but these tongues will yield sufliciently to permit them to continue their movement, and when they reach the depressions 10, they snap into these depressions and thereby lock the two separable parts of the button against accidental displacement. However, as the depressions have inclined ends the removable portion may be manually turned clockwise for eifecting its removal from the garment attaching part. However, the abutments 11 prevent the removable part from being turned too far in the contraclockwise direction, the spaces between the abutments 11 and the plate 4 being too nar-.
row to permit the tongues 12 to pass therethrough. 1 The connection of the part shown in big. 1 and the part shown in Fig. 10 can be effected with either of the parts shown in Figs. 2, 5, 7 or 8; but in view of the fact that a series of depressions 8 are provided in the form shown in Fig. 10, the tongues 12 may be stopped in and secured by any one of the depressions 8*, this helically extending series of depressions compensating for differences of height and resistance of the attaching elements 15.
It is not intended to limit this invention to the exact details. of construction and arrangement as described and illustrated, but changes maybe made within the scope of the inventive ideas as implied and claimed.
1. In a garment button, an attaching memberi provided with garment-attachin means and with outwardly extending tongues, a disk, a button-head secured to said disk, a hollow cylindrical element fixedly united with the periphery of said disk, and helical cams united with saidv cylindrical vice formed of a blank of .sheet material and comprising a circular plate, a hollow cylinder united with the periphery of the plate, and flanges extending from the hollow cylinder inward toward said plate and extending arcuately along the inner surface of said hollow cylinder, these arcuate flanges having spaces between their ends to permit tongues of an attaching member to pass between them, this device being provided with spaces between said plate and flanges to permit said tongues to be turned into locking engagement with the flanges.
3. The structure recited in claim 2, and the addition of cam surfaces on the inner edges of said flanges, each of said edges being provided with an abutment and with a depression between the abutment and cam surface.
4. A garment button comprising two separable parts, one of these parts comprising a fiat plate provided with tongues extending outward from its periphery, central garment-attaching means, and spring portions between said tongues and arment-attaching means, the other one 0 said parts including a disk and an annulus, the latter having therein spaced tongue engaging surfaces facing toward said disk, the said tongues being insertible between the ends of said surfaces and turnable for locking engagement therewith, said surfaces being provided with depressions into which said tongues are adapted to be pressed by said springy portions, said springy portions being effective to yieldingly hold said tongues in said depressions.
5. A garment button comprising two separable parts, one of these parts being provided with outwardly extending tongues, central garment attaching means, and spring elements between said tongues and central attaching means, the other part being provided with an annulus having spaced arcuate flanges formed thereon and extending thereinto, the said tongues being in= sertible between said flanges and turnable for locking engagement with these flanges, said flanges being provided with depressions into which "said tongues are adapted to be pressed, said spring elements being effective to yieldingly hold said tongues in said depressions.
6. A garment button comprising two separable parts, one of said parts comprising a central garment attaching portion, outwardly extending tongues, and grooves extending thereacross between said tongues and garment-attaching portion to provide spring elements, the other one of said separable parts being of substantially hollow cylindrical form and adapted to receive the first-described part therein, the last described part being provided with internal cam surfaces on which said tongues can be caused to travel for tightening the separable parts in their engagement with one another.
7. A garment button comprising two separable parts, one of said parts comprising a central garmentattaching portion, outwardly extending tongues, and grooves extending thereacross between said tongues and garment-attaching portion to provide spring elements, the other one of said separable parts being of substantially hollow cylindrical form and adapted to receive the first-described part therein, the last described part being provided with internal surfaces on which said tongues can be caused to travel for securing the separable parts in their engagement with one another, each of said surfaces being-formed with a series of depressions in which the respective tongues are engageable for securing the separable members in difi'erent adjustments relative to one another.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand.
s w. CUSN.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4471510 *||Nov 22, 1982||Sep 18, 1984||Derosa Alfred C||Two piece interchangeable button|
|US5107573 *||Jul 11, 1991||Apr 28, 1992||Ning Zhang||Rotating connector|
|DE2539375A1 *||Sep 4, 1975||Mar 10, 1977||Hannelore Burkart||Vorrichtung zum auswechselbaren halten von zier- oder nutzgegenstaenden o.dgl. an einer unterlage|
|EP1656846A1 *||Nov 15, 2005||May 17, 2006||Paul Baldeschi||Rotatable button|
|International Classification||A44B1/32, A44B1/00|