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Publication numberUS1357024 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 26, 1920
Filing dateMar 15, 1920
Priority dateMar 15, 1920
Publication numberUS 1357024 A, US 1357024A, US-A-1357024, US1357024 A, US1357024A
InventorsBehrman Marcus B
Original AssigneeBehrman Marcus B
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Collapsible tube and other container
US 1357024 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

I M. B. BEHRMAN.

COLLAPSIBLE TUBE AND OTHER CONTAINER.

APPLICATION FILED IIIIIII` I5. |920.

Patented 0ct.26,1920.

I /a- Il /3 IIIII I IIII III' HI. IIII UNITED 'STATES 'PATENT .oFF-leeg Manaus B. BEHRMAN, or Nnw. Yoan, N. Y'.

coLLArsInLn TUBE AND o'rHEn CONTAINER.-

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented oct. 26.1920.

Application inea much i5, 1920. serial No. 365,734

To azZZ 'whom 'it may concern Beit known that I, MARCUS B. BEHRMAN,

a citizen of thfUnited States, and'a resiture closed by said p ug, 1 said plug. bein kstationary :so-.that when the cap is screwe to' open position the hole in the top'y thereof 40- may become' exposed above .the plugand- The invention :relates l more .particularlyl t to containers havingla screw-cap which .1s -ordinarily removedso as tol permit the dis-v paste, shaving cream .and` the Y tbes usually have a threaded neck and a dentF of New ork city, in the county of New'York and State ofv New 'York, have invented certain 'new and useful Improvements in Collapsible Tubes and other Containers,`of which the following is a specificacharge of the contents throu htherneck of the containern'ontainers o Athis class are of various t {pes,-and one tvpe is represented `by a .collapsible tube ,of the -kind commonly l employed for holdin toothlik These screw-cap which is removed 4when it is de'- sired to discharge the contents of the containersthrough said neck.` It -is commonly wellknown that the screw-caps on .con-

tainers When'fremoved from position Ifrequently fallfon' the -fioor and get jlo'st 0r.

otherwise misplaced, and the purpose of the present Invention is to provide a container having a screw-'cap which is not detachable v from lthe container, but which when' partly unscrewed \exposes an openingv therein through which the contents of the f container may be discharged." 1I preferably, provide a hole in the centerofthe-.top ofthe screw cap andcwithin the "neck"V of the 'container 35 I 'provide' afplug which, .when vfthecapiis screwed to its'closing osition, hasfitsaperbe utilized for the discharge ofthe contents ofthe vcontainer.;Bv preference the holel i .iii'gthetop of the screw-capfhas' doivvlwardliv1 ,divepiging side' '.walls 1lcorrespcnding wit -willb'e #hereby avoiding mi viii in ,the *are closure Ipcstion fthe 'upper'end 4ofwthe plug o the capi 1 ush'vith the 'top surface' c olnpanyingl drawings, lin which partly broken away and tube provi edmwitha closure embodying my invention;

pil'side walls" of "the etneck of the` con- 1 1 the cap and avoiding the formation of a dried block of the'shaving'cream or other substance in the hole in the top of the cap.

The plug vhereinbefore referred to 1s formed. integrally with a Spanner re erably having three wings and adapted t inserted downwardly with a wedginig acf o be tion into the upper endy of the neck of the container, the outer edges of said wings bein slightly downwar ly converging and .the mner walls of the neckcf the container being correspondingly diverged so that' said Spanner may have a wedging fit within said neck.' The Spanner ,may be of only 'sufiicient thickness to maintain itsfhorizontal position at the mouth of the'neck' of the lcontainer and the, upper surface of said,- Spanner will preferably be on a -level with the lipfsurrounding the mouth of thereontainen The screwcap may be renderedv non-detachable but displaceable-in several ways as will appear from 't -e description'v hereinafter given. l {My'mventlon may from 'which the li uid contents `are to be be aA plied togla'ss con `taine'rs or bottles and especially to bottles discharged in limite quantities, such as bottles for holding` sauce and the like.

-TheA invention will be fullyl understood from the detailed "description hereinafter v presented, referehcej bei-rig had to ac- -jFigure 1 1s a side elevation,

artlyin section, of a collapsible Fig.`2..-sjlan'enlarged sectional 'view of portion of the same,

the-dotted'line 2-f2of Fig. 1 and .the cap being shown in its open posltion;

' atop view-of the same, with the.

ihegnevicex apply in the'neck ofthe tube shown-f inFigs. l. Zand 3;

'the closure features I closed position Eef mea'ns *being* providedv for preventing-the lthe section se detached perspective view of:

completdetachment lofthe cap; the'l l 611s a.`- `aid@l f 'elevatiom`A partly broken 11'6- awa a 'colla v.sible tube equipped with a modiiied'form d I.my invention; the s'cr6'w- Fgsfl and 2;

lpresenting a modificationl of the structure shown in Figs. -1 and 2f In the drawings, referring to Figs. 1 to 4 inclusive, 10 designates a collapsible tube which, except vfor the features of my inven-` tion, may be of any usual or suitable material and construction. The tube 10 is formed with a neck 11 having above its Vist lower end a screw-thread 12 below whichthe neck being of smaller diameter than the greater diameter of said thread, a space 13 is provided for the vertical movement of the lower edge of a screw-cap 14. `The inner walls of the neck 11 preferably slightly converge downwardly, as shown in Fig. 2, and exceptas to the features referred to, said neck 11 is of usual character.

vWithin the upper end of the neck 11 I inserta spanner 15shown in detail in Fig.

4, which preferably has three laterally extending, equally spaced apart, wings- 16 adapted to be wedged against the converg# ing inner walls of the neck 11, the outer vertical edges of said wings 16 being'inclined slightly downwardly and inwardly to match the converging surfaces of the neck 11. At'the center of the top of the spanner 15 is provided a short plug 17 which has downwardly diverging side surfaces Iand a flat upper end, and said plug 17 is preferably integral with the spanner 15, and said `Spanner and plug may be of metal, glass,

Celluloid or other suitable material. The plug 17 extends upwardly from the upper end of the Spanner 15, and said end of said Spanner is preferably on a horizontal plane with the lip surrounding the mouth of the neck 11, as shown in Fig. 1. y

Upon the neck 11 I apply a screw-cap 14 having an internal thread in its skirt portion toengage the thread 12 on said neck and formed in its top with a discharge ori fice 18 having downwardly diverging sidev walls adaptedto the diverging side surfaces of the plug 17. The extreme lower annular edges 19 of the orifice 18 are laterally rounded off', as shown in Fig. 2, so that the open? ing at the lower end of the orifice 18 mayV be somewhat enlarged beyond the diameter of the lower end of the plug 17. Theorifice 18 is proportionate to the diameter of the plug 17 and the length of the plug 17 is proportioned to the depth of the orifice 18 so that when the cap is screwed home or to. closing position, said plug will close said will be discharged in the form Vof a rod rather than in the 'condition ofa hollow tube, the upwardly converging surfaces of' the plug and orifice causing the material to be directed inwardly above the plug 17 to form a rod as distinguished from said plug creating a tubular orifice through the extent of the material dischargedfrom thecontainer.

The cap 14 has the outwardly diverging edges 19 at the lower end of the orifice 18A so as to facilitate the outward fiow of the material around the plugV 17 and also to permit a return movement of the material from the lower portion of the orifice 18 when the cap 14 is screwed to its closing position. The cap 14 has, at its lower edge, an inwardly .turned shoulder 21 which, during the movements of the cap, pass along the space 13 at the exterior ofthe neck 11, and said shoulder 21, in coperation with a shoulder at the lower thread 12on the neck 11, prevents the complete detachment of the cap 14. The cap 14 will be applied upon the neck 11, while the lower edge of the skirt of said cap stands somewhat outwardly from the final position thereof and thereafter the lower edge of said skirt will be squeezed inwardly on yconcentric lines so that the shoulder 21 may enter the space 13` around the neck 11 and the thread on the cap placed in full engagement with the thread 12 on said neck.l The cap 14 may'have a movement outwardly to carry the orifice 18 from the plug 17, or to the position shown in Fig. 2, and said cap maybe moved inwardly so as to carry the orifice 18 closely upon the plug 17 or to the position shown in Fig. 1.

to permit the discharge of the contents 20 from the receptacle.

It is important thatl the Spanner 15 may be of such construction that it may be inserted in the neck 11 after the material 2O has been filled into the tube 10, since thereby said Spanner may be firmly inserted in posi-V tion and be enabled to malntain its position within said neck. The Spanner. 15 is a separate.- piece may be very readily lmanufactured and applied to position.

I do not wish to limit my invention fto all of the details shown in Figs. 1 'and 2, and therefore inFig. 5 I illustrate a slight modification .in that the exterior'thread on the .f neck of the container is in upper and lower l portions separated by a space 22 within which a pin 23 applied through the skirtl 1 0 of the cap may move when the! capy 1s screwed to its* open and closed positions,

l said pin 23 serving to prevent the complete detachment of the cap .from the recep. tacle and sai-d space 22 fulfilling the ofthe space 13, shown in Fig.

pur oses l 1.- PWhen the'pin 23 is made use of, the.

shoulder 21, shown in Fig. 2, may be omitted from the skirt of the cap. 'Ihe closureshownin Fig. 5 is identical with that illustrated in Figs. 1 to 4 inclusive,A

with'the exception of the slight change ren- -dered necessary by the substitution of. the

pin 23 for the shoulder 21'.

In Figs. `6 and'7 I illustrate a further modification in which I number the flexible tubefas 24 and the cap as 25. In this? modification I employ inclined slots 26 in the skirt of the cap to receive and move onpinsl 27 projecting laterally from the side of the 30 neck of the tube, said pins and slots being employed as, a substitution for the screwthreads shown. in Figs. 2 and 5 and as means for permitting'the movement of the cap 25 to its open and closed positions and prevent- A ing the'complete detachment of the cap fromlthetube. The cap 25 will have the orifice 18.0f Fig. 2`and the neck of the tube y24 will have the spanner 15 and plug 17 of the identical construction shown in Figs. 1

i4,0 to 4 inclusive.

In Fig. 8 I illustrate my invention as applied to a bottle 28 having a glass neck 29 formed with\ an annular shoulder 30 at a suitable distance below the lip surrounding 4'5 the mouth of the bottle, and in this employment ofthe invention I make use of an inner sleeve 31 of `cork or other suitable material closely fitting within the neck 29 of the bottle and usually projecting above the 50`ylip around the mouth thereof, as shown.'

Exterior to'thegbottle 28 I apply a cap-receiving section 32 comprising a skirt 33 and an upwardly projecting externally threaded neck 34. The neck 34 corresponds with 4the neck of the containershown in Figs.` 1 to 4 inclusive, and the sleeve 31 closely fits within said neck- 34, The lower edge ofthe skirt 33of the closure-section 32 is crimped -underf the shoulder 30, as at'35, whereby said section 32 becomes locked upon the bottle. .I make use of the sleeve 31 because the bottle 28 is intended to contain food prode;`

ucts. Within the upper end of the sleeve 31 I provide the Spanner 15, shown in Fig. 4, and upon the exterior of the\neck 34 I apply adapted for movement from and toward its a screw-cap 36 having an orifice 37 corresponding with the orifice 18, shown'in Fig. 2, and cooperating with the-plug 17 in the Y same manner that the orifice 18 cooperates withth'e plug 17 as hereinbefore described with respect to Figs.` 1 to 7 inclusive. The

vcap 36 will 'be equipped with a pin 38 toy prevent .the .complete detachment of the cap from the neck 34. In. the construction shown in Fig. 1 the neck is integral with the container, but since the bottle shown in Fig. 8 is of glass, the neck 34 is made in a separate piece and fastened upon the lip around the mouth of ythebottle by means of the. skirt 33. vThe neck ortion 34 of the section'32 corresponds with the neck portion of the containers shown -in Figs.l 1 to 7 inclusive, andthe cap 36 and spanner 1 5 correspond with the caps and Spanner hereinbefore described, and there-l fore the operation of. said cap 36 will be understood without further detailed explanation.

What' I claim as my invention and desire to secure'by Letters-Patent, is: i

1. A receptacle having a neck portion, a cap thereon having an orifice in its top and adapted for movement from and toward its clos-ing position, means forpreventing the complete detachment of the cap, and a span- 'ner within said neck having a plug adapted to close said orifice'when the capis moved to closing'position. l Y p 2. A receptacle having ak neck'portion', a

cap, thereon having an orifice in its top and 190 closing position, means for preventing the Vcomplete detachment of the cap, and a spanner within said neck having a plug adapted to close said orifice when the caplis moved to closing position, said orifice and said plug having downwardly diverging side surfaces.

3. A'receptacle having a neck portion, a cap thereon having an orifice in its top and adapted for movement from and toward its closing position, means for preventing the complete detachment of the cap, and a spanner within said neck having a plug adapted to close said orifice whenthe cap is moved to closing position, said Spanner` having a Vplurality of wings fitting with a wedging cap thereon having an orifice in its top and adapted for movement from and toward its oclosing position, means for preventing the complete detachment of the cap, and a span- 5 ner within said neck having a plug adapted to close said orifice when the cap is lmoved to closing position, the top of said cap having a smooth lower surface and said spanner having its upper end flush with the lip of the mouth of said receptacle and said plug being extended above the'upper end of said Spanner.

6. A receptacle having a neck portion, a

cap thereon having an orifice in its, top and adapted for movement from and toward its closing position, means for preventing `the complete detachment of the cap, and a spanner lwithin said neck having a plug adapted to close said orifice when the cap is' moved to closing position, said Spanner being in a separate piece insertible within said neck and adapted to tightly t the same, and said orifice and said plug having downwardly diverrring side surfaces.

receptacle having a neck portion and a closure therefor compriisingA a section clamped thereon/ and having a threaded neck, a threaded cap on said neck'having an orifice in its top and adapted'for movement from and toward its closing position,'rneans for preventing the complete detachment of said cap and a Spanner within said neck having a plug adapted to close Said orifice when the cap .is moved to closing position.

8. A receptacle having a neck portion, a

vcapl thereon having an orifice in' its top and adapted for movement froml and toward its closing position, means for preventing the complete detachment of the ca and a plug mounted within said neck an close said orifice when the cap is moved to closing position, said orifice and said plug having downwardly diverging side surfaces.

9 A receptacle having a neck portion, a sleeve inserted in said neck-portion, a cap on said neck portion having an oricein its top and adapted for movement from and toward its closing position, means for preventing the complete detachment ofthe cap, andl a Spanner within 4said sleeve having a plug adapted to close said orifice when .thecap is moved to closing position.

10. A receptacle having a neck portion, a sleeve therein and a closure therefor comprising a section clamped Von said neck portion and having a threaded neck, a threaded cap on said neck having an orifice in its top and adapted for movement from and toward its closing position, means for preventing the complete detachment of said cap, and a Spanner within said sleeve having a ,plug adapted to close said orifice when the cap is moved to closing position, said sleeve ex tending within said neckeportion and said neck and supporting said Spanner.

Signed at New Yor'k cit in the county -of I New York, and State of ew York,this 6th day of7 March, A. D. 1920. d v

vMARCUS B. BEHRMAN.

'adapted to 40

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2619265 *Sep 10, 1947Nov 25, 1952Jacobsohn Walter R JClosure plug and coaxial apertured sealing cap for containers
US2759643 *Feb 1, 1951Aug 21, 1956Orga AbContainer closure
US2838215 *Apr 13, 1955Jun 10, 1958Yorker & Sons IncContainer closure caps
US4240566 *Sep 17, 1979Dec 23, 1980Whirlco, Inc.Captive mixing cap arrangement for multiple chamber container
US5016787 *Nov 29, 1989May 21, 1991Creative Packaging Corp.Side orifice dispensing closure
US6364176 *Sep 17, 1999Apr 2, 2002Oil Safe Systems Pty LtdDispensing lid
WO1991008166A1 *Nov 15, 1990Jun 13, 1991Creative Packaging CorpSide orifice dispensing closure
Classifications
U.S. Classification222/521
International ClassificationB65D47/24, B65D47/04
Cooperative ClassificationB65D47/242
European ClassificationB65D47/24A1