|Publication number||US1357995 A|
|Publication date||Nov 9, 1920|
|Filing date||Jan 24, 1920|
|Priority date||Jan 24, 1920|
|Publication number||US 1357995 A, US 1357995A, US-A-1357995, US1357995 A, US1357995A|
|Original Assignee||Alexander Kitterman|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (12), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
A. KITTERMAN. ROUNDABOUT SAILING APPARATUS. APPLICATION FILED JAN.24, 1920.
1,357,995. Patented Nov. r9, 1920.
2 SHEETS-SHEET l.
In III I A. KITTERMAN.
ROUNDABOUT SAILING APPARATUS.
.APPLICATION FILED 1AN.24, 1920.
1,357,995. Patented Nov. 9, 1920.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
INVENTOR l lflsrmn.
UNITED STATES ALEXANDER KITTERMAN, OF PORTLAND, OREGON.
ROUNDAIBGUT SAILING APPARATUS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
atented Nov. 9, M320.
Application filed January 24, 1320. Serial No. 353,837.
To all Quim/m, t may concern.' Y
Be it known that l, ALEXANDER Krr'rnn- Murr, a citizen of the United lStates, residing at ljortland, in the'county of Multnomah and Statcof Oregon, have 'invented a new and lmprovcd Roundabout Sailing Apparatus, of which the following is a specilication.
My present invention comprehends an im proved aquatic roundabout wherein a plurality of boats are caused to travel over a body of water and adapted for sailing on an elongated course in manner simulating the passing of boats up and down the stream instead of in a circular path, as is usual in the practical application of aquatic carousels.
Generally, my invention. seeks to provide an amusement apparatus of the character stated in which is embodied an endless flexi ble chain-like member that is suitably guided along an elongated and submerged path and to which a series of sail boats are :flexibly connected in such manner that the entire series of sail boats are caused to travel, in apparent opposite directions and each boat, in the entire set of boats, individually impelled under wind power that is transmitted to the endless carrier or chain, it being understood that the sails of the boats traveling with the wind and those traveling against the wind are capable of being held to "the wind, as in the ordinary manner of sailing.
Another object of my invention is to provide, in an apparatus of the kind stated,
-a simple and effective means for stopping the endless traveling member, with which all of the boats are individually connected, which means is preferably1 operableby the attendant at the landing for the pleasure seeking passengers.
Vith the above objects and other objects, to be hereinafter stated, in view, my invention consists in the peculiar arrangement and novel combination of parts embodied in the .construction of pleasure apparatus as hereinafter set out in the detail description thereof, as specifically pointed out in thefappended claims and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which:
Figure 1 is a perspective view. that illusv trates a general and practical arrangement of my invention.
Fig. Qis a longitudinal section Aof one end thereof.
Fig. 3 is a transverse section of one side thereof taken at the passenger loading and unloading platforms, a preferred forni of brake mechanism being also illustrated in this view.
Fig. 4l is a detail plan view, partly in section, of a modified arrangement of brake mechanism hereinafter specifically referred to.
Fig. 5 is a detail perspective view, partly in section, of a Yportion of the endless carrier or apron to which the sailing boats are individually attached.
Fig. 6 is a diagrammatic plan view that illustrates a modified arrangement of my amusement installation hereinafter specifically referred to.
In carrying out my invention, a suitable foundation is provided that is formed of a trough or bowl of elongated shape terminating in semi.circular ends, the outer edges or banks of which, in practice, may be covered with shrubbery, trees or other elements to give the water body the appearance of a natural lake and, to further add artistic effect, centrally of the lake is lo* cated a scenic island 2 which gives to the lake an appearance of separate water ways along which the sail boats, presently referred to, are caused to travel in onel direc tion at one side of the island and in the opposite direction at the other Vside ofthe island, rounding the opposite ends of the island as they pass from one side to the other.
The bottomA of the foundation, between each side and each end of the island and the surrounding banks, are dished, the inclined bottoms ending at a vertically projected shallow and submerged guideway 3 within which a flexible endless carrier or apron l travels, the construction of which and of the guideways constituting an essential feature of my invention.
At a suitable point along one or both of the side banks of the lake is located a platform 5 where the passengers are'loaded and unloaded onto and from the boats, the loadin and unloading operation being much like the Ferris wheel loading and nnloading, a suitable brake mechanism beingr located alongside of the platform 5 and adapted for being conveniently actuated by the platform attendant in the manner presently described` y The guide Way 3, before referred to, consists of a pair ot spaced side members ini--G that may be termed of solid boards along the straight portions of the lake at the opposite sides ot the center or island and oi? a series ot short boards 60 placed edge to edge along the rounded ends oit tie water way,
the said boards 6 and 6G being rigidly sustained on the trough bottoni ofthe bowl or lake and to add rigidity to the sides 6 6 and the ends @Q -6G, the upper edges thereof are capped by top strips 'YG-YO, as cleaiiy shown in Figs. 2 and 3 of the drawings.
l designates what l term an endless carrier or apron which travels within the vertical guide way or passage formed between the uprghts 6 and GO and the said carrier is formed oi' a series of vertical links, each composed of a pair of wooden pieces 80-80 and the said links are held in close et gewiss relation by endless wire cords or cables which are located betweenl the two pieces 80-80 of each piece before they are nailed together and the said cables are held for a limited longitudinal. stretching by passing them freely through the transverse passages 10-10 formed between each pair oit link pieces 80, the cords or cables, in practice, having' suilicient slack in the direction of their length so that the meeting edges ot the links may be readily opened up while passing around the curves, and as indicated in In my improved construction of sailing apparatus, l employ a series of sail boats l2,
each of which has flexible connections with the endless carrier or apron.
Bv referring now particularly to Fig. 2 ot the drawings, it will be observed that the bottom ci each of the boats includes a reel 13 that rests on a transverse bearing le. that is fixedly secured to the upper end of one of the links ot the apron and at the stern and bow ends, the boat bottom has long pendent loops 15-16, the torward one of which freely engages loop ll' projected upwardly from an adjacent one of the apron links while'the rear or stern loop likewise engages a loop 18 on an adjacent apron link.
The transverse bearings le serve as laterally projected stop portions for limiting the side tilt of the boats that rest thereon in either direction to prevent capsizing.
lt is understood that in the practical application of my invention, while the boats sail in apparently opposite directions. as indicated 'in Fig. l., when a pluralityrot independent waterways are employed, as indicated in Fig.V 6, the boats in the outer circle or way may have their sails set to travel in one direction (north) and the boats in the Vother or innerway set to travel in the opposite'direction (south), theaction ot sailing being, as it were, autorfiatic, since all that 1s required for the set of boats 1n each water way is to loosen the brakes used for stopping the boats, when loading and unloading them.
By reason oi51 conn cting the boats to the endless apron in the manner shown and described, the said boats, as they sail along, assume practically all ot the longitudinal up and down and sidewise motion' incident, when sailing in Vthe ordinaryV way, thereby giving the occupant the benelit of a genuine sail without the slightest danger ot upsetting.
is before noted, a suitable brake mechanisin is orovided for holding up the series of boats while loading and unloading one ot the boats.`
ln the preferred construction shown in Fig. 3, the outer wall oi2 the guideway, next the platform, ias a horizontal slot 19 through which a horizontally extended brake shoe 2() is projectable to bear against the endless apron and for onveniently applying the brake shoe 20. `The said shoe is provided with an outwardly projected abutment adapted 'for being engaged by a hand le. 22 that is suitably tulcrumed and has its upper end positioned for moving along a guide a'pertured for receiving a wedge key 25 which, when applied, holds the lever the brake adjusted position, see Fig. 3.
instead of using a lever device tor applying the brake shoe, the said shoe may be provided with brake applying means such is shown in Fig. e, in which 26 designates a screw shank that swivelly connects with the brake shoe and has a bearing in a threaded aperture 27 in a lil-shape bracket 28, the opposite ends oit which are secured to the guide iframe.
ln thisl latter arrangement, the screw shank 26 has a bevel gear 29 with which enanother bevel gear 30 on a crank operated shaft 3l that is suitably journaled in bearings on the landing plattform.
`'lhe amusement installation arranged as hereinbeiore described and as generally shown in Fig. l, is open to various modiiical tions that come within the scope of theappendedclaims, tor example instead ofhaving one runway andv onel endless apron, a plurality oit runways or guides may be located between the banks at each side of the lake and the respective opposite banks of the center part of the island, as diagrammatically indicated in F 6. ln this latter illustration, a second guide or runway is located between the outside runway or guide "and the island, and in which an endless apron or chain travels the same as does the other chain or apron in the outer runy or guide way, it being understmid'that boats attached to the second endless apron the same as are the outer series'or" boats tothe outer endless apron.
ing boats is employed, the landing (or landings) for the second set or supplemental boats is located along the island bank with a brake mechanism conveniently located to the platform or platforms, as is indicated in the aforesaid F ig. 6.
Vilien using the modified arrangement, a tunnel starts at 55 under the shore bank at one end of the island, and extends under the island where the said tunnel, through suitable stairways, opens to the top ot the island, as indicated by 56.
From the foregoing description taken in connection with the drawings, the complete construction, the manner of its use and the advantages of my amusement installation or pleasure apparatus will be readily apparent to those familiar with the use of similar installations.
`What l claim is:
i. ln an aquatic roundabout, the combination with a stationary basin, an island relatively centrally disposed in the basin, an endless stationary vertical and submerged runway that extends around the island, a flexible endless submerged carrier, the said carrier consisting of a series of strips sustained within and adapted Jor movement along the runway, and endless flexible strands that pass horizontally through all ot' the said strips and provide loose ileXible joints between the adjacent .edges with the strips, a series of sail boats independently and flexibly attached to the upper "end of the endless carrier for a limited vertical and lateral rocking movement, a landing for the boats and brake mechanism operable from the landing for holding the endless conveyer from movement, while loading or unloading a boat at the landing.
2. In an aquatic roundabout, the combination with a stationary basin, an island disposed within the basin, an endless runway that extends around the island, a flexible sub merged encwise carrier movable within and guided by the runway, the said carrier consisting of a continuous series of vertically disposed strips abutting one another and joined by flexible connections, a plu-` rality of sail boats independently and flexibly attached to the upper end of the ieXible carrier, a landing Vfor the boats and a brake mechanism operable from the landing adapted orbeing moved into engagement with the carrier to arrest its movement while loading or unloading any one of the said boats at the landing.
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|U.S. Classification||472/13, 104/83|