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Publication numberUS1354973 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 5, 1920
Filing dateSep 22, 1919
Priority dateSep 22, 1919
Publication numberUS 1354973 A, US 1354973A, US-A-1354973, US1354973 A, US1354973A
InventorsHicks Clifton J
Original AssigneeHicks Clifton J
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Filing-cabinet
US 1354973 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

C. I. HICKS. FILING CABINET. APPLICATION FILED SEPT.22, 1919 gamma.

6 I I I I II=IIH ILI P IH P II V I IH I IN H 3 SHEETS-SHEE Patented Oct. 5, 1920.

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Clifton J; Jiicka,

C. J. HICKS. FILING CABINET. APPLICATION FILED SEPT.22, 1919 Patented Oct. 5, 1920.

3'SHEETSSHEET 2.

Cly'f n JIJiicke,

Ma (Mag/KW UNITED STATES PATENT A OFFICE.

CLIFTON J. HICKS, or'nrvnnnnnn, MARYLA D.

FILING-CABINET.

v T all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, CLIFTON J. Hrons, a citizenof the United States, and resident of RIVQlCliLlG, Maryland, have'invented certain new and useful Improvements in F iling- Cabinets, of which the following is aspeciiication.

. I aim to provide a filing'cabinet which will be capable to avoid stooping of the user in gainingaccess to the lowermost compartments or drawers of the cabinet.

The invention consists in the features and combination and arrangement of parts hereinafter described and particularly pointed out in the claims;

In the accompanying drawings Figure 1 is a side elevation of the cabinet embodying the invention.

Fig. 2 is a front view.

Fig. 3is a horizontal sectional view, Figs.

3 and 3 are details.

' Fig. 4. is a view similar to Fig. 2 with the series of compartments in elevated position to bring the lowermost compartment or compartments into an elevated plane to enable access to be gained thereto without requiring stooping of the user.

Fig. 5 ma detailed View looking from the rear of Fig. 1 showing the counter-weight and locking mechanism, apart of the frame being shown in section.

Fig. 6 is a detailed view of and associated parts.

Fig. 7 is a sectional detailed view on line 77 of Fig. 3 of guide; means between the a lock keeper inner and outer'members of the cabinet.

In these drawings the outer casing or cabinet is composed of vertical members 1,

2, at front and rear of each side which may have an open space between them, as shown.

in Fig. 2, and may be suitably braced by a cross bar or cross bars 3. connected thereto. This outer casing has vertical guide ways at 4 within it which receive rollers 5 connected to the inner casing which is made up of end standards or posts 6 connected by any suitable form of panel por: tion such as shown at 7 This inner frame member carrying the rollers -5 is vertically movable on the vertical tracks or ways 4: and it carries the drawers or compartments which may be of any suitable number, four being shown at a, I), 0, and d, The inner Specification of Letters Patent. .1 Patented. Oct. 5,1920. Application filed September 22, 1919. Serial No. 325,342." I

framehas cross partitions 8, Fig. 2, which provides the spaces in which the drawers a, b, c and d are located and movably mounted to be drawn forwardly in order to gain access to their contents. Each of the drawer members is provided with a handle 9 by which it may be manipulated;

Fig. 4 illustrates the inner frame in elevated position with the two lower compartments located at the properlevel for ma nipulation without requiring the user to stoop down. The two upper compartments, a, 6, lie in planes above the top of the outer casing and in order to prevent their manipulation when in this position, locking means are provided which will hold them in closed position. If some such locking means were not provided, a careless person or one not familiar with the operation of the cabinet, might pull forward one. of the upper drawersand the weight of this over-hanging drawer and its contents might be sufficient to cause the cabinet to tip over. The locking means consists of an arm 10 mounted on a shaft 11, Fig. 3 the shaft having suitable bearings in a house 12 and carrying. a controlling arm 13 adapted to work against a part of the main outer frame. When the inner frame is lowered to a position to bring the locking device below the upper edge thereof, at this time the arm 13 will work against a track member or portion 14 of the outer casing and the-shaft 11 will be rocked to swing the bolt or look arm 10 inwardly toward the center line of the cabinet and thus the locking device will be in released position and the drawer may be drawn forward so long'as the inner member or frame of the cabinet is lowered to a position which will bring the locking device below the top edge of the outer frame or casing. When, however, the stack of drawers is lifted by the upward movement of the inner frame the controlling arm 13'will ride off from the track 14: of the outer frame and the spring 11 will turn the shaft 11 and locking arm 10 so that the latter will enter the recess 15 in the post or standard portion 6 of the inner frame and the drawer, therefore. will be locked within the inner frame. The opening 15 for receiving the locking arm is bounded by a suitable wear member 16, shown in Fig. 6, and this figure also shows a wear member 16 secured to the outer frame member and adapted to furnish a track orwear piece for the bolts or arms 1 1O to 7 work against when pushed backinto place.

j Means are provided means being designed to give stability to the apparatus-as well-as enablingthe person I to operate it with expenditure oflittle power. This counter-balancingmeans 0011-.

sists of aweight 17- which is in: the form of a long. cross bar arranged in a space or boxing 18 at the rear 'of-the frame, the ends of the weight being connected at 19, Fig. 3,

L' with chains 20 extending upwardly over pulleys 21 and 22' mounted in suitable bearings in the outer frame and. then extendlng downwardly, as shown in Fig. 1, with its lower enddivided as at 23- and connected tothe extreme lower portion of the lnner frame or member- When the inner frame is in normalorits lowest;.p0sition, the weight .member 17 would be about mid-way of the height of the apparatus, as indicated'in dottedlines in Fig. 1. Now as the inner frame is lifted the weight 17 willljower and thus the center of gravity of the entire apparatus will be lowered to such an extent that tipping'of A the apparatus from its normal vertical position will be rendered practically impossible through accident or mistake. I

Means are also. provided for compensating for the increase in weight of the inner frame due to filling the drawersjwith. the materialto be stored therein." This compensatingmeans consists of a'series of cornparatively small weights 24 arranged in recesses as shown in Fig; 4 and in dotted lines in Fig. l at the bottom portion of the inner frame. These weights arecalculated together with the weight of the inner frame to'just about counter-balance the weight of the member 17. They areremovable sot-hat as the drawers become filled and the counter balance consequently is destroyed between.

the. weight of the" stack of drawers and the member17, the counter-balance may be restored by removing at proper intervals the weights 24%, one after the other.

It is desirable-to provide means which willinsure thatthe drawers are in closed position previous to the time that they are to be elevated so that a person unfamiliar ,Q with the operation of the cabinet will not one of them isdrawn into its forward p0si-- raise the inner stack of drawers while any tionbecause here again the weight of this Y Y over-hanging drawer might be suflicient to .i tip the apparatus over from its normal'position or such tipping might occur. by the user or: other person accidentally pushing against the cabinet.

Various means may be provided for in- ;surlng the closed positlon of the drawers before theinner frame can be elevated. As

the drawer is for counter-balanc ing the weightfof the inner frame, this;

-' eratingthese latches, each of the two'uppermost drawers is provided with a projection anillustration of such means I show latches I at 25 pivotally mounted at the'rear of the innerfframe' at 26 and having each a projection at 27 to engage a keeper 28 fixed to the'rearwall of the outer casing. For op- 29 fixed to its rear wall and adapted when the drawer is closed to press against the upper end of the latch and disengage its tooth or projectionifromthe keeper 28 so that then the inner frame may be lifted. 530

long, however, as either one'of the drawers 0,; and I). stand open orpartlyopen the cor responding latch will be free from the pres.- sure of the projection and its weighted lower end 30 will swingthe latchto position where its tooth or projection will engage the keeper the casing, beingopen at the front, is braced by a cross bar 3. This cross bar will also act'as means for insuring the closing of either one of the upper-{drawers a, b,before the inner tier of drawers can 'be lifted all the way to their elevated position because should either of these drawers be standing open to any extent the handle thereof would strike'againstthe cross bar 3- andprevent theaelevation of the inner frame carrying the tier of drawers. This measure of. safety may be increased by adding a second brace just at the level of the upper partition 8 so that the handle of the drawer 2) will strike against thisbrace in lifting the inner frame should the drawer Z be partly open. Of course these cross bars must be ofsuch a size and such location that they will, not interfere: with the opening of the drawers a, b, when the inner frame is in lowered position.

Reverting to Figs; 3 and 5, the partition '18 formin the box for the weight 17 is divided at 18*?so that the projection 29 can extend into the boxing to engage the latch when the'drawer is closed. 7 1 e I lo not limit myself to any particular details of means for insuring that the draw-, ers be in closed position before the inner frame is elevated. Qthermeans. besides those described above ma be em lo ed.

. Y P .V

grooves. When the inner frame is in its lowermost position the studs are in line with horizontal grooves in the sides of the drawers so that these may be pulled out,

but in any of their open positions vertical,

movement of the inner frame will be prevented because of the engagement of these studs with the horizontal grooves.

I provide means whereby" the inner frame may be held at different elevations consisting of spring bolts 31, Fig. 2, adapted to be operated by finger pieces 32. The ends of these bolts enter recesses 33 in the sides of the main frame.

I claim as my invention:

1. In combination in a filing cabinet, an outer supporting frame, an inner frame movable vertically within the outer frame, a tier of drawers horizontally slidable in the inner frame said inner frame when raised projecting above the outer frame and positioning the uppermost drawer above said outer frame and locking means operating automatically to lock said uppermost drawer to the inner frame in retracted position when raised above the level of the outer frame and to automatically release the uppermost drawer when the inner frame is lowered, substantially as described.

2. In combination with an outer frame, an inner vertically movable framecarrying a series of slidable drawers and locking means for the upper drawer or drawers to prevent them from being open when elevated, said locking means operating automatically to release the drawers when the inner frame is lowered and to lock the drawers when the inner frame is raised, and consisting of a locking member and a controlling member therefor operated by contact with a partof the main frame to release the look when the inner frame is lowered, substantially as described.

3. In combination with an outer frame, a vertically movable inner frame carrying a tier of slidable drawers, locking means for the upper drawer or drawers, a spring for setting the locking means in position to hold the drawer against opening when the inner frame is lifted and a controller to contact with a portion of the'main frame when the tier of drawers is lowered to thereby release the locking means, substantially as described.

4. In combination with an outer frame, an inner frame carrying a series of slidable drawers and vertically movable in relation to the outer frame to bring the lower drawers to proper level for convenient operation, and locking means between the inner frame and the outer frame for preventing the elevation of the inner frame except when the upper drawer or drawers are in closed position, said locking means being automatically released by moving the drawer to its inward position and being automatically set when the drawer is moved outwardly, substantially as described.

5. In combination with an outer frame, an inner frame carrying a series of slidable drawers and vertically movable in relation to the outer frame to bring the lower drawers to proper level for convenient operation, and locking means for preventing the eleva tion of the inner frame except when'the up per drawer or drawers are in closed position, said locking means comprising a catch on the inner frame, a keeper on the main frame to be engaged thereby, and means for operating the latch when the drawer is closed to release it from the keeper, substantially as described.

6. In combination with an outer frame, a vertically movable inner frame for a tier of drawers slidably mounted therein, locking means for the upper drawer or drawers operable automatically to hold the same in closed position within the inner frame by the elevation of the inner frame above the outer frame, and means for insuring the closing of the upper drawer or drawers be- .fore the inner frame can be lifted, each of said drawers being accessible to permit pulling force being exerted thereon in either their elevated or lower positions, substantially as described.

7. In combination, a main outer frame, an inner vertically movable frame carrying a tier of slidable drawers, said outer frame having a front which is open substantially throughout its length, rendering the drawers accessible to outward pulling force in both elevated and lowered positions, and ooacting members attached to the inner and outer frames to obstruct the vertical movement of the inner frame when the lower drawer or drawers are open, substantially as described.

8. In combination, a main outer frame, an inner vertically movable frame, carrying a tier of slidable drawers, said outer frame having a front which is open substantially throughout its length, rendering the drawers accessible to outward pulling force in both elevated and lowered positions, and means to obstruct the vertical movement of the inner frame when the lower drawer or drawers are open, said means including a latch pivoted to the inner frame, provided with a lug engaging a recess in the outer frame, substantially as. described.

9. In combination in a filing cabinet, an outer frame having a front substantially open throughout its height, a tier of vertically movable drawers within said outer frame, each of said drawers being accessible to be pulled out when the tier of drawers is in either lowered or elevated position and means automatically for locking the upper drawer or drawers against pulling out when the .tier is elevated and said upper drawers lie above the level of said outer frame, substantially as described.

'10. In combination in a filing cabinet, an

outer frame having a front substantially open throughout its height, a tier of vertically 'movable drawers within said outer frame, each of said drawers being accessible to be pulled out when the tier of drawers is in either elevated orlowered position and locking means for automatically preventing the upper drawer or drawers against front open substantially throughout its height to permit the drawers to be pulled out when in lowered position, an inner frame carrying the tier of drawers and a lock individualto and carried by the upper drawer or drawers for automatically locking the same to the inner frame by elevation of the inner frame above the outer frame,

substantially as described. 12. In combination an outer frame, a tier of drawers vertically movable within the outer frame, said outer frame'havinga front open substantially throughout its height to permit the drawers to be pulled out when in lowered position, an inner frame carrying the tier of drawers and an automatic lock individualto and carried by the upper drawer or drawers for locking the same to the inner frame by the elevation of the inner frame above the outer frame, and automatic means forpreventing the 11pward movement .of the inner frame when the lower drawer or drawers is in its outward position substantially as described.

In testimony whereof I aflix my si nature.

CLIFTON J; HfoKs.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2630000 *Oct 19, 1948Mar 3, 1953Frank BreckenridgeRetractable washer in cabinet
US3361510 *Mar 31, 1966Jan 2, 1968Edward P. McdermottFiling cabinet elevator
US4150860 *May 17, 1977Apr 24, 1979Ducasse Joseph C VFiling system for vertically supporting documents
Classifications
U.S. Classification312/222, 312/312, 312/298, 312/319.1
International ClassificationA47B51/00
Cooperative ClassificationA47B51/00
European ClassificationA47B51/00