|Publication number||US1362766 A|
|Publication date||Dec 21, 1920|
|Filing date||Nov 7, 1919|
|Priority date||Nov 7, 1919|
|Publication number||US 1362766 A, US 1362766A, US-A-1362766, US1362766 A, US1362766A|
|Inventors||Martin Mcgargill James|
|Original Assignee||Martin Mcgargill James|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (84), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. M. McGARGlLL.
I GAS MASK.
APPLICATION FILED NOV. 7, I919.
1,362,766; I Patented Dec. 21, 1920.
Egvmmmtoz UNITED STATETSVPATENT OFFICE.
JAMES MARTIN MCGARGILL, OF IMOGENE, IOWA.
l '0 a]? zc/wmit may concern.
Be it known that James MARTIN MoGAn- GILL. a citizen of the United States, residing at Imogene. in the county of Fremont and State of Iowa, has invented certain new and useful improvements in Gas-Masks, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawing.
The invention relates to gas masks and has for its object to provide a mask formed from a single piece of pliable material shaped so as to cover the nose, mouth and eyes of the user and having eye openings which may be covered with any form of transparent material so as not to obstruct the vision. Also to provide the margiiial edges of the mask with a series of vacuum suction cups so that said mask may be held in position on the face of the user, for preventing the entrance of gas under the edges of the mask.
A further object is to provide a member through which air may be inhaled or ex haled from the nose or mouth, simultaneously or independently. The exhaling being through a flutter valve comprising a pair of pliable pieces of material which antomatically open during an exhaling operation and automatically close during an inhaling operation.
'ith the above and other objects in view the invention resides in the combination and arrangement of parts as hereinafter set forth, shown in the drawings, described and claimed, it being understood that changes in the precise embodiment of the invention may be made within the scope of what is claimed without departing from the spirit of the invention.
In the drawings Figure 1 is a side elevation of the mask showing the same in position for use.
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the mask.
Fig. 3 is a sectional view through a portion of the mask and the air controlling valve.
Fig. 1 is a transverse sectional view through the air controlling valve taken on line -11 of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is a perspective view of one of the marginal edges of the pliable masks showing the vacuum cups.
Referring to the drawings, the numeral 1 designates the gas mask which is formed Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Dec. 21, 1920.
Application filed November 7, 1919. Serial No. 336,293.
from a pliable material, such for instance as rubber or rubberized cloth, and 2 are eye openings formed in extensions 3, which extensions overlie the eye. N ear the bottom of the mask extensions 4: are provided substantially opposite the mouth 5 of the user. Secure-(l to the upper end of the mask 1 is a head yoke (3, which yoke comprises members adapted to encircle the head and also arch the head. The yoke (3 may be formed of pliable material such for instance as rubber but the yoke as a whole primarily serves the purpose of allowing the quick and rapid placing of the mask in position, so that the eye pieces and the nozzle 7 will be in proper position for use. The marginal edges of the mask 1 are provided with a series of vacuum cups, which allow the mask to be quickly secured to the face by simply running the finger along the marginal edges thereby expelling the air from the cups and allowing the mask to be held, in close engagement with the face by the vacuum created in said cups. By the provision of the vacuum cups it will be seen that gas will be prevented from entering under the mask or around its marginal edges. Gas cannot enter through the eye openings 2 for the reason that said eye openings are covered with celluloid, or anv other suitable transparent material 9.
Nozzle 7 is disposed in any opening in the mask 1 and is vulcanized or otherwise secured therein as at 10. One end of the nozzle is provided with an adjustable mouth engaging portion 11, which portion is adapted to be received in the mouth, while the other end thereof is provided with a canister 12, in which any form of gas neutralizing material may be placed. Extending upwardly from the nozzle 7 are nostril engaging members 13 which are adapted to be disposed within the nostrils of the user, said members 13 having air passages therein in communication with the chamber of the nozzle 7. Extending downwardly from the nozzle 7 and disposed on the outside of the gas mask is a rectangular shaped member 14 having a preferably rectangular shaped chamber 15 therein. Secured as at 16 to the outer walls of said chamber 15 are flexible members 17, said members being preferably made of rubber and forming'together a flutter valve through which the exhaled air from the nose or mouth will readily pass, but which will immediately close when the user inhales thereby causing the air conveyed to the nostrils or mouth to enter the nozzle through the canister 12.
To further prevent gases that may get behind the mask from reaching the nose, a nose guard is provided, said nose guard beingdesignated by the numeral 1. and is held in place by means of suction cups of the type used for the edges of the mask 1.
The invention having been set forth what is claimed as new and useful is 1. A gas mask comprising a member formed from pliable material adapted to engage the face and cover the eyes, nose and mouth of the user, transparent material carried by said mask and forming portions adapted to register with the eyes, a series of vacuum cups around the marginal edge of the mask, head gear carried by the mask at its upperend and adapted to engage the head, a nozzle carried by said mask and adapted to engage the nostrils and mouth of the user, means carried by said nozzle for neutralizing the gas when the user inhales and valve means for allowing the easy emission of the air from the nozzle when the user exhales.
2. A gas mask comprising a member formed from pliable material adapted to engage the face and cover the eyes, nose and mouth of the user, transparent material carried by said mask and forming portions adapted to register with the eyes, a series of vacuum cups around the marginal edge of the mask, head gear carried by the mask at its upper end and adapted to engage the head, a nozzle carried by said mask adapted to engage the nostrils and mouth of the user, said nozzle having nose engaging members carried thereby and disposed within the mask and in communication with the chamber of the nozzle, one end of said nozzle being adapted to engage the mouth of the user, the outer end of the nozzle being provided with a gas neutralizing material, a valve casing depending from the nozzle and disposed on the outer side of the mask, and a flutter valve carried in said valve casing through which air exhaled will pass, said flutter valve during an inhaling operation automatically closing and causing the inhaled air to pass through the gas neutralizing material.
In testimony whereof I hereunto aflix my signature.
JAMES MARTIN MQGARGILL.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4671271 *||Nov 27, 1985||Jun 9, 1987||Dolores Bishop||Protective facial mask|
|US4770169 *||Feb 13, 1987||Sep 13, 1988||Mdt Diagnostic Company||Anaesthetic mask|
|US4827923 *||Jun 8, 1987||May 9, 1989||Dolores Bishop||Protective facial mask|
|US5005571 *||Nov 25, 1988||Apr 9, 1991||Dietz Henry G||Mouth nose mask for use with an inhalation therapy and/or breathing monitoring apparatus|
|US5207221 *||Jun 13, 1991||May 4, 1993||Stulbach Nathan H||Aerated respiratory mouthpiece (oral gum separator)|
|US5233978 *||Apr 3, 1992||Aug 10, 1993||Medway||Nasal oxygen mask|
|US5431158 *||Jun 30, 1994||Jul 11, 1995||Tirotta; Christopher F.||Endoscopy breathing mask|
|US5454369 *||Nov 24, 1993||Oct 3, 1995||Dragerwerk Ag||Breathing mask with fixed mask body|
|US5503167 *||Jan 10, 1994||Apr 2, 1996||James W. Wilson||Deformable face shield with mouthpiece|
|US5595174 *||Feb 28, 1994||Jan 21, 1997||Gwaltney; Max R.||Nasal adaptor, mask, and method|
|US5596983 *||Oct 7, 1992||Jan 28, 1997||Zander; Rolf||Apparatus for oxygenating a patient|
|US5603317 *||Mar 25, 1996||Feb 18, 1997||Farmer; Charlene C.||Environmental mask|
|US6571798 *||Apr 5, 2000||Jun 3, 2003||W. Keith Thornton||Device for improving breathing and method of constructing same|
|US6584975 *||Aug 28, 2000||Jul 1, 2003||Eldridge Taylor||Respirator mask for filtering breathed air|
|US6595215 *||Jan 15, 2002||Jul 22, 2003||Innomed Technologies, Inc.||Ventilation interface for sleep apnea therapy|
|US6626177 *||Jun 15, 2000||Sep 30, 2003||Saeed Ziaee||Nasal mask|
|US6629531||Apr 17, 2001||Oct 7, 2003||Scott Technologies, Inc.||Respiratory mask and service module|
|US6644315 *||Oct 19, 2001||Nov 11, 2003||Saeed Ziaee||Nasal mask|
|US6679265 *||Oct 25, 2001||Jan 20, 2004||Worldwide Medical Technologies||Nasal cannula|
|US6805123 *||Dec 22, 2000||Oct 19, 2004||Jung-Eun Seo||Compact multipurpose dustproof mask|
|US6807967 *||Jul 2, 2003||Oct 26, 2004||Innomed Technologies, Inc.||Ventilation interface for sleep apnea therapy|
|US6863069||Feb 12, 2003||Mar 8, 2005||Innomed Technologies, Inc.||Nasal ventilation interface|
|US7100611 *||May 24, 2005||Sep 5, 2006||Mesure Technology Co., Ltd.||Face mask|
|US7509741||Jan 19, 2006||Mar 31, 2009||Izumi Products Company||Rotary type electric shaver|
|US7658189 *||Jun 26, 2006||Feb 9, 2010||Resmed Limited||Compact oronasal patient interface|
|US7708017||Feb 7, 2007||May 4, 2010||Resmed Limited||Compact oronasal patient interface|
|US7942148||Dec 24, 2004||May 17, 2011||Resmed Limited||Compact oronasal patient interface|
|US7958893||Mar 18, 2009||Jun 14, 2011||Resmed Limited||Cushion for a respiratory mask assembly|
|US8136525||Jun 6, 2006||Mar 20, 2012||Resmed Limited||Mask system|
|US8291906||Jun 4, 2009||Oct 23, 2012||Resmed Limited||Patient interface systems|
|US8297285||Jul 27, 2007||Oct 30, 2012||Resmed Limited||Delivery of respiratory therapy|
|US8485192||Jun 29, 2012||Jul 16, 2013||Resmed Limited||Cushion for patient interface|
|US8517023||Jan 29, 2008||Aug 27, 2013||Resmed Limited||Mask system with interchangeable headgear connectors|
|US8522784||Jan 23, 2013||Sep 3, 2013||Resmed Limited||Mask system|
|US8528561||Jan 18, 2013||Sep 10, 2013||Resmed Limited||Mask system|
|US8550081||Nov 29, 2012||Oct 8, 2013||Resmed Limited||Cushion for patient interface|
|US8550082||Nov 29, 2012||Oct 8, 2013||Resmed Limited||Cushion for patient interface|
|US8550083||Nov 29, 2012||Oct 8, 2013||Resmed Limited||Cushion for patient interface|
|US8550084||Feb 27, 2009||Oct 8, 2013||Resmed Limited||Mask system|
|US8555885||Nov 29, 2012||Oct 15, 2013||Resmed Limited||Cushion for patient interface|
|US8567404||Nov 14, 2012||Oct 29, 2013||Resmed Limited||Cushion for patient interface|
|US8573213||Nov 14, 2012||Nov 5, 2013||Resmed Limited||Cushion for patient interface|
|US8573214||Nov 28, 2012||Nov 5, 2013||Resmed Limited||Cushion for patient interface|
|US8573215||Nov 29, 2012||Nov 5, 2013||Resmed Limited||Cushion for patient interface|
|US8578935||Nov 29, 2012||Nov 12, 2013||Resmed Limited||Cushion for patient interface|
|US8613280||Nov 14, 2012||Dec 24, 2013||Resmed Limited||Cushion for patient interface|
|US8613281||Nov 29, 2012||Dec 24, 2013||Resmed Limited||Cushion for patient interface|
|US8616209||Feb 18, 2011||Dec 31, 2013||Resmed Limited||Supplemental gas delivery device for mask assembly|
|US8616211||Nov 29, 2012||Dec 31, 2013||Resmed Limited||Cushion for patient interface|
|US8733358||May 17, 2011||May 27, 2014||Resmed Limited||Cushion for a respiratory mask assembly|
|US8807135||Jun 3, 2005||Aug 19, 2014||Resmed Limited||Cushion for a patient interface|
|US8869797||Apr 18, 2008||Oct 28, 2014||Resmed Limited||Cushion and cushion to frame assembly mechanism for patient interface|
|US8869798||Sep 3, 2009||Oct 28, 2014||Resmed Limited||Foam-based interfacing structure method and apparatus|
|US8905031||Feb 14, 2012||Dec 9, 2014||Resmed Limited||Patient interface systems|
|US8944061||Mar 15, 2013||Feb 3, 2015||Resmed Limited||Cushion to frame assembly mechanism|
|US8960196||May 29, 2013||Feb 24, 2015||Resmed Limited||Mask system with interchangeable headgear connectors|
|US9010330||Sep 30, 2011||Apr 21, 2015||Resmed Limited||Patient interface systems|
|US9027556||Jan 23, 2013||May 12, 2015||Resmed Limited||Mask system|
|US9032955||Jun 6, 2006||May 19, 2015||Resmed Limited||Mask system|
|US9067033||May 9, 2011||Jun 30, 2015||Resmed Limited||Compact oronasal patient interface|
|US9119931||Jul 31, 2014||Sep 1, 2015||Resmed Limited||Mask system|
|US9149594||Sep 14, 2012||Oct 6, 2015||Resmed Limited||Patient interface systems|
|US9155855 *||Dec 5, 2003||Oct 13, 2015||Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited||Mouthpiece|
|US9162034||Jul 27, 2007||Oct 20, 2015||Resmed Limited||Delivery of respiratory therapy|
|US9220860||Feb 5, 2010||Dec 29, 2015||Resmed Limited||Compact oronasal patient interface|
|US9238116||Aug 18, 2014||Jan 19, 2016||Redmed Limited||Cushion for a patient interface|
|US9295800||Dec 20, 2013||Mar 29, 2016||Resmed Limited||Cushion for patient interface|
|US9381316||Jan 30, 2009||Jul 5, 2016||Resmed Limited||Interchangeable mask assembly|
|US9480809||Jul 29, 2008||Nov 1, 2016||Resmed Limited||Patient interface|
|US9724488||Apr 11, 2014||Aug 8, 2017||Resmed Limited||Cushion for a respiratory mask assembly|
|US20030136409 *||Dec 22, 2000||Jul 24, 2003||Jung-Eun Seo||Compact multipurpose dustproof mask|
|US20040020493 *||Jul 2, 2003||Feb 5, 2004||Wood Thomas J.||Ventilation interface for sleep apnea therapy|
|US20060054168 *||May 24, 2005||Mar 16, 2006||Mesure Technology Co., Ltd.||Face mask|
|US20060112962 *||Dec 5, 2003||Jun 1, 2006||Tebbutt Adam A||Mouthpiece|
|US20060156548 *||Jan 19, 2006||Jul 20, 2006||Izumi Products Company||Rotary type electric shaver|
|US20060283461 *||Jun 6, 2006||Dec 21, 2006||Resmed Limited||Mask system|
|US20110203591 *||Feb 18, 2011||Aug 25, 2011||Resmed Limited||Supplemental gas delivery device for mask assembly|
|US20130152935 *||Feb 13, 2013||Jun 20, 2013||Mergenet Solutions||System, Method And Ventilation Interface For Providing Pressurized Breathable Gas To The Mouth And Nose Separately|
|US20140196726 *||Jan 15, 2013||Jul 17, 2014||Mark L. Mallek||Integral mouthguard oxygen mask|
|USRE42843 *||Jan 19, 2006||Oct 18, 2011||Innomed Technologies, Inc.||Nasal cannula|
|EP1890755A1 *||Jun 6, 2006||Feb 27, 2008||ResMed Limited||Mask system|
|EP1890755A4 *||Jun 6, 2006||Mar 2, 2011||Resmed Ltd||Mask system|
|EP3108919A1 *||Dec 5, 2003||Dec 28, 2016||Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited||Mouthpiece|
|WO1988009681A1 *||Jun 8, 1987||Dec 15, 1988||Dolores Bishop||Protective facial mask|
|U.S. Classification||128/205.27, 128/206.11, 128/206.29, 128/206.24|
|International Classification||A62B18/00, A62B18/02|