US 1360861 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
F. A. ALBERGHINI. HAIR WAVER. APPLICATION mzo NOV. 21. 1.919.
ATTORNEYS Patented Nov. 30, 1920.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
FLOBRIE A. ALBERGHINI, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
Application filed November 21, 1919.
Another object in View is to provide a.
waver in which the hair may be looped a number of times and each loop heated while in looped formation.
A still further object, more specifically, is to provide a waver in which the hair receiving members are placed in position against the head and the hair arranged thereon before theheating elements are applied so that a proper adjustment of the hair may be secured to produce the proper wave before subjecting any part of the hair to the heat.
In the accompanying drawing:
Figure 1 shows the head of a figure with an embodiment of the invention applied thereto illustrating how the waver may be used.
, Fig. 2 is a side view of the waver removed, the same being on an enlarged scale with certain parts being broken-away for illustrating the position of the heating iron.
Fig. 3 is a plan view of the heating iron embodying 'certain features of the invention.
Fig. 4 is a plan View of a slightly modified form of curling iron to that shown in Fig. 2.
Fig. 5 is a detail sectional view through the waver in operative position, same being taken on line 55 of Flg. 1.
Referring to the accompanying drawing by numerals, 1 and 2 indicate tubular members formed with end sections 3 which close the same adjacent the handle 4 while the opposite end is flared at 5 and 6 so as to readily receive the heating elements 7 and 8 which may be any desired kind, as for instance metal rods. Each of these heating elements is preferably provided with a handle 9 of heat non-conducting material, so that the Specification of Letters Patent.
SeriaI' N0. 339,622.
rods may be applied and removed without danger of burning. A spring 10 connects the rods 1 and 2 at one end as shown in Fig. 2, said spring being made either integral with the tubes or formed separate and rigidly secured thereto. The handle 4 may be of wood or other non-conducting heat material and held in place by a rivet, screw or the like, preferably extending directly through the spring 10.
In Fig. 4 will be seen a slightly modified form of the invention in which there is provided two sets of tubes 1 and 2, said tubes being riveted or otherwise rigidly secured to a bar 11, said bar carrying a handle 12. It will thus be seen that the invention contemplates not only the use of two, but a plurality, which may be any number more than two so as to secure the results desired.
In Fig. 1 the waver is shown in position with a bunch of hair 13 looped around the tubes 1 and 2 in an S-shaped structure so that the respective loops 14 and 15 will substantially surround the respective tubes. After the heating elements 7 and 8 have been placed in the tubes the heat will be communicated tothe tubes and from thence to the looped formations at the point of bending so as to set or fix the hair in its bent condition whereby when the curler is removed the hair will be wavy. It will be noted that the heating element does not come directly in contact with the hair and that it may be inserted and removed at any time. It will also be noted that one or a number of wavers can be used at one time without departing from the spirit of the invention. In order to hold the tubes 1 and 2 substantially parallel as shown in Fig. 1 a keeper 16 is provided which may be of metal or rubber, and is designed to snap into position as shown in Fig. 5, the ends being sufficiently resilient to allow this action. This keeper is formed with slots 17 and 18 at a slight angle and of proper size to snugly fit the tubes 1 and 2 so that the keeper will not only hold the tubes substantially. parallel, but will hold the loops 14 and 15 of hair in a bunched condition. Concerning the respective tubes 1 and 2, at the ends adjacent handle 4 are rings 19, preferably of hard rubber, which act as spacing members for spacing the tubes Patented Nov. 30, 1920.
a short distance from the head in order that the hot tubes will not come in contact with the skin. The keeper 16 also acts somewhat in the same capacity in addition to its other 5 function.
What I claim is: Y
A hair waver comprising a pair of tubes arranged in spaced relation, a spring connecting one end of the tubes, a removable keeper connecting the opposite end of the 10 tubes, a spacing ring arranged on one end of each tube for spacing the tubes from the skin when the waver is in use, and a heating unit removably positioned in each of the tubes.
FLORRIE A. ALBERGHINI.