|Publication number||US1363000 A|
|Publication date||Dec 21, 1920|
|Filing date||Aug 4, 1919|
|Priority date||Aug 4, 1919|
|Publication number||US 1363000 A, US 1363000A, US-A-1363000, US1363000 A, US1363000A|
|Inventors||Lindemann William G|
|Original Assignee||Ozone Company Of America|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (3), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
W. G. LINDEMANN.
APPLICATION ,FILED Aus.4, m19.
Patented Dec. ZL 1920.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
VV/TNESSES /NVENTOQ m7/ mg/;
winnaar e. Liirnaifmim, or iaitwaniriin, wisconsin, nssreivon 'ro OZONE coraren or sirname, or MILWAUKEE, wisconsin, n CORPORATION or DELAW'ARE.
T O all whom t may concern.'
B 'it known that I, VVILLLAM Gr. LINDE waukee-and State of Wisconsin, have invented new and useful Improvements in Ozonizers, of which the following is a description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, which are apart of this specification. y
The invention relates to ozonizers and more particularly to an ozonizer for generating ozone from a continuously flowing stream of compressed air.
One of the objects of this invention is to provide a construction in which large amounts of compressed air may be ozonized withoutproducng high temperatures which aect both the production of ozone and the electrodes.
further object of the invention is to provide an ozonizer in which the ozonizing elements consists of a plurality of flat plates between which the compressed air to be ozonized is passed in an ecient manner.
A further object of the invention is to provide an ozonizer in which the ozonizing air is given a free passage through the ozonizer and at the same time is brought into the zones of electric discharge so as to be ediciently ozonized.
The invention further consists in the several features hereinafter set forth and more particularly deined by claims at the conclusion hereof.
Ir the drawings: Figure 1 is a vertical V'sect .oral view through an ozonizer embodying the invention; Fig. 2 is a plan view of the ozonizing apparatus with the coi/'en removed and parts broken away; Fig. 3 is a detail sectional view taken on the linegof Fig. 2; Fig. 4 is a vertical sectional view showing an ozonizer similar to Fig 1, ein, cept for the outer casing-Jl Fig. 5 is a section taken on the line 5 5 of Fig. 4;; Fig. 6 is a section taken on the line 6-6' of Fig. 1,
Referring to Figs. 1 to 3 inclusive, the numeral 6 designates a rectan ular metal box or'outer casing provided with a removable metal'cover 7 secured to flanges S on the box by bolts'9 to form an airtight compartment. An inlet 10 conducts compressed air into the upper end of one side of the casing and an outlet 11 atthe upperend ofthe opposite side of the casing allows the ozonized air to pass out of the ozonizer through a pipe (not shown) to the place of use. An air compressor 12 ofany suitable construction provided with inlet and discharge valves 13 and 14 delivers compressed air to a pipe 15 communicating with the inlet 10.
Within the gasing 6 is a frame of insulat ing material, such as wood, consisting of side frame members 16, 17, 18 and 19 suitably eonnected together to form a unit which may be readily placed in or taken out of the casing. The members 16 and 17 are preferably spaced from the sides of the outer casing adjacent thereto. The memberI Specification of Letters Patent, Patented Dec.I 1920,
application ma August i, 1919. serial no. 315,357.
taining the inlet 10 to form with the casing and member 16 and 17 a channel 2Q and its lower end 21 terminates at a distance above the bottom of the casing. The upper end 22 of the member 19 terminates at a distance from the upper end of the casing to form a passage for the flow of ozonized air through the outlet 11. The lower portions ofthe members 16 and 17 and the bottom of the casing form a channel 23 `communicating with the channel 2O and extending from its inlet at the end 21 of the member 18 to the member 19. The channels 20 and 23 form a single channel for conducting the compressed air from the inlet to Ozonizing elements 24.
The ozonizing elements are in the form of Hat plates in which a perforated metal plate orfne mesh wire screen 25 is embedded in or secured between two plates 25 of any dielectric material such as glass. Where plates are used they are secured together by a binder 26 of insulating material. The screen. 25 is preferably spaced from the margin of the plates and a conductor 27 leads @from one corner to a contact 28.
Formed integahwith or secured to the frame members 16i`1dlx17 are racks of insulating material, such as wood, having' 32 secured to the members 29 having resilient contactngers ardaptedftoibeem 1 outlet ll..
gaged by the contacts 28 The plates are held in engagement with the contacts by 1^etainer strips Se which press upon the, upper s of Athe plates edjaoent the grooves El and are removably secured to the .up per edges of the racks 2 9 in any suitable mann-er, as by screws lectriey current is Conducted to alternate ozonizing elements from a conductor citra terminal plug B7 secured to a ue on one oi? 'the plates by a bolt the current' passing; to these elements the blau;l 32' and the contacts The i is efgulupleted through the other units have their conta ets E28 contacting; with the other contact plete 32 connected to a return Condi cto? el) through a tongue ou ler to the tongue 38 and a terplug simil r to the pr i' 3T. Tl'iu the current is on, the dis :barge taires a een the elements and the air pessing through the spaces between the elements subject to this discharge and Vthe oxygen therein is converted to ozone The racks 29 terminate at a distance from the cover 7 and the members 16, 17 and 13 have an airtight .lit `with 'the cover so that a space or ehaniber is .'orined above the plates through which the. ozoniaed air passes to the The Contact plates 3&2 are disposed on. the same horizontal plat e s the 1 m A1 '1 lower euu il ot the member l5 :um the compressed passes from the inletI l() und througu the ehennels@ and and then directly up through the passages between the spaced ozonizing elements Where it is subjected to the electric discharge and thence through the space above the @ionizing elements. By means ot the above free circulation of the zur through the ozonizer., the elements are kept cool and a large quantity oit ozonized may be efiiciently generated.
n the construction shown in the ou'er casing` consists ol" etal' shell @overr o? Figs. e a Cylindrihaxiing langed ends rei `fiuiile ruils 4:7 ot rial, suoli as wooch are se :no shell and a closed box'` 48 ot' inl materiel, such as Wood, is slidably l on the guide rails and Within the shell es shown in Fig. (i. This box and its .are the saine aS the Whole structure 'in ma'. l except that the casing azi/flor other insulating' material. the location ot the inletand outsomeu t different. The box carries i nts eti? like those previously l i are n'iounted and supported 'in 'the bop; in a manner similar to the previously described construction und upon the guide rail 4( and insulated from the outer nietal easing. Terminal plugs are connected in circuit with. the plates 58 and to a suitable source ot current so that current is supplied to the Contact plates 50 in a, 1nan 4 ner similar to that of the first construction. The air is admitted to a channel 55, r'ornied iu the box, by means of a nozzle 56 extending down through a fianged opening 57 in the shell and into the box. This nozzle is secured in place by means of a, detachable coupling 5S and the compressed air is delivered by the (-onipressor to a pipe 59 Whieh is connected to the nozzle 3G by a coupling Gdv The air passes dou-'n through the channel 555 into the channel or space (Sl in the bottoni o li the box, thence up between the ozonizing elements into a space 5&2 et the 'top ot the bof;7 the ozonized air bei g oon-- dui'ted trom the box througgh e nozzle 63 leading` into Vthe top or the bos; through the shell and connected 'to the shell and to the outlet pipe tiet iu a inauuer similar to the inlet nozzle pre msly described. A stop 65 mounted on the` `guide rails T to limit the inward movement of the box 4S into the shell so that seid box 'may be properly positioned to secure the nor/Axles in place. lilith this construe ion, ou tl e disconnection of the nozzle and a io'val ol? the trout heath the bei: 'with the ozonizing elements -n'iay be Withdrawn. 'from the shell. tor inspection. The top cover "N oi the box; removable,
posed in said conduit and spaced .troni the ends thereof to divide the air into a pluralf ity of streams. The flat plates provide a large discharge surface and may be readily arranged in a givenv spese to handle a greater amount of air ind this more e'i* ciently than is possible with 'the usual tubular forni eter/:on element.
to be understood that this invention is not limited to any speeiic torni or arrangement et parts, exc L in so far as ,aid limitations specified 'in the claims.
lfhat elaim as niy inventioi'i is: l .L ln an ozonizing zip; Matus, the Combination of a frame fori ur an air conduit having an inlet opening and an outlet opening end provv led with racks intermediate its ends., Contact Aplates secured to the 'frame above the inlet ope ng and below the racks,
u. plum ity of oxo elements in the ineespee andsupported by said Contact plates, each of said elements havinff a contact engagingv one of the plates.
2.- In an ozonizing apparatusythe combination of a frame forming an air conduit having inlet and discharge openings and provided with grooved racks intermediate its ends, contact plates Secured'to the frame above the inlet opening and having resilient contact lingers in line With the grooves in the rack, a plurality of ozonizing elementsV in the form oi fiat plates disposed in said racks and engaging said ngers, each of said elements having a contact resting on a contact finger on one 'of the plates, and
means for supplying compressed air to the inlet of said conduit.
3. In an ozonizing apparatus, the combination of a. frame forming an air conduit having inlet and discharge openings, a plurality of spaced apart iiatplate ozonizingv elements. arranged in a IOW across the conduit and spaced from its ends, Contact plates engaging said elements, a closed cylindrical metal casing having longitudinally extending guide strips, and Contact plates mounted on said guide strips and electrically connected with said first namedcontact plates.
4. In an ozonizing apparatus` the combination of a rectangular casing having an air conduit formed therein, a pluralityT of ozonin the inet-al casing, contact members inOunt- A ed on said guides and electrically connected to said elements one end ci said conduit, and means -for conducting ozoniyed air from the other end of the conduit.
5. 'In an ezoniai'r apparatus, the combin nation of a recta c lar casing of insulating material ha ig an air conduit formed therein, a pluwhty 'ozonizing elements disl conduithetn'een ends there spaced reiation, a cylindrical metal shell lia-,ving longitudinally extending guide strips for supporting the casing, contact strips on guide strips,.contact strips on the outside o casing slidahly engaging said first named contact strips and electrically connected to said elements, and heads closing the ends ci said shell.
ln testimony whereof i aiiix my signature in presence of tive Witnesses.
VHLLAM G. LWLEMANN.
Witnesses @rire L Lnnnennn, Roar H. LUNDGREN.
means-tor conducting air to
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4892713 *||Jun 1, 1988||Jan 9, 1990||Newman James J||Ozone generator|
|WO1989011908A1 *||May 31, 1989||Dec 14, 1989||Sacks, Norman, L.||Ozone generator|
|WO1989011909A1 *||May 31, 1989||Dec 14, 1989||Newman James J||Ozone generator|
|U.S. Classification||422/186.14, 422/186.7|
|Cooperative Classification||C01B13/11, C01B2201/22, C01B2201/12|