|Publication number||US1349779 A|
|Publication date||Aug 17, 1920|
|Filing date||Nov 4, 1919|
|Priority date||Nov 4, 1919|
|Publication number||US 1349779 A, US 1349779A, US-A-1349779, US1349779 A, US1349779A|
|Inventors||Marble Webster L|
|Original Assignee||Marble Webster L|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (5), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
W. L. MARBLE. RECOIL PAD FOR FIREARMS. APPLICATION FILED NOV. 4, 1919.
Patented Aug. 17, 1920.
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WEBSTER L. MARBLE, .OF GLADSTONE, MICHIGAN.
RECOIL-PAD FOR FIREARMS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Aug. 17, 1920.
Application filed Nov-ember 4, 1919. Serial No. 335.590.
To all'whom it may concern:
Be'it known that I, WEBSTER L. MARBLE, a citizen of the United States, residing at Gladstone, in the county of Delta and State 5 of Michi an, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Recoil-Pads for Firearms, of which the following is a specification.
This invention has for itsfobjects, first, the provision of a rubber cushion or recoil pad for firearms which is of improved construction whereby, while readily responding to the recoil and serving as a check or shock absorber, it will have such stability that its walls will not flatten or collapse too suddenly at the instant of recoil; second, to provide a novel recoil pad comprising a rubber cushion or shock absorber and a pair of metal clenching plates, the whole being a self-contained device adapted for attachment as such to-the stock of the fire arm, or for removal therefrom, without necessitating the use of cement or the employment of two or more kinds of rubber cemented together; third,
to provide a novel rubber recoil pad of such form that it will have. extreme resiliency, without requiring the use of springs, so that it will adequately take up the recoil when the fire arm is discharged and yet-will not flatten or collapsc toosuddenly atthe instant of recoil, combined with a pair of improved metal clenching plates serving as a base by which the sad maybe readily attached as a unitarystructure-to the'stock' of a fire arm,
" or removed therefrom, either by the direct fastening of the device by: screws, or, by detachable connecting means'such as I have provided, for instance, in my application Serial No. 287,736,'fil'ed April 5, 1919.
40 In my invention, instead of using cement to attach the pad to the gun stock, or molding metal attaching frame in the rubber forming the cushion, or forming the pad with a ca'p'to fit over the stock, or employing 4 inflatable sacks or chambers, a'pair of plates is applied to the rubber cushion in an improved manner soas to form a unitary structure therewith which is self-contained and attachable as such to the stock .of the fire ,arm, either by directly screwing the plate to the stock, or,providing special attaching means for that purpose as proposed, for instance, in my application Serial No. 287,736. The rubber pad is formed for the applica- Thc rubvplate ber pad is of novel form, provided with ribs or bars whose edges are normallyispaced from the attaching plates, thereby obtaining the novel effect of stability, without the pos sibility of flattening or collapsing suddenly at the instant of recoil and giving the pad both pneumatic and cushion features, while permitting it to be constructed of a minimum amount of material having ample strength and durability. The spacing of the edges of the ribs from the plates permits the cushioning movement or compression to occur, with ready yielding of the ribs, and
yet the extent of compression is limited so that the pad will not suddenlylcollapse.
The clenching plates are formed and correlated in an improved manner, affording a rigid and stiff base for the pad and an adequate clenching action on the latter.
'The invention is susceptible of modification and the disclosure thereof is robe considered as illustrative, instead of restrictive, of the scope thereof,
In the accompanying drawings,
-Figure 1 is a vertical section of a portion of a fire arm stock to which my recoil pad is applied by attaching means such as set forth in my application Serial No. 287,736;
Fig. 2, a detail face View of a butt plate such as disclosed in my aforesaid application and which may be used forthe attachment of the recoil pad;
Fig. 3, a detail face view of the pad shown in Fig. 1, showing the form of the outermost Fig. 4, a section on line 4ii of Fig. 1:, showing the inner clenching plates; Fig. 5, a detail face View of the rubber recoil pad before the clenching plates are applied thereto; 7
Figs. 6 and 7, detail face views of the clenching plates before they are applied to the rubber pad of Fig. 5;
F1 8' a vertical section showin another I, a A 7 L r: Iorm oi the invention wherein the recoil pad is adapted to be directly screwed to the fire arm stock without requiring the use of spe- 'cial attaching means, such asshown in :Fig. 1;-
Fig. 9, a detailface view lofthe recoil pad of Fig. 8, the clenching plates being in position' FigflO, a section on line 10l0 (if- Fig. 8; and
.F'gs. 11 and 12, detail face views of the;
clenching plates of the form of the invention shown in Figs. 8, 9 and 10, before said plates have been clenched.
A portion of the stock of a fire arm is shown at 1. My present invention can be embodied in a'form adapted for attachment in a special manner, as shown in 1, for instance, by the useo f means such as set forth in my application Serial No. 287,736, thereby permitting quick and easy substitution ofa recoil pad of a given thickness for a pad of any other thickness, or, the pad may be directly screwed to the stock 1 as shown in Fig. 8.. 1V hichever manner of attachment is employed, the principle of the invention remains the same.
Referring first to Figs. 1 and 3, the special means for attachment of the pad comprises a butt plate 2 having a dove-tailed rib 3 and secured to the stock 1 by screws a. A spring 5 secured to the plate 2 at the point 6 is adapted to lock the recoil pad after it has been engaged with the rib 3. I
The attaching device just described is shown in my application Serial No. 287,7 36.
My present invention comprises three parts, a recoil pad 7 and inner and outer clenching plates 8 and 9. The plate 8 is provided with slots 10 anl an elliptical flange 11 offset from the face of the plate. The plate 9 has a longitudinally extending dove-tailed channel 12 terminating in a flange or stop 13, and lateral flanges or beads 1 1 which are turned down at 15. The plate 9 is provided with struck up tongues 16 which are originally in the form shown in Fig. 6 and are passed through the slots 10 and clenched down as shown at 17 to clamp the plates 8 and 9 together in engagement with the recoil pad 7 as shown in Figs 1 to 1. Another tongue 18 which is bent at right angles and extends through the center slot 10, serves as an abutment for the locking spring 5. The spring 5 is adapted to snap into the slot 10 when the pad is in position. To attach the recoil pad, in the before mentioned form of the invention, the channel 12 is made to receive the end of the rib 3 and the pad is then slid into position with the shoulder 3 abutting the flange or stop 13,
whereupon the spring 5 snaps into the'center slot 10.
This particular fastening means for a pad for a fire arm stock, I do not claim herein as the present invention is not limited to this manner of attaching the clenching plates 8 and 9. and the pad 7, to the stock 1.
Referring to Fig. 5, the recoil pad 7 is of soft rubber, of a general outline adapting it to serve the purpose for which it is intended. Said pad is hollow and open at its inner face as shown at 19, said opening being flanked by grooves 20 which receive the turned down portion 15 of the flange 14:. The pad is also cut away at 21 to receive the end portion of the plate 9 and it is cut away at 22 to receive the opposite end of said plate below the stop 13. The plate 9 is provided with struck up clenching prongs 23 which penetrate the web at the cut out portion 22. These prongs may bear against the elliptical flange or bead 11 or stop short of it. i
r The hollow pad '7 is provided with a plurality of relatively thin parallel partitions, ribs or bars 2 1 whose free edges 25 are spaced from the plate 8, thus permitting the clenching plates to move a given distance before the plate 8 comes in engagement with said partitions or ribs. hen the fire arm is discharged the recoil causes the aforesaid relative movement, which absorbs the shock and when the partitions or ribs engage the plate 8, cushioning boxes are provided between the partsso that the effect is a combined cushion and pneumatic action. The space between the edges of the partitions and the plate 8 permits instant response at the time of discharge, the cushioning effect being thereafter more gradually exerted when the contact is effected. An opening 26 extending through the pad 7 is in line. with the spring 5 so that by the insertion of a nail, pencil, or other suitable device, the spring 5 may be depressed to permit the pad to be removed.
It will be observed that the plates 8 and 9 have their clenching flanges or parts 11 and 14: disposed on opposite sides of the flange or part 27 of the pad 7, leaving the major portion of the pad 7 free to flex as before described. 7
Referring to the, form shown in Figs. 8 to 12, the form of the inner clenching plate 8 is the same as previously described, but there are three, instead of two, tongues 16 to clamp the plates 8 and 9 together; also the plates have openings 28 and 29 for the reception of screws 30 which are intended to pass into the stock 1 in, the screw holes occupied by the screws which hold the ordinary butt plate, the latter having first been removed. The special fastening means previously described for use in attaching the recoil pad to the stock, is not used in this form of the invention. Consequently, it is unnecessary to form they outer clenching plate 9 with a channel and stops. The outer plate 9 is of substantially the same appearance as the inner plate 8. The pad 7 is provided with openings 81 which are in line with the openings 28 and 29.
The action of the pad in the construction shown in Figs. 8 to 12 is the same as previously described.
It will be observed that my improved pad comprises a soft rubber cushion and a pair of clenching plates which afford a base for securing it to the'stock and that the use of cement is entirely eliminated; furthermore,
it is unnecessary to provide any special means for connecting the recoil pad to the stock although such special means may be used if desired, as shown in the form of the invention disclosed in Figs. 1 to 7 What I claim is: V
1. A unitary recoil pad for firearms comprising a hollow, flexible pad proper having an open face, and a pair of plates secured together and covering said open face, said plates having their marginalportions permanently clenched to said pad and being positioned and adapted for connecting the pad to the firearm butt.
2. A recoil pad for firearms comprising a pad proper which has an open face and a flange or bead arranged around said open face, and a pair of connected attaching plates covering said open face and having marginal portions which are clenched against opposing sides of said flange or bead, said plates being positioned and adapted for connecting the pad to the firearm butt.
3. A unitary recoil pad for fire arms comprising a hollow elastic pad proper which has internal ribs, bars or partitions said pad and its ribs being free to flex and an attaching plate secured to the pad proper, said plate being positioned and adapted for connecting the pad to the firearm butt.
4:. A recoil pad for fire arms comprising a hollow pad proper which has freely projecting internal ribs, bars or partitions, and an attaching plate secured to the pad proper, said ribs, bars or partitions having free outer edges disconnected from said plate and adapted to bear on said plate.
5. A recoil pad for fire arms comprising a hollow pad proper which has internal ribs, bars or partitions, and an attaching plate secured to the pad proper, said ribs, bars or partitions having their free edges normally separated, or spaced from the attaching plate and adapted to bear against the said plate.
6.'A unitary recoil pad for fire arms comprising a hollow elastic pad proper provided with freely projecting flexible members in its interior, said pad and flexible members being free to flex, and an attaching plate secured to said pad which is positioned and adapted for connecting the pad to the firearm butt. V
7 A unitary recoil pad for fire arms com prising a hollow elastic pad proper provided with spaced parallel freely projecting flexible ribs, bars or partitions in its interior, said pad and flexible partitions being free to flex, and an attaching plate secured to said pad which is positioned and adapted for connecting the pad to the firearm butt.
8. A recoil pad for fire arms comprising a hollow elastic pad proper provided-with spaced parallel freely projecting flexible ribs, bars or partitions in its interior, and
an attaching plate secured to the pad proper and covering the said ribs, bars or partitions, said plate being positioned and adapted for connecting the pad to the firearm butt.
9. A unitary recoil pad for fire arms comprising a hollow elastic pad proper provided with spaced parallel freely projecting "flexible ribs, bars or partitions in its interior, said pad and flexible partitions being free to flex, and an attaching plate secured to the pad proper and covering the said ribs, bars or partitions, said ribs, bars or partitions having their edges normally spaced from said covering plate and adapted to engage therewith when the fire arm is discharged.
In testimony whereof I aflix my signature.
7 WEBSTER L. MARBLE.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2650446 *||Oct 9, 1951||Sep 1, 1953||Bivens Norman A||Recoil pad|
|US3007272 *||Mar 30, 1959||Nov 7, 1961||Pachmayr Frank A||Recoil pad for a gun stock|
|US6467212 *||Mar 6, 2000||Oct 22, 2002||Dietrich Apel||Universal recoil pad system and method of installation|
|US20050115134 *||Oct 8, 2004||Jun 2, 2005||Bond Deborah E.||Shock absorber for a rifle|
|WO2000053994A1 *||Mar 6, 2000||Sep 14, 2000||Dietrich Apel||Universal recoil pad system and method of installation|
|International Classification||F41C23/00, F41C23/08|