Apparatus and method oe constructing walls
US 1368131 A
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1. s. FLUQR. 'APPARATUS AND METHGD OF CONSTRUCTING WAL. 5.
APPLICATION FILED OCT. I6, 19I9.
' Patented Feb a www@ CIW A TTORNEY` J. S. FLUOR.
APPARATUS AND METHOD 0F CONSTRUCTING WALLS' APPLICATION FILED ocT. I6, I9I9.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
ATTORNEYS JOHN SI1V.'L01\l'k FLUOR, 0F SANTA ANA, CALIFORNIA.
APPARATUS AND METHOD OF CONSTRUCTINKG WALLS.
' Specification of Letters Patent.
rat-enten Feb. s, 1921.
Application :filed October 16, 1919. Serial No. 331,224.
To all 'whom it may concern: y
Be it known that I, JOHN SIMON FLUon, a citizen of the United States, residing at Santa Ana, in the -county of Grange and State of California, have invented new and useful Improvements in Apparatus and Ifiethods of Constructing Walls, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to wall, floor, panel or other monolithic cement construction and has for its object to provide an improved method for the simplification of the construction of monolithic walls of cement, and also to provide a monolithic wall or parti tion structure that is at once constructible at comparatively small expense and which will be rigid and that can Vbe constructed in successive stages as its area may require, and the invention consists of the methodand the wall apparatus as will be described more particularly hereinafter.
Figure l is a perspective view of monolithic standards as erected in the practice of the method of building a wall.
Fig. 2 is a central longitudinal section through one of the monolithic standards showing the reinforcement embedded therein.
Fig. 3 is a sectional view of a modified form of the standard.
Fig, 4 is a detail sectional view illustrat-` ing the foundation on which the base or foot of a standard is erected.-
Fig. 5 is a perspective view of a wall in the course of lconstruction according to the method herein set forth.y
Fig. 6 is a detail transverse section on a vertical plane through a portion of the wall and the mold apparatus associated there- With. v l Y According to my method for constructing a monolithic cement panel or wall I first produce a longitudinal monolithic" member hereinafter termed the standard, although it is to be understood that such term is not to be interpreted as limiting the character of the use of the member. This standard, in its embodiment shown in Figs. 1 and y2, comprises substantially parallel spaced parts 2-2 of suitable transverse sectional area andv proportions in which, during the process'of their manufacture, there are embedded suitable reinforcing means as rods 3, Fig. 2; these parallel side parts being transversely integrally connected as by Aties 4 spaced at suitable intervals along thev length Y of the standardand each of suitable thickness and length according to the purpose for Y whichl the standard may be utilized; and when `the standards are to serve as columns, in the formation of a vertical wall,the foot end of the column or standardmay beprovided with enlargements or toes 55 to series of ,which may be arranged insuitabley relation as in a vertical plane shown in Fig.
l. K In addition to the longitudinally extending reinforcing rods or means 3 other transverse reinforcing members 3a may kbe ,utilized to increase the strength and rigidity of the standards.
In Fig. 3 there is illustrated a modified' form of standard or post construction in which the side bars or elements 2 are spaced `'from' each other a suitable distance, and instead of being integrally connected as ybythe ties 4L- of cement are connected only by transverse reinforcing or v.connecting ironsor rods 4t.
. `VV'ith a wall of given thickness, vheight and vlength tof he erected, a series yof the coly umns or standards is emplaced kinthe foundation 6 and reinforcing material asthe vertical and horizontal rods8 and 9 are fabricated onthe erected columns, Lthe horizontal rods, for instance, being supported upon the upper horizontal edges of the transverse ties` Por rodsll".v as the case may be.,` c v `Any suitable false work to temporarily support the columns or standards 'may be employed kwhen they are set upright, and
these temporarybraces are indicated at B` pieces` of timber'` suitably disposed and anchoredy or connected to each" ofthe col# umns as by bolts'C lwhich may be-passed through the interstices along the standards and mounted in cross 'blocks D. Along the `upper 'ends of the erectedstanda'rds there.
may berun a temporary tie in the form of pieces of timber EL which may be nailed to capi blocks F wired orotherwise removably connected on' the upper ends ofthe columns asatGr.-` f.
Having thus erected and bracedv a` series y of columnsv or standardsto be' embedded in a finished concrete wall'l there is thenv4 laid alongthe outer faces,l of thestandards kS' a in Fig. 5.
In the first step of casting the Wall the mold sections 10 are rested upon the top surtace ot the-foundation G and secured Vvertically against the outer sidel `:t'aces o" the standards S as by Wires 11 and 12 which can be run through aperturesprovided therefor in the mold boards or sections and twisted on the opposite sides as at 13. 'Each oi' the mold board sections is shown 'as comprising a plurality of planks or other sheet vInaterial forming a plane inside face and they are reinforced and braced along the outside face by upright cleats 14. To further stiften 'up the mold board sectionslongitudinal cleats or strips 15 can be laid against the i s outer faces 'of the upright cleats 14; and these suitably grouted or tamped to the desired degree orsolidity, and when this i'irst and lowermost iilling has hardened the fastening wires ,11 and 19 are clipped to release the mold board sections 10-'10 which may then be elevated a suitable distance or to such a degree that their lower edges will stand slightly below the top surface of the first filling between the standards in which position they are secured by the Wires liand 12 as shown in Fig. 6.
ln ,order to supperu the Weight or' the mold board sections 10 as they are successively vertically erected, any suitable temporary supporting inv ns` be employed represented here as light strips 2O 'or Wood or other material which may be jacked up under the lower edge ofthe continuous inold forming series of panels 10. @bviously the space Abetween the mold boards is airain filled o with cementitious lmate 1ral Whic l n is properly tamped7 and after it has suliciently hardened the mold board apparatus is again detached and raised to a higher positionand Vagain jacked'up by the strips 2OA as above described.
. `This successive elevationv or' the mold boards to different stagesivill be repeated until the entire Wall has been erected to the top of the standards S after Which the mold boards maybe removed to be used again.
vItwill be understood thatvthe temporary bracing willV be removed after the Wall forming cement has been inserted to a suiiicient height to stabilize the upright standards r. Y
Obviously, instead ot' using Wire ties 11 and 12, as shown in Fig. 6, any suitable tie device mightV be used as, for instance, bolts or rods which it is not necessary to show.
Various changes may be made Without departing from the spirit of my invention as claimed.
l claim: Y
1. The method of building a monolithic cement Wall or other structure, which consists o' iirst preparing suitable standards of cement for forming supports, erecting the said standards, emplacing andshoring the said standards; erecting molding apparatus against and along the opposite sides ot the erected standards to form a mold chamber; fabricating reinforcement upon and along the said erected standards; and i'illing the mold chamber with plastic cement mixture so as to permanently embed the said standards and. form therewith a monolithic Wall.
2. The method of building a monolithic cement Wall or other structure, which consists of first preparing suitable standards ot cement Vfor forming supports; erecting the said standards, Yemplacing and shoring the said standards and embedding their bases in plastic cementitious material erecting mold ing apparatus against and along the opposite sides of the erected standards to torni a .mold chamber; fabricating reinforcement ards; erecting molding apparatus against and along the opposite sides of the erected standards to 'form mold chamber; fabrieating reinforcement Vupon and along the said yerected standards; and `filling the mold rchamber with plastic cement mixture so as to permanently embed the said standards and form therewith a monolithic Wall.
Li. The method of building a monolithic cement VWall or other structure, -Which con- V sists of first preparing suitable standards of cement 'having spacedlongitudinal side Ybars which are transversely connected lfor forming supports; erecting the said stand- Yards,'ernplacing and shoring the said standards; erecting'vmolding apparatus against and along the opposite sides of the erected standards to for-ma mold chamber; fabrieating reinforcement uponv and along the said erected standards; and rrilling the mold chamber with plastic cement mixture S0 as to permanently embed the said standards and form therewith a monolithic wall, cersaid standards, emplacing and shoring the said standards; erecting molding apparatus against and along the opposite sides oi the erected standards to form a mold chamber; fabricating reinforcement upon and along the said erected standards; and filling the mold chamber with plastic cement mixture so as to permanently embed the' said standards and form therewith a monolithic wall and in successive steps dismantling the mold apparatus and advancing it to successive stages following the setting of a previously filled stage in which the set cement forms a bottoni for the next upper stage.
6. The method of building a monolithic cement wall or other structure, which consists of first preparing suitable standards of cement for forming supports; erecting the said standards, emplacing and shoring the said standards; erecting sectional molding apparatus against and along the opposite sides of the erected standards to form a mold chamber; fabricating reinforcement f upon and along the said erected standards; rand filling the mold chamber with plastic cement mixture so as to permanently embed the said standards and form therewith a monolithic wall; and after the first lilling has set, individually raising each section to a successive stage at which the set cement forms a bottom and securing the respective sections in alinement to opposite sides of n the said standards by the wires passed across its wall; and later, clipping the wires to re lease the sections without removing the wires so that they reinforce the wall. i
7. The method of building a monolithic cement wall or other structure, which consiste ot' irst preparing suitable standards of cement for forming supports; erecting the said standards, emplacing and shoring the said standards; erecting molding apparatus against and along the opposite sides of the erected standards to form a mold chamber; fabricating reinforcement upon and, along the said erected standards; filling the mold chamber with plastic cement mix ture so as to permanently embed the said standards and form therewith a monolithic wall, and jacking the mold apparatus by inserting along the lower edge thereof jack members which gage and determine the successive positions of the mold.
8. Means for constructing a wall or other monolithic structure ci cement,`comprising cement standards permanently erected in a series of given alinement and forming supports; means for temporarily shoring the standards; and temporary mold apparatus secured to opposite sides or' the series of standards to form therebetween mold space.
9. Means for constructing a wall or other monolithic structure of cement, comprising cement standards permanently erected in a series of given alinement and forming supy ports; means for temporarily shoring the standards; and temporary mold apparatus secured to opposite sides of the' series of standards to form therebetween mold space, said apparatus adapted to be set at successive advanced stages along the permanent standards.
10. A monolithic cement Wall including standards, each standard comprising a reintorcement made or" vertical rods and horizontal rods connecting said vertical rods,v
.said vertical members, anda cement body poured between said standards and through the spaces in said standards between saidy longitudinal members andV said transverse members.
VIn testimony whereof` I have signed my' name to this specication. A
J. SIMON FLUOR.