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Publication numberUS1365869 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 18, 1921
Filing dateOct 10, 1919
Priority dateOct 10, 1919
Publication numberUS 1365869 A, US 1365869A, US-A-1365869, US1365869 A, US1365869A
InventorsRobert Temple
Original AssigneeRobert Temple
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Rxplosively-actuated penetrating means
US 1365869 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

R. TEMPLE'. ExPLoslvELv AcIuATe Pimm/WING MEANS. v APPLICAYION FILEVD OCT. l0. 1919. Y n lsg Patented Jan. 18, 19211..y l

uNlTED STATESv nomma TEMPLE, or BnomLnY, ENGLAND.

EXPLOSIVELY-AGTUATED PENETRATING MEANS.

Speoicstionof Letters Patent.

Patented Jan. is, 1921.

Application led October 10, 1919; `Serial No. 829,795.

To all whom t may coneem:

Be it known that I, Ronlrr TEMPLE, a subject of the Kino' of Great Britain, residin f at Bromley, in the county or' Kent, Englan have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Explosivel -Actuated Penctrating Means, of which t e vfollowing 1s a specification.

This invention relates to improvements in explosively actuated penetrating means and has for its object to provide a new and improved device comprising a penetratin member, an explosive actuating charge, an means to detonate the explosive charge, in combination with other structural features hereinafter described.

My invention is especially adapted for use in submarine work, for example, where it is desirable to aix repair plates or the like to the hull of a vessel in a minimum of time and with a minimum of eii'ort,"or where it is desirable to attach projecting means to the hull of the vessel to which or'by which may be secured lines. There vare'nnrnerous other uses to which my invention can' be put.

The embodiment of my invention illustrated in the drawings comprises principally a holder, a barrel and a projectile aflixing member, consisting of a member adapted to bc projected by an'explosive charge into thc metal sheet or body to which it is to be affixed.

Another object of my invention consists in providing a device of the character described in which one holder may be utilized with any number of barrels and projectiles so that the user may attach a new barrel with projectile contained therein with a simple operation.

Another object consists in the provision of mechanism of the character described, in which the user will be' protected from concussion under water.-

These and other objects will'bc more fully described and set forth in the following specification and shown in the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure l is a vertical cross section through a structure lembodyingmy invention, showing the same located against the side of a vessel preliminary to attachment of the missile.

Fig. 2 is a detail showing'the penetration of the projectile after actuation.

Fig. 3 is a transverse horizontal section along the line 3-3 of Fig. 1.",

' mit iow of the line of Fig. 1.

Like characters refer to like elements throughout the drawings, in which a desi `natos what I term the barrel. Located in t e barrel 1s an alxmg projectile member which comprises a fastening means arranged to penetrate'the body to which it is to be attached. This projectile comprises the element b shown as tapered and having spiral grooves to facllitate penetration, and to perenetrated metal into the groove to secure t e rojectile in its aiiixed position, this projecti e being preferably constructed of hlghly tempered steel or the like. Located above/the projectile b is the cup b1 closely fitting the bore of the barrel a, provided with a cup shaped depression forming relatively thin-walls b2. Extending through the bottom of the cup b1 and engaging the upper portlon'A of the projectile b is 4the threaded screw c which normally secures the -projectile b to the cup b as shown'in Fig. l.

An explosive charge of predetermined quan? tity and explosive force indicated by the letter d 1s carried in the cup b1. Located above thc cup secure to the cup b1 and projectile b by Fi 4 is a similar section taken along the b1 Visthe detonator block e normally means of the screw c. `Located. between the detonator block e and the cup b1 above the tough material, such as copper or the like. The barrel ais slightly enlarged to accommodate the block e, forming a shoulder e2 on which the disk g rests as shown in Fig. 1. This detonator block e is provided with a cup or depression inwhich 1s mounted a detonator f, a firing hole e1 leading from the detonator chamber to the explosive charge d.

Located above lthe block e and detonator f is a disk k of copper or the like secured in place by the threaded plug i, which engages a threadedportion of the bore of the barrel a. This lug i is centrally apertured at 'i2 and provlded with a cross slot 2'. for engage .centrally pertured- .0r bored t0 fewer-the,

end of the holder and provided with a longi- `tu inal slot k2 on the lnterior iu which may sli le the lug Z on the sleeve Z. This slot k2 terminates above the bottom of the holder 1 5 und prevents withdrawal of the barrel after onvageineut of sleeve Z with plug The ho der Z: is further provided with an enlarged portion 708 in which is pivotally mounted a detent m mouutedupon the pin IO m1 and havmg a hooked end m2 lnormally engaging the top of the sleeve Z as shown in Fig. l, being maintained in such position by the spring m3 and removable from such position by the handle portion m* which projects outside of the holder k. Screwed into the top of the latter is the handle 7:'1

which also serves to maintain the firing rodjl in the holder inthe seat provided b 'the shoulder i as shown' in Fig. 1. This ring rod is provided' with a firing pin portion y' of considerabl smaller diameter thanythe firing rod andy small opening z" in the bottom of plug' z. A

coiled spring a is located in the holder-'7c f '25 and extends between the top of sleeve Z and.

' the bottom of the firing rod jl as shown in Fig. 1. An aperture 7c is provided'in the upper portion of the barrel av to" permit evress of water from the holder k in actuation of the device.'

The'exte'rior of the barrel a, at the muzzle is externally threaded and engaged by the nut q which is internally apertured to '.iiorin a prolongation of the bore ot the barrel a of less diameter for a purpose to be hereinafter described.v An4 internal shoulder q2 is provided inthe nut g in which is seated a isk g1 of copper, or the like nminally clos-- ing the bottom of the bore oi thc barrel 40 against ingress of water, the upper portion of the bore being sealed by the disk L. Lo-

cated between the disk 91 and the muzzle of the barrel a is the block o 'centrally apertured to form a reduced continuation'of the bore of the barrel and' secured in place by the nut g. v The block o is provided' with a seat 01 and also serves to maintain a disk y) heldy against the muzzle of the barrel a., this disk p being centrally aperti-nedl at p1 to permit relatively easy penetration thereof by the projectile b.

. In the use of my device, for example,

where it is desired t'o secure. a repair plate 'r to a side r1 of a ship or some other submerged body, the holder and muzzle be- 'ing in assembled relation, as shown in Fig. 1, are placed by the user with the end 'of the nut g against plate r which may have a predrilled hole therethrough after which,

o'while grasping the handle k1 the user may disengage the detent 'm from engagement with the top of the sleeve Z, after which the holder c may be forced downwardly' upon the barrel a against the action of th'e s )ring u'ntil'theiring' pin j strikes the disk ,de-

capable of penetrating the- -pressure off the explosive charge until same has built up'tofa desired point, when the screw c will fracture at the notched portionl c1 and the rojectle b with the cup b* will be projected) downwardly 'in the bore of thel barrel a as viewed i n Fig. 1. The sides of the cup b1 being comparatively thin. -will be maintained in close contact with the bore so owing to the expansionI of the. gases, and as l have constructed the cup b1 and the p1o. 'ectile Z) of relatively small mass, they will e rapidly driven thro-ugh the bore of the barrel a, the projectile b passing' through 85 disks p and (j and through the plate fr and side of the vessel r1.' As the projectile and cup arel a proaching the final position shown in 1g'. 2, the bottom of the cup- 'b1 will strike the. copper disk p and he ref.. tarded thereby during. a vrelatively short distance of travel until the bottomof the cup 711 is seated upon the shoulder o1 of block o. When the travel of the cup b1 is terminated ,i

y bv the shoulder o1, the force of the projec holder Ic and be unscrewed from the top of plug t', after which the holder and sleeveI Z may be removed andV a new barrel with projectile, etc., substituted.

l'n the initial assembly of the structureVllO 'v ,the plug i may be engaged by a screw driver in the slot i and rotated to assembled position. As stated before, the disks h and q maintain lthe bore of the barrel a free from water,

l thereby preventing'l dampening of the eX- plosive charge. -Also the impact or concussion from the explosion will not transmitted to the water or to a diver -or other user, this being prevented aty one end of the bore of the barrel by the disk lzy and the other 'end bythe cup b1 and the projectile -b as viewed in Figa 2'.'

I yThis device' is vcapable 'ofnse' not only where it lis desired to attachrepair or other' 125 plates to the sideof a vessel or the like but also where it is desired to aliixy lines, -cables,

or ythe like, for various purposes', in which event it is only necessary to place the end of the barrel against the-side-o the 'body .130

i, into which the projectile is to be driven, as

will be obvious. In this manner laborious and time-consuming drilling, riveting or the like is avoided.

It will also be obvious that there are many other uses to which my invention may be put, and many modifications and improvements-Which may be made, so that I do not wish to be restricted to the use or form shown in the accompanying drawings and described in the specification, except as defined in the appended claims.

vWhat I claim is:

. 1. In a device of the class described, an affixing member, means to carry said mcm ber, and means to affix it to a body, said last named means comprising an explosive charge.

2. In a device of the class described, anl

afiixing member, means to carry said member, and means to afiix it to a body, said last named means comprising an explosive charge carried by said afiixing member.

In a device of the class described, an

vai'ixing member, means to carry said member, means to afiix it to a body, said last named' means comprising an explosive charge, and means to explode said charge.

1. In combination, a barrel member, a projectile for attachment to a body, carried by said barrel member, a holder, and means to detachably secure said barrel member to said holder.

5. In combination, a barrel member, a projectile carried thereby for attachment to a body, an explosive charge, and means to explode said charge to cause said projectile member to penetrate and become. embedded in said body.

v6.4 In a device of the class described, a projectile, means carrying said projectile,

and means to actuate said projectile to penetrate and become embedded in a body and thereby secure said carrying means to said body.

7. In combination, a barrel member, means to secure said barrel member to a metal body or the like, said means comprising a penetrating projectile and an explosive charge coacting with said projectile upon explosion to cause the same to penetrate and become embedded in said metal body.

and a projectile member constructed to pass through said barrel bore and partially through the reduced bore of. said member.

1.0. In a device of the class described, a barrel 4member, and a projectile mounted th'erein, said projectile being provided with a cup.

11. In a device of the class described, a barrel member, a projectile mounted therein, said projectile being provided with a cup, and an explosive charge carried by said cup.

12. In a device et the classidescribed, a barrel member, a projectile mounted therein, said projectile being provided with a cup, an explosive charge carried by said cup, und a threaded member normally securing said projectile to said cup.

13. In a device of the class described, a barrel member, a projectile mounted therein, said projectile being provided with a cup, an explosive charge carried by said cup, a threaded member normally securing said projectile 'to said cup, and a detonatingbloclr carrying a detoiiator and located in said barrel ladjacent said cu 14. In a device of tiie class described, a barrel member, a projectile mounted therein, said project-ile being provided With a cup, an explosive charge carried by said cup, a threaded member normally securing said projectile to said cup, and a detonating block carrying a detonator and located in said barrel adjacent said cup, said threaded member also securing said detouator block to said cup and projectile.

"15. In a device of the class described, a'

barrel member a projectile mounted therein, said projectile being provided with a cup, an

explosive charge carried by said cup, a

threaded member normally securing said projectile to said cup, and a detonating lock carrying a detonator and located in said barrel adjacent said cup, said threaded member also securing said detonating block to said cup and projectile, and being provided with a portion of reduced size to permit breaking thereof when the explosive force of said explosive has reached the desired amount.

16. In a device of the class described, a

vbarrel having a bore, 'a projectile carrying said bore, means to drive said projectileV through said bore, said means comprising a charge of explosive, and a removable disk sealing said explosive in said bore.

17. In a device of the class described, a barrel member, a detonatoi' block carried therein, an explosive charge carried in said barrel, means to seal said detoiiator and explosive charge in said barrel, said means coinprisinfr a disk of metal, and means to secure sai( disk in sealing' position. said last named means comprising a threaded plug.`

18. In a device oi 4the class described, a-

barrel member, a detonator block carried therein, an explosive charge carried in said barrel, means to seal said detonator` and explosive charge in said barrel, said means comprising a disk ol metal, and means to secure said disk in sealing,` position, said last named means comprising a. threaded plug, said plug beinkgr provided with an aperture.

19. In a device of the class described, a barrel member a detonatorv block ,carried therein, an explosive charge carried in said barrel, means to seal said detonator and explosive charge in said barrel, said means comprising; a disk of metal', means to secure said disk in sealing position, said last named means com prising a threaded plug', said plug being,r provided with an aperture, and a liring pin dcpressible relative to said block to pass through the aperture therein and del'- onato said dctonator.

20. In a device of the class described, a.

barrel having a bore, a projectile carried 21. In a device of the class described, a

barrel having a bore, a projectile carried therein, an explosive carrying member and a detonator` a metal disk sealing one end of said bore adjacent said detonator, a second disk sealing,lr the other end of said bore, and means to secure said disks in sealing position, said means comprising a threaded plug; coacting with said disk adjacent said detonator and a threaded nut member coacting with said other disk.

22. In a device of the class described, a barrel having a bore, a projectile member located therein, a cup carried thereby, means to expel said projectile through said bore, and means to retard said projectile adjacent the muzzle of said bore.

23. In a device of the class described, a barrel having` a bore, a projectile member located therein, a cup carried thereby, means to expel said projectile through said bore, and means to retard said projectile adjacent the muzzle of said bore, said means comprising a shoulder engaging and arrestingr said cup.

24. In a device of the class described, a barrel havin a bore, a rojectile member located therein, a cup carrled thereby. means to expel said projectile through said bore, means l'o retard said projectile adjacent the muzzle of said bore, said means comprising al shoulder engaging and arresting said cup` and a metal disk located adjacent said shoulder and engageable by said cup prior to the arresting of the latter by said shoulder.

25. In combination, a barrel having a bore, a projectile carried in said bore, a centrally apertured holder, said barrel being slidahly mounted. in said holder, and means to normally prevent reciprocation of said barrel and said holder.

' 26. In combination, a barrel having a bore, a projectile carried in said bore, a cen. 70 trall apertured holder, said barrel being slida ly mounted in said holder, and means to normally prevent reciproeation of said barrc'l and Said holder, said last named means comprising ay detent.

.27. In combination, a ,barrel having av bore, a projectile carried in said bore,A a centrally apcrtured holder, said barrel being'slidably mounted in said holder, means to normally prevent reciprocation of said..80 barrel and said holder, said means compris-l ingr a detent, and means to normally maintain said detent in operative position.

28. In combination, a barrel having a bore, a projectile carried in said bore, a, centrally apertured holder, said barrel being slidably mounted in said holder, and means resisting movement of said barrel and said holder.

29. In combination, a barrel having am) bore, a projectile Carried in said bore, a centrally apertured holder, said barrel being slidably mounted in said holder, and means resisting movement of said barrel and said holder, said means comprising a coiled sprinf.

30. In combination., a barrel having a bore, a projectile carried in said bore, a centrally apertured holder, said barrel being slidably mounted in said holder, and a firiup; rd carried by said holder. l

31j. In a device of the class described, a holder member comprising a centrally apertured cylinder, a handle portion carried. thereby, and a firing rod mounted in said aperture.

32. In combination, abarrel member having a bore, a pro-jectile mounted in said bore, a detonator and explosive charge located in said bore, a holder, said barrel being slidably mounted in said holder, and means to normally prevent sliding Vof said barrel in said holder.

In combination, a barrel member havingr a bore, a projectile mounted in said bore. a detonator and explosive charge located in said bore, a holder, said `barrel being slidably mounted in said holder, and means to normally prevent slidingr of said barrel in Said holder, said means compris- ',120 ing a sleeve member carried by said barrel, said barrel being* provided with a slot, said sleeve member being provided with a lun' sliding in said slot. Y

34. In combination, a barrel member hav# ing,r a bore,'aprojectile mounted in said bore. a dctonator and explosive charge located in said bore, a holder, said barrel being slidably mounted yin said holder,

Ill() means to ynormallyl` preventsliding of saidbarrel in said holder, said means comprising a sleeve member carried by said barrel, said barrel being provided `with a slot, said. sleeve member being provided with a lug sliding in said slot, and a threaded plug securing said detonator and explosive charge in assembled relation, said plug securing said sleeve to said barrel.

35. In a device of the class described, a barrel having a bore, a projectile mounted thereina cup, a threaded member securing said cup to said projectile, means to expel said projectile and cup through said bore,

and means to arrest said cup prior to the completion of movement of'said projectile.

36. In a device of the class described, a barrel having a bore, a projectile mounted therein, a cup, a threaded member securing said cup to said projectile, means to expel said projectile cup through said bore, means to arrest said cup prior to the completion of movement of said projectile, and means to finally arrest said projectile.

In testimony whereof, I have subscribed my name.

v j ROBERT TEMPLE.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2470117 *Nov 24, 1943May 17, 1949Portable Ind IncGun and projectile therefor
US2557448 *May 13, 1944Jun 19, 1951Graviner Manufacturing CoExplosive device for use in fire fighting equipment systems and the like
US2593506 *Jul 19, 1944Apr 22, 1952George F WalesMethod and apparatus for punching materials with screws and lodging same therein
US2659273 *Aug 16, 1948Nov 17, 1953John O BlackmonHarpoon
US2666252 *Apr 20, 1949Jan 19, 1954Temple Velocity Equipment IncMethod for fastening sheet material to supports
US2729260 *Nov 6, 1952Jan 3, 1956Gen ElectricScrew locked by deforming pin
US2925602 *Jan 12, 1955Feb 23, 1960Olin MathiesonFastener arresting device for power actuated tool
US2925604 *Aug 28, 1956Feb 23, 1960Olin MathiesonSafety control means for explosively actuated tools
US2936194 *Jul 8, 1957May 10, 1960Zaech EmileShip and submarine salvaging device
US2944261 *May 4, 1955Jul 12, 1960SchulzMethod of driving studs into bodies by high pressure gases
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US3565312 *Oct 27, 1969Feb 23, 1971Mine Safety Appliances CoExplosively driven stud unit
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US5518161 *Mar 22, 1995May 21, 1996Illinois Tool Works, Inc.Impact actuated tool with configurable muzzle for driving varying length fasteners
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US8505797 *Nov 16, 2010Aug 13, 2013The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The ArmySound-suppressed, powder-actuated stud driver
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US20050121487 *Sep 30, 2004Jun 9, 2005Johann BuechelHand-held setting tool
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DE952789C *Sep 5, 1951Nov 22, 1956Maschb Hilti O H GSchiessvorrichtung fuer Verankerungsgeschosse
DE969590C *Apr 27, 1951Jun 19, 1958Hammerwerk Richard NaescherVorrichtung zum Einschiessen von Stahlduebeln, Bolzen oder anderen Befestigungsmitteln in Mauerwerk, Eisentraeger u. dgl.
DE1210747B *May 29, 1962Feb 10, 1966Anstalt Fuer Montage TechnikVerfahren und Vorrichtung zur Herstellung von Loechern im Erdboden
Classifications
U.S. Classification227/9, 411/440, 89/1.15, 123/24.00A, 102/517, 60/636, 42/106, 89/1.14
International ClassificationB63C11/52
Cooperative ClassificationB63C11/52
European ClassificationB63C11/52