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Publication numberUS1355827 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 19, 1920
Filing dateSep 13, 1915
Priority dateSep 13, 1915
Also published asDE390065C
Publication numberUS 1355827 A, US 1355827A, US-A-1355827, US1355827 A, US1355827A
InventorsFinneran Patrick J
Original AssigneeFinneran Patrick J
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Shoe
US 1355827 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

AP. l. FINNERAN.

SHOE.

APPucATloN FILED SEPT. 13, |915.

Patented. Oct. 19, 1920.

Y PATRICK 1l'. FINNERAN, 0F BOSTON', MASSACHUSETTS.

SHOE.

ll,355,82'l'.

To' all 'whom it may concern:

Be it known that l, PATREGK el. F IN- NERAN, and State of Massachusetts, have invented new land useful Shoes, of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to shoes and more partlcularly to shoes whose soles have projections or cleats to prevent slipping and particularly when the shoes are worn by players of football, golf, basketball and other games.

Before my invention, it has been customary to use'leather soles with cleats nailed thereto. Such shoes have many defects which have long been recognized but which have been put up with because no one before my invention saw how to remedythem and theexperts unite in saying that my present invention fully meets lthe deinand so long unfilled. Among these defects l may point out that leather soles and cleats when used in wet weather arelnnocked out of shape and are left in this condition and when dried out are still out of shape. Moreover, when, mud collects on leather soles it will remain caked against the cleats and eventually the cleatsbecome unt to accomplish 4their purpose. llt has been customary to nail separate cleats 'to these leather soles but these nails work loose and the cleats fall on?. Moreover the heads of the nails are on the outside and although at first they are supposed to be ush with the cleat yet they soon project and cut onels opponent. Moreover the nails, which arecle'nched to the sole, tear through the sole, and while new cleats might be applied once yet even that weakens the sole so that a new sole becomes practically neces-y sary. Furthermore, the heads of the nails wear od and the nails work into the inside ot the shoe, injuring the toot of the user.

Cleats can not be held to rubber soles by nails because the nails tearout almost immediately.

ll -have overcome all these defects by proviolin? a rubber sole with-a cleat or cleats and prefer to hold it or them to the sole by adhesion and in the preferred form this adhesion is provided bv molding the cleat or cleats integral with the sole.

Specification oi Letters Patent.

of Boston, in the county of Suiolk 'appneuen mea september 1a, 1915. serial No. 50,291.

A. feature ol? my invention consists in one or morecleats to prevent longitudinal slipping and Y sidewise.

vof a shoe embodying my invention;

F1g.'2 is a thereof; and

Fig. 3 is a perspective of the preferred form.

Rubber sole has molded integrally with central longitudinal section `it several cleat portions e, c', a2, as, and at,

of which a and a2 prevent slipping sidewgise while portions a', a3 and at prevent longitutudinal slipping. At the outer portion the cleats are narrower than at the base portions. F or example, the distance from lw to w is lessv than from the sole mud .or dirt will be eli'ectually forced out." Stitching B holds the rubber sole to the inner leather sole D.

In Fig. 3 I show a form more particu larlyada ted for football use and here rub ber sole is provided with'separate cleats e, c and c2 and cleats c, et, e5, @6,@7 and e8 to prevent slipping sidewise. These cleats are molded integrally with sole 'E and the mud ejecting function above described is here had by sloping the walls of the cleats as above described, the cleats eand c being opposed for this purpose and, for example, cleats c4 and c".

W ith my shoe there are no nails; the sole and cleats will always retain theirshape; the sole will bend and throw out mud or the like; the cleats will not injure the players; and the cleats are yielding with consequent springiness and prevention of sprain of the user.

With my shoe there isalso a great savin of labor and expense because the sole, hee and cleats can be ap lied much more quickly than is the case wltli the cleats of the prior art.

In Fig. 3 thewalls of each cleat slope outwardly from the sole toward each other forming, in effect, an edge to engage the ground and this edge provides new funcone or more to prevent slipping my invention will bel y to s so that on bending ofto prevent longitudinal slippingl Patenten oet. 1e, 1920.

' .pin

tions or gripping and as nothing of this -1n t e prior art. i v

What I claim is: l. 1'. An article of footwear having a rubber sole and a cleat held to the sole by cohesion.

2. An article of: footwear having a rubprevention of slipind is to be found ber sole and a cleat molded integrally with the sole. y l

3. An article of footwear having a rubber sole and a plurality of cleats/integral with the sole andv extending longitudinally of thel shoe and a plurality of cleats integral with the sole and extending transof the shoe. y n .article of footwearv having a rubber versel 4.

sole and cleats integral' with saidsole, the sole having two opposed .cleats transverse to the sole and two sets of opposed cleats extending longitudinally of the sole, and the heel of the sole having two opposed cleats extending longitudinally of the sole and one cleat extending transversely of the sole.

5. An article of footwear having a rubber sole and rubber cleats integral with the soleV therefrom and extending and projecting crosswise of the sole to prevent slipping.

6. An'article of footwear having a rubber sole and integral therewith a cleat extending partially across the sole.

PATnicK J. FINNERAN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3354561 *Jan 28, 1965Nov 28, 1967Bruce M CameronAthletic shoe having rotatable cleat means
US4590693 *Jun 19, 1984May 27, 1986Mizuno CorporationBaseball or softball shoe sole
US5943794 *Aug 18, 1997Aug 31, 1999Nordstrom, Inc.Golf shoes with aligned traction members
US6009640 *Aug 13, 1997Jan 4, 2000Softspikes, Inc.Golf shoe spikes
US6023860 *Jul 28, 1998Feb 15, 2000Softspikes, Inc.Athletic shoe cleat
US6052923 *Dec 10, 1998Apr 25, 2000Softspikes, Inc.Golf cleat
US6167641Nov 4, 1999Jan 2, 2001Softspikes, Inc.Athletic shoe cleat
US6305104Jul 10, 2000Oct 23, 2001Mcmullin Faris W.Athletic shoe cleat
US6327797Jan 31, 1997Dec 11, 2001Softspikes, Inc.Golf shoe spikes
US6354021Nov 8, 1993Mar 12, 2002Softspikes, Inc.Winter golf shoe spikes
US6354022 *Mar 26, 2001Mar 12, 2002Nordstrom, Inc.Golf shoes with aligned traction members
US6530162Feb 23, 1998Mar 11, 2003Green Keepers, Inc.Sports shoe cleats
US6615512 *Oct 17, 2001Sep 9, 2003Jeffrey A. SinkSpikeless golf shoe having an outsole with bi-directional surface reaction body
US6834445Jul 16, 2002Dec 28, 2004Softspikes, LlcShoe cleat with improved traction
US6834446Aug 27, 2002Dec 28, 2004Softspikes, LlcIndexable shoe cleat with improved traction
US6904707Jul 1, 2003Jun 14, 2005Softspikes, LlcIndexable shoe cleat with improved traction
US7040043Aug 11, 2004May 9, 2006Softspikes, LlcShoe cleat
US7107708Jul 26, 2004Sep 19, 2006Trisport LimitedStudded footwear
US7287342Jul 15, 2005Oct 30, 2007The Timberland CompanyShoe with lacing
US7320189 *Aug 2, 2005Jan 22, 2008The Timberland CompanyShoe with lacing
US7347012Jan 10, 2006Mar 25, 2008The Timberland CompanyShoe with lacing
US7562470Sep 14, 2007Jul 21, 2009The Timberland CompanyShoe with wraparound lacing
US7631440Jun 7, 2006Dec 15, 2009The Timberland CompanyShoe with anatomical protection
US8322049Jul 30, 2010Dec 4, 2012Nike, Inc.Wear-resistant outsole
US8330029 *Oct 1, 2009Dec 11, 2012Dunlop Manufacturing, Inc.Enhanced gripping surface for use with plectra and other hand-held implements
US8418382Mar 16, 2011Apr 16, 2013Nike, Inc.Sole structure and article of footwear including same
US8453349Apr 1, 2010Jun 4, 2013Nike, Inc.Traction elements
US8453354Oct 1, 2009Jun 4, 2013Nike, Inc.Rigid cantilevered stud
US8533979Feb 18, 2010Sep 17, 2013Nike, Inc.Self-adjusting studs
US8584380Sep 13, 2012Nov 19, 2013Nike, Inc.Self-adjusting studs
US8671592Sep 13, 2012Mar 18, 2014Nike, Inc.Wear-resistant outsole
US8789296Jul 25, 2013Jul 29, 2014Nike, Inc.Self-adjusting studs
US20110081523 *Oct 1, 2009Apr 7, 2011James Andrew DunlopEnhanced gripping surface for use with plectra and other hand-held implements
US20120102786 *Oct 28, 2011May 3, 2012Exemplar Design, LlcAthletic shoes
USRE40047 *Mar 11, 2004Feb 12, 2008Greenkeepers Of DelawareSports shoe cleats
Classifications
U.S. Classification36/59.00R, 36/134
International ClassificationA43B13/22, A43B13/14
Cooperative ClassificationA43B13/223
European ClassificationA43B13/22B