|Publication number||US1358875 A|
|Publication date||Nov 16, 1920|
|Filing date||Oct 21, 1918|
|Priority date||Oct 21, 1918|
|Publication number||US 1358875 A, US 1358875A, US-A-1358875, US1358875 A, US1358875A|
|Inventors||Samuel Reynolds Richard|
|Original Assignee||Samuel Reynolds Richard|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (2), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
RECEPTACLE. APPLICATION FILED OCT. 21, 1918.
Patented Nov. 16, 1920.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Nov. 16, 1920.
Application filed October 21, 1918. Serial No. 258,922.
T 0 all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, RICHARD SAMUEL REY- NOLDS, a citizen of the United States, residing in the city ofLouisville, county of Jetferson, and State of Kentucky-,have invented a new and useful Receptacle, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to receptacles constructed of fibrous material, such as paper or paste board, and an Object is the provision of a receptacle, of the character de-- scribed, which may be used in place of "those now constructed of metal, such as tin, and used as containers for substances which are subjected to deterioration by exposure to air or moisture.
lVith the foregoing and other objects in view the invention consists of the novel construction and arrangement of parts illustrated in the accompanying drawing, which forms a part of thisspecification, wherein is set forth an embodiment of the invention, but it is-to be understood that such changes and modifications may be resorted to as come within the scope of the claims appended hereunto.
In the drawing wherein similarreference characters designate like parts in the several views, Figure 1, is a'plan view of a blank used in constructing an embodiment of the invention: Fig. 2, a perspective view of the blank, portions being broken away showing blocks affixed to the sections which form the bottom and the cover of thefinisheol box: Fig. 3, a side elevation of Fig. 2 Fig. ha top plan view of'a box partly'formed': Fig. '5', a perspective view of a completed box with th'e'cover raised: Fig; 6, a central'v'ertical longitudinal section on an exaggerated sca'le': Fig. 7, a planview o'f'a blankwith an adhesive, and a lining applied thereto and Fig. 8, a diagrammatic planer-means for applying heat and pressure to a shaped receptacle held upon a form.
The embodiment described herewith-comprise's a duplex walled vessel 'h'aving' flat "sides and-rounded edges, :both walls. the bottom and cover of which are formed "from a blank '10+- (Figs. 1 and 8). The blank comprises two quadrangularsections'all,
which storm the walls, seams are connected by a third section 13-- which forms the bottom, the dimensions of which correspond with the cross section of the box, a fourth section 14: similar in shape to the bottom section extends from one of the wall sections and forms the cover, atab -l5 extends from the cover. A block --16- is aflixed to the bottom section and a block'17 to the cover, these blocks are contoured in conformity with and are slightly smaller than the sections to which they are attached. The block 16 has parallel walls while the walls of the block 17, are slightly tapered to permit it to enter the box when the cover is closed. The width of the wall sections is equal to the height of the box, and their length to the distance around the box, for obvious reasons the section which forms the outer wall must be slightly longer than the other. In forming a box, a suitable adhesive 18 is applied along the lower edge of the wall'sections (see Fig. 1) as 11, which is then-turned up at right angles to the bottom, as-on dotted lines 19 at its point of connection therewith, or the adhesive may be applied to the .edges of the block 16. After bending up the wall section 11, the wings --20 thereof are bent to conform to the block 16 (see Fig. 4:), to which the .lower edges adhere. This operation is best performed upon a form, or mandrel 'of the size' of the interior of the box. An adhesive is then applied to the upper surface of the other wall section, which is then-turned up on the dotted line 21-and the wings'22' thereof bent around the already formed section 11, to which it adheres, becoming an integral part thereof; and in conjunction therewith forms a rigid wall. A receptacleconstruct ed as described will be found serviceable-in many-instances, but in order to make the receptacle air and water proof, T make an adhesive which is fluent by fusion only, and with-Which a sheet of pa'per may be coated a'nd'when allowed to' cool, it will present a smooth hard surface, 'not' sticky, that may be easily'handled in subsequent operations. Said adhesives having the property of becoming adhesive upon the application of pressure at a temperature of above 200 de grees. of having suflicient permanent flexibility that the walls shall not crack after aging or when dented in handling, of being impervious to air, gases and moisture, and which will neither affect nor be affected by the contents of the receptacle. From a sheet, or web coated with the adhesive described, I cut a blank, such as previously described. upon this blank the blocks 16 and 17 are positioned and caused to adhere thereto by the application of heat and pressure. The blank is then formed up as previously described and pla ed upon a form or mandrel 25- (Fig. 8) and heated molds 26 brought to bear against it exerting pressure upon and causing adhesion of all parts, the softened adhesive filling and hermetically sealing any and all crevices that may exist. The block on the cover is tapered so that it will enter the top of the receptacle, but the base thereof is of such size that it w ll'make an air tight fit with the walls. The cover will be firmly held by thetisrht fit of the blocks, but to make doubly secure it may be secured by any other suitable means, as by means of, a snap fastener. Snap fasteners being articles of commerce are not thought to require description. suflice to that a stud -30- is secured in the front wall of. the body of the receptacle and a spring head 31 to the tab. For some purposes it inav be des rable to place a lining paper as 32 see Fi 7) over that portion of the inner wall with which the contents will come in contact. V i l From the fore oing description it ,will be reco nized that I have produced a rece tacle w ich is air. gas and mois ure proof and wh ch is susceptible of replacing receptacles now made of tin, or other metals, which may be economically constructed and which will be durable in service. 7
Having thus described my invention so that anyone skilled in the art pertaining thereto can make and usethe same, I claim:
1.,A box having flat sides and rounded ed es. said box comprising duplex walls which will completely encircle the box, a bottom and a lid all formed from an integral sheet of material.
2. A blank comprising a pair of sections adapted respectively to form the inner and outer walls of a receptacle, said sections being joined by a section contoured to serve as the bottom thereof, a section contoured to serve as the lid or cover extended from an edge wall section, blocks contoured similarly thereto secured respectively to said bottom and cover sections, the block affixed to the bottom having parallel sides and that affixed to the cover having converging sides.
A blank comprising a plurality of in- "tegral'sections adapted to form a box, one
of said sections having parallel sides and rounded ends adapted to form the bottom of the box, a wall section rectangular in outline extended from one side of'said bottom section, and adapted to be turned up at right angles thereto and shaped to conform therewith, another wall section extended from the other side of the bottom section and adapted to be-turned up at right angles thereto and folded about the first mentioned wall entirely encircling same, and a lid section similar in shape to the bottom, extended from the free'edgeof a wall section.
4 A receptacle comprising a bottom having parallel sides and rounded ends, a block similarly contoured aflixed to said bottom, a wall extended from one side of the bottom and shaped to conform to said block with its vertical edges abutting and its lower edge adherent to the block, a wall extended from the other side of the bottom and encircling the first named wall to which it is adherent.
5. A receptacle comprisinga bottom having parallel sides and rounded ends, a block similarly contoured affixed to said bottom, a Wall extended from one side of the bottom and shaped to conform to said block with its vertical edges abutting and its lower edge adherent to-the block, a wall extended from the other side of the bottom and encircling the first named wall to which it is adherent, a lid extended from the upper edge of a wall and provided on its inner face with means adapted to be frictionally engaged with the. inner side of the receptacle around the opening tliereinto to hold the lid closed.
6. A container comprising a bottom having parallel sides and rounded ends, an elevation similarly "contoured positioned on said bottom a spaced distance from the edge thereof, a rectangular wall section extended from a side of the bottom the width and length thereof equaling respectively the height and circumference of the box it is being shaped to conform to, the bottom with its lower edge aflixed to the edge of said elevation by means of an adhesive, a rectangu lar wall section extended from the other side of the bottom, the dimensions of which are substantially the same'as the inner section which it encircles and to which it is adherent, covering the joint between its juxtaposed edges, and a closure hingedly connected with the free edge of a wall and an elevation on the inner face thereof adapted to be frictionally engaged with the inner surface of the container around the mouth thereof.
7. A container comprising a bottom hav ing parallel sides and rounded ends, an elevation similarly contoured positioned on said bottom a spaced distance from'the edge thereof, a rectangular wall section extended from a side of the bottom, the width and length thereof height and circumference of the box, it being shaped to conform to the bottom with its closure hingedly connected with the free lower edge aflixed to the edge of said elevaedge of a wall and an elevation on the inner tion by means of an adhesive, a rectangular face of said closure adapted to be friction- 10 wall section extended from the other side of ally engaged with the inner surface of the 5 the bottom, which is adherent to the first container around the mouth thereof.
mentioned wall section, covering the joint between the juxtaposed edges thereof and a RICHARD SAMUEL REYNOLDS.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3221979 *||Mar 4, 1963||Dec 7, 1965||Avram G Adler||Transparent container|
|US20080099353 *||Oct 31, 2006||May 1, 2008||Heather Noelle Parsons||Cigarette package|
|U.S. Classification||229/125.9, 229/193, 229/182.1|