US 1355827 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
AP. l. FINNERAN.
APPucATloN FILED SEPT. 13, |915.
Patented. Oct. 19, 1920.
Y PATRICK 1l'. FINNERAN, 0F BOSTON', MASSACHUSETTS.
To' all 'whom it may concern:
Be it known that l, PATREGK el. F IN- NERAN, and State of Massachusetts, have invented new land useful Shoes, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to shoes and more partlcularly to shoes whose soles have projections or cleats to prevent slipping and particularly when the shoes are worn by players of football, golf, basketball and other games.
Before my invention, it has been customary to use'leather soles with cleats nailed thereto. Such shoes have many defects which have long been recognized but which have been put up with because no one before my invention saw how to remedythem and theexperts unite in saying that my present invention fully meets lthe deinand so long unfilled. Among these defects l may point out that leather soles and cleats when used in wet weather arelnnocked out of shape and are left in this condition and when dried out are still out of shape. Moreover, when, mud collects on leather soles it will remain caked against the cleats and eventually the cleatsbecome unt to accomplish 4their purpose. llt has been customary to nail separate cleats 'to these leather soles but these nails work loose and the cleats fall on?. Moreover the heads of the nails are on the outside and although at first they are supposed to be ush with the cleat yet they soon project and cut onels opponent. Moreover the nails, which arecle'nched to the sole, tear through the sole, and while new cleats might be applied once yet even that weakens the sole so that a new sole becomes practically neces-y sary. Furthermore, the heads of the nails wear od and the nails work into the inside ot the shoe, injuring the toot of the user.
Cleats can not be held to rubber soles by nails because the nails tearout almost immediately.
ll -have overcome all these defects by proviolin? a rubber sole with-a cleat or cleats and prefer to hold it or them to the sole by adhesion and in the preferred form this adhesion is provided bv molding the cleat or cleats integral with the sole.
Specification oi Letters Patent.
of Boston, in the county of Suiolk 'appneuen mea september 1a, 1915. serial No. 50,291.
A. feature ol? my invention consists in one or morecleats to prevent longitudinal slipping and Y sidewise.
vof a shoe embodying my invention;
F1g.'2 is a thereof; and
Fig. 3 is a perspective of the preferred form.
Rubber sole has molded integrally with central longitudinal section `it several cleat portions e, c', a2, as, and at,
of which a and a2 prevent slipping sidewgise while portions a', a3 and at prevent longitutudinal slipping. At the outer portion the cleats are narrower than at the base portions. F or example, the distance from lw to w is lessv than from the sole mud .or dirt will be eli'ectually forced out." Stitching B holds the rubber sole to the inner leather sole D.
In Fig. 3 I show a form more particu larlyada ted for football use and here rub ber sole is provided with'separate cleats e, c and c2 and cleats c, et, e5, @6,@7 and e8 to prevent slipping sidewise. These cleats are molded integrally with sole 'E and the mud ejecting function above described is here had by sloping the walls of the cleats as above described, the cleats eand c being opposed for this purpose and, for example, cleats c4 and c".
W ith my shoe there are no nails; the sole and cleats will always retain theirshape; the sole will bend and throw out mud or the like; the cleats will not injure the players; and the cleats are yielding with consequent springiness and prevention of sprain of the user.
With my shoe there isalso a great savin of labor and expense because the sole, hee and cleats can be ap lied much more quickly than is the case wltli the cleats of the prior art.
In Fig. 3 thewalls of each cleat slope outwardly from the sole toward each other forming, in effect, an edge to engage the ground and this edge provides new funcone or more to prevent slipping my invention will bel y to s so that on bending ofto prevent longitudinal slippingl Patenten oet. 1e, 1920.
tions or gripping and as nothing of this -1n t e prior art. i v
What I claim is: l. 1'. An article of footwear having a rubber sole and a cleat held to the sole by cohesion.
2. An article of: footwear having a rubprevention of slipind is to be found ber sole and a cleat molded integrally with the sole. y l
3. An article of footwear having a rubber sole and a plurality of cleats/integral with the sole andv extending longitudinally of thel shoe and a plurality of cleats integral with the sole and extending transof the shoe. y n .article of footwearv having a rubber versel 4.
sole and cleats integral' with saidsole, the sole having two opposed .cleats transverse to the sole and two sets of opposed cleats extending longitudinally of the sole, and the heel of the sole having two opposed cleats extending longitudinally of the sole and one cleat extending transversely of the sole.
5. An article of footwear having a rubber sole and rubber cleats integral with the soleV therefrom and extending and projecting crosswise of the sole to prevent slipping.
6. An'article of footwear having a rubber sole and integral therewith a cleat extending partially across the sole.
PATnicK J. FINNERAN.