US 1368719 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
G. HAMMOND. MAGAZINE CATCH AND RELEASE FOR FIREABMS.
APPLICATION FILED FEB. 28, 1918.
Patented Feb. 15,1921.
" of firing may iran srai'res ,"@iffl GRANT HAMMOND, or NEW HAVEN, CoNNEcTiCUT, AssrGNoia 0E ONE-THIRD To l ALvA C. WASHBUENE, or rrTTsriEcn, MASSACHUSETTS, AND ONE-T3131) To EREDEETCK e. CRANE, or nALToN, ifi
MAGAZINE CATCH ANDEELEASE roe Era'EAnivis.
My invention relates more especially Yto.
magazinesused in firearms now commonly' known as automatic, that is, one in which the extracting of the shell and the loading of the firearm is accomplished by the automatic'actioii'thereof, and anl object of my invention, among others, is to provide a magazine'with theuse of which therapidity be increased byV providing for the automatic release `and ejection of 'the empty magazine; and afurther object of the invention is to provide a magazine that shall be comparatively inexpensive in its structuresothat it may be discardedv after Vof Fig. 1.
having been once used and without involv ing much loss. y
A firearm constructed to receive a magaform Aof my invention described herein, Vin
which- Figure 1 is a view in sido elevation of a firearm embodying my-invention, with parts broken away to show construction.
YFig. 2 is a'view in section .through the same on plane denoted by dotted line 2 2 Fig. .3 's a detail bottom view'of the re ceiver'rconstructed` to receive my' improved magazine. Y.
Fig. l is a side view of my improved magazineV with construction.` v Y Fig 5 is a detail view of the case that Fig. 6 is an end view of the saine. Fig. 7 is .a view in Cross .Section through the handle on plane denoted by dotted lino 7 7 of Fig. 1, f
Fig.. 8 .is .a view in .cross Sootioli through the handle on plano denoted 8-8 of'Fig. 1, lthemagazine being removed.
In the accompanying drawings the niimeral l0 indicates =th .han llo, comprising a 1 portion oi theframe, 51,1 the trigger guard,
Application led February 28,..1918.
. desired manner.
by .dotted lino 'Y Speciiication of Letters Patent. P'gtntd Fqeb. 15,
semi No. 219,589. Y
12 the trigger, 13 the barrel,f14 lthe receiver, 15 the hammerand 16 the breechfb'olt of a firearm, all of which parts vmay beaconstructed in any desired lmanner anc of proper material. A breech-bolt stop .17 Vis movably mounted inthe side of the receiver to engage a shouldei18`on the breech-bolt 16 and hold it in its rearward position when the magazine is not in its proper place in the handle, the magazine being constructed so that its end 19` will engage the stop and holdit inits inoperative position when-the magazine is in .itsl proper position. The construction. and operation vof the 'parts y above described will be readilyA understoodY shown in the drawings the stop 17 will .be forcedby its springinto position to intercept forward movemento'f the breech-bolt.l
, A. magazine releasing. rod is movably mounted with respectV to the magazineyto effect the releaseof said'magazine, this rod preferably being mounted lon the handle, and in the structure herein shown a releasingrod case 2O is securedto the side ofthe handle 10, preferably as bymeansof a plate 21formed integral with the case, which plate issecured to the `side of the handle-in any The case and plate are preferably `formedof a single piece of sheet metal bent to shape, this piece of sheet metal being formed and cut to providea flap that is bent preferably into round for-m to constitute a spring case 22, and as shown lin Figs. 5` and 6 ofl the'drawings.
A releasing rod V23 vis inclosed case 201for sliding movement therein.A This rod is constructed, preferably from a piece of sheet metal and with a .boulder V.2li to receive ajreleasing rodfactuatine- .Sivr'ing 25 that is' Seated abone end against. this .Shoulder .and at its other @ed against an overturned lip 26 at the ond .of the Spring oase 22- .A hook 2'? is foimedpat leasing rod to engage a 111th@ rrferrod one end fthe r releasing rod .holder '28- form 'of construction this holder comprises la shoulder inthe side edge .of-1.a '.S1Qt'29 gxtendine downwardly .state .that whenV the magazine is moved from 'the position.
within theV lengthwise ico from l the upper. Vend l lthe end ofthe rod nection with the above of a magazine 30, the part of the slot below this shoulder constituting a releasing notch 3l. The lower end of the releasing rod comprisesamagazineV catch release, in the form of construction herein shown, this release being formed as a cam 32vto engage a nose 33 on the end of a catch'lever 34, preferably mounted on the side of the handle and as shown in Fig. l of the drawings. One end of this lever is formed into a thumb piece 35 that projects to the outer surface of one of the grip pieces 36, and a lug comprising oil` from the holder28. In the structure herein shown a releasing cam 404 is formed on the side of the follower to operate the hook 27 and discngage it from the holder 28.
It will be seen from thev drawings in conthe successive feeding movements of the cartridges into the barrel,lthe follower will travel upwardlyk under the force of its spring 41 in a manner that will be readily under- Y stood. kWhen the last cartridge 44 inthe magazine is forced into the barrel by the forward movement of the breech-bolt, thc follower will b e moved byits spring against the bottom of the breech-bolt, and in this position the cam 40 will bein close proXimity to the hook 27.
At the next firingraction,
vcaused by the hammer 15 when released b' f the trigger 12, the breech-bolt will be forced back-k wardly by the exploding gases Ybeyond the follower, releasing the latter that will be forced upwardly until stopped by lips 42 at themouth of the magazine. In this final upward movement of the follower'the cam 40 will engagel the hook 27 and release it from the holder 28, upon which release the spring 25 will ,move the rod-23 quickly downward, causing the cam 32 to engage the nosey 33 of the catch lever34 and move the catch lug 37 from within the h ole38.l The magazine being thus released will drop from its chamber within the handle, in which -movement the breech-bolt stop 17 will be released and moved into the path of the breechfbolt which it will catch and hold in its backward position. It will be understood that this entire actiontakesy place very quickly and Vin the time between the release of the follower by the breech-bolt and the completion of the backward movement of the breech-bolt.
When the next magazine, with a cartridge or hook 27 and thrust itV description that in or cartridges therein, is manually forced to place in the handle, the lips 42 on the magazine will engage the stop 17 releasing it from the breech-bolt and the latter will move forward under the force of its spring carrying with it theuppermost cartridge in the magazine and forcing it into'the barrel.
lIn this inward movement of themagazine the holder 28 thereon will engage the hook 27 and move the releasing rod 23l upwardly and from'engagement with the catch lever, whereupon the latter spring to encrage the catch 37 with thevmagazine to hold it in place. y
In accordance with the provisions of the patent statutes, I have described the principles of koperation of my invention, together with the device which I now consider to that the device shown is only illustrative, and that the invention may be carried ont by other means.- i
l. A firearm including a frame having a magazine chamber therein, a magazine insertible insaid chamber, means to retain the magazine inplace, a releasing member will be moved by its represent the best embodiment I thereof; but I desire to have it understood j adapted to be engaged with said retaining i ioa gaged with said retaining means to operate be engaged with said follower to e ect the actuation of said retainingmeans to release the magazine, and means to operate the releasing member to disengage it from said retaining means after it'has been engaged therewith.
3. A firearm including a frame having a magazine chamber therein, a magazinel insertible in said chamber, a magazine catch to retain the magazine in place,'a releasing rod adaptedfto be engaged with said retaining means to operate said catch, means to loperate the rod to release the means Vadapted to be engaged ,with saidrod and controlled by the feeding movement of cartridges into the barrel to effect operation of the rod to operate the catch to release the magazine.
4. A firearmv including. a frame having it, said releasing member being ada ted to l la() catch, and Y i a magazine chamber therem, a magazine insertible in said chamber, a magazine catch rod to operate said catch, said rod Ybeing formed and positioned for engagement withl a followerV in the magazine, anda follower `to engage said rod to permit its operation to actuate the catch to release the magazine.
5. A firearm including a frame having a magazine chamber therein, a magazine insertiblein said chamber,a magazine catch to retain the magazine in place, a releasing rod to operate said catch, means operated by insertion of the magazine'into the frame to operate the rod to release it from said catch after it has been engaged therewith and to retain said rod in its released position, and means controlled by the feeding movement of cartridges into the barrel to releaseV said rod and permit operation thereofto actuate the catch to release the magazine. A
6. A firearm including a frame having amagazine chamber therein, a magazine insertible in said chamber, a magazine catch to retain the magazine in place, a releasingy rod to operate said catch, means operable by reason of movement of the magazine into its chamber to engage said rod and move it to release it from the catch and to hold it in this position, and means controlled by the feeding movement of cartridges into the barrel toY effect operation ofthe rod to operate the catch to `release the magazine.
,7. A rearm including a frame having a magazine chambertherein, a magazine'insertible in said chamber and having a holder, a magazine catch to retain 'the magazine in place, a releasing rod mounted on the frame and formed to engage the holder on the magazine for operation of the rod for Yrelease from the catch by movement of the magazine into its chamber, and means controlled by feeding movement of cartridges into the barrel toveffect operation of the rod tooperate the catch to release the maga-` zine.
' 8. A firearm including a frame having a .magazine chamber therein, a magazine insertible in said chamber and having a shoulder, a releasing rod movably mounted on the frame and having its end formed toV engage said shoulder and to be located in the path of movement of a follower in the magazine, and a follower located in the'magazine to'engage said rod to release it from said shoulder to permit its movement to actuate the catch to release the magazine.
Y 9. A firearm including a frame having a magazine chamber therein, a magazine inseitible in said chamber and having a slot formed with'aV shoulder, a follower located in the magazine and having a cam surface, a releasing rod movably mounted on the frame and having its end formed to engage said shoulder and said cam on the follower,
and a catch movably mounted on the frame in thepath of movement of the releasing rod. Y l
l0. A firearm including a frame having a magazine chamber therein, a magazine'insertible in said chamber, a releasinglrod movably mounted on the frame, and having means located in the path of movementl of the magazine into the frame to effect move;4
ment of said rod in vone direction, means for moving the -rod in the opposite direction, said rod having a cam surface on its end,
and a magazine catch movably mounted on the frame in the path of movement of said cam surface.
1l. A firearm including a frame having a magazine chamber therein, a magazine insertible in said chamberaa case secured outside of the frame, a releasing rod slidable in said case, the end of said rod being formed to engage the magazine and to be engaged by the .follower therein, means for moving the rod within the case, and a magazine catch located opposite the lower end of the case and in the path of movement of the rod therein.
12. A firearm including a frame having a magazine chambertherein, a magazine insertible in said chamber, a case formed of a single piece of metal and secured to the outer side of said frame, said case also comprising a spring case, a shouldered releasing rod located in the case,a spring located in the springl caseV and seatedy against said shoulder,
being formed the magazine and the follower therein, a follower located in the magazine, and a catch located in the path of movement of said releasing rod.
13. A firearm including a frame having a magazine chamber therein, sertible in said chamber, a case formed of a single piece of metal and secured to the outer sideof said frame, said case being of trough shape, a fastening plate bent outwardly from the edge thereof, and a spring case bent into round form fromV one edge of the trough shaped part andat the end of the plate, a shouldered the case, a spring located in the spring case and seated against the shoulder on said rod, means on `the end of the rod to engage a -follower in the magazine, a follower located in the magazine, and a catch located in the path of movement of said releasing rod.
lll. A 'casefor the magazine releasing rod a magazine 1nreleasing rod located in of a firearm, said case being of trough shape,
from the l open from said shoulder to the end of the derV Within said Slot-that is open from said shoulder to the end of the oase, said shoulder forming a bottom of said opening, the botl0 tom of the slot comprising a releasing notch,` and a releasing cam on said follower.