|Publication number||US1349720 A|
|Publication date||Aug 17, 1920|
|Filing date||Jan 29, 1918|
|Priority date||Jan 29, 1918|
|Publication number||US 1349720 A, US 1349720A, US-A-1349720, US1349720 A, US1349720A|
|Inventors||Hollister William C|
|Original Assignee||Hollister William C|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (1), Classifications (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
W. C. HOLLISTER. RULED UNOTYPE FORM AND MEANS FOR PRODUCING SAME.
APPUCATION FILED JAIL 29,1318.
Patented Aug. 17, 1920.
4 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
Wziam @Za/Qiez w. c. HOLLISTER.
. RULED LINOTYPE FORM AND MEANS FOR PRODUCING SAME.
I APPLICATION FILED IAN. 29.19I8. 7 1,349,720. Patented Aug. 17, 1920.
4 SHEETSSHEET 2.
I l IIIIIIIIUH W. C. HOLLISTER.
RULED LINOTYPE FORM AND MEANS FOR PRODUCING SAME.
APPLICATION FILED JAN. 29, 1918.
1 ,gqm'm Patented Aug. 17,1920.
4 SHEETSSHEET 3.
W C. HOLLISTER. RULED LINOTYPE FORM AND MEANS FOR PRODUCING SAME,
APPLICATION FILED JAN. 29. I918.
Patented Aug. 17, 1920.
UNITED STATES WILLIAM G. nonmsi'nn, oncmcneo, JZLLINOIS.
Ronn LIKO'IYPE-FORM Ann MEANS roaraonucrne saws.
s eciacajtion ofLe t ters Patent. PatentedAug. 17, 1920.
Application filed January29, 1915. Serial No. 214319.
T 0 allwhom it may concern: 4
Be itfiknown that I, WILLIAM C. HoLLIs- 'rnnfa citizen of the United States, and resident of Chicago, Cook county, Illinois, have invented certainnew anduseful 11nprovements in Ruled Linotype-Forms and Means for Producin Same, of which the following is aspecification. g My invention relates to the printing art and has special reference to the rulingof type forms. g 1
Theobject of my invention is to provide a system ofruling type forms, particularly applicable to forms composed of type bars or linotype slugs, whereby wire-like rules can be easily, quickly, accurately and se cui'ely fastened in place upon the level top surface of the form, and providing printing edges in the plane of the printing face of the :t'orm. y A iurther'object of my invention is to provide simple and effective means for ruling type forms Composed of linotype slugs, some of which are arranged vertically in reference to the body of the form, the rules being secured both to the n ain body and the vertically extending slugs.
A further object of my invention is to provide a system for ruling printing forms co nposcd of type bars or linotype slugs, which shall involve the useof but very simple matrices for usein linotype machines.
A further object of my invention (to provide a system for ruling type forms composed of type bars or linotype slugs, which shall bevery simple in its application and use, which will not involve the production of openingsv having overhang ing side walls ;by means ofwhi h vertical y extending rules canbe arran ed andheld in position upon the form at closely spaced intervals; by means of which close figure work can be easily and quickly provided with vertical extending rules; ,and in the use of which butjvery simple and inexpensive devices are necessary. L 1 My invention consistsin a ruled type form composed of; type bars or linotype slugs, having triangular shaped wire-like rules secured upon its level top surface, unique anchors extending down between adjacent slugs holdingthe rule against vertical movement, and ri id lu s or projections on the slugs for holdingthe rules against relative lateral movement.
My inventlon also cons sts in the com:
bination of a printing form composed of linotype slugs or bars, of ruleanchors adapted to e received between adjacent slugs and adapted to hold small triangular shapedwire like rules on the level top sur face of the form, the anchors being adapted to span the "fitting ribs onthelinotypeslugs and adapteclto holdrules on the for111,the spacing of which is less than the spacing of My invention also consists in an anchor for holding small wire-like rules on printng forms, composed of linotypebarsor slugs, such anchors so formed that when placed between two adjacent linotype slugs ina printing fdrmthey will be enga ed by one or more of the vertical extending r bs on one of said slugs and adapted to permit the placement of an adf'acent anchor to hold an ad acent and paral el'rule at a distance from the first rule, whiclrislessthan the spacing ofsuch ribs. a n My invention also consists in a rule an chor having an opening in one end for receiving and holding one form of rule, and
an opening in the opposite end for receiving and holding another for-moi rule, H
My invention also consistsinthe several combinations and arrangements of structures, deyices and parts by which am enabled-Ito attain the above described and other objects ahdall as hereinaftendescribed andlparticularly pointed putfin appendedlclaims. a 1 y y Myinvention Willbe more readily understood by reference to the accompanying drawings forming partof this "specificav" tion, and in which:
a Figure l'is a fragmentary perspective view of a typefor'm having transversely and vertically extending type bars and pro? vided withvertically extendingrules, the whole "illustrating one embodiment of F 2 is a pe s pectiveelevation of a lino- 1 type blankform embodying my invention;
tion on the line 1111 of Fig.1;
Fig, 12 is a fragmentaryperspective elevati'on' of a block for use in a linotype machine forproducing rule holding ribs;
.. Fi 13 is an enlarged :vertical section of the s ide's hown in 12 and taken on the 1 in'el3-13;
, Fig. 'lajis a similarisectional view of a slide for producing the rule holding projectio'n's shown in Fig. '10
i Figf15 is a horizontal fragmentary section of a linotype mold showing a line of matrices. in]relation'thereto ar'anged for casting rulev guide projections V, .Fig'. 1.5"'isa plan elevation of a special lug forming matrix i Fig. .16 is a perspective view of a slug Such as Would be cast in the arrangement shown in Fig. 15; 5 Fig. 17 :is a fragmentary horizontal section of a linotype mold arranged for eastingaslug having a line printing projection thereon provided with rule receivingopen 111 s;.
1 *ig. 1-8 is a fragmentary perspective view of a slug such as would be cast in the arrangement shown in Fig. 17-; and
Fig.19 is a'perspective view of a special matrix adapted forcasting line' printing projections on jlinotype slugs. Heretofore type form rules of the kind disclosedinthis. application, have been held upon type forms principally by projections "on; the form itself which were either of a shape to embrace the'rule or could be bent to overhang the inclined sides thereof.
Either of these methodsfinvolve's the production ofthe rule recelvlng' openlngs by special matrices or the punching of holes 'havinguoverhanging side walls,-fo r.receiving the rules, by means of'some form of punch or. broachn In, either of these it is necessary to accurately place these rule holdlng pro ections so that when the rule is ,placed thereby the rule will occupy its desired posit on, Furthermore is necessary,
when the holes having sidewalls adapted to overhang fireside Walls are used, to thread.
the jrules endwisethrough the several holes which are proyided inalinement. .V hen the form'ls'fa rly large this is slmvand tedious process,'espec1ally whentherule receiv ing openlngs are close together; longitudinally of the rule, for then the slight lack of alinement of the openings prevents the easy placement of theruleq On the other hand, when the bendable lugs ar e;used they must be very small and thin and are easily broken, especially by careless workmen, and this may result in the loosening of the rule on the press followed by possibilities which may result in great damage and loss.
'1'; y means of the present invention I avoid the above mentioned and many other ditliculties.
The only preparation which it is necessary to make for the practice of my present system is to provide some means of locating the rule at the point desired. This may be either notches in cross rules, either printing or non-printing, or figure or character bases. when these are in proper positions to be used, or small guide projections. \Vith all of these forms of rule guides it is not a necessity that they be in dead accurate alinement, particularly when they are spaced apart sufiicicntly, longitiulinally of the rule, asthe rule being of small cross section is suiliciently yieldable or flexible to follow the guides. Also in each form of guides the rule does not need to be threaded through the guides but simply laid down upon the form in position between the guides, as l have provided very simple anchor or holding members for securely holding the rule on the form.
Before placing the rule upon the form between the guides I first string a number of anchors upon the rule and roughly space them to correspond with the positions on the form in which I wish the anchors to be. Then I spread the form apart to PIOVltlC openings between adjacent slugs to receive the anchors and place the rule down on the formflmvering the anchors between the slugs and then by pressing the slugs of the form together, as when the form is locked in a chase, I tightly hold the anchors between the adjacent slugs.
This system lends. itself most readily to the making of corrections, etc., in the forms as any slug can be easily removed and a new slugcan be readily inserted, and there is no necessity of any absolute accuracy in the placing of the lugs or projections upon the new slug.
In said drawings 1 illustrates a ruled type form made up of linotype slugs or typebars 2 which extend transversely or across the form to print horizontal lines, and vertically extending slugs or type-bars 3 extending at right angles to the slugs 2 and arranged to provide a heading for a tabuthereon by means of the anchors 10.
I hold the rules on the form by means of anchors or rule holders 10 which are very thin andare received andboundbetween the slugs 2. In this class of type form when the vertical rules are relatively close tothrough the heading The rules being close together makes it necessary to'provide slugs as shown running vertically withrespect to the form and carrying the necessary explanation. When this is the case, I extend the vertical rules through the heading and providespecial slugs 11 and 12 for securing these portions of therules to the form. I thus provide the form with continuous vertical rules which extend through thelower part or the form and through the headingalso, and I avoid the usual break in these lines at the cross rule 5.
In Fig. 2 I have illustrated what may be termed a blank form, via: a form for print as bank deposit slips and This form is composed of transverse or horizontal slugs 13 some of which may be providedwith longitudinal ribs 14 similar to the ribs 5 and provided with notches for receiving vertical rules 15iand 16 which, like the rules 7 and 9, are adapted to be held upon the level top surfaceof a form andbe secured AS In forms'of this kind the horizontal lines are frequently spaced widely apart I provide gui(le projections 17 on slugssp aced between the ribs 14 to hold the rules laterally on the form at such points, or to guide the workman inplacing the rules on the form, and I use as many of the anchors 1O oneach rule as may be necessary to properly hold the rule ontheform. j The usual or ordinary linotype slug is provided on one facawithfitting ribs 18 which extend from practically the upper edge to the lower edge oftheslug, that is, they are vertical; ,Theyare, as made in the standard linotype machine, spaced about three-eighths of an inch apart center to center. i 1
As the body of the slug is cut out between the ribs 18, it is necessarythat the anchors 10 bebound betweenthe ribs 18 and the plain faee of the adjacentslug, or they mightnot be held tightly in the form, and yet it sometimes occurs that it is necessary to spa ce the rules upon the form closer together than the spacingof these ribs 18. For the purpose of providing a closer spacing of the form rules than the spacing of the ribs 18,- and yet cause the anchors to be tightly bound between the slugs, I preferably make the anchorsof a pecnliarshape.
The anchors 10 consist of a narrow elongated body portion 19, which isconsiderably narrow printing edge.
other forms ofrule, the basesof which are rower than the space between theribs 18, andI provide this narrow body with laterally extending projections 20, one adjacent to one end and extending laterally in one direction, and the other adjacent to the other end and extending laterally in the opposite direction. This construction permits the close arrangement or nesting of the anchors, as shown in Fig. 3, and the placement of the rules transversely of the form closer together than the spacing of the ribs 18. Furthermore the anchors 10 are so very thin,being only a few thousandths of an inch thick, that they might, in some instances, be overlapped without doing any harm.
1 The rules 7, 9, 15 and 16 are of substantially triangular cross section, each having a relatively broad base and a relatively nar- The rule 7 is substantially an equilateral triangle. The rule 9 is similar to rule 7,.but with one side edge cut oil, making the body considerably narrower and orovided with one vertical side face 21. This rule 9 is particularly adapted for what is known as close figure work, where the line to be printed is arranged ver close to the printing characters. 'In ma ring the notches 8 in thecross rules to receive the vertically extending rules,I Inakethe notches just wide enough to receive the rules to beused, consequently by the use of therule 9 I am enabled to make a very close joint on one side between the line imprinted by therule 9 and that imprinted. by the cross rule, as the cross rule can butt 1 against the vertical side face 21 of the rule 9.
In makingthe anchor 10 I provide a notch 22in one end to fit the narrowrule 9 and a widernotch 23 in the other end to fit the uniform in width. The notch 22 is notas deep as therule 9 and is provided with one vertical-wall 24c and one overhanging wall 25. i The notch being of less depth than the height of the rule, the upper end of the anchor can not rise to the printing face of the form and the notch'22 practically fits the r ile9' so that the anchor, once being placed upon the rule, can only be removed by sliding it to theend of the rule. I'make the notch 23 fit the wider base of the rule 7, that is, each side wall thereof is arranged to overhang the inclined side wall of the rule and tvhielnjlike the other end, must be placed npon therule from the end and removed in i the same way. i i
The anchors are of less length from top to bottom than the depth or height of the slugs, consequently their lowerends do not reach to the bottom of the form when they areinoperative position, as shown inFig. 3.
()nc'e the form is clamped tightly in the chase the rules are securely held and retained imposition. In closing a form the practice is to gradually close the form until the antweenwhich the anchor is held.
. anchorsin place. projections 24L on the arms 20 of the anchors chorsiare held with suflicient friction to hold them where placed. Then the rules and anchors are :finally pressed down to cause the rules to rest solidly upon the level top surface of the form and then the form is completely closed.
. It sometimes occurs that it is necessary to unlock or open the form after it has been closed, and I have found that when the rulesare not exactly straight they will spring up and need to be again pressed down into place when the form is again closed. To eliminatethis difiiculty I provide small sharp projections 24 on the anchors adapted to be pressed. into one of the type slugs be- These projections are very sharp and small and are slightly longer than the thickness of the ribs 18, so that even ifthe projections happen to be positioned between the ribs 18, they will engage the slug sufliciently to hold the I prefer to arrange these by forming them by means of a prick punch tool, forcing themetal out as shown.
3 When the form is unprovided with vertiof a linotype machine in relation to a line of matrices arranged to produce one of the cross rule slugs 2'] which are provided with the rule-receiving openings or notches 6 and 8.
4 ;'I provide special matr1ces28 which I provide'zwith rulecasting grooves 29 and 30, one of which, 29, is adapted to form a :black face or wide rule, and the other, 30, to forma hair line rule. As indicated by the dotted lines on the matrix 28, I make these matrices of various lengths, indeed I make these matrices in sets varying in width from six points to thirteen points by points, that is, .6, 7, 8, etc., increasing by single points, and I provide wider matrices of 18, 24, 30 and 36 points'width so that I am enabled to produce. a cross rule of any desired number of'points from siX points up. These matrices lend themselves to the provision of the rule receiving notches in the desired placesor spaced to produce the desired spacing of the vertical rulesfor I place between the rule line matrices blank matric'es 3l=thick enough to form the notches 6 "and thicker matrices 32 to form the notches 8. I can, by selecting the matrices 28 and properly combining them, produce anyldesired: spaclng of the rule receiving notches and provide a cross rule which will best combine with the vertical rules to produce a ruled page in which the horizontal and vertical lines shall be closely joined.
In F 15 I have illustrated a mold 26 and a line of matrices for producing the rule guide projections 17. In this case a sutlicient number of blank matrices oi suitable thickness are assembled to produce the blank surfaces of the slug between the projection 17, and for producing the projections I arrange a thin matrix 3%!- in the line of matrices. This matrix is provided with a notch 35 in one edge, and I assemble with this matrix a thin blank matrix 36, one at each side, which blank matrices close the sides of the notch and produce a pocket adapted to cast one of the projections 17 on a slugt'ormed in the mold 26.
In producing a slug of this kind I usually provide a single projection where I use the rule 9 and two associated projections when I use the wider base rule 7.
To produce the pair of spaced projections for the wider rule 7 I arrange two of the matrices 34 spaced apart by a. blank matrix 37 of a thickness suiiicient to provide the proper distance between the pro jections, as shown in Fig. 16.
For the purpose of securing the vertical rules on the vertical slugs 3 oi? the heading I provide means for making rule holding ribs 38 and 39 on the vertical slugs. The ribs 38 are rigid and are adapted to contact with the fiat side 21 of the rule 9, and the rib 39 is thin and bendable and is adapted to be bent down upon the inclined face of the rule 9.
To hold the rule 7 in place I make both the ribs between which it is placed the bendable kind, spaced apart to receive the rule 7 between them.
To-make slugs of this kind provided with these longitudinal ribs I provide a matrix block 40 in one face of which I mount a removable member 41 provided with longitudinal grooves 42 of a form to make the kind of ribs desired, either two bendable. as shown in Fig. 14. or one bendable and one rigid, as shown in Fig. 13.
In ruling a form of the kind shown in Fig. 1 the form having been prepared ready for the rules, I cut the rules of the proper length to extend from the top to the bottom of the form. Then I string onto the rule a sufficient number of? the anchors to properly hold it upon the main or lower part of the form. Then I separate the horizontal slugs sufiicient to admit the several anchors, and I lay the rule in place in the notches in the several cross rules and between the projections in the vertical slugs. After all the rules have thus been placed I press the slugs together in a proper chase, and firmly press, the rules down upon the level top surface of the form as the form is closed. Then I form the bendable ribs 39 down upon the inclined sides of the rules in the heading.
I now have a form which is provided with vertical rules which extend between the tabulated matter and up into the heading witl1- out a break at the joint between these two parts. The rules are held firmly in position and cannot work loose in the operation of the press, and cause damage.
These rules andanchors can readily be removed and separated from the slugs when it is desired to remelt the slugs as is the com mon practice, and the rules and anchors can be used over again.
The only special matrices required are those for making the cross rules, the notches in the rules and the rule guide projections, and those may all be dispensed with in work when the bases of the figure characters are so placed as to form the guide projections for the rules. Then there are no cross rules and the figure bases form the rule guide projections there is no need of any other device than the few small anchors.
In providing the vertical slugs which have the rule holding ribs on them, I prefer to make them of full or thirty ems length and cut them to such lengths as are needed to build up or make the heading portion of the form.
As many modifications of my invention will readily suggest themselves to one skilled in the art, I do not limit or confine my invention to the exact steps or to the specific structures herein shown and described.
I claim 1. ruled type form comprising a type form composed of type-bars which are provided on one side with horizontal spaced, vertical fitting ribs, said form having a level top surface below the printing face thereof, rules arranged transversely with respect to the type bars resting on and supported by said top surface, rule anchors of a width greater than the distance apart of said fitting ribs engaging said rules and formed with transversely overlapping parts adapting them to be nested together to hold rules more closely spaced than said ribs, said anchors depending between adjacent typebars and adapted, when the type bars are pressed toward each other, to hold said rules upon the form.
2. A ruled type form comprising a form composed of type-bars having .a level top surface below the printing face thereof, rules resting on said top surface and arranged transversely of said type bars, rule guide projections on the form against which said rules are adapted to be placed, anchors of less length than the depth of the type-bars adapted to depend between adjacent type bars and to be held thereby,
said anchors having relatively narrow rule engaging ends and relatively wider body portions.
An anchor for use in securing printing rules upon the level top surface of linotype forms, said anchor having an elongated body, a narrow mouthed opening in one end of said anchor for engagement with a rule, lateral. projections on said anchor between its ends arranged to nest with similar anchors placed alongside to permit the placement of rules on a form closer together than the extreme width of said anchors.
4-. An anchor for securing a rule upon the level top surface of linotype forms, said anchor having an opening at one end centrally located in relation to the extreme width of the anchor and adapted to depend between adjacent slugs to hold a rule upon the level top surface of a type form.
5. A rule anchor for holding printing rules upon the level top surface of type forms, said anchor having a rule engaging opening in its end and provided with projections for engaging the side face of an adjacent slug to prevent the rising of the rule even when the adjacent slugs between which-the anchor is placed are not pressed tightly together.
6. A rule anchor for holding a printing rule upon the level top surface of linotype forms having a narrow mouthed opening in oneend for receiving and holding a rule and provided with needle-like projections on its body portion adapted to be pressed into the body of an adjacent slug when the slugs are pressed together.
7. An anchor for placement between two adjacent type bars for holding a printing rule upon the level top surface of a linotype form, said anchor provided with an opening in each end for receiving and engaging line printing rules, the two openings being adapted to engage rules of different crosssectional forms.
8. A ruled type form comprising a type form composed of type-bars and-having a level top surface below the printing face thereof, rules arranged transversely with respect to the type-bars resting on and sup ported by said level top surface, relatively thin anchors interlocked with said rules and depending between said type-bars, and a filler of like thickness with said anchors for placement between slugs in line with the anchors to hold adjacent slugs in proper parallel relation.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand this 18th day of January, A. D. 1918.
WILLIAM C. HOLLISTER.
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