|Publication number||US1350229 A|
|Publication date||Aug 17, 1920|
|Filing date||Jan 17, 1920|
|Priority date||Jan 17, 1920|
|Publication number||US 1350229 A, US 1350229A, US-A-1350229, US1350229 A, US1350229A|
|Inventors||Lee Charles O|
|Original Assignee||Lee Charles O|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (16), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
c. 0. LEE.
. IRRIGATION TILE.
APPLICATION FILED IAN. I7. I920.
Patented Aug. 17,1920.
I g'wuentcvc I C? OLee attain;
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
CHARLES 0. LEE, 0F MODESTQ CAL IFORNIA.
Application filed January 17, 1920. SerialNo. 352,045.
To all whom it may concern;
Be it known that I, CHARLES 0. LEE, a citizen of the United States, residing at Modesto, in the county of Stanislaus and State of California, have invented new and useful Improvements in Irrigation-Tiles, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to tiles for irrigation and drainage purposes and the principal object of the invention is to soconstruct the tile that some of the water flowing through the same may escape therefrom and thus irrigate the land.
Another object of the invention is to provide the tile with means for preventing the escaping water from washing the dirt from beneath the tile.
This invention also consists in certain other features of construction and in the combination and arrangement of the several parts, to be hereinafter fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawings and specifically pointed out in the appended claims.
In describing my invention in detail, reference will be had to the accompanying drawings wherein like characters denote like or corresponding parts throughout the several views, and in which Figure 1 is a view of a tile constructed in accordance with my invention.
Fig. 2 is a cross section of this tile.
Fig. 3 is a cross section showing a modification.
Fig. & is a view of another modification.
In these views 1 indicates the tile which may be formed of any suitable material and is provided with the socket part 2 at one end for receiving the small end of the adjacent tile so that the tiles may be connected together. The bottom of the tile shown in Figs. 1 and 2 is formed with an inwardly extending wedge-shaped projection 8, said projection being formed by the converging walls 4. These walls form an inverted V- shaped recess 5 on the under side of the tile and openings 6 are formed in the upper ends of said walls, said openings connecting the interior of the tile with the recess 5. It will thus be seen that as the water flows through the tiles it will pass in two streams on each side of the projection and if enough water is passing through to fill the tile to a level above the projection some of this water will pass through the opening 6 into the V-shaped recess and thus moisten the ground around the tile. This water will pass down the inclined walls of the projection and thus be absorbed by the ground and will not wash the dirt from under the tile. In this way the land will be irrigated under the surface, thus avoiding baking of the soil and Washing as will take place when the water is applied on the surface of the land. In this way also the water is delivered to the roots of the plants so that it will be immediately taken up by them without requiring it to soak through the ground before reaching the roots as in surface irrigation.
In the modification shown in Fig. 3 the tile 1 is provided with a flat bottom 1 and the projection 3 is formed on this flat bottom.
In the modification shown in Fig. 4: the tile 1 is provided with two projections 3 instead of one. In other respects, however, these two modifications are similar to the form above described and operate in the same manner. I
The water passing through the openings will adhere to the sides of the inclined walls and will be absorbed by the soil without washing the soil from under the tile. With my invention the soil can be easily and quickly irrigated with much less water and with better results than when a surface irrigation is used. The arrangement of walls and openings also prevent said openings from being clogged.
I may use my improved tiles with a system of ordinary tiles for sub irrigation, using the ordinary tiles to conduct the water to the improved tiles which are placed adjacent the plants or trees which are to be irrigated. Instead of ordinary tiles I may use pipes for conducting the water to my improved tiles.
It is thought from the foregoing description that the advantages and novel features of my invention will be readily apparent.
I desire it to be understood that I may make changes in the construction and in the combination and arrangement of the several parts, provided that such changes fall within'the scope of the appended claims.
hat I claim is 1. A tile of the class described having an inwardly extending wedge-shaped projection formed by converging portions of its wall, said projection forming a recess between its walls and having openings in its Patented An". 17, 1920.
inner end which communicate with said re cess. V
2. A tile of the class described having portions of its lower Walls converging inwardly to form a V-shaped recess'in the exterior part of the tile and openings in the upper portions of said converging Walls .communlcating With SZLlCi recess.
3. A Water conduit having a hOHOWdIb 10 terior projection extending upwardly from CHARLES 0. LEE.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2782604 *||Dec 20, 1954||Feb 26, 1957||Mixon Lorenzo S||Drain tile|
|US3369367 *||Feb 2, 1966||Feb 20, 1968||Saad||Drain tile structure|
|US3865144 *||Jan 31, 1973||Feb 11, 1975||Standard Metallwerke Gmbh||Spacer for double windows|
|US3870236 *||Mar 14, 1973||Mar 11, 1975||Sahagun Barragan Jaime||Dripping irrigation tubing|
|US4016727 *||Mar 4, 1975||Apr 12, 1977||Fukuvi Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.||Drain trough member and its connector|
|US4057930 *||Mar 18, 1976||Nov 15, 1977||Barham Rayford A||Hydroponic method and apparatus|
|US4389138 *||Dec 3, 1979||Jun 21, 1983||Soederstroem G W||Drain pipe|
|US4402631 *||Nov 13, 1980||Sep 6, 1983||Yuval Rosenthal||Subsurface irrigation|
|US4970877 *||Mar 19, 1990||Nov 20, 1990||Berge A. Dimijian||Ice forming apparatus|
|US20110064521 *||Sep 16, 2009||Mar 17, 2011||Schafer Charles J||Farmable water quality inlet for transporting water from surface to drainage pipe|
|US20140360097 *||Jun 6, 2014||Dec 11, 2014||Green Channels (International) Limited||Planter box, multipurpose diacolation pipe and method for soil drainage and irrigation|
|CN102828522A *||Jun 16, 2011||Dec 19, 2012||张家港市贝尔机械有限公司||Novel plastic drainage pipe|
|DE1226948B *||Feb 25, 1960||Oct 13, 1966||Alfred Horn||Rohrleitung zur Bodenentwaesserung aus Beton-Draenrohren und Beton-Draenrohr fuer eine solche Rohrleitung|
|DE1268070B *||May 8, 1964||May 9, 1968||Deutsche Steinzeug||Sickerrohr|
|EP2810551A1 *||Jun 5, 2014||Dec 10, 2014||Green Channels (International) Limited||Planter box, anti-clog drainage and irrigation pipe and method for soil drainage and irrigation|
|WO1980001180A1 *||Dec 3, 1979||Jun 12, 1980||G Soederstroem||Drain pipe|
|U.S. Classification||405/48, 210/497.1, 138/103|