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Publication numberUS1363870 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 28, 1920
Filing dateJun 18, 1919
Priority dateJun 18, 1919
Publication numberUS 1363870 A, US 1363870A, US-A-1363870, US1363870 A, US1363870A
InventorsHayes Albert
Original AssigneeUs Ind Alcohol Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method of forming a liquid fuel
US 1363870 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

No Drawing.

UNITED jsT TEs PATENT, OFFICE.-

ALBER'I" HAYES, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., ASSIGNOR, BY MESNE ASSIGNMENTS, TO U. S. INDUSTRIAL ALCOHOL 00., A CORPORATION OF WEST VIRGINIA.

METHOD OF FORMING A LIQUID FUEL.

different gravities and flash points may becombined with alcohol into a stable compound which will not stratify and from which none of the ingredients will evaporate separately from the others, and particuuarly to provide a method by which a relatively heavy hydrocarbon such as'kerosene may be combined with a relatively .Very light hydrocarbon such as benzol, and with alcohol to form a liquid fuel adapted for use in explosion engines and for similar purposes from which neither the alcohol or the kerosene will separate.

It is well known that a heavy hydrocarbon such as kerosene having a high flash point is not adapted for use as a motor fuel except with a specially constructed carbureter or under other special conditions and it is also well known that alcohol which has a very low flash point is not well adapted for use as a motor fuel except under special conditions, and it has long been evident that if the heavy hydrocarbon in suitable proportions could be combined with the alcohol in such a way as to form a liquid which would not stratify but would be stable under the conditions of use, a highly desirable motor fuel would be formed by the combination. It has, however, been found very diflicult, if not impossible heretofore, to so combine the kerosene and the alcohol, so that they would not separate to a greater or less extent. The object of my invention is to overcome this difficulty by combining the heavy and very light hydrocarbon and alcohol in a particular way by Specification of Letters Patent. Patented D 28 1920 Application filed. June 18, 1919. Serial 280. 805,143.

which permanence of the combination is insured.

With the above explained object in view my invention consists in the method hereinafter described and claimed.

In carrying out my invention I take a quantity of kerosene and, with about parts of this kerosene I associate about 14 parts of benzol, and three or more parts of ether, the proportion of ether depending on the temperature and specific gravity of the kerosene, the amount of benzol being reduced as the amount of ether is increased, the benzol and ether together forming at least 17 parts to the 50 parts of kerosene. These ingredients are thoroughly mixed together 50 that the ether and benzol, particularly the ether, may act on all the particles of kerosene throughout the mass so as to put every particle in'condition to combine with the alcohol when it is added.

When these ingredients have been thoroughly mixed together I gradually introduce alcohol to an amount equal to about 33 parts to the 50 parts of kerosene preferably introducing the alcohol in the form of vapor keeping the mixture cool and agitating as the alcohol vapor is introduced. The

mlxturev condenses the alcohol vapor as it is introduced and combines with the vapor or with the condensed vapor, and forms a compound which is stable under all ordinary conditions and will not stratify. The compound thus formed works satisfactorily in an ordinary carburetor adapted for use with gasolene and is a highly eificient motor fluid forming an explosive mixture with a flash point substantially that of the explosive mixture formed from gasolene and burns without depositing hard .carbon.

It will, of course, be understood that the precise proportions of kerosene and alcohol, as well'as of the other ingredients, may be varied from those above stated, the essential features of the invention being the preparation of the kerosene to absorb and combine with the alcohol and the introduction of the alcohol in the form of vapor.

In a co-pending application No. 305,144

filed of even date herewith I have described which comprises associating about 50 parts and claimed an apparatus for introducing of kerosene with a mixture of about 14'parts 10 the alcohol as vapor into the mixture above of benzol and about 3 parts of ether, and described and do not make any claim in this thereafter passing alcohol vapor into the 5 application to such apparatus. mixture of liquids so associated.

Having thus described my invention What In testimony whereof I aflix my signature I claim is: this 17th day of June, 1919.

The method of preparing a motor fuel ALBERT HAYES.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4682984 *Sep 2, 1983Jul 28, 1987Epler Alan HDiesel fuel additive
US4723963 *Jul 21, 1986Feb 9, 1988Exxon Research And Engineering CompanyFuel having improved cetane
US6599336 *Apr 25, 2001Jul 29, 2003Yoshiro HamadaLow pollution fuel
Classifications
U.S. Classification44/446
International ClassificationC10L1/14, C10L1/16, C10L1/18
Cooperative ClassificationC10L1/1824, C10L1/14, C10L1/1852, C10L1/1608
European ClassificationC10L1/14