US 1357118 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
C. C. ROWE.
CLOTH TREATING MACHINE.
APPLICATION FILED MAY 8, 1920.
1,357,1 18. Patented 001:. 26,1920.
2 S HEETSSHEET I.
I IINVENTOR WM BY ATTORN EY C. C. ROWE.
CLOTH TREATING MACHINE. APPLICATION FILED MAY 8,1920.
"1,357,118, I Patented Oct. 26, 1920.
2 SHEETSSHEET 2.
626 303??? INVENTOR BY mym WITNESS:
UNITED sTATEs PATENT OFFICE.
CLARENCE cnns'rnn Rows, or SPRAY, NORTH CAROLINA.
CLOTH-TRE TING riAonmE.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Oct. 26,1920.
Application filed May 8, 1920. Serial No. 379,880.
This invention relates to machines for treating fabric, and has'particular reference to that type of machinewherein the fabric is drawn by feed rolls through a tank or pit subjecting the fabric to a chemicalfbath. In machines of this character, the fabric coming from the washer runs over the reel into the tank or pit containing the chemical solution, and is drawn through and from the pit or tank by means of a pair of feed rolls. In order for the fabric to be properly treated within the tank or pit it is necessary to maintain a certain amount of slack in that part of the fabric positioned within the tank. It frequently happens however that the feed rolls gain on the reel from which the fabric is unwound, with the result that the slack in the fabric is soon taken up. 1 When this takes place, the fabric does not pass through the tank or pit, but remains there a suflicient length of time to receive the necessary amount of chemicals, thereby making it necknown as seconds. Again by pulling tight upon the fabric in the manner stated, it.
breaks the edges of the fabric.
It is therefore the purpose of this invention to provide means for maintaining the necessary slack for the fabric within the tank on pit, so that the fabric will. receive the necessary amount of chemicals, the said means being actuated by the tensioning of the fabric to automatically stop the feed rolls.
More specifically stated, the invention provides a'member supported for pivotal move,- ment and projecting within the tank or pit and beneath which member, the fabric from the washer reel is drawn through the tank, the member being moved upon its pivot by tensioning of the fabric operating the clutch mechanism to automatically stop the feed rollers.
The nature and advantages of the invention will be better understood when the following detail description is read in connection with the accompanying drawings, the invention residing in the construction combination and arrangement of parts as claimed.
In the drawings forming part of this application like numerals of reference indicate similar parts in the several Views and wherein Y Figure 1 is a longitudinal sectional View.
Fig. 2 is a top plan view.
Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional view taken on the line 33 of Fig. 1-filooking in the direction of the feed rolls. 1 I
Fig. 41 is a similar view looking in the direction of the clutch controlling member forming the subject matter of the invention. Referring to the drawings in detail, 10
indicates the tank or pit which contains at the tank or pit. In machines of this character, the fabric in leaving the washer, not shown, is trained over a reel 12, and directed into the tank 10, being drawn through the tank by means of the feed rolls 13 and through a tank or pit showing the invention 1 14 respectively. These rolls are driven in any suitable manner and controlled by means of a clutch mechanism including a lever 15.
In accordance with my invention, I provide a shaft 16 which is journaled in spaced bearings v17 arranged upon the opposite sides of the tank or pit 10. Depending from this shaft is a member 18 of any suitable construction and configuration, this memher being positioned within the tank or pit g 10, and spaced a slight distance from the bottom of the latter. Carried by the shaft 16 is an arm 19 to which is connected one end of an operating cable 20, the latter being trained over guide pulleys 21 and having its opposite end suitably connected to fabric 11, is trained over the reel 12 and the clutch control lever 15. In practice the directed into the pit or tank 10, passing beneath the member 18, which serves to maintain the requisite amount of slack in the fabric so that the latter will be properly treated by the chemicals contained therein. The fabric 11 is drawn by the feed rolls 13 into the tank in the usual manner. However in order to avoid unduepull or strain upon the fabric 11, and to also prevent the feed rolls 13 from taking up the slack in the fabrics, so that the proper amount of fabric will not pass through the tank or pit or remain in the tank or pit the requisite amount of time to be properly treated, I connect the arm 19 with the control lever 15 of the clutch mechanism., Obviously, should the feed rolls 13 exert a tension or pull upon the fabric 11, the latter contacts the member 18 moving the same upon its pivot or shaft 16. Consequently the arm 19 is shifted to exert a pull upon the cable 20, which in turn actuates the lever 15 to disengage the clutch mechanism to thereby automatically bring the feed rolls 13 and 14L toa stop.
lVhile it is believed that from the foregoing description the nature and advantages of the invention will be readily ap parent, I desire to have it understood that I do not limit myself to the details herein shown and described, and that such changes may be resorted to when desired as fall within the scope of what is claimed.
Having thus described my invention what I claim as new is 1. In combination with a machine for treating fabric, including a tank and clutch controlled feed rolls for drawing the fabric through the tank, of a pivotally mounted member positioned within the tank and beneath which the fabric passes through the tank, said member being moved upon its pivot for tensioning of the fabric, and a cable operated'by tensioning the fabric to automatically stop the'feed rolls.
3. The combination with a machine for treating fabric including a tank, and clutch controlled feed rolls for drawing the fabric through the tank, of a member suspended within the tank for oscillatory movement and. beneath which the fabric is passed through the tank, said member being actuated by the retention of the fabric, and a cable connection for automatically stopping the feed rolls as described. In testimony whereof I affix my signature.
CLARENCE CHESTER nown.