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Publication numberUS1366462 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 25, 1921
Filing dateDec 5, 1919
Priority dateDec 5, 1919
Publication numberUS 1366462 A, US 1366462A, US-A-1366462, US1366462 A, US1366462A
InventorsHugh Johnson Jay
Original AssigneeHugh Johnson Jay
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Gage for laying shingles
US 1366462 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

- j. H. JOHNSON.

GAGE FOR LAYING SHINGLES. APPLICATION FILED 050.5,1919.

1,366,462. Patented Jan. 25,1921.

2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.

J. H. JOHNSON. GAGE FOR LAYING SHINGLES.

APPLICATION FILED DEC.5, I9l9. 1,366,462.

Patented Jan. 25, 1921.

2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.

J33 g cz a (346 C D1 J H D E? E? E6 avwanto'u UNlT ED STATES PATENT ornce.

JAY noon JOHNSON, or KNOXVILLE, ENNESSEE.

GAG-E FOR LAYING SHINGLES.

Application filed December 5, 1819. Serial No. 342,760.

' Knoxville, in the county of Knox and State last course and to constitute a of Tennessee, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Gages for Laying Shingles, of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawing. p

My improvement relates particularly to a gage structure which is to be applied to a course of shingles already laid and to present a part in proper position to receive against it the lower ends of the next course of shingles.

The object of my invent on 15 to provlde such a structure in a form adapted to be easily and effectively attached in the working position and afterward released and again attached. A further ob ect of the invention is to provide a structure which may be built at moderate cost and which, when applied in position to the last course of shingles, will not extend into the working space and thereby offer hindrance to the rapid laying and attaching of shingles for the next course. 7

In the accompanying drawings,

Figure 1 is a plan of an apparatus embodying my improvement, parts being broken away; 7 7

Fig. 2 is a rear elevation of the locking mechanism shown at the left hand end of Fig. 1, parts being broken away,

Fig. 3 is an upright section on the line, 3-3, of Fig. 1, looking toward the right;

.Fig. A is an upright section on the line,

4-4, of Fig. 1, looking in the direction of the arrow Fig. 5 is a section on the line, 5-5, of Fig. 1, looking in the direction of the arrow.

Referring to said drawings, A, is a bar extending thro'ughoutthe length of the apparatus.v A strip, B, of sheet metal is of the same length as the bar, A, and is bent to form a horizontal'part, B resting upon the upper face of the bar, A, and a part, B ex tending downward over the forward edge of the bar, A, and a rib, B extending forward from the lower edge of the part, B and adapted to rest upon the shingles of the ledge upon which shingles for the next course may rest. This sheet metal strip is secured to the bar,

A, by means of bolts, A and A Near each 7 end of the bar, A, ahorizontal U-shape yoke,

C, is applied to thebar, A. Said yoke is ,formed of strap iron arranged in upright planes, excepting that the ends of the yoke are turned into a common horizontal plane and applied against the lower face of the bar, A, and secured by the bolts, A said bolts passing through said ends and said bar and the sheet metal strip, B, and securing the three members to each other.

A tongue, D, extends forward beneath the rear part of the yoke and has an upward extension, D overlapping the rear face of the yoke. A bolt, D extends through an aperture, D in the yoke and said extension and binds the latter to the yoke. In the yoke there is another aperture, D located lower down. If the tongue is to be set lower, the bolt, D is extended through the lower of said apertures. The forward end of the tongue, D, is made chisel-form, the edge beat the lower face of the tongue. Thus the tongue is adapted to be pushed forward beneath the lower ends of the course of shingles which was last laid. The distance be tween the upright part, B of the sheet metal strip, B, and the upward extension of the tongue, D equals the distance between the ends of adjacent courses of shingles, so that when the tongue, D, is pushed beneath the last course of shingles until the lower ends of said shingles bear against the upward extension, D the part, B of the strip, B, will be in the right position to receive the lower ends of the new course of shingles. When the gage has been put into this position, it is to be secured against movement until after the next course of shingles has been laid and secured in position. The mechanism for securing the gage will now be described.

In each arm of the yoke which is the nearer the middle of the gage there is a horizontal slot, C and attached to the oppo- At the middle of the gage a bracket, E is secured to the bar, A, and the sheet metal strip, B, by the bolts, A A hand lever, E

is pivoted to the bracket, E, by means of a turned in the horizontal plane in one direction, the two bars, E, are drawn endwise toward the middle of the gage and when the hand lever is turned in the opposite di- .-rection, the bars, E, are moved from each other endwise. I

Within each yoke, C, a U-shape roller supporting yoke, E, is supported on the bar, E, thearms of the yoke being directed downward. An upright bolt, E extends through said yoke and the bar, E, and secures the yoke immovably to the bar. Each arm ofeach yoke has a horizontal bearing, E", in which rests the journal, E of a roller, E on account of the different elevations between the'slot, G and the slot, endwise movement of the bars, E, will change the elevations of the rollers, E the rollers being forced downward when the bars, E, E, are moved toward the middle of the gage and the rollers being raised wl the bars, E, E, are moved in the opposite direction.

The operation of the apparatus is follows:

The long end of the hand lever, E having been pushed to the left, whereby the bars, E, are put into their outer positions and the rollers, E are put into the raised positions, the gage is applied to the last laid course of shingles, the tongues, D, being pushed under the lower end of the shingles until said ends bear against the upward extension, D of said tongue. Then the hand lever, E is shifted rightward until the rollers, E bear firmly upon the shingles which rest upon the tongues, D. By this means the gage is secured in its new and working position.

It is to be observed that the faces of the rollers, E, are not dragged over the faces of the shingles, but that the rollers in their traverse make a rolling contact with the faces of the shingles. Thus injury to the shingles by the clamping of the gage there- 7 to is avoided.

length, the gage can be put into position by a single forward movement of the entire as described.

gage and a single sidewise movement of the hand lever. Y

I claim as my invention,

1. In an apparatus of the nature described, the combination of an elongated member presenting an edge against which the ends of shingles may be laid, clamping mechanism attached to said member and comprising a tongue adapted to extend beneath a laid course of shingles and a roller located above the tongue and adapted to be moved bodily to different elevations, substantially 2. In an apparatus of the nature described, the combination of an elongated member presenting an edge against which the ends of shingles maybe laid, clamping mechanism attached to said member and comprising a tongue adapted to extend beneath a laid course of shingles,a roller located above the tongue, and a roller support held for shifting in a path inclined to the upper face of the scribed.

3.1n an apparatus of the nature described, the combination of an elongated member presenting an edge against which the ends of shingles maybe laid, two clamping mechanisms attached to said member and each comprising a tongue adapted to extend beneath a laid course of shingles and a roller located above the tongue and adapted to be moved bodily to different elevations relative to the tongue, substantially as described. v

at. In an apparatus of the nature described, the combination of an elongated member pr senting an edge against which the ends of shingles may be laid, two clamping mechanisms attachec to said member and each comprising a tongue adapted to extend beneatha laid course of shingles,

-' a roller, and a roller support held for shifting in a pathinclined to the upper face of the tongue, substantially as described.

5. In an apparatus of the nature described, the combination of an elongated member presenting an edge against which the ends or shingles may be laid, two clamping mechanismsattached to said member and each comprising a tongue adapted to extend beneath a laid course of sh1ngles,'a roller lo,- cated above each tongue, and means for bodily shifting said rollers toward and from said tongue, substantially as described.

6: In an apparatus of the nature described,

tongue, substantially as do the combination of an elongated member 7 presenting an edge against which the ends of shingles may be laid, two clamping mechanisms attached to said member and each comprising a tongue adapted to extend beneath a laid course of shingles, a roller located above each tongue,'and meansfor simultaneously bodily shifting said rollers tothe combination of an elongated member presenting an edge against which the ends of shingles may be laid, two clamping mechanisms attached to said member and each comprising a tongue adapted to extend beneath a laid course of shingles, a roller, a roller support held for shifting in a path inclined to the upper face of the tongue, and means for simultaneously shifting said supports, substantially as described.

9. In an apparatus of the nature described, the combination of an elongated member presenting an edge against which the ends of shingles may be laid, clamping mechanism attached to said member and comprismg a tongue adapted to extend beneath a v laid course of shingles, an upper clamping member adapted to bear downward, an upper clamping member support inclined to the upper face of the tongue, and means for moving said inclined member endwise, substantially as described.-

10. In an apparatus of the nature described, the combination of an elongated member presenting an edge against which the ends of shingles may be laid, a pivoted hand lever, two clamping mechanisms attached to said member and each comprising a tongue adapted to extend beneath a laid course of shingles, an upper clamping member adapted to bearrdownward, and an upper clamping member support inclined to the upper face of the tongue, said support being connected with the hand lever at opposite sides of its pivot, substantially as described.

11. In an apparatus of the nature described, the combination of an elongated member presenting an edge against which the ends of shingles may be laid, a yoke attached to said membeiya tongue adapted to extend beneath the last laid course of shingles, a roller located above the tongue, and a roller support which is inclined to the upper face of the tongue and shiftable endwise, substantially as described.

12. In an apparatus of the nature described, the combination of an elongated member presenting an edge against which the ends of shingles may be laid, a yoke attached to said member, a tongue supported by said yoke and adapted to extend beneath a laid course'of shingles, and a roller located above the tongue and supported by the yoke and adapted to be moved to different elevations relative to the tongue, substantially as described.

13. In .an apparatus of the nature described, the combination of an elongated member presenting an edge against which the ends of shingles may be laid, two yokes attached to said member, two tongues adapted to extend beneath the last laid course of shingles, a roller located above each tongue, and for each of said rollers, a support which is inclined relative to the upper face of the tongue and is endwise shiftable, substantially as described.

14:. In an apparatus of the nature described, the combination of an elongated member having an edge against which the ends of shingles may be laid and a ledge upon which said shingles may rest, and a clamping mechanism attached to said member and adapted to engage the upper and lower faces of the shingles of a lald course, substantially as described.

In testimony whereof I have signed my name this 25th day of November, in the year one thousand nine hundred and nineteen.

JAY HUGH JOHNSON.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5018279 *Apr 20, 1990May 28, 1991Williams Clarence FStrip shingle alignment tool
US7841101Sep 26, 2008Nov 30, 2010Thompson Glen ARoofing installation apparatus
US8479474May 27, 2008Jul 9, 2013John P. Chestnut, JR.Shingle installation device
Classifications
U.S. Classification33/649
International ClassificationE04D15/00, E04D15/02
Cooperative ClassificationE04D15/025
European ClassificationE04D15/02T