US 1361882 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
F. X. LIST.
APPLICATION FILED FEB. 6. I919.
Patented Dec. 14., 1920.
2 SHEETS-SHEET l.
a VENT BY ATTORNEY wmrzazL F. X. LIST.
APPLICATION FILED FEB. 6. 1919.
1 61,882, Patented Dec. 14, 1920.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2- BY /4 AT TO NEY WMMM To all-whom it may concern:
um'reo STATES PATENT OFFICE.
FRANK XAVERLI'S'I', or New YORK, N. Y, AssIoNon 'ro NATIONAL cAnn MOUNTING- COMPANY, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., A CORPORATION OF NEW YORK.
Specification of Letters Patent. Patented Dec, 14, 1920,
Application filed February 6, 1919. Serial No, 275,286.
Be it known that I, FRANK XAvEn Lrs'r, a citizen of the United States of America, residing 'at New York, in the county of Bronx and State-of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in 'Display-Boxes, of which the following is a specification. y
The present invention relates to improve ments in folding boxes and-has for its object' to provide an'improved folding or collapsible box made from a blank stamped 'or cut from a single sheet of cardboard or other suitable material and adapted for packing. and shipping merchandise and particularly for displaying the same. I
With this and other objects in mind my invention consists in the construction, combination'and arrangement of parts as will be hereinafter more fully described and set forth in the appended claims.
In the accompanying drawing in which similar reference characters denote corresponding parts, Figure 1 is a plan view of a blank from which the box is stamped or out; Fig. 2 shows a perspective bottom view of the partially folded box showing the bottom unfolded; Fig. 3 is a perspective bottom view of the completely folded box with the wings constituting its legs folded down onto the bottom; Fig. 4 is a perspective top view of the completely folded box with the lid in closed position; Fig. 5 is a perspective top view of the box with the lid cut open and lifted into the position of use; Fig. 6 is a bottom plan view of the box showing the legs folded and supported in position of use Fig. 7 is a plan view of a modified.
blank from which my new box is formed; Fig. 8 is a perspective top view of the box made from the blank shown. in Fig. 7; Fig. 9 is a perspective top .view ofa further modified. form of ,a box and Fig. 10 is a perspective view of the said box standing on one of its sides. 4
Referring first specifically to Figs. 1 to 6, the blank is so formed as to provide the top and bottom portions 1,2 respectively, the end members 3, 4, the sides or-flanking members 9, 10 of the top andthe side or flanking member 11 of the bottom. Each of the end members 3, 4 is provided at its ends with rectangular cuts 5, 6 to form flaps 7 and 8 and is adapted to be folded upon itself so that the flaps 8 extend at right angles to the sides 9, 10 and the flaps 7 at right angles to the portions 4 of the end members and when the sides 9 and.l0 are raised the flaps 8 will extend along the inner face of the portions 3 and the flaps 7 will extend along the corresponding sides 9. and 10 and over said flaps 8, while the portion 4 will extend across the bottom of the box. In this manner the sides 9, 10fand end parts 3, 4 of the box become thoroughly interlocked with one another. The bottom 2 is provided at each end with tapered wing shaped portions 12, 13 of substantially the shape shown in Fig. 1 having tongues 14. The flanking or side portion 11 of the bottom 2 is formed with two tongues 11; 11. The bottom isprovided also with two parallel .cuts 17, 18 near each upper corner thereof and the side 9 is provided with cuts or slots 19 one near each end thereof.
The flaps '12, 13 are adapted to be folded over the outer face of the bottom as indicated in Fig. 3 and in collapsed position to engage with their tongues 14, the cuts 18 farthest away from the upper corners of the bottom. When the box is in use the flaps 12, 13 are each folded upon themselves along a slanting crease indicated by the dotted lines in Fig. 1 and the tongues 14 inserted into the slots or cuts 17 nearest to the cor-f In the top 1 an intermittent angular cut 1 extending along the ends and the front side of the box is made so as to provide for a lid 1 which, after completing the cut 1 and lifting it, will permit the removal of .the merchandise. This lid has at its rear uncut edge a tongue 15 which, after bending it somewhat outwardlyand on' lifting the lid, is adapted to slide into a recess or slot 1.6 made along'the side edge of .the top 1 and to support the. lid in an inclined position so that advertising matter which may be printed on or otherwise applied to the inner face of the lid may be fully displayed.
It'will be obvious that the box constructed according to this invention will have many advantages. The folded parts will be securely engaged with one another so that an accidental unfolding will be rendered almost impossible. After the box is filled with. the merchandise and folded up the flanking or side member 11 may be secured to the side 9 by a seal as indicated in Fig. 3 so that the merchandise could not be removed except on breaking the seal or cutting open the lid. This will prevent the unwarranted use of the boxes by competitors: The dealer or customer on receiving the box with the seal of the manufacturer unbroken and the lid closed will know'that the goods contained therein are those of the proper origin.
In Figs. 7 and 8 a modified form of con-- struction is shown in which means are pro-- vided whereby the stealing of merchandise from such display boxes, which very frequently occurs in drug stores or the like will be either entirely prevented or at least rendered difiicult.
The blank from which this improved'box is made and which is substantially the same as that of Fig. 1 has the portions 4; of the end parts more or less extended and the flaps 7 formed at their outer ends with strips 7 (Fig. 7). These strips, when the parts are folded like in the first example, will be adapted to extend across the top of the box below the lid 1 (Fig. 8). The strips are so admeasured in length that their free ends normally lie below the front border of the top formed around the lid and thus constitute obstructions. The number of such strips extending across the open top may vary according to the size and shape of the articles contained inthe box. If an unwarranted removal of merchandise from the box is attempted it will be necessary to first lift the obstructing strips, which attempt may draw the attention of a salesmanor of bystanders. I
With articles which are of a length about equal to the width of the box, therim or border around'the lid may itself serve as an obstruction, and in order to allow of the removal of the articles the box may have a recess 24 in the border 1 (Fig. In this modification the fla s of the bottom are shown also somewhat modified. The end flaps 12, 13, 13 provided at the ends of the bottom are each made to fold twice upon themselves along a triangular crease indicated by dotted lines in Fig. 10. The part 12 is provided with a tongue 22 adapted in folded position to engage a slot 23 provided in the part 13 of the flap as shown at the menses left of Fig. 10. There are two adjoining cuts 20, 21 made in the center of the bottom of which one serves to engage one of the flaps and the other the opposite flap when in collapsed position as shown on the right of Fig. 10.
The construction of the box according to this invention is characterized by its great simplicity, cheapness and stability, which render the box extremely elficient.
It will be understood "that various other modifications than those shown and describedmay be made Without departing from the principle of my invention and I therefore do not wish to restrict myself to specific details.
What I claim and desire to Letters Patent is:
'1. A box made of a blank of sheet material having a bottom formed with lateral extensions having diagonally extending fold lines, said extensions adapted to be folded on said lines over on said bottom to provide feet which will support the box-at a slant.
2. A box made of a blank of sheet material cut to form a top, bottom, sides and end portions, to be folded into box formation, the botttom having end flaps folded upon themselves and over the outer face of the bottom to form prismatically shaped supports or legs whereby the box will be supported in an inclined position to allow of the display of the merchandise contained in said box.
3. A. box made of a blank of sheet material out to form a top, bottom, sides and end portions, to be folded into box formation, the bottom having end flaps capable of being folded upon themselves and over the outer face of the bottom to form prismatically shaped legs or supports for the bottom, said flaps each having a tongue and a out which, when the flaps are folded into prismatic form, will engage one another and retain the flaps in folded position.
4. A box having a bottom, and flaps on secure by the bottom, each flap composed of a pair of trapezoidal sections foldable on a diagonal line whereby said diagonal line will extend substantially transversely of the box and at an inclination to the plane of the botttom for supporting the box at an angle.
5. A box blank shaped to provide a bottom, sides, ends, a .top and flapsextending from .the ends of said bottom, each flap composed of a pair of trapezoidal sections joined on a diagonal fold line, said sections being adapted to be bent one upon the other on said fold line and adapted to be turned over against the outer face of said bottom, whereby the said diagonal fold line of each flap will extend transversely of the box and at an inclination to the plane of the bottom for holding the box in a tilting position.
6. A box having a top with an opening through which articles are placed and re- In testimon whereof I afiix my signature moved, foldable endsfor the box having in presence 0 two Witnesses.
flaps bent upwardly beneath the top, and strips on the flaps extending beneath the top across the opening and acting to prevent the, easy removal of the articles through such opening.
FRANK XAVER LIST.