US 1351731 A
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APPLICATION HLED DEc.17, 191s.
1,851,781, Patented Sept. 7,1920.
Application filed December `17,11918. Serial No. 267,097. y y
To all whom t may concern Be it known that l, MURRAY A citizen of United States, and resident'of Brooklyn7 in the county of Norfolk and State of Massachusetts, have invented new and useful Improvements in Elbow-Protectors, of which the following is a specifica tion.
Thisinvention relates to elbow protectors and more particularly to a device for protect ing the elbow in firing a firearm in a recumbent position 'with the elbow resting upon the ground or other support. In firing an incident to firing several times will make the e elbow painfully sore.
rlhe lobject of the present invention is to provide a device which will fullyprotect the elbow of a marksman in firing' a gun Vin a recumbent position with the elbow: resting upon the groundv or other support, which will restrain the' elbow from slipping along the support, which will fit snugly over the elbow and along the arm on one or both sides of the elbow so as to protect the arm adjacent the elbow, which can be attached or detached to or from the arm quickly and easily, which is adjustable to arms of different size, which has a shock-absorbing pad detachable for drying, cleaning and other purposes, which has means adapted both to secure the pad in position and tov secure the protector to the arm, vand-which is generally Y 40 convenient and serviceable. f Other objects of the invention will'be apparent from the following description and the accompanying drawings in which Figure l isa side'view of the preferred embodiment of my invention secured `inoperative position; 1 r Fig. Qis an elevation of the'device viewed from the opposite side; Y y
Fig. 3 is atransverse section of the device; and
Fig. 4L is a diagram showing the shape of i specincation of Lettefsratent. 'Pawnee BALDWIN,
the blank from which .the outer casing of the deviceis formed.
A cardinal feature ofthe invention comprises a pad or casing shaped to it over the elbow when the arm is somewhat bent. TheA` pad or. casing is preferably cup-shapedjin the region ofthe elbow sothat the elbow will fit thereinto7 and it preferably extends along I the arm fromI the elbow in oneor both direc' tions. In'the preferred embodimentiof theinvention the casing is curved in the regionA ofthe elbow and is relatively straight onv each sidethereof, so that when the arm is bent into- Vtheposition to support a firearm the elbow will fit-into the curved portion and the relatively straight portions lwill extend along the arm on each side of the elbow. The casing vis curved transversely so as' tolit around thearm. Thus inthe' drawings I have shownv the outer casing C havingl a curved central portion 1 and relatively straight end portions 2 and 3, the casing C being curved transversely as shown in Fig. 3.
Theouter casing is preferably madeof a relatively heavy material whichwill hold its shape and at the same time be somewhat flexible so as to adapt itselfto the elbow.
rlhe most suitable material for this purpose of which I am aware is leather, but it will be understood that otherA materials having simi-1 larV characteristics may be employed. 'I
therefore employ 4the word leather injthe ever, l preferablyconstruct the casing from a single piece of leather by splitting the sin# gle piece along'thecentral line 5 fro-intheend f 6 to a point 7 in the region of the curved portion l. A V-shaped section of material is removed as illustrated in Figa andthe two `9,5
sides of the V-shapedopening are then sewed together to form a dart. The formation of a dart in one end of the casing not only causes the casing Ato fit along the arm onboth sides somewhat more rigid owing to thev central seam and owing to thecup-shaped contour thus produced."
vof the elbow but it also makes .the casing In order to prevent the device from slip- A ping on the ground or other support when the firearm is discharged I preferably provide protuberances on the outside of the casing in the region of the central cupped portion 1. These protuberances arepreferably in the form of metallic rivets secured in openings in the casing and having projections extending outwardly from the outer surface of the casing. Thus in the drawings I have shown rivets 8 having central projec-y v[tions 9 extending outwardly therefrom.
When employing. rivetsof this character I preferably cover lthe rivets onthe inside of the casing witha cover 10 of leather or other .suitable material which -may be glued or otherwise secured to the inner surface ofthe casing.Y I f.
While the leather'casing above described will suffice l.to protect lthe elbow under certain conditions I preferably .providea'shock- Y absorbing pad within thecasingto-gform a cushion between the elbow and casing. `Thus in Fig. 3 I haveillustrated ka pad P formed of sheepskin with the leather side facing inwardlyandthe wool side facingoutwardly.
Thus the wool is confined between the skin andthe outer casing C.
In orderl to remove the inner pad conveniently and Aquickly I preferably make it detachable from the outer casingvand in the preferred embodiment of the Ainvention the means for detachably securing the pad` to the casing is also employed to secure the device o n the arm of the marksman.. This means comprises one or more bandsll whichare preferably. formed Aof elastic material, at
yleast throughout a portion of their length,
To remove the device `from the armA the buckles 12 may be unfastened whereupon the bands 11 may lbe opened and the vprotector removed from the arm. Also the devicefmay be slipped off the arm vover the hand without unfastening thebuckles, especially where the bands are elastic- When employing buckles as illustrated in the drawings the device may be readily secured tothe arm or detached from the arm with one hand sov that a marksman may attach or detach his invii elbow protector. The elastic portions i of the bands 11 facilitate the movement of pose of drying or cleaning the Vpad or for other purpose it is necessary merely to unfastenthe buckles and slip the loose endsY of the Vbands from the slits 16 along the tion both to secure the pad in the y'casing and also to secure the entire device to the arm.
It will be observed that the protector eX- tends a greater distance along the armfin edges of the pad. Thus the bands 11 funcf one direction from the elbow and I prefer to have thelonger end extend .above theelbow.
This gives a greater Vdegree ofprotection above the elbow where it is most needed and it also permits easier movement ofthe forearm.
A recumbentl position as recited in the claimsfis either .a prone, sitting, squatting,V kneeling, leaningor other position in which the elbow is rested upon a support.
I claim:. 1. A device for protecting the elbow while firing a firearm in a recumbent position,
comprising a casing fitting the elbow and having meansthereon adapted to prevent theV device from sliding under the impact due to the dischargeof the firearm. 2. A device for protecting the elbow while firing a firearm in a recumbent position, comprising. a casing fitting the elbow and having studs projecting therefrom adapted to prevent the device from sliding under the impact due to the dischargeof the firearm. 3. A- device for protecting the lelbow while firing a vfirearm in a recumbent position, comprising a casing fitting the elbow Aand adapted to be detachably 'fastened to' the arm, and a pad detachably fastenedinsde the casing. Y i
4, A device for protecting the elbow while firing a firearm in a recumbent position, comprising a casing fitting the elbow, oooperating straps attached to oppositer edges of the casing adapted to be detachably con; nected to secure the casing to the arm, anda lpad in the casing detachablyretained therein by the said straps. c
5. (A device for protecting the elbow while firing a firearm in a recumbent position, comprising Va 'casing fitting the elbow, co'- operating-straps attached to opposite edges of the casing adapted vto be ldetachably connected to secure the casing to the arm, and a pad inthe casing having openings adjacent its edges through which the straps are passed todetachably retainv the pad inthe casino'.
6. A device for protecting the elbow while firing a firearm in a recumbent position, comprising a casing fitting the elbow, co-
K the firearm.
7. A. device for-protecting the elbow, coml nected to securefthe casing to the arm, aV
pad in the casing deta'chably retained therein by the said straps, and means `upon the casing adapted to prevent the device from sliding under impact due to the discharge of prising a casing fitting the elbow, having means adapted to be detachably securecl'to an arm and having non-slip means upon the outer surface thereof.
8, A deviceY for protecting the elbow, Vcomprising a casing fitting the elbow, having straps thereon adapted to be detachably secured about an arm, and having studs projecting therefrom:
Signed by me at Boston, Mass., this 5th day of December, 1918.
MURRAY BALDWIN.' i