|Publication number||US1362142 A|
|Publication date||Dec 14, 1920|
|Filing date||May 15, 1919|
|Priority date||May 15, 1919|
|Publication number||US 1362142 A, US 1362142A, US-A-1362142, US1362142 A, US1362142A|
|Original Assignee||Daniel Rohrer|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (38), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
POCKET KNIFE. APPLICATION FILED MAY15. 1919.
amen 96oz SHOW @1 o -UNlTED STATES DANIEL ROI-IRER, OF SPOKANE, WASHINGTON.
Application filed May 15, 1919.
T 0 all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, DANIEL Ronnnn, a. citizen of Canada, residing at Spokane, in the county of Spokane and State of ashington, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Pocket-Knives; and i do declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
This invention relates to pocket knives, and it relates more specifically to an improved safety or locking-blade knife.
One object of the invention is to provide an improved knife of this character which eliminates every possibility of the blade being accidentally closed while in use, but to enable it to be very easily opened by proper manipulation of a releasing or lock-controlling element, the latter being also useful as a tool element.
Another object is to provide a device of this character comprising very few and simple parts, so that the knife may be manufactured at a comparatively low cost.
Other objects and advantages may become apparent to persons who read the following details of description in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which v Figure 1 is a longitudinal sectional view, the section being taken only through the several pintles which hold the parts together and perform other useful functions.
Fig. 2 is a view similar to Fig. 1 except that the locking blade is in its unlocked position and the locking element has been moved to its unlocking position, the lockcontrolling element being in the position to permit the locking element to be held by its spring action in the unlocking position.
Fig. 3 is a similar sectional view, but the parts being in the unlocked and closed position.
Fig. 4 is a perspective view illustrating my improved spring-locking lever detached.
Referring to these drawings in detail, in which similar reference characters correspond with similar parts throughout the several views, and in which the handle 11 and blade 1.2, as illustrated, are identical with those of my co-pending application for Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Dec. 14, 1920.
Serial No. 297,327.
pocket knives, filed on the date of this application.
The invention consists in the combination of these elements with tne locking element 13 (illustrated separately in Fig. i) and the combined blade and cam 1d, the latter being pivotally connected to the handle 11 at 15 and comprising a useful tool element as well.as an actuating or controlling element for the improved locking element or member 13. The member 13 is pivotally connected at 16, at its middle portion, to the middle portion of the handle 11. One end of the lever 13 is formed with a blade-engaging element 17 which engages in a notch 18 of the blade 12 for lockin the latter. The other end of the locking member or lever 13 is provided with a cam-engaging surface 19 against which a cam 20 of the member 1a slides when the latter is swung on its pivot 15. The lever 13 is formed with an unlocking spring 21 which bears on a pintle or abutment 22 and constantly tends to move the blade-engaging element 17 out of the blade-locking position. However, when the blade 1% is closed, as illustrated in F 1g. 1, its cam 20 overcomes the pressure of the spring 21 so as to move and hold the lever 13 with its locking element 17 in engagement with the blade 12. The lever 13 is inherently springy and exerts a spring action against the cam 20 and against the shank of the blade 12 to hold these mebers 12 and l l in the closed. position illustrated in Fig. 3, it being understood that the blade is mounted to swing to its open and closed positions on a pivot 23.
Although I have described this embodiment of my invention very specifically. it is not intended to limit this invention to these exact details of construction and arrangement, but changes may be made within the scope of the inventive idea as described and claimed herein.
\Vhat I claim as my invention is:
l. The combination in a pocket-knife, of a blade, a blade-locking element movable into and out of locking engagement with said blade, and elastic means carried by the blade locking element and engaging an abutment to move said blade-locking element out of its blade-locking engagement.
2. The combination in a pocket-knife,
comprising a handle, of a cutting-blade pivoted in one end of the handle, a camlever pivoted in the other end of the handle, a locking strip extending longitudinally in the handle and having one end engaging the cam lever and the other extended for engagement With the cutting lolade the end portion engaging the cam lever being split to provide a spring element, and an abutment against which a spring element or" said locking strip presses to yieldably retain the locking strip in engagement with the cam lever and normally out of engagement With the cutting blade.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3061927 *||Mar 1, 1961||Nov 6, 1962||Und Ludwigsdorf Oswald Von Fra||Pocket knife|
|US4040181 *||Sep 7, 1976||Aug 9, 1977||Western Cutlery Co.||Locking blade knife|
|US5765247 *||Jan 11, 1996||Jun 16, 1998||Buck Knives, Inc.||Hand tool with multiple locking blades controlled by a single locking mechanism and release|
|US5978993 *||Nov 18, 1996||Nov 9, 1999||Leatherman Tool Group, Inc.||Folding multi-purpose tool with comfortable handles|
|US5979059 *||Jun 7, 1996||Nov 9, 1999||Leatherman Tool Group, Inc.||Folding tool with locking mechanism|
|US6170104||Apr 14, 1998||Jan 9, 2001||Buck Knives, Inc.||Hand tool with multiple locking blades controlled by a single locking mechanism and release|
|US6233769||Sep 12, 2000||May 22, 2001||Buck Knives, Inc.||Hand tool with multiple locking blades controlled by a single locking mechanism and release|
|US6487740||May 1, 2001||Dec 3, 2002||Buck Knives, Inc.||Hand tool with multiple locking blades controlled by a single locking mechanism and release|
|US6802094||Dec 3, 2002||Oct 12, 2004||Leatherman Tool Group, Inc.||Hand tool with multiple locking blades controlled by a single locking mechanism and release|
|US6968622||Dec 31, 2003||Nov 29, 2005||Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc.||Utility knife|
|US7007392||Jan 7, 2005||Mar 7, 2006||Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc.||Utility knife|
|US7040022||May 13, 2003||May 9, 2006||Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc.||Utility knife|
|US7080423||Jul 16, 2004||Jul 25, 2006||Leatherman Tool Group, Inc.||Hand tool with multiple locking blades controlled by a single locking mechanism and release|
|US7134207||May 14, 2004||Nov 14, 2006||Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc.||Foldable utility knife|
|US7234241 *||Jun 15, 2005||Jun 26, 2007||Chi-Tung Chu||Pocketknife with a lock assembly|
|US7353736||Jul 27, 2005||Apr 8, 2008||Leatherman Tool Group, Inc.||Enhanced multi-function hand tool|
|US7380341||Jun 21, 2006||Jun 3, 2008||Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc.||Foldable knife|
|US7480997||Feb 12, 2007||Jan 27, 2009||Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc.||Foldable knife|
|US7774940 *||Jan 3, 2008||Aug 17, 2010||Dragon Nails, Inc.||Folding knife with puzzle piece locking mechanism|
|US7921752||Mar 21, 2008||Apr 12, 2011||Leatherman Tool Group, Inc.||Enhanced multi-function hand tool|
|US9327413||Nov 11, 2013||May 3, 2016||Spyderco, Inc.||Folding knife with a two-piece backlock|
|US9492916||Apr 30, 2012||Nov 15, 2016||Spyderco, Inc.||Locking mechanism for a push button activated folding tool|
|US9592612 *||May 17, 2012||Mar 14, 2017||Spyderco, Inc.||Split spring locking feature for a folding tool|
|US20040107580 *||May 13, 2003||Jun 10, 2004||Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc.||Utility knife|
|US20040226173 *||Dec 31, 2003||Nov 18, 2004||Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc.||Utility knife|
|US20040226175 *||May 14, 2004||Nov 18, 2004||Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc.||Foldable utility knife|
|US20040255389 *||Jul 16, 2004||Dec 23, 2004||Seber Brett P.||Hand tool with multiple locking blades controlled by a single locking mechanism and release|
|US20050138816 *||Jan 7, 2005||Jun 30, 2005||Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc.||Utility knife|
|US20050204567 *||Aug 2, 2004||Sep 22, 2005||Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc.||Folding utility knife|
|US20060026844 *||Aug 6, 2004||Feb 9, 2006||Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc.||Foldable knife|
|US20060283021 *||Jun 15, 2005||Dec 21, 2006||Chi-Tung Chu||Pocketknife with a lock assembly|
|US20070130777 *||Feb 12, 2007||Jun 14, 2007||Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc.||Foldable knife|
|US20070214652 *||May 7, 2007||Sep 20, 2007||Qiu Jian Ping||Folding utility knife|
|US20070294895 *||Jun 21, 2006||Dec 27, 2007||Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc.||Foldable knife|
|US20090172951 *||Jan 3, 2008||Jul 9, 2009||Dragon Nails, Inc.||Folding knife with puzzle piece locking mechanism|
|US20090241349 *||May 15, 2009||Oct 1, 2009||Qiu Jian Ping||Folding utility knife|
|US20110023308 *||Oct 12, 2010||Feb 3, 2011||Qiu Jian Ping||Folding utility knife|
|US20150328783 *||Jul 4, 2013||Nov 19, 2015||Hangzhou Great Star Tools Co., Ltd.||Manual Tool Capable of Unfolding Only One Work Accessory|
|International Classification||B26B1/00, B26B1/04|